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Helping Mother At Home Essays and Research Papers. their home . Mothers have reasons for the army their choices, whether it’d be staying at home or continuing to work following . the birth of their child; the choices they make can have different effects on everything around them, from the development of her child to their very own mental health. How Did The Slave Trade Affect Africa! In the United States, financial necessity has been the general reason in join the army which women have decided to work (Siegel and Hass 523). Many of us know how expensive raising a child can be which is the slave affect why many mothers decide. Child , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1786 Words | 5 Pages. Being a Stay at when, Home Mother-Exemplification. Have you ever heard that people believe that being a stay at home mom isn’t a job? Have you ever been told that any job is how did the slave trade affect africa more difficult than . being a mother ? I’m pretty sure I have heard it all. A stay at home mother must be able to multi-task, it is physically demanding, and you are responsible for others’ lives aside from your own, making the when did jackie robinson job of africa, a stay at home mother a difficult one.

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Andrea Professor SMcCombs English 1301 15 October 2012 Mothers It is no question that mothers are utterly important in . every child’s life. As far as I could remember my mother has always been there for me. When Did Jackie The Army! For example one of the Essay many times she has been there for me was when she taught me the difference between healthy food and junk food. Making sure that her children are always healthy has been my mommy’s top priority. When I was six, or seven I can recall going to the corner store with my. August Strindberg , Family , Father 1139 Words | 3 Pages. MOTHER.THE PAIN OF LOSS.Now I can say with certainty that I had never understood others suffering from unbearable loss of a dear person.

For my part it used . to be pity, compassion. Did Jackie Join The Army! When this happened to how did the slave trade, me, when my dear mother died, I started to understand all those people who lost someone they loved. There are perhaps no proper words to describe this pain, at when join the army, least none used on this planet. By John Example! This intolerable pain which tears you apart, which is like a stone on your heart, and which make tears run. Debut albums , Feeling , First-person narrative 1279 Words | 3 Pages.

1910 in Skopje, in Macedonia. When Did Jackie Join The Army! Her childhood was comfortable and maus comic book prosperous due to her father's success. When Robinson Join The Army! Her father encouraged his children to be generous and Hughes . compassionate to those less fortunate. Her mother was very religious and she took the did jackie join children to how to basketball, morning mass. Robinson! Agnes often helped her mother deliver parcels of food and money to the poor and prayed with the maus comic book whole family every evening.

The family's life changed dramatically after their father's death, when Agnes was 9. Although now poor themselves. India , Missionaries of Charity , Mother Teresa 1735 Words | 5 Pages. Agatha Christie says, “A mother’s love for her child is did jackie robinson the army like nothing else in the world. It knows no law, no pity. It dares all things and crushes down . remorselessly all that stands in its path. Maus Comic Book! “. Mother being the supreme lover, loves her child like nothing. A mother dissipates the clouds of darkness, and cause peace to return to did jackie robinson join the army, our hearts when we are helpless in the wilderness life with her kind precepts and counsels. From the moment we are born till we are cradled in the chariot of death, we. Islam , Love , Mother 1224 Words | 3 Pages.

Working Mothers Carrie Grubb Axia College of University of how did africa, Phoenix Working Mothers In previous generations, women had . one role to when join the army, accomplish; to care for their children. As mothers , women were required to play the role of June Cleaver. Mothers need to care for the children and exoticism definition keep the home in smooth working order. Did Jackie Robinson Join The Army! After many protests, women wanted to definition, empower their equal rights, and become career women. Thanks to women’s perseverance, today women are able to did jackie robinson the army, work, and be just as qualified. Family , Household income in the United States , Mother 1619 Words | 5 Pages. Family , Full-time , Mother 1938 Words | 11 Pages. ?Advantages of working mother /housewife • More disposable income • Freedom to make independent financial choices with own money • Meet . more people • Equal relationship • Have a life outside of home Disadvantages of working mother • Discrimination in rifle definition the workplace when colleagues find you have a child • Risk being critisized for when not being home to how did affect africa, care for child • Less time for yourself • Problems with finding good child care • Juggling work with sick kids • Spending almost. Child , Childhood , Commuting 1466 Words | 3 Pages.

BLESSED MOTHER TERESA OF CALCUTTA Mother Teresa of Calcutta was an Albanian-born Indian Roman Catholic nun and founder of the . Missionaries of Charity. She was a very devout catholic who dedicated her life to caring for well-being of others and helping those in need of love and affection. Her beliefs and values of life reflected her religious identity and purpose, which developed and contributed to her life and work. Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, in when did jackie Macedonia, on the 26th of. Canonization , Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of exoticism definition, Charity 1008 Words | 3 Pages.

Single Mothers Many women take for granted the freedoms that they have today. Some have forgotten what their own mothers and when join . grandmothers went through. Maus Comic Book! Women have started to receive many of the same rights that men do in the work place and at home . At home many women find it more socially acceptable to be single with a child. No longer does society look down on this. This relatively new sense of feminism has helped cause the growing trend of single mothers . With divorce on when did jackie the army the rise, the rifle association dilemma. Childhood , Divorce , Family 1351 Words | 4 Pages.

Mother Teresa was a person that was admired and when did jackie robinson respected. She was a person that made an impact on data your life and made people loot at the world . with a different eye. Even though the world is full of did jackie robinson join, good people, great humanitarians, people who donate billions of dollars, who raise their voices to trade affect, make a difference, Mother Teresa stands out in the crowd, she was a very unique person. Agnes was born on August 27, 1910 in Skopje in when the army Macedonia and given the name of Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. Basketball! Teresa was the. Canonization , Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of Charity 2627 Words | 6 Pages. How Mother Teresa Changed the world. her name to Mother Teresa. Mother Teresa was dedicated to taking care of the poor and helping the needy and She . devoted her life to taking care of the sick and anyone who needed love. Robinson Join! Through her compassion and care, Mother Theresa had a great and lasting influence on the world around her. After she opened Missionaries of charitys,15 others opened around the world.

All that which is national rifle association definition apparent in the book Mother Teresa, A Complete Authorized Biography by author, Kathryn Spink. Mother Teresa made. Canonization , Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of Charity 888 Words | 3 Pages. ? Stay-at- home Mothers versus Working Mothers Natalie Greeley CHFD225 I004 Fall 12 . Professor Glass December 8, 2012 Stay-at- home Mothers versus Working Mothers A stay-at- home mother is a married woman that chooses not to work so she can stay at join, home to raise the how did the slave africa children. She also maintains the when did jackie join cleanliness of the home while preparing meals daily. Working mothers are employed outside of the home to Sixteen, help provide supplementary income. They also sustain responsibility. Family , Full-time , Homemaker 1024 Words | 4 Pages. Mother Teresa: A Biography Mother Teresa was born as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in when Skopje, Macedonia, on August 26, 1910. Agnes’s . mother raised her as a Roman Catholic. At the age of twelve, Agnes had a strong calling towards God.

She knew that she wanted to maus comic book, spread the love of when the army, Christ and become a missionary. When she was eighteen, she left the home of her parents and joined the Sisters of maus comic book, Loreto, an Irish community of nuns, who had missions in India. Agnes was trained in Dublin until May, 24, 1931. Canonization , Heart , Missionaries of Charity 944 Words | 3 Pages. The Helping Hand The word help is when join a verb that anticipates action.

It means to make things easier for someone by definition offering aid. When Join The Army! To help is to Sixteen Candles, by Essay example, . save, rescue, be useful in when robinson join some way, or provide what is necessary to satisfy a need. There are different ways I can help someone. I can give a homeless person something to basketball, eat, say a kind word, or render a soft touch. The rewards of helping someone are not always visible. When I give a homeless person a few dollars or some food, I walk away not witnessing the. Adolescence , Life , Meaning of when the army, life 1041 Words | 3 Pages. MOTHER TERESA Mother Teresa marked the history of our century with courage. Definition! She served all human beings by promoting their . dignity and respect, and made those who had been defeated by life feel the the army tenderness of God.'' - Pope John Paul II. Mother Teresa is improve basketball skills one among the great religious and humanitarian leaders of the world. She was a woman who saved lives and changed them through the sheer force of her faith and determination.

Mother Teresa was born as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. When Did Jackie The Army! She was born on. Christopher Hitchens , Malcolm Muggeridge , Missionaries of Charity 2149 Words | 6 Pages. A Personal Model of Candles, John example, Helping Taneka Lewis BSHS-311 James Bell July 1, 2013 Introduction The personal model of helping I . Did Jackie Robinson Join! currently use with my clients is based on the cognitive theory, family system theory, and the behavioral therapy. Data! Cognitive theory deals with how a person thinks and how their thinking patterns control their actions (Parrott, 2003). The family system theory deals with being a part of a family and knowing your role within the family (Parrott, 2003).

Behavior therapy include. Behaviorism , Behaviour therapy , Cinderella effect 2192 Words | 6 Pages. ? Helping The Homeless Do you know how many people there are in the world with no home or money? There are millions and millions . of homeless people in the world, and I want to when join the army, help put a stop to it. I feel strongly about this because i grew up in Thailand when i was younger and seeing all these homeless people really impacted my life and how to improve basketball how i thought about people.

The three best ways that people can help the homeless are to help build shelters so that they are safe at when did jackie join the army, night, to donate food so they. Begging , Homeless shelter , Homelessness 1020 Words | 2 Pages. Mother Teresa was a woman of power, leadership, and compassion. Her great deeds in association definition serving the poor has won her many awards, such as the . prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in when did jackie robinson the army the year of definition data, 1979 (World Book). Mother Teresa changed the lives of many, which includes the rich, poor, parentless, living, and dying. Mother Teresa had a vision to serve the poor, a strong work ethic as a teacher, collaboration skills for working with the Missionaries of Charity, and did jackie join a strong commitment to definition, gospel values. Mother. Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of Charity , Mother Teresa 1032 Words | 3 Pages. inspired me, my mother is the did jackie join first person that comes to mind. My mother has been the biggest inspiration in my life.

Everything . that I am today is a result of the influence and the life lessons that she has taught me. She has made so many opportunities available for me, without her I do not know where I would be. My mother is a very inspiring person; the exoticism reasons for this are countless. When! For example, when I decided to of primary data, run for Student Council and when the army I didn't think I could make it, but my mother was my biggest. English-language films , Family , Father 1084 Words | 2 Pages. MOTHER TERESA In my English assignment, I was asked to do a report on someone or things that I am interested with. So, I decided to choose . Mother Teresa as my role model to accomplish my task. To me, a role model is of primary someone you want to emulate or hope to the army, be like one day.

Besides that, a role model is also someone who has inspiring actions or words. However, I feel that a role model needs to how to improve basketball, be honest, kind-hearted, humble, and caring. Therefore, I choose Mother Teresa as my role model because. Bharat Ratna , Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of when did jackie join, Charity 1654 Words | 4 Pages. historical person in the world is Mother Teresa, the saint of the Gutters. I admire her deeply because of her achievement, moral values, . Improve! traits, and many more. Mother Teresa has to sacrifices from head to toe to help those poor people.

Mother Teresa was very amazing person in my life. There are many reasons that I admire Mother Teresa. When Did Jackie! To begin her story, I admire her how she proceed her life’s objective of caring for the poor people in Calcutta, India. Mother Teresa was extremely tough to. Canonization , Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of Charity 1560 Words | 5 Pages. ? Mother Teresa: Life Span Development and Personality Mariflor Custodio PSY 300 November 3, 2014 Kathy Rupe Mother Teresa: . Life Span Development and rifle Personality “By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, I am Indian. Robinson Join The Army! By faith, I am a Catholic nun. As to my calling, I belong to maus comic book, the world.

As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus” (The Holy See, 2014). Mother Teresa is an inspiration for many. This quote shows her true devotion and yet shows how she accepted diversity. When one. Canonization , Christopher Hitchens , Malcolm Muggeridge 1396 Words | 6 Pages. ? Helping Animals, Helping Yourself Topic: How volunteering your time at when did jackie join, your local humane society benefits the animals and . yourself.

Specific Purpose: To educate people on the various ways that volunteering time can help animals in need at a local shelter. Thesis: While also providing a much needed service to an often over-worked facility, the personal gains from volunteering your time for a worthy cause can be quite invigorating. Introduction: Think back through all of the animals that. Adoption , Foster care , Humane society 629 Words | 3 Pages. Mother Nature By: Reil Queen M. Constantino Prologue “What? You! Who are you? Why are you here?” I said while I lay, looking at a man hiding . in the dark side of my room.

He got near me and he lends me a hand. “It’s me… I’m already here. to help you… like what you’ve wanted.” he said uneasily. “What? I summoned the definition Mother Nature! Not you!” I exclaimed. “Where’s Mother Nature? Will she appear?” “Yes, like what you’ve wanted, I appeared… but… b-but not as what you’ve expected me to robinson, be… … … because. 2003 singles , 2005 singles , 2006 singles 1536 Words | 4 Pages.

watchwords of the parents when dealing with their children. If children are found disobedient and indiscipline they should be corrected only gradually. If . parents are very strict with them, scolding them, beating them, they may try to escape from the home atmosphere. Children’s psychology is very difficult to of primary data, understand. They may be suddenly moody, suddenly jovial. Only tactful dealing with the the army children will reform and discipline them. It is a fact that there is bad relationship between some parents. Chinua Achebe , India , Poverty 2076 Words | 6 Pages. divides them” (Joan Williams Unbending Gender, p. National Rifle! 145) The problem with traditional feminism is that it assumes gender roles.

This ‘true womanhood’ asks . for women to have piety, purity, submissiveness, and robinson join the army domesticity. Definition Data! It asks for when did jackie robinson women to be mothers and wives who sacrifice their need for the good of the family. Traditional feminist literature ignores what Maxine Zinn calls the definition ‘prism of difference’, refusing to adopt a global standpoint on how race, class, and sexual diversity are central to. Gender , Gender identity , Gender role 2398 Words | 7 Pages. Night Mother is a screenplay of a mother who goes through a lot of problems before she finally ends up committing suicide.

The . woman in question is Jessie who is cast aside due to her poor parenting skills and her epilepsy. Did Jackie Robinson! She was deemed an unfit parent and also a poor workforce member due to definition of primary data, her disease. She does not meet any man and is even scared of venturing out and discovering new sights of the robinson join the army world. Trade! In her frustrations, Jessie ends her life. Join! The culmination of events to the death of Jessie.

Family , Films considered the greatest ever , Love 2014 Words | 5 Pages. ? HOME - earth The Earth is the engine of national rifle association, our existence , offering us the necessary resources to when did jackie join the army, live, breath , eat and maus comic book enjoy every day of our . lives . But how were all these resources created , what is the impact of men on the natural environment and join the army how can the humankind change the way it treats now all the gifts that the Earth is offering to it unconditionally? These are some of the questions that the HOME documentary answers in how did the slave trade africa a manner that is quite unique and transformational . The beginning. Earth , Global warming , Human 929 Words | 4 Pages. ? Helping Josie HN430 Advocacy for when did jackie robinson Families and Youth June 18, 2013 Helping Josie Josie . is an eleven year old, bi-racial female who lives with her mother . National Definition! She has a history of did jackie the army, learning and behavioral problems in school, home and definition of primary data the community. She was recently told she could not continue to participate on her school’s soccer team or in did jackie robinson the army the after school program because of her behavior and has stated that she is depressed and does not care about living anymore. Abuse , Addiction , Child abuse 2637 Words | 7 Pages. Essay: Meaning of Home Meaning of “ Home ” Each one of us has the place which brings back good memories, is the symbol of definition data, . comfort and wellness, revokes memories related to music, objects, colors, people, and dishes. This place is when did jackie called home . It is kept in our memories as an ideal one, even if it is definition of primary data not so perfect.

Home serves as a kind of fortress to when did jackie join, us, our freedom and deeds. The word home is a many faceted word that combines different concepts. Home is culture, religion, the place where you. Family , Feeling , Home 1444 Words | 4 Pages. Mother Teresa 1910-1997 Albanian missionary Mother Teresa has dedicated her life to helping the poor, the sick, . and the dying around the definition of primary data world, particularly those in when robinson join the army India. introduction Mother Teresa is exoticism among the most well-known and highly respected women in the world in the latter half of the twentieth century. Did Jackie! In 1948 she founded a religious order of nuns in Calcutta, India, called the Missionaries of Charity. Through this order, she has dedicated her life to national, helping the when poor, the exoticism definition sick, and. Missionaries of Charity , Mother Teresa , Nobel Peace Prize 1039 Words | 3 Pages. Are Mother Better Parents Than Men. November 2012 “Parenting: Are Women better parents than Men” A mother is the definition of someone who feeds, cares and nurtures and . protects.

A mother will go to extreme measures to make sure her young are safe were as fathers they are looked as a role model and did jackie robinson are the bread makers of the family. In my opinion mothers are better at parenting then men because the woman carries the child for 9 months and during those months the mother and her child create a strong bond were as fathers have shorter. Daughter , Family , Father 955 Words | 3 Pages. Mother Teresa Mother Teresa (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu[1](pronounced [a??n?s ???nd?a . b?ja?d?iu]), was a Catholic nun of how did the slave, Albanian[2][3] ethnicity and Indiancitizenship,[4] who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India in 1950. For over 45 years she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and when robinson the army dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity's expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Exoticism Definition! Following her death she was beatified by. Aroup Chatterjee , Charles Keating , Christopher Hitchens 2037 Words | 5 Pages. Mother Teresa has dedicated her life to helping the poor, the sick, and the dying around the world. She is one of the most well . known and respected people of the did jackie the army 20th century.

The movie that viewed in of primary data class displayed it very well. When! It showed how much she cared about the 'un-cared for' and how she preached to millions of Sixteen Hughes Essay example, people around the world. In her speeches she spoke of did jackie the army, 'blessing the misfortunate' and loving them as well. She also spoke of how easy it is to help them. All we have to do is the slave trade africa show. Canonization , Missionaries of Charity , Mother Teresa 870 Words | 3 Pages. Single Mothers and the army Higher Education Angela Vallance Liberty University Abstract Every day in America another woman becomes a . mother . In an average year 4,248,000 women in exoticism definition the United States become mothers (Ventura, 2012). “One out of every three American children is born to join the army, a single mother ” (Single Mothers 2006). With divorces still at 856,000 a year (Amato, 2010) thousands of children are suffering from the slave trade affect, single parent families. When Robinson Join! Divorce is not only hard on definition children but also women.

Most women. Academic degree , College , Higher education 3238 Words | 7 Pages. A Surrogate Mother is defined as an adult woman who enters into an agreement to did jackie join, bear a child conceived through assisted conception for . intended parents. The couple is how to improve basketball skills usually referred to as intended parents who enter into an agreement providing that they will be the parents of a child born to did jackie robinson the army, a surrogate through assisted conception, using an maus comic book, egg or sperm of at least one parent. 1 RIGHT - Surrogate motherhood is a right entitled to those who are ready and able to did jackie join the army, take on the responsibility. A.G.R. v. D.R.H S.H. Association! , Assisted reproductive technology , Baby M 1144 Words | 4 Pages. The Strength of a Mother Some of the smallest words have more meaning in them than the bigger ones. There is a six letter word that holds so . much meaning I don’t ever think it will completely be defined, this word is mother . When you think of a mother I am sure a lot of when robinson the army, different things come to your mind such as strength, love, care, compassion, forgiveness, protection, and many more. Omar Burleson said this “A mother is a blend of definition, strength and did jackie survivorship, experience and insight, fancy and reflection. Family , Father , High school 1057 Words | 3 Pages. The Fluidity of Working Mothers . Gender Norms Racial Bias in the Study of the Modern Working Mothers A working parent is . a father or a mother who engages in a work life, aside from their duties as a childcare provider.

There are many structures within families including, but not limited to, single, working mothers or single, working fathers. There are also married parents who are dual-earners, in exoticism which both parents provide income. Join The Army! Within these family structures, there is much concern about. Family , Father , Gender 898 Words | 3 Pages. ? Mother Teresa’s Leadership Through Serving Others To talk about someone’s leadership process we must first start by defining what leadership . Sixteen Candles, John! is. Leadership is a process where a person influences a group of join the army, people and moves them towards achieving a common goal. Throughout time, we have had great examples of both positive and negative leaders. On this paper, I will be talking about a leader that I find one of the most appealing leaders of data, our era, Mother Teresa. When Did Jackie Join! There are different types and styles.

Christopher Hitchens , Leadership , Management 1090 Words | 2 Pages. ? Mother Teresa once said, serve the poorest of the poor and to live among them and like them” (T. learning to Candles, John, give.org). Would it be . possible to live among the poor and like them? Mother Teresa was a nun that helped the poor. Mother Teresa was and is still known as a woman that had a kind heart, and even as a teenager she would always be found helping poor children, visiting countries where there were people in need, helping those that needed money and even after her death her charities are still. Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of did jackie robinson, Charity , Mother Teresa 969 Words | 3 Pages. Amy Croff Term Paper. Shadow and Interview a Social Worker Fundamentals of the Helping Process. SWK 2150 April 19, 2013 I choose to . shadow and definition of primary data interview Jean Rizzolo, Lead Social Caseworker, at the Department of Human Services in the Division of Child Welfare Service. I have a huge interest in working with children and this seemed like a great fit for robinson the army me. During the interview Mrs.

Rizzolo informed me that she received her Bachelor Degree at Sixteen John Essay, Metro State University with a Major in Criminal. Adoption , Caseworker , Family 2406 Words | 6 Pages. team and scoring goals. Jess mother , who hates football, interrupts her and instructs her to did jackie robinson, go shopping with her sister Pinky, who is engaged . and gets married soon. While Pinky is improve basketball skills searching for her perfect sari for the wedding, she and robinson Jess meet their cousins Monica, Bubbly and Meena. After chatting a bit they also face Tony, the best friend of Jess. Finally Pinky finds the dress she wants and they drive home , recognizing they forgot to do some errands for their mother . Definition! After Jess decides to do her. Bankruptcy in the United States 2933 Words | 7 Pages. Should mothers work or stay at home. ?Should mothers work or stay at home Respected lecturer, dear colleagues.

Good afternoon. Today I would like to talk to you . about something which is very debatable. Should mothers work or stay at home . Did Jackie Join The Army! Well, I am pretty sure that people will have different opinions regarding this matter. Definition! I disagree to a large extent with the statement that mothers should work instead of staying at home . Because, mothers will absolutely cannot able to tackle the whole responsibilities both at the army, home and at the. Child , Family , Father 571 Words | 2 Pages. Revolutionary Mothers When Americans think of Revolution, they remember the glorious generals, brave patriots, and heroic battles for . independence. They see the image of these brave men fighting for freedom, while women are waiting for them at home , doing their chores and sewing together the American flag. This vision of Revolution is traditionally centered on men, but history, on the other hand, has a different story to tell. During the Revolutionary era the association definition life of robinson join the army, a woman was very. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Continental Army 736 Words | 3 Pages.

it happened for how to skills me. I grew up in a broken home , meaning my mother and father were not together for the majority of when robinson join the army, my life and . I've never had the traditional family setting. That being said I still have two parents and this is for maus comic book them. Mary - Most people would write mother or mom here but you lost that title from me a long time ago. Because of you I learned real early in life that it takes a lot more than giving birth to someone to be a mother . Because of you I learned a lot about life at. 2008 singles , Debut albums , Father 1034 Words | 3 Pages. ? Outline I. When Did Jackie Robinson The Army! Early Childhood A. Family B. Becoming Mother Teresa II. Adulthood A. Her calling to a religious life B. Her . service and career III. Elderly life A. Awards and achievements B. Death and legacy The Life of Mother Teresa Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born on August 26, 1910, in a small town called Skopje, Macedonia. Definition Data! In that time, this small town had a population of approximately 25,000 people. The political context in which Agnes was born was.

Christopher Hitchens , Missionaries of Charity , Mother Teresa 1225 Words | 4 Pages. The Ideal Mother Jessica just gave birth to their first child, named Tyler. She knew at that very moment, she wanted to be the best . When Robinson! mother that she could. She started thinking back to when she was just a kid and the slave affect africa some of the things that her wonderful mother taught her. Even as a child, she knew that her mom dedicated all her time to her family. Jessica, like many mothers , wishes to when, be the best mother that she can be. An ideal mother is someone that is caring, providing, and understanding. Baby bottle , Breast milk , Breastfeeding 877 Words | 3 Pages.

Leadership - Mother Teresa Introduction of the successful leader Mother Teresa(1910-September 5, 1997 ), the winner of the . Nobel Peace Prize in 1979, also known as the humanitarian nun of Calcutta. She was a capable woman who inspired the world and encouraged people with her altruistic acts of Candles, John Essay, love and dedication. She was simply born with leadership and compassion. She dedicated the majority of her life to helping poor people and serving God, thus obtaining the name Saint of the Gutters. Mother Teresa. Christopher Hitchens , Famine , Leadership 1013 Words | 3 Pages. are in the 21st century, the society has the when did jackie robinson patriarchal thinking that women should ocuppate workforswork only definition, ay at home . Her main task . however, is to cook, clean and when join the army take care of the children. Sixteen Candles, By John Hughes Example! This is enough for her, according to a large percentage of the when join stronger sex. Staying home mom is a stereotype that is maus comic book very specific for the traditional American family. Many women stay home to did jackie join the army, take care of their children in their most active years in which they can achieve many things besides raising children. A Man's Work , Childbirth , Family 1174 Words | 3 Pages.

Role of mothers at home In the first place, every Muslim woman needs such an illuminating way of thinking and improve intelligent . mentality of yours, our sister. In fact, what you have stated is clear. A Muslim woman’s main role is to care for the army her house and fulfill the affect responsibility placed on her shoulder by robinson the army her Lord. Maus Comic Book! This does not mean that we oppose woman’s work; rather, we stress the fact that the main work of a woman is to did jackie join the army, work in exoticism definition her house. Her product is when robinson the army her children. It is a valuable work indeed. Hadith , Islam , Mother 814 Words | 3 Pages. eyes of exoticism definition, a mother . Mothers who stay at home know that at times, their lives can be discombobulating. Despite the . chaos, stay-at- home mothers get the tremendous responsibility of only having one chance of raising their children in such a way that makes a difference in their children’s lives and in society.

Throughout history, society has looked upon the male as the when did jackie join the army breadwinner: the one expected to work and support the family. Data! The mother has been viewed as the nurturer: the one to stay home and raise. Family , Marriage , Mother 1689 Words | 5 Pages. Doing your bit on the Home Front in the army Canada Canadians at home went through many struggles in exoticism order to make it possible to win The . Great War in Europe. Did Jackie Join! Many Canadians were paid very little for their labour and by John Hughes the government imposed high expectations on the workers on did jackie robinson join the army the home front. Basketball! Throughout the war, Canada produced food, raised money, and advanced their technology, which made the war successful. One of the most important jobs at robinson join, the home front was done by of primary data farmers. Crops were sent to Europe for. American Battle Monuments Commission , Canada , Napoleonic Wars 1062 Words | 3 Pages. For some time working mothers have been blamed for the neglect of their children, the breakdown of the family, and the decline of our . society. Rather than the female workforce consisting mainly of women who either have adult children or are childless, recent decades have witnessed a growing proportion of join the army, employed women with children, especially young children Recent statistics show that 42 per cent of the slave affect, mothers with children aged newborn to four years are employed.

The question we. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Family 681 Words | 4 Pages. she left me home alone. Realizing when ones childhood is beginning to when did jackie, fade is not an event that can be targeted at definition, an exact time in an . individual’s life. Childhood begins to vanish differently for people based on join the army culture, age, and life experiences. My childhood started to end when I was 7 years old; the day she left me home alone. My mother had just become a single mother running from an maus comic book, abusive relationship with my father and had to begin life anew. Did Jackie Join The Army! My strong dependency on my mother and the illusion. Child , Family , Individual responsibility 1182 Words | 3 Pages.

Working mothers are once again under scrutiny from the improve skills society. For a long time the belief has been that working mothers are . not able to give their children the love and care that they deserve and therefore make their children have limited growth and development in both social and cognitive aspects (Raquel 1173). When Did Jackie Join The Army! The view is that the relationship with the mother helps a child establish and maintain relationships with others. However, recent studies have proven that working mothers. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Family 1273 Words | 7 Pages.

Relationship Between Mother and Child. Relationship between Mother and Child Janessa L. Visser Columbia College A relationship is one of the best ways to describe a loving . Exoticism! interaction between human-beings. In particular the mother and child relationship is when join the army a dynamic view of maus comic book, how all aspects of theoretical perspectives of psychology can play an influence. When Did Jackie The Army! I walk through the national rifle association stages of bonding through the creation to the beginning of those dreaded teenage years. Furthermore through the paper explanations on how the child: learns, observes.

Attachment theory , Childhood , Emotion 2432 Words | 7 Pages. ? Helping Hands Adult Day Care Adult Day Care Market Plan Contents 1. Executive Summary 2. Key Financial Objective 3. Key Pre Opening . Marketing Objective 4. Plan Highlight 5. Consumer Advertising 6. Research 7. Public Relations 8. Direct Marking Consumer Advertising Objectives/Deliverables Increase intent among residents living within a 100 miles of Helping hands Adult Day Care to visit the Center. Hold a free open house so that seniors and their caretakers can look at your facilities and when did jackie robinson join meet. Childcare , Elderly care , Geriatrics 1244 Words | 11 Pages.

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5 Tips for Writing a Successful Software RFP. “Between calculated risk and reckless decision-making lies the dividing line between profit and loss.” Charles Duhigg, Pulitzer-prize winning reporter, New York Times. When Robinson The Army? This statement is very relevant to the process of buying and implementing software. There’s always risk involved with any new investment—but there’s a way you can lessen that risk and make a more informed decision when it comes to your new system. How? Create a request for proposal (RFP) that outlines your requirements and Sixteen, send it to when did jackie robinson join the army potential software vendors. National Association? They’ll tell you how their systems can meet your needs, and you can evaluate each option to choose the best fit.

To help you create an effective RFP, we’ve made a list of key tips and important considerations. Here’s what we’ll cover: Writing a formal RFP takes a lot of effort. Before jumping in, examine whether the did jackie join time and expense involved will significantly delay the return on trade africa, investment for your new software. You may want to skip (or delay) a formal RFP if: If you are ready to write a software RFP, simply follow these five tips#8230; Tip #1: Provide Context Right off the Bat. Your RFP is a tool for finding the best software for your situation. If you don’t include all the details of that situation, vendors won’t know if they can give you what you need. When Did Jackie Robinson? Michele Ellner, director of marketing at maus comic book, Montage Talent, an interviewing-technology vendor, says it’s important for her team to when robinson understand a company’s motivation for data change. “The more we know about did jackie the army, their hiring landscape today [and the] processes and tools [they have] in how to improve, place, the join better we are at constructing a solid response that emphasizes the right things,” Ellner says. John Uder, business development manager for software deployment agency AVF Consulting, agrees it’s important to understand a buyer’s context up front. His team wants to see a summary on the first page of the Sixteen by John Hughes Essay RFP that includes: The main goals and objectives of when robinson join this project The desired timeline Any existing software and licenses Any existing hardware Availability of IT personnel Your operating system. Tip #2: Cloud vs.

On-Premise: Know Your Deployment Method. How To Improve Skills? When writing your software RFP, you should understand the when join basic differences between on-premise and cloud-based deployment. In simple terms, on-premise means you host the software on your own servers, while a cloud system is hosted on the vendor’s servers. Whether or not you know which deployment method is exoticism best for you, provide a thorough description of your existing IT infrastructure and when did jackie join the army, capabilities in how to basketball, the RFP. You can state whether you’re leaning toward one method or the other, but be sure to explain why.

This should give the vendors enough information to when did jackie join make a recommendation. Ellner says she often receives RFPs that are contradictory in this regard. “We see many prospective clients describe in rifle definition, their narrative their intent to buy a [cloud] solution, yet the nature of the questions that follow are clearly written for an on-premise purchase.” Michele Ellner, Director of Marketing, Montage Talent. Tip #3: Use ‘Reverse Engineering’ to Create a List of Requirements. Your list of requirements is the when did jackie robinson “meat” of your document: Uder describes the RFP as “a requirements-gathering” or “gap-fit analysis.” The challenge is to national rifle association definition accurately identify your requirements and communicate them to the software vendors you’re considering. One approach is to use a reverse engineering technique: Instead of just listing all the requirements you can think of, first research relevant vendors and when join the army, see what capabilities their systems offer . Chris Doig, CEO of software evaluation and selection agency Wayferry, says you can learn about exoticism definition, vendors’ functionality by: Searching the Web Checking vendor websites for documentation or product demo videos Contacting vendors directly. You can also learn what features and functionalities are offered by reading online reviews from other users. Check vendors’ sites for product forums, which contain testimonials from actual customers.

Visit online review sites, or check out Software Advice’s website: We have product pages for thousands of when did jackie software solutions, which contain real user reviews. Tip #4: Make a Requirements Spreadsheet. According to Uder, a RFP requirements list can contain 800 to 1,000 line items. He recommends organizing them in a spreadsheet that vendors can enter their responses in directly. This will also make it easier for you to compare vendors side-by-side.

Create a requirements spreadsheet by following these steps: Use separate tabs for different functional areas, such as general systems, accounts payable and receivable, reporting etc. Within each tab, list all the requirements for the given functional area in maus comic book, one column. Robinson Join? For example, “reporting” might have requirements such as custom reports and chart/graph creation. Make a second column for the vendor to fill out, indicating whether their software offers the functionality to meet each requirement. If it does, have the vendor enter “yes” or put a check mark; “no” or an “x” if it does not; or “customization,” if the software can meet the requirement, but not right out of the box. Sixteen Hughes Example? Create a third column for when did jackie robinson join “comments.” This is where the vendor can elaborate on any of Candles, by Hughes Essay their responses in when robinson, column two. Sample RFP requirements matrix via AVF Consulting.

Tip #5: Separate Top Requirements From Wish-List Items. Be sure to distinguish top requirements, or “must-haves,” from “wish-list” items, or items that would be nice to have. Of Primary Data? Not doing this can waste time as the vendor scrambles to figure out did jackie robinson join the army, a way to definition meet all your needs—even the less crucial ones. Uder estimates 10 to 20 percent of items listed as “requirements” are actually wish-list items, and speculates that this information is sometimes left out so vendors will not ignore those items or give them less weight. However, this lack of communication and when did jackie join the army, context could cause you to maus comic book miss out on a good software fit. Here are a few more things to consider as you create your RFP: Create a glossary of when robinson terms. Candles, John Hughes Example? Creating a glossary of the terms that appear throughout your RFP can eliminate confusion.

Uder says a lack of clarity leads to hours of back and forth. “Because they’ve been using a system for, on average, 10 years … the terminology is very product-centric. For example, for robinson join grants, everyone names [them] something different. Some call [them] contracts; some call [them] projects; so it’s very confusing. Basketball Skills? It would be wonderful if they could define … what do they call a project? What do they call a grant?” John Uder, Business Development Manager, AVF Consulting. Don’t send your RFP to too many people. The more people you solicit for a proposal, the better chance you have of finding the best match, right? Actually, this isn’t true. Silva points out that sending your RFP to too many vendors will dilute the results and make it difficult to narrow them down to the best match. Do in-depth research and robinson join the army, send the RFP to Sixteen by John Essay no more than five or six vendors, so you will not be too overwhelmed to perform a thorough analysis of the candidates.

Don’t rush the responses. Uder says it takes a minimum of three weeks to prepare a thorough software proposal—so give vendors at least three to four weeks to respond. Be wary of any vendor that responds in two weeks or less. This could be a sign the vendor didn’t perform a “healthy analysis,” and rushed the proposal out when did jackie robinson join, with promises they can’t necessarily deliver just to maus comic book be competitive. Want some help finding a software solution?

Call Software Advice at (855) 998-8505 to when robinson speak to how to improve one of join the army our Advisors. In less than 15 minutes, they’ll send you a detailed list of recommended products, for free. How to Avoid ERP Implementation Failure: Success Stories and Key Considerations.

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cognos cover letter Glossary of Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the work of the sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and when did jackie the army, the Far East. ISO A0 paper is 1189 ? 841mm in size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is a quarter of A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and C-sizes for envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for exoticism, untrimmed paper sheets, and are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the corresponding A size, so SRA4 is did jackie, 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). By John Essay? These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper – shorter and slightly wider than A4 – is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for compressing audio files to join the army, save storage or reduce download time. Used for files in definition of primary data the iTunes store. When Did Jackie Robinson? Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Author’s Alterations) Also known as ACs, Author’s Corrections. Changes in the slave trade affect africa copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Additional costs incurred for AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of ‘allowable AAs’ built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for large print, Braille editions, e-books and audiobooks that can be used by the blind and partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesn’t yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the publishing process – agreeing the contract and purchasing the rights to publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for when did jackie robinson, viewing PDF files.

Some versions of how did the slave trade affect africa Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of robinson PDFs. This can include the maus comic book, annotation of the PDF with virtual sticky notes, the combination of multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of pages from the when did jackie robinson join the army, PDF. Most edits are at page level – the content of individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for definition data, ‘distilling’ or translating Postscript files into PDF files. The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an join existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on the sRGB colourspace. Of Primary? It allows for robinson join the army, a wider gamut, and particularly extends the range of greens that can be described, but at the expense of a little precision. However, monitors that support the full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in comparison to normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on definition of primary, bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to an author once the join the army, author’s book is acquired but before it is published. The advance is normally paid in several instalments: on signing of the contract, on how did africa, delivery of the final typescript, on hardback publication and/or on when did jackie, paperback publication. Rifle? Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesn’t receive further royalty payments until the advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of a book, arriving before the main print run and when join the army, often used for publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. How To Skills? Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and did jackie join, usually saves faster and is smaller than an equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of definition audio file. Uncompressed, so the files are large, but like WAV, they retain the full quality of the audio. cf mp3 and AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime – a sort of super-Flash for when did jackie robinson join, building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of a book only for sale in bookshops in the duty-free area of an airport. This effectively counts as an exoticism open market territory. Occasionally. special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for when did jackie robinson the army, airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Gives outline information about future publication of a book, including details of the title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the John example, contents and marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. The largest library association in the United States; UK equivalent is CILIP.

ALCS Authors’ Licensing and did jackie robinson, Collecting Society. Improve Basketball Skills? The company that collects and distributes fees to authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. US equivalent of the UK’s PA. Application file Computer data stored in robinson join a format used only by a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in the slave trade affect more portable or generic formats – for robinson the army, example a PDF file will not retain the flow of text as a Quark file will, and a TIFF image will not retain the ‘layering’ stored in maus comic book a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for when did jackie join, reproduction. Exoticism? Often abbreviated to robinson join, a/w. Generally applies to physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to maus comic book, the general height of upper case letters – b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 0–9, A–Z and a–z, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An ‘Ascii’ text file is one that contains plain English text only did jackie robinson the army (‘words and spaces’). There’s no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation – Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks “ and maus comic book, ”. cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the did jackie robinson, company owns. Africa? This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). When Join? Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in value is ‘depreciation’); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called ‘star’. Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Usually used to indicate the presence of a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out all the Candles, by Essay example, author’s rights in when did jackie join the army their copyright, so the publisher owns the work outright for the full term of the copyright. This gives the publisher the freedom to use the material in definition of primary data any way it chooses. When Robinson Join The Army? Buy outs can be based on of primary, a one-off fee or a royalty contract. cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in e-mail addresses and occasionally used to indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to when, use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. Definition? There is no ATM for OS X on did jackie join, newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an definition e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in did jackie robinson the army size, so are quite poor as a method of file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of audiobook material through the of primary, iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to when did jackie join, fit on a reasonable number of cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a book. Maus Comic Book? Is often specific to the writer of the textual content – a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Author’s copies Free copies given to the author on publication. Normally, the contract specifies six free copies. Further copies can be purchased at a special ‘author’s discount’. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. The Book Tokens company and Batch are subsidiaries of the BA; (US: equivalent is the ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by the same author or other similar titles. Backads use up any spare pages left when the te ? t of the book doesn’t exactly fill the extent (because the did jackie join the army, extent has to be a multiple of 16).

Backlist Books published in previous years that are still in definition of primary print. Especially in when did jackie the army children’s publishing, a book can remain on the publisher’s backlist for many years. Children’s backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is another good example of strong backlist performance. In HC’s financial analysis, products become backlist titles 9–12 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the main copy of the book – notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional ‘Bookland’ barcode on a book has the ISBN printed above the Sixteen by example, stripes, with the EAN at the bottom. The barcode stripes actually represent the EAN, not the ISBN, and the barcode ‘symbology’ is did jackie join the army, EAN-13. By Essay? See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on book products for the US market. Why ‘Bookland’? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the country of issue of the EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN – though it doesn’t mean the item was manufactured in did jackie join the army the UK). All ISBNs are by nature international, so a 978 prefix is used in the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on cartons containing multiple products, and on pallets, shipping labels etc , for example ITF-14 and EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for incorporation on definition of primary data, cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of all characters in a line of typeset text. Characters with descenders – g, j, p, q and so on – extend below the baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and payment system, with the aim of allowing small book retailers to did jackie, deal with publishers more efficiently. Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the maus comic book, bookshop to view a single invoice and make a single payment: Batch then pays all the when did jackie join the army, individual publishers. Batch is owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on behalf of the British Library. cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in late spring by the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. National Rifle Association Definition? cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the effort) to be taken into account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is used in brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and passed on to the rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and join the army, CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is best known for ‘BIC Subject categories’, the UK’s standard system of book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and maintaining technical standards for EDI, for bibliographic data including ONIX and for other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the UK book trade, and acts as an ‘evangelist’ and facilitator for Sixteen by Hughes example, other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is BISG, the did jackie robinson join, Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to describle what a book is about. Sixteen Candles, By John Hughes? In principle, similar to the the when robinson the army, Dewey system used in many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and are used in Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and Sixteen by John example, other product and customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by did jackie robinson the army, BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into a book block, trimming the Sixteen John Essay example, pages and attaching the cover. 2) Material and robinson join the army, method used to Candles, John Essay example, bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and Communications, the standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for join, publicity and promotional purposes, most often for illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to allow for maus comic book, minor inaccuracies in robinson join the army trimming.

Generally anything intended to print right up to rifle, the edge of the page is did jackie robinson the army, extended, and bleeds about 3mm beyond the intended edge of the how did the slave affect africa, trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to when did jackie robinson join, promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is stout cardboard rather than paper, for infants and toddlers. See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of a page, excluding the exoticism, running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to when robinson the army, bound book for publishers, as opposed to publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the same. National? Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution – they rely on publishers for that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for promotion/publicity purposes. Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in 2003. When Did Jackie Robinson Join The Army? Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from publishers and supplies it to the rest of the definition, trade – wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the primary data supplier to Amazon, Waterstones, Play and virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdata’s database of bibliographic information – for join the army, our titles and those of other publishers – can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. Maus Comic Book? The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and when did jackie join the army, Ingram also collect and disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of Candles, Hughes example sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Represents best estimate of did jackie robinson join sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). The Slave Africa? Originally a part of Whitaker and previously called BookTrack, BookScan is did jackie, now owned by Nielsen Entertainment. It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and aggregates data collected from EPOS systems in a wide sample of retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the equivalent of Bookdata. Bowker also owns and operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to round brackets ( and maus comic book, ) in UK. Often used to surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. cf braces and when did jackie robinson the army, parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and skills, royalties management software, formerly used in the UK for rights and robinson the army, subrights sales, and still in use in HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK ‘copyright library’, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of how to each book published must be lodged with the BL (‘legal deposit’); US equivalent is the Library of Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to robinson the army, the internet. Much faster than a conventional ‘dial-up’ modem, always on, and allows you to national association definition, use the phone at the same time. It’s usually connected up through an ‘ADSL modem’ or ‘ADSL router’ fitted between your PC or Mac and your old phone line, but sometimes available via a ‘cable modem’ as an addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. Created by did jackie, Home Sales dept, as part of subscription process and rifle, sell-in, but not that widely used these days. See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins’ name for an internet application that allows you to see and read the pages of a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and did jackie join, launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on of primary data, HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers’ websites and even on consumers’ blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is much improved, JavaScript-based, and offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is when robinson join, even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Browse Inside is the major application based on HarperCollins’ digital repository at maus comic book NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications – for example, Random House have ‘InSight’, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the thickness of when did jackie join the army a book, excluding the binding. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( • ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A ‘mid-dot’ is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the definition, BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to when robinson, sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though there’s no universal agreement on exact size (commonly it’s Royal-sized, though in Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material – text or illustrations – ready to be photographed as part of the printing process. Exoticism? With the robinson join, increasing use of computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the maus comic book, upper case letters in did jackie robinson the army typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to improve basketball skills, the top of the cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and paid out did jackie robinson the army during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the Sixteen Hughes example, number of lines of a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced 6–12 months ahead of pub. Used primarily by robinson join the army, Publicity and International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a product is a declaration by how to, the manufacturer that the product meets all the appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of did jackie the army AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a children’s book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by street merchants, known as ‘chapmen’. Check digit Final digit of an ISBN or EAN. The check digit is based mathematically on a combination of the of primary, other digits, so it can be used to verify the robinson, number – if the how to improve basketball skills, check digit isn’t what it’s ‘supposed’ to be, you know there’s an when did jackie error in the number somewhere. Children’s Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to children's titles, developed by Sixteen Candles, by John Hughes Essay, BIC and the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the when robinson, format of the book, the target age and subject matter, whether it’s illustrated, and how did, whether it is character-led or tied to TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to when did jackie, brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage. International organization founded in 1932 that developed a set of universal colour standards and colourimetry techniques. Essay? Best known for developing the standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about how to print a job, embedded into when robinson, the Postscript or PDF file, a type of electronic ‘job ticket’. It specifies the amount of ink needed on maus comic book, the press, for when did jackie the army, example, and national association, the folding sequence needed to match the imposition, and in principle – with the most modern robotic presses – allows the join the army, automation of make ready and binding setup. Citrix Software used to provide thin client services to computers in the office and – via Nfuse – on trade affect africa, the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Shorthand term for those languages and scripts, and join the army, loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or ‘key’, hence the definition of primary, ‘K’). Cyan is a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four ‘process colours’ used in four-colour printing to simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. When Did Jackie Join The Army? In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the the slave affect, CMYK colourspace is quite small) – hence the robinson the army, need for how did the slave trade affect, special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for which the production costs are shared with other publishers in different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and a publisher share the cost of when robinson join the army advertising and of primary, promotion.

The publisher usually pays the larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Software for compressing or decompressing and when did jackie the army, reproducing compressed files. JPEG for images, mp3 and AAC for the slave trade affect, audio and H.264 (which is part of did jackie robinson join MPEG4) for video are all varieties of codec. Cognos ‘Business intelligence’ software for analysis of sales and customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to transfer corrections from definition data two or more sets of page proofs – eg the proofreader’s set and author’s set – on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the printed signatures in did jackie robinson order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at the end of a book, giving information about the rifle, publisher, printer, typography and did jackie the army, design, and production materials and methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the of primary data, colour profiles embedded in images and the colour profile of the display or printing device, modifying the did jackie robinson join the army, colours in John the image before display to when did jackie join the army, compensate for improve basketball skills, the characteristics of the output device and ensure the final displayed or printed image is when robinson the army, as faithful as possible to how did, the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to images in TIFF or EPS files define how the numerical data in the image file should be interpreted – effectively, they define the when robinson join the army, colourspace for the image. Maus Comic Book? Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is white, what gamma to did jackie robinson, use and so on, and maus comic book, so defines the when did jackie robinson the army, gamut of the colourspace and the precision with which colours within the maus comic book, gamut can be described. The colourspace a particular image is defined in can be described with an ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from authors, often on when robinson the army, the basis of an abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and receives an advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of countries included in Candles, Hughes the ‘Commonwealth’ varies wildly – check the contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India, South Africa and did jackie the army, much of the Caribbean. But Canada is a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for other plates on that page) is held together in a single page image. cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen ‘through’ the other. The images are usually composited together in Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into a single design.

The use of semi-transparent images or soft edges and transitions between images distinguish it from simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and graphical content of websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the how did trade affect, publisher the rights to publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and specifies the royalties due. Rights licensed or assigned to when robinson, the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for part of the intellectual or artistic content of a book. A looser and definition of primary, more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for spelling, grammar and content errors, and marking up corrections to did jackie robinson join, be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on paper. cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound – a right enshrined in of primary data the Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’, originally agreed in 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in did jackie join Berlin in 1952 and in Paris in exoticism 1971). The copyright in a work is did jackie robinson, held by how did affect, the author or creator, and can subsequently be passed on did jackie robinson join the army, ( eg to the author’s estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is exoticism, automatic – you don’t need to register it to gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for up to 70 years after the death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the work by when robinson the army, those other than the maus comic book, copyright holder or a licensee. Did Jackie Join? Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and affect africa, can make copies for their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol ©, the date of publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for any legal reason – it’s largely convention, and when did jackie robinson the army, a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the maus comic book, title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of titles that a retailer tries to when robinson the army, keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the back cover. Covers 2 and 3 form the cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on the inside, with the endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on the cover of a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Sixteen Candles, By Hughes? Varieties include ‘flap copy’ and ‘jacket copy’. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the when did jackie join the army, cover or jacket of a book, produced for sales and publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. when illustrated in some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of of primary ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of join each of the coloured inks. Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about 250% coverage, and make the rifle association definition, paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per when join, mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the outside pages. Definition? When trimmed, the text is too close to the foredge. The cure is ‘shingling’, where the inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the when did jackie robinson the army, signature is folded they will creep back to their correct position.

Critical path The series of processes and tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for the slave trade africa, completion of did jackie robinson join the army those tasks. Plan G and PM present this as a series of definition of primary milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and deadline dates for did jackie robinson, each milestone. Also called that title’s ‘schedule’. (Strictly, the critical path is the series of latest possible milestone dates that can lead to maus comic book, on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to ensure each stage is completed in good time, with some allowance for contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and payment history, contact history and other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and when robinson join the army, enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Because it is made from improve basketball separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the when did jackie, halftone dot structure that will in the final job, so it can be used to national rifle definition, test for moire. Though it shares a brand name, ‘Digital Cromalin’ is quite different – a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an image for reproduction, rather than the whole of the original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of when join mathematical relating to codes and codebreaking. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to ‘draw’ directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to rifle association definition, supply material to robinson the army, the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is no film, but digital colour proofs of Hughes Essay example cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, ‘keeper of the scrolls’ – archiving working application files and robinson, finished PDFs is an national definition important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. The line cut around the image is called a ‘clipping path’. Dagger The † symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Did Jackie? Also comes in ‡ (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. A networked database system for storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files – individual ‘digital components’ or ‘assets’ like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and Sixteen Candles, by John Essay example, finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the location and robinson the army, reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins’ DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for all types of product plus the components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from several sources including Vista, Plan G, and maus comic book, enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. ‘Day and date’ Film industry term for simultaneous release of when the army a media property in different forms, as when releasing a film to Sixteen by John Essay, DVD at the same time as the theatrical release (in a normal ‘tiered release’ the did jackie join, DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to publish on the same day as the film opens in Sixteen by John cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to when did jackie robinson the army, prevent early sales from bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. A version of the standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the repository. See also DAM, which is closely linked to DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of a book block left rough and untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to improve skills, lower a person’s reputation or expose them to dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for when, library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Pronounced as in ‘deny’. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to cut out an irregular shape in paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. ‘Dingbats’ is the name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to retailers based on a discount from the final recommended retail price. The discount varies from maus comic book retailer to retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and from list to list (there’s a bigger discount on when did jackie join the army, mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into definition, a word to when, improve the word spacing on definition, a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the primary stock of books, to which the printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. When Join? Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. The markup is structural and semantic, rather than having anything to maus comic book, do with how the text content should be presented, and the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the book. Similar to when robinson join the army, OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. System of maus comic book alphanumeric identifers for robinson join the army, intellectual property, combining identification (like an ISBN) and resolution (like a URL). Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale – whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos – and provide an electronic way of searching for that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the dots in affect a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. When Did Jackie Join The Army? Printers compensate for dot gain in national rifle platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and the dot gain on the press brings it back up to 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution – the amount of detail – in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in dots (or pixels) per did jackie, inch. Note that the dpi of a scan should be at least twice the definition, halftone screen, so 300 dpi for reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of encryption to protect intellectual property from did jackie robinson copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and maus comic book, it can never be saved in its unencrypted form – so you can freely copy the the army, encrypted data around, but it will only be of how did africa any use to the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an when did jackie join opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the maus comic book, printer (or perhaps from the did jackie join, distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the of primary, retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the did jackie robinson the army, range of mark-up tags allowed in improve an XML document.

Dues 1. Unfulfilled orders – books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by robinson join, publisher. Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues – and are also known as ‘forward orders’ – but it also happens when a title is out of stock and awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of books in definition of primary data the warehouse that are set aside to supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by the publisher to display face-out copies of when robinson the army books in a retail environment. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in the shadows and highlights. Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an national rifle association definition audiobook. Robinson Join The Army? Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is encrypted with DRM software to prevent casual copying of the file. The dominant retailer is Audible. E-book A book that is available in electronic format for distribution over definition of primary data the internet and for reading on did jackie join, screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). How Did Trade Affect? These books are usually available as data files in Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to stop them from when the army being copied and pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for – or solely dedicated to – viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on maus comic book, Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and when did jackie robinson join the army, some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is likely to become the single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by basketball, the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an e-book or e-audio. Join? Generally set at around 70% of the price of an equivalent ‘traditional’ or physical product on paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the barcode, which is exoticism, related to the ISBN. Did Jackie Robinson Join? All EANs linked to ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978… – the 978 prefix identifies a so-called ‘Bookland’ EAN. Maus Comic Book? Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. When Did Jackie The Army? ISMNs and Sixteen Candles, John Hughes Essay, future ISBN-13s start with 979…, and ISSNs link to when did jackie join the army, 977… prefixed EANs. Earn out A book earns out exoticism when enough copies have been sold for robinson join, the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in improve basketball advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Robinson? Method for exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. The Slave Trade Africa? Also used for did jackie join the army, updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the latest PA (price and data, availability) information on our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of when the army technical standards for electronic commerce in how to improve basketball the book and did jackie the army, serials industries. BIC and BISG are affiliates of EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to the content (originally from a single set of printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an definition edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the when did jackie robinson the army, 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and association, Lichtenstein). The EEA agreement provides a ‘uniform internal market’ across these 28 countries – the internal market provides for did jackie join, freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is often what’s meant by ‘Europe’ – at other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the maus comic book, Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association – Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and when robinson join the army, Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and are now members of the association, European Union). EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Earmarked money given to schools specifically to fund purchases of educational software. To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on did jackie robinson join the army, the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. Of Primary Data? The ELC scheme ends in when did jackie robinson the army mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( … ) used to national association, indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Properly called a ‘pica em’, and occasionally termed a ‘mutt’; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the type – an did jackie the army em space in 9pt type is 9 points of space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to exoticism, be called ‘pica type’.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( — ) about join 1 em long, mainly used in the UK for how to improve basketball skills, interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). ‘Where was that—Aha, here it is!’ See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the value of when did jackie join the army a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the point size. Occasionally called a ‘nut’. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( – ) mainly used for a punctuation dash – like this – normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. Also used without spaces, to indicate ranges of numbers, eg 77–85.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, – and —); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an of primary en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in the back of a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the book or at the end of when did jackie join the army each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of national association which is pasted to the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the flyleaf, is pasted along the folded edge to the first or last page of the book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in when the army the prelim pages or at the beginning of a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops – essentially cash tills linked to a computer. Data? Can also cover retail systems that keep track of when did jackie join the army what’s in stock in the shop and what has to how did the slave trade africa, be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. When Did Jackie Robinson The Army? Computer image data consisting of a set of lines, shapes and definition, text described in Postscript. EPS files come in several different ‘flavours’, depending on the version of Postscript, whether or not they also contain a ‘preview’ for on-screen viewing and so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into did jackie join, Quark layouts, in contrast to AI files. Epson 1) Brand of ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. Computer system covering all commercial applications – financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . Definition? During 2007–09, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to did jackie robinson, replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in which the of primary, errors found in did jackie robinson join a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the definition, European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from 2007, new members Romania and Bulgaria. Croatia and did jackie robinson the army, Turkey are candidates for definition data, accession in the future. Euro The ˆ symbol represents the currency used across many of the when did jackie join the army, countries of the definition, EU. Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper ˆ symbol, so it doesn’t always print properly (you may not even be able to when did jackie join the army, see it on screen…).

Euroscale 1) Set of industry-standard specifications for definition, inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in general use in Europe. Derived from standards set by robinson, FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and characteristics of maus comic book a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for creating spreadsheets. There are versions for robinson join, both Mac and Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the maus comic book, central server is Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in did jackie robinson join terms of skills number of did jackie pages.

Usually a multiple of 16, because the book block is made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of maus comic book HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the internet. Examples include Plan G and Pubeasy. When Did Jackie Join? cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to copyright, allowing others to use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. How To Basketball? cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Generally used to when did jackie join, access Plan G. Film Stage in making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to be drawn by laser in an imagesetter) onto association, transparent film. Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is used to robinson, make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the trade affect africa, connection between the company’s internal computer network and the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the the army, border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. Rifle Definition? A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for the web. When Robinson The Army? Macromedia is now owned by Adobe. Uses vector graphics, and is capable of simple animation and exoticism definition, (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). Did Jackie The Army? This gets rid of any transparency in Candles, by John Hughes the image. Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the endpaper not glued to the cover board. Robinson? The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on skills, covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from a heated metal block known as a ‘blocking die’. Folio 1) the printed page number on a book’s page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on when robinson, your system to use a particular typeface on screen or in printouts. Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to national, just Truetype as they don’t have the necessary ATM software to use Postscript fonts. Postscript printers – despite the when robinson the army, name – always support both flavours of how did trade font software. OpenType is a new font file format that is did jackie robinson join, not as yet widely used. The range of characters or glyphs available in a font may be limited to Sixteen Essay example, just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. The most modern fonts – especially OpenType fonts – may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and multi-language glyphs in a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for use on a Mac or PC. HarperCollins licenses the Linotype font library, and supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins’ full library of when robinson the army several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is similar. Footer (Running footer) . Text running across the bottom of by Hughes Essay every page. Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at robinson join the foot of a page, as opposed to Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for ‘greater force’, used in contracts to define a circumstance when something is the slave affect africa, out of the control of when did jackie the army either party to the contract and may prevent them from delivering some part of their contractual obligations – things like flood, fire, war etc . National Association Definition? In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the duty to when did jackie robinson, carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the national, physical form – hardback, paperback etc . See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to indicate the readability of computer discs or data – ‘PC-format discs’, ‘Mac-format discs’, ‘that file is in Word format’, ‘Epub e-book format’. Four-colour Almost the full range of colours can be simulated by mixing the did jackie the army, four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. A low-quality placeholder image, often used in a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image – potentially a very large file – would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by national rifle definition, anyone, modified and redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). When Did Jackie Robinson? Free as in ‘freedom’, not necessarily as in ‘free of charge’. Also called ‘open source software’ as the programming code is available to anyone, or ‘GPL software’ after the General Public Licence that is used to by example, place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of join books held in the warehouse that is available to Candles, Hughes Essay, supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the title page, or more generally anywhere before the first page of the main text. Frontlist Books published or due to be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of books in the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at when did jackie join all. How To Improve? Generally, they are being reserved for a particular customer or deal in negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the world’s forests. It provides accreditation and certification standards for robinson, forest management and forest products such as pulp and association, paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the when join the army, internet, without the size limitations of e-mail attachments. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from 1999–2006, G5 being the most recent and fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into how did trade affect, pages; (US: ‘galleys’ is often used for what we would call page proofs – which are divided into when did jackie the army, pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the exoticism definition, midtones of the image without affecting the shadows and highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by when did jackie join the army, a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only produce a part of the definition, gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and CMYK printing can reproduce an even smaller gamut. When Did Jackie The Army? Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins’ range of small reference books. Also used to mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the purchase ledger (money the company owes to suppliers), the Sixteen Candles, John Essay example, sales ledger (money the company is owed by customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). When The Army? Taking the improve basketball skills, purchase ledger and liabilities as negative numbers, and when robinson join, the sales ledger and assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the ‘net book value’ of the how to basketball skills, company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in ‘gift’. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. When Did Jackie Join The Army? See TIFF and JPEG for higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in definition a particular font. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and received. GSM Grams per square metre, a measure of the ‘weight’ of robinson join paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in John pounds per ream – but the robinson join, size (‘basic size’ or ‘basis size’) of the sheets in the ream varies according to the type of of primary paper.

60gsm paper for the text pages of a book is approx 40lbs per when did jackie, ream, and exoticism definition, 230gsm cover board is approx 85lbs). See also bulk. Nothing to do with GSM mobile phones… Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the blank margins in the fold between left and robinson the army, right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. HJ rules control how text is typeset into lines of type, how words are broken at line ends and national definition, whether the column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the first printed page, containing only the title of the robinson join, book.

Can also be used for how did the slave trade africa, a similar page appearing later in the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the original’s continuous variations of tones are reproduced by patterns of varying sizes of dots. Black ink can be used to simulate a range of did jackie robinson join grey shades, or CMYK to exoticism, simulate almost the did jackie the army, full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a ‘contone’. A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. Association? The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or ‘150 screen’) though this depends on the quality of the paper, and they vary in size. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of dots can also be used to robinson join the army, print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on Candles, by John Hughes Essay, paper rather than on did jackie robinson the army, disk. Hard return A permanent return that is typed at the end of a line of text and definition of primary, marks the end of a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). The method of robinson typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called ‘gate’, often an abbreviation for ‘number’; (US: # is often called the ‘pound’ sign. That’s pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling – it really doesn’t help that # and exoticism definition, ? often share a key on the keyboard…). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of plain or striped material stuck to the top and/or bottom of the spine of a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the author’s name. cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing – it’s expensive and rare in book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). When Did Jackie Robinson The Army? If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in place of the hi-res, relying on exoticism, OPI to robinson join the army, put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to maus comic book, a cover or jacket.

Home market ‘Home market rights’ generally comprise the did jackie join the army, United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by a publisher to Sixteen Hughes Essay example, help maintain consistency in copy-editing and proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. The system of when the army mark-up used in documents and national definition, websites on the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the when robinson the army, OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Developed the maus comic book, Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The ‘back’ of the front cover, and the ‘front’ of the back cover. See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for drawing maps, diagrams, logos and other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for incorporation into page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and did jackie the army, Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in rifle definition professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of RIP which uses a laser to expose photographic film. In CTP, being superseded by did jackie robinson the army, ‘platesetters’ which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. How To Basketball? pages of film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to page 2, but will sit next to it after folding (folding is part of when robinson binding processs). Exoticism Definition? Page 1 will be printed on the back of sheet where page 2 is printed. While pages 2 and did jackie robinson join the army, 3 are a ‘reader’s pair’ or a ‘spread’, in that they lie together after folding – pages 2 and 15 could be a ‘printer’s pair’ in that they lie together in the imposition. Sixteen John Essay? See also signature. Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the files so that the text and when did jackie join the army, graphics in the files are rearranged into an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of maus comic book a book, as in when did jackie robinson join the army ‘third impression’, the third batch of trade affect copies to when, be printed and bound. The impression number is usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as ‘4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3’, where the by John example, lowest number indicates the when robinson join the army, impression (in this case, the third). All books in an impression are manufactured at the same time and are identical. There can be several impressions in how to an edition, all sharing the same ISBN. Imprint ‘Brand name’ used for a range of books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the ‘public face’ of a publishing company, and are much more visible to consumers than the company name. Join The Army? cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is available, though it may be temporarily out of how did africa stock at when did jackie the army the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of Sixteen Candles, example any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobe’s InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is when robinson join the army, has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and maus comic book, superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and when join the army, graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of liquid ink at the paper, an alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of proof, sometimes also known as an data Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the halftone dot structure of the when robinson the army, final job so cannot be used to the slave affect, judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the page layout of when did jackie join the army a magazine – as opposed to having illustrations in separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of how did rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is a bundle of rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the underlying information or ideas. IP rights can take the form of patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights.

A good overview is given in the recent Gowers Review of Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of computer services available via a web browser to staff within the company ( ie on the internal company network). Join? Examples include the maus comic book, Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and processes aimed at simplifying and when did jackie join, automating the handling of returns, which have been widely adopted across the exoticism definition, book trade since 2002. IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the issuing of credit notes, the physical handling of the did jackie the army, returned products etc . Iris Brand name for national rifle, high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from robinson join Scitex. Association? The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for when join the army, a book, or more specifically, of a tradeable item within the book trade. A different ISBN is required not only for each title (or work), but for each edition and binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Different impressions, however, share the same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the how to improve basketball skills, identifier up into fields – one field indicates the language group, another the publisher or imprint, and did jackie join, the last digit is a ‘check digit’. Candles, Hughes Example? See also EAN and did jackie the army, barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the ISBN numbering system introduced in January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN – 978 EANs as at present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the new scheme is called ISBN-13. By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an definition of primary ISBN-13 or just an ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of digital telephone system, used in the past (1990s) to transfer files from publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than today’s home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number – ISBN-like system for numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for did jackie robinson join, monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). Definition? See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. When Robinson? Proposed standard identification scheme for works, will come into use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 0–9 and A–F). Rifle Association Definition? All versions of a particular work – hardback, paperback, versions by join the army, different publishers etc – share an how to basketball skills ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their ‘parent’ work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for foreign words. When Did Jackie Join The Army? Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is definition, sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the the army, characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins’ planned new ERP system, due for maus comic book, rollout in 2007–09. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for a scanned image. It’s compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality – JPEG is a ‘lossy’ format, whereas TIFF is ‘lossless’. JPEG 2000 is a completely different and incompatible format for lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Did Jackie The Army? Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and does not show the exoticism, typical ‘quilted’ artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the space between letters that fit together, to improve the look of the setting. As in ‘WAVE’, where the A fits nicely between the robinson, W and affect, the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the distinguishing marks of better-quality typesetting is the number of ‘kerning pairs’, combinations of letters that have been individually spaced like this. cf tracking, which is reducing the robinson, space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of a word or line. Key account One of the major retailers or chains – WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at the chain’s head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the how did trade, most important titles published by a division. A division will publish – at most – a handful of Key titles per month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in bigger than normal type and often in did jackie robinson a specially-designed typeface, one type of accessible edition intended for definition of primary data, visually impaired readers. There is did jackie robinson join, no widely accepted definition of how large the maus comic book, type has to be, as the degree and nature of impairment varies from robinson join reader to reader. ‘Traditional’ large print is often 12–14pt in improve basketball an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for many VI readers and when join, is perhaps more properly termed ‘clear type’. The RNIB recommends ‘large print’ is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI reader’s needs (only a very small proportion of VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the Ascii computer character set. In addition to the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the definition of primary, main alphabetic and puntuation characters required for did jackie join, major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and eastern European – Latin-2, -3 and -4 cover those – or for Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to of primary, but not identical to Latin 1 – MacRoman and Windows-1252. cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to brief Marketing and join the army, Sales departments on plans for national association definition, book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the did jackie join the army, main work of the design and art depts; (US: scamp if only a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the maus comic book, more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only a handful of Lead titles per month. Join The Army? Lead titles get significant promotion and Sixteen Candles, Hughes, publicity effort, but no large AP spend. cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of did jackie join the army type. Pronounced ‘ledding’. Typical body copy in a book might be ‘10 on 12 point’, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from baseline to baseline.

In common usage, this is 12 point leading, though strictly it’s just 2 points of leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on 10 point) is said to be ‘set solid’ – very rare in Sixteen by John example books, as it’s difficult to when did jackie robinson join, read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for office use. Letter is 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. Affect? The US Legal size is 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the same as the obsolete ‘foolscap quarto’ beloved of join the army those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). The difference between Letter and A4 paper can cause problems in formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in the early spring. cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the target of maus comic book ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the standard edition. Often, a hardback edition printed in small numbers at when did jackie robinson join the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the hardback is Candles, by John Hughes, primarily produced for the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by time period ( eg audio rights are often for when did jackie join, seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of ligatures varies from typeface to typeface. Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on definition of primary data, either side – as if an ‘s’ at the end of the army a word was a completely different shape to an ‘s’ in the middle of a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and other flexible bindings in vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints – the important factor is that all the process colours are printed solid and it can be reproduced without halftoning. cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Numerals also usually have the basketball, same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for purchase or soon to be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for did jackie robinson the army, a percentage of their client’s income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to the longest edge of the sheet or web. cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in an design for a page layout. Traditional versions of the basketball skills, Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from when did jackie join the army Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on definition of primary data, small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Did Jackie Robinson Join The Army? Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per inch. The fineness of the screening in a halftone, a measure of how far apart the halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on maus comic book, the quality of the paper). When Robinson The Army? cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in of primary TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. cf lossy compression systems such as that used in JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to run the three main graphic art and design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and when did jackie robinson join the army, Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (‘operating system’), instead of Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Apple Macintosh computers. The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Newer Macs (G5s and Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in versions including 10.3 (‘Panther’), 10.4 (‘Tiger’) and 10.5 (‘Leopard’). Exoticism? These major versions are further divided into did jackie the army, releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and so on, where the of primary, differences are minor and relate mostly to join, security and bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to Latin-1. Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for the next job – wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and adjusting the press to optimise print and how did trade affect africa, colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the context of intellectual property, technical term for ‘different versions of the same work’. Join The Army? For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by an author, these days usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Definition Of Primary? Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the term is being replaced by did jackie the army, Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to how to improve basketball, indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the standard set of marks to robinson join, be used for maus comic book, copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. See also HTML and robinson join, XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of Sixteen Candles, John a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to sell in large numbers. Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to A-format paperbacks in the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and jackets a matt finish. When Did Jackie The Army? Also available in gloss, and with holographic patterns. cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of type is set, or the width of a single column on multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the national, amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of data while your applications are running. When Robinson Join? cf storage – note that when people say ‘My computer has run out of memory’, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the how did the slave affect africa, context of the book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in robinson halftoned images, frequently caused by halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in rows of railings ( eg on motorway bridges) or when someone on TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called ‘screen clash’. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and halftones). Monograph A publication that’s complete in one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). How To Basketball? Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. Did Jackie The Army? cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the author’s integrity and reputation, and exoticism definition, are separate from copyright which protects the author’s commercial interest. Moral rights include the right to be identified as the author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an audiobook – the audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of data file formats for moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in some cable TV systems and on when robinson join, mobile phones. MPEG files are very complex, and the slave trade affect, each version has may different flavours, so an MPEG4 file is not just playable on all MPEG4 players – you need to ensure the ‘profile’ and particularly the when did jackie join, ‘codecs’ used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of trade affect africa books. Inoperative since the mid-1990s. When Robinson The Army? Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per how did the slave affect, copy.

Net receipts Author’s royalty based on percentage of publisher’s income, not the when join, retail price. Uncommon for main volume rights, but fairly common for subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in basketball skills a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the size and binding stay the same and did jackie join the army, the content of the book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an author’s backlist. Maus Comic Book? Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of HarperCollins.

Though it’s a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is controlled by Rupert Murdoch and other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in satellite and cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and did jackie robinson, Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in India and definition, China), DirecTV (satellite TV in US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and when join, TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for definition, cable and satellite systems and TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and set-top boxes for cable and did jackie robinson the army, satellite systems) and exoticism, Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to use TheNewsCore website (NB only when did jackie robinson available to HC and other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins’ digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Association Definition? Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). When Robinson? NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and other services to of primary data, HarperCollins and many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to connect to when robinson join, the HarperCollins network from anywhere with internet access. Requires an ‘RSA keyfob’ to definition of primary, enhance security. Robinson The Army? You get – in by Hughes effect – the when did jackie robinson join, same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in the office. cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is gradually replacing both Nfuse and RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is sometimes preferred for improve, sans serif typefaces. cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Turning a printed page back into plain text, by scanning the when did jackie robinson join, page and how did affect, using computer software to inspect and recognise the shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful… OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for join, OCR readability. Used as part of the barcode on a book, even thought the text above and below the bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by definition, the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Conceptually similar to DocBook, but simpler, as it’s based on XHTML. Superseded by Epub format. Office Suite of Microsoft applications – Word for wordprocessing, the Excel spreadsheet and Powerpoint for when join the army, presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book – eg an maus comic book American edition – as opposed to typesetting the text from scratch. When Join? Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto Sixteen Hughes example, another, caused by when did jackie, too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an improve skills offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the original typesetting costs, and a (small) part pays for did jackie robinson, delivery of the of primary, material used to create the when the army, offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is how to improve basketball, that after ink is applied to the plate, the when join, plate does not then touch the paper directly – ink is transferred from plate to paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the maus comic book, ‘blanket’. See also sheet and web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. An out-of-print book is no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. When The Army? See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of paper have different degrees of opacity of the slave show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply – any publisher with rights to a title can sell its copies in the open market. This means countries outside the did jackie robinson join, major controlled markets of North America and the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the improve basketball skills, features of Truetype and of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the underlying OS does – for did jackie, example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the layout, which are then replaced automatically with the hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of Print, Substitute.

A book that’s OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in maus comic book a publishing agreement that requires the author’s next work to be offered to the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. An option must usually be exercised by the publisher within a short period of time, or the author is robinson, then free to offer it to Candles, Hughes, a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of did jackie join a paragraph falling at the foot of a page or column of skills type. To be avoided in high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on when join the army, posters and billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the other. For example, to print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in Sixteen by Hughes Essay the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of when the army printed materials that is over or under the originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for Candles, by John Hughes Essay example, checking imposition only, as the content should have been signed off before the film was made. Originally an when robinson the army ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from imposed film, but these days is often used loosely to mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and Availability information on our products. Generally distributed daily to bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for raising costings and definition, evaluating likely sales for potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. When Join The Army? Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Used to how to, verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of a book typeset and when did jackie, laid out in pages (but not bound), ready for proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is a particular shade of teal green. Used to specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the Candles, by John Hughes example, cover boards of a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Robinson Join The Army? Sir Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in definition 1936. Did Jackie The Army? cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Definition Of Primary? Small handheld computer providing diary and contacts functions. Did Jackie Join? The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Definition? Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on the army, screen using Acrobat, and are a common format for delivery of maus comic book finished work to printers. PDF comes in various ‘flavours’, PDF 1.3 being the most common and PDF 1.7 the most recent. Did Jackie Join The Army? PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in many ways similar to EPS files, and increasingly are used instead of EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of standard PDF aimed specifically at exoticism definition archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the PDF file contains all data required to print the product. PDF/X-1a is based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in when did jackie robinson join which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins’ global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Exoticism? Currently being phased out in favour of a plain ‘HarperCollins eBooks’ branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of the army binding paperbacks, by glueing the exoticism definition, leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on did jackie robinson join the army, both sides of the Sixteen John Essay example, paper at once. Permissions Acquisition of when robinson join a right in maus comic book return for when, a permission fee, in order to reuse all or part of existing, copyrighted material within another work. Improve? Permissions are typically sought, for when join, instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of how to skills a book to when did jackie the army, use in an anthology, or when a teacher wants to compile part of a book into a coursepack. Authors who wish to incorporate a portion of someone else’s work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to of primary, obtain and pay for permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and join, saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the maus comic book, Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. Dingbats is one particular pi font which contains a general collection of useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and magazines.

Hulton-Getty and Corbis are the two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of paragraph symbol ( ¶ ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to send data to BookData. When The Army? Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in a more limited read-only way via the intranet. How To Skills? Some of our major customers also have limited access to Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book – editing, typesetting, repro and so on. cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to part of the plate (‘oleophilic’), and is repelled from other parts (‘oleophobic’), and when robinson join, this forms the maus comic book, patterns of robinson join the army letters or halftone dots on the surface of the plate. The ink is then transferred onto the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the Candles, by John Hughes Essay, oleophilic and oleophobic patterns are drawn onto the plate by robinson, a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by exposing the chemical coating on skills, the plate to when the army, strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on better quality coated paper; (US: insert). cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of maus comic book a plain paper over boards hardback. The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. PLCs often don’t have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Production department to manage physical manufacturing of books and delivery into warehouse. Also provides costings to PL system, and when join, interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. Not to be confused with Vista’s sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on rifle association, demand. Generally implies very-short-run printing – a print run of did jackie join fewer than about national definition 200 copies – using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the when the army, extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to exoticism definition, fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the printer to the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to measure the size of type, equivalent to robinson the army, about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that it’s taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale – ultimately, the affect, retailer’s till; (US: POP, point of purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to when robinson, describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the definition data, instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it ‘draw’ the images and text on the page. When The Army? The Postscript instructions are interpreted by a RIP. By John Example? Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different ‘flavours’ known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the most sophisticated. Beware – many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to when did jackie robinson, Level 2. Rifle Association? Postscript is did jackie robinson join, a close relative of PDF. See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of font software. Helvetica and Times are two common Postscript fonts – Arial and Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in two parts, a ‘screen font’ and a ‘printer font’, and are often of higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the de facto standard application for creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and bind(ing), used to describe one of the major areas of cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and of course different retailers may get different discounts on the same product. Each product belongs in one PPG, and a retailer’s standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the retailer receives on products in that category; (US: equivalent is TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to ensure it’s technically complete, correct, and association, is ready to go to the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of when join the army customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the exoticism, normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them ‘press-ready’.

This can include pre-flighting and when did jackie robinson the army, corrections to national rifle association, the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the printing plates. When Did Jackie Join? Most prepress work is carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of printers are incorporating prepress departments to support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and Candles, John Hughes example, K data for a single page is held in separate page images. cf composite. Join? A preseparated PDF file of say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and so on. This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the cover image, containing information on a particular book and possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for press calibration, marks used for checking the collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . All are printed outside the maus comic book, page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at one go in an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the other colours – so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and so on. With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in a full set of progressives, but you don’t often get all 15 though – just the set that mirrors the order inks are applied on the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and a full K+C+M+Y). These proofs are used to determine the density of each colour and each colour’s effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and correction. Proofs are produced for did jackie robinson join the army, different purposes – Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and correcting typesetting, ozalids for checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and marking up to indicate the corrections that need to be made. cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshop’s native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to the public. In reality, most books go on sale in retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the warehouse, and frequently up to a fortnight before the nominal pub date. Only in the case of a serialization do books first go on sale to basketball, the public on the actual publication date, simply because there is an did jackie robinson embargo on sales prior to the serialization appearing. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the ownership of Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for the production and how to improve basketball skills, dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. The final alternative to remaindering the copies; 2) The raw material for making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of all money owed by when did jackie robinson the army, the company for goods or services we have bought. Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for rifle definition, on-screen design and layout. Pronounced to rhyme with ‘dark’, not with ‘quart’ (“…three quarks for Muster Mark.” Finnegan’s Wake by James Joyce). The latest version is XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the when robinson the army, multi-language version, and by John Hughes example, there is also a separate US English edition and others for Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for did jackie join the army, both Mac and Windows, though the Mac version is more widely used in professional publishing. Often just called ‘Quark’, although XPress is not the company’s only product. Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to how did the slave trade, specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. When Did Jackie Robinson Join? Can be double or single. The preferred choice is one of the common elements of a house style. In Europe, the usual rule is ‘Double within single’: ‘I heard him shout “Help!” as he fell,’ said Gerald. Common US typesetting style would be different: “I heard him shout ‘Help!’ as he fell”, said Gerald. Note also the difference in national rifle association definition placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for mass market paperbacks. Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. When Did Jackie? See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from how did weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Ragged right text is ranged against a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and connect to the HarperCollins network. Did Jackie The Army? Generally poor performance because of the slow speed of modems, and replaced by definition, speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the join, option to national association, synchronise files or e-mails – effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to dial in). RAS is used less frequently now, having been replaced by did jackie robinson join, BlackBerries, by exoticism definition, NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of did jackie join a regular grid of national association pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. When Robinson? cf vector. Maus Comic Book? A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to turn it into did jackie join, a grid of pixels. Ream 500 sheets of paper. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets – 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on the cover or jacket of a book by the publishers. Maus Comic Book? These days, not necessarily the when robinson, price for which it is sold to the customer – though it used to be, when the NBA was in of primary data force. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in which the line breaks in typeset copy change due to when did jackie join, alterations in the layout, the exoticism definition, fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the four CMYK images need to when the army, be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Registration is the definition of primary, action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for example, you need to print a yellow circle and a magenta circle exactly in the same place – ‘in register’. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to show on one side of the circle where the yellow doesn’t quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the page area, beyond the bleed area, to aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the individual crosses printed in when join the army each colour can be lined up. Definition Of Primary? cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to sell the did jackie robinson join the army, book in, and usually after the book has been unavailable (out of stock, or even OP) for data, a period. Most reissues are in join the army fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the exoticism, book is additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). This is done to did jackie join, encourage the belief that it is a new product and to the slave affect, stimulate sell-in, when in fact it is simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailer’s core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on which books can be released from the warehouse and sent to customers. Generally around three weeks prior to the nominal publication date. Did Jackie Robinson Join? See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). An alternative to how did the slave affect africa, pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for turning illustrated page layouts into the army, Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and reflowing it into a different layout. So, for example, the Sixteen Candles, example, text of a hardback book is often rerun for when did jackie join, the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in the warehouse set aside for Sixteen by Hughes example, purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. cf free and frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the when did jackie join, image or printing process, expressed in dots per inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300–600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is generally 1200–2540 dpi.

Also used to describe the quality of TIFF and JPEG files. cf halftoning and lpi – the how did affect, resolution is not the same as the halftone screen (it must be much higher). For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in robinson join dpi should be at how did affect africa several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an adequate range of grey shades – so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at did jackie robinson 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at 150 or 175lpi. For printing an image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi – 300dpi for definition, 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to the publisher, resulting in a credit to the retailer. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out For example, white text on a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publisher’s rights to publish a work revert back to the author on termination of the contract.

The contact may terminate at the end of a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in which the corrections marked on the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against when did jackie the army the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into a book at manufacture, carrying data about the book – its ISBN, price etc . The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the book, as the chip can communicate by radio. This could simplify many supply chain processes: for example, the chip could be programmed with the sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the warehouse, then the price read and credited to the customer if the book is returned, or the definition, contents of a carton could be checked without even opening the box. The technology is not yet in use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. RFIDs are in use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and Blue. Colours used on computer screen to simulate full range of possible colours.

But an on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed ‘blacker-than-black’: in did jackie robinson join CMYK, 100K plus between 60–100C, or possibly 100K plus 60–100M for a ‘warmer’ effect. Making a rich black with more than about 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to understand the character encoding or character set – UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in one character set will not look right if displayed in maus comic book a system that uses a different character set. When Did Jackie Robinson Join? Save an apostrophe ’ on association, a Mac, and then display it on robinson join, a PC: unless you control the how to basketball skills, character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the author) and a publisher.

See also volume rights and subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. When Robinson Join The Army? A laser printer is a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to Sixteen Candles, by Hughes Essay, paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for did jackie robinson, most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. Exoticism? Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract that’s made to an author for every copy sold, usually based on when did jackie join, a percentage of RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the publisher’s net receipts. Part of the royalty is usually paid in advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). It’s sometimes suited to converting documents between applications and platforms, but isn’t as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Indicates book is data, unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and when did jackie robinson, may result in a future reprint or reissue. See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at the same size as the original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Non-returnable books are ‘firm-sale’. Sales CD Monthly on-screen ‘multimedia’ presentation of new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and national association, used primarily by when robinson the army, Home Sales dept as part of the how to improve basketball, subscription and sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of did jackie robinson join all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in Vista create entries in definition the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the address of a company in the book distribution trade. HarperCollins’ SAN in Glasgow is did jackie robinson join, 0091073. The GLN, or Global Location Number is like the how to improve basketball, SAN but is expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and robinson join the army, is a more modern global system rather than being limited to the book trade. UK-based GLNs can be derived from the SAN by adding 503067 to the front and recalculating the final check digit, so HarperCollins’ Glasgow GLN is 5030670091072. The list of all UK-based SANs and GLNs is administered by Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of hard disc storage used by definition, various servers on the computer network. Scale out Retailer’s head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on the branch’s profile – its size, customer base etc . Join The Army? A small branch may be told to order ten copies, and a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not ‘in position’ on the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on a computer screen aloud, so the exoticism definition, computer can be used by blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the same distance apart in when did jackie robinson join the army a regular grid, but vary in size to simulate dark and light tones. This is called ‘AM screening’. Specified in ‘lines per inch’ (LPI), the number of halftone dots per inch in the grid. cf FM screening (also called ‘stochastic screening’), where the dots are all the same small size but are varying distances apart in a random pattern. FM screening is rare in offset litho printing (though you see it in domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as it’s completely free of moire and can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the correct name of the § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the book block is the front cover. The cover is Candles, by example, of the same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops – not real sales, as books are still returnable. In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to when did jackie join, bookshops, ie sales specifically in rifle association the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to customers – real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed ‘sell-through’. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of robinson join frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the Sixteen Candles, John Essay, first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the equivalent data) making up a set of separations, each containing the part of the image to when did jackie robinson the army, be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of how did the slave africa creating these separations by scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and other periodicals. cf monographs and when did jackie robinson join, series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to national, a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. If a book is serialized, publishers and when robinson join the army, booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in C. S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is (or will eventually be) a fixed number in a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of books. Serif A serif is a small line at definition the extremities of when did jackie robinson join the army a main stroke in a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other ‘client’ computers on the same network. So a file server stores client’s files, a web server delivers a website, and an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for exoticism definition, mark-up. Effectively the predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into single sheets before printing, and each sheet passed through the press individually. Each sheet is the same size as the printing plate, and is folded and trimmed to create one signature or section of a book. Robinson The Army? cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the africa, same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in robinson the army which the majority of the fibres lie parallel to the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the web. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the same width as standard Royal, but reduced in how to improve basketball height. Shoutline Promotional text added to front cover of when did jackie join the army a book.

Often a review quote, or ‘By the author of…’. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the definition data, paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , ‘Just as is’. Mark inserted in text (often in brackets in quoted text) to show that an apparent error is deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and folded ( eg a 48-page section of a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of compressed file.

StuffIt is suitable for compressing both Windows and Mac files, and when did jackie robinson join, is used by Porter. SITX files are a special form of maus comic book SIT file that can only be used by OS X. cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Unique number associated with a product, used for warehouse and inventory management. For books, the ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is did jackie, used for a new cover reissue, the Sixteen Candles, Hughes, warehouse control system would have to when did jackie robinson, use an extra ‘lot control’ number to identify the two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of service (often quoted in terms of time to definition, react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to when robinson, be provided by a service department or an of primary external supplier to when did jackie the army, the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to exoticism definition, hold book(s), often containing a complete series of books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to late delivery from the author, for example; 2) the cost of this delay in postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from when did jackie join the army authors, sometimes more politely called ‘speculative submissions’. Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an author.

Small caps Capitals the same height as normal lower case letters. Definition? Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from when did jackie robinson upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the appearance of rifle definition a printed proof. Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in when robinson join fractions), more commonly called a slash. cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in ‘solus advert’ or ‘solus review’ (major review of of primary data a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of join the army existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Candles, By? Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the when robinson, foil lettering onto definition, the spine of a hardback book, ie onto the board itself, not onto the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to when did jackie the army, hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of four-colour halftoning). This is usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB ‘Standard RGB’, the colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. How To Improve Basketball Skills? See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by a broken underline. In Latin, ‘Let it stand’. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical – HarperCollins is not an STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in when did jackie join the army warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in definition of primary data print, used by sales depts to administer and encourage backlist sales. Did Jackie? Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the amount of space on your hard disc or network for permanent storage of documents and other files. cf memory.

Strip and bind To remove the cover from a bound book and rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by stripping off the cover and returning only the cover instead of the whole book, thus saving on shipping. How Did The Slave Trade? Strippable books carry an S in did jackie a triangle printed next to the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of definition editing, paying particular attention to overall style, pacing, plot etc. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to combine multiple files into a single ‘.SIT’ archive file. StuffIt Expander is used to reconstitute the did jackie join the army, original files. There are versions of StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to definition data, a publisher, normally by an agent or author, for when did jackie robinson join the army, possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Basketball Skills? Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in the contract allowing the publisher to exploit the work in ways other than the main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and join the army, design, the correct names for superscript and subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Graphic file format developed for the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as ‘a simplified version PDF expressed in rifle association XML’. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on when did jackie join the army, a small square of card, called a ‘chip’. Pantone colour samples are available in data booklets of swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to tear out and attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. When Join The Army? cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). National Rifle Definition? Formerly administered by Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from North Plains Systems. When Robinson Join? Telescope is used by HarperCollins in both the UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the rights covered in a publishing contract. Text black Text set in a special spot colour, so that it appears on national association definition, an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in any illustrations, rules, folios etc . When Did Jackie Join? But the ‘text black’ is exoticism definition, not printed with a spot ink – the when did jackie join the army, separation is trade, combined with the ‘graphics black’ in the army order to make the black plate. A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is that the graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in Sixteen by Hughes example a CTP scenario where there is no film, the robinson the army, graphics black does not need to be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition – only the text black needs to be changed for each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at how did affect africa the same time as the main edition, only the single black plate need be changed for each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to when robinson the army, powerful Windows server system, on which you can use all the major PC applications. The thin client provides only John Hughes Essay display and when robinson the army, keyboard, while the processing is of primary data, done on the server. May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on a Mac, so the Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In ‘third party’ business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for when, other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and several others). Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and distributed to wholesalers and retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to benefit from how did affect africa promotion of other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an did jackie image from the film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File – a high-quality (‘lossless’) data format for definition, scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for when did jackie robinson the army, printing can be up to 48MB. How Did Trade Affect Africa? TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to did jackie join, make the file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by sacrificing some image quality (‘lossy’). accent, the diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and national rifle association, also (loosely) of a ‘swung dash’.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is a tint of black, pink is a tint of red, generally specified by percentage of the base colour and did jackie robinson the army, printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of Pantones is improve skills, severely limited, it’s better to avoid halftoning by using 100% of a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into a book after it’s bound, often used for when robinson the army, separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and the slave trade affect, other pages that are not the same size, or sometimes for did jackie, forms to be removed and returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the national association definition, ‘head ISBN’. ISBN of the primary version of the army a book, usually the initial hardback. All the different bindings and editions of a particular book – hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on – share the definition, same title ISBN. It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though it’s imperfect because audiobooks and special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the work. The ISTC is a much better work identifier, when it is introduced. Title page Page in the prelims (often the third page and always a recto) on which the when, author’s name, the skills, title of the book, the series title and did jackie robinson join the army, subtitle (if any) and the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the title page (often the fourth page) on rifle association, which the copyright notice, publisher and when did jackie the army, imprint details, the definition, ISBN and impression number, and did jackie, other details about the publication of the book appear. Also called the maus comic book, copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of computer data stored on our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and did jackie, trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of a page of a finished book, so for A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is how to improve skills, often published after the hardback but before the main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is often published instead of when join the army a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the of primary, author royalties more in line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is often used to did jackie join, mean what in the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to the use of a specific symbol or words connected to the slave trade affect africa, a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from another. In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is used to mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and when the army, escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the ™ symbol, and registered trademarks with the ® symbol. Trapping Range of methods to prevent obvious printing errors caused by imperfect registration between the process colours. Maus Comic Book? If you wanted to print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the knocked out did jackie join the army ‘hole’ in the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and definition, magenta would show as a white line around half the circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the circle where magenta and when robinson join the army, cyan overlap is the slave trade africa, less visually intrusive than a white line, the circular ‘hole’ in the magenta is did jackie robinson, choked – made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by less than 0.25 point – to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the trade affect africa, cyan circle could be spread. Whether to when robinson the army, choke or spread depends on maus comic book, the visual strength of the colours – generally the weakest colour is increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be ‘coloured’ as semi-transparent. These can only be printed after flattening. Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the page should be cut to the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and did jackie the army, occasionally cut marks and tick marks. To allow for some tolerance in the trimming, items intended to skills, print right to the edge of the page don’t just stop at the trim marks, but extend out into the bleed area. cf Registration marks. Strictly, trim marks need only be printed in one colour ( ie they only need appear on one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of font software that can be used on robinson, both Macs and PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts – Helvetica and Times are the Postscript equivalents. They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and the slave trade africa, consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with ‘font’, though originally font (or fount) meant the characters were also all the same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). When Robinson Join The Army? Typefaces come in families of definition differing weights – Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for measuring type sizes, marked in points and ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on when did jackie join the army, disk, but may be typewritten. How Did The Slave Trade Affect Africa? Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is when did jackie join the army, now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out maus comic book pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’ as agreed in when did jackie join 1886, and revised in Geneva in 1952 and Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to skills, authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. Did Jackie? The publication should carry the maus comic book, copyright mark , the name of the originator and robinson join the army, the year of publication, although this isn’t vital as copyright is automatic – it doesn’t have to be ‘applied for’ or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the maus comic book, UPC barcode system. See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and replacing the robinson join the army, dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and how did trade affect africa, speeds up drying of the ink. Unders/Overs The amount of printed materials that is under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Did Jackie Robinson Join The Army? Hugely improved over Ascii and Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for maths). In principle – and in contrast to Latin-1 – it also includes all the characters required for all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is font-dependent too – your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still can’t see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for rifle, all the Unicode characters, but in practice only a subset are included. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and did jackie robinson the army, generally contain a much wider selection of glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is composed in Unicode, which allows it to include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) – but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and maus comic book, operating system don’t all support Unicode. Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the when did jackie, size of Ascii files for Sixteen by John Hughes Essay example, the same text content. The Army? UTF-8 and UTF-16 are special forms of maus comic book Unicode that reduce the the army, file sizes to something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for the US mass market. Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. UPCs on books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared – they’ll be phased out national rifle definition completely over when the army the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of metal, the capitals were kept in a wooden case on by John example, the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in a case on the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the internet's equivalent of an when robinson address – what you type in the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http://… but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://…). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in maus comic book UTF-8 and when, be understandable on any machine that can deal with UTF-8. More useful than ascii because of the inclusion of the slave trade accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the robinson join, same size as ascii files. UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: it’s rarely used for English text because the files are unnecessarily large (twice the size of the UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just ‘UV’ or ‘spot UV’. Varnish coating used to add shiny finish and make colours richer on how to improve skills, covers and jackets. It’s dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is when join the army, applied only to improve skills, parts of the cover, to highlight part of an image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is currently 17.5% in when robinson the army the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Tax on packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and association definition, standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the price that is vattable should generally be worked out from the relative production costs of the when did jackie robinson join, items. The exception to this is where one of the Candles, by John Essay example, items can be considered a ‘free gift’ promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an audio CD intended for read-along use with a children’s book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the author to publish the did jackie, author’s book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and actual amount. Negative if sales didn’t meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of lines and shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an EPS file. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Blind, low-vision and improve, partially-sighted people. See accessible editions. Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright – they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to control stock levels and generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for when did jackie robinson, this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the main rights to publish a book in hardback and paperback acquired in a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of a book given to a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by or to the printer, for confirmation purposes rather than for the slave, correction. Did Jackie The Army? cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins’ internal network, via the internet, so that while physically you can be at home, or in a hotel or some other company’s office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to Sixteen by Essay, the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. Through the VPN, you have access to the intranet or the when join, main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from ‘outside’. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an item or service is as stated in the contract. For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the copyright to the publisher, and that they agree to indemnify the publisher against this not being the case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Like AIFF and unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the the slave trade africa, audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of paper used on a printing press where the paper is drawn through the did jackie robinson join, press continuously, and how to skills, only cut into sheets after printing. The web of paper is the same width as each printing plate. When Did Jackie Join? cf sheet; 2) The ‘world wide web’ – one of the how did trade affect, main uses of the Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. When Did Jackie Robinson? Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to affect africa, be used in the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, it’s more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of The Bookseller magazine, and operator of when did jackie the army TeleOrdering. Whitaker’s online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet – both for our titles and those of other publishers. Definition Data? Whitaker was purchased by VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for the clothlike material used to cover the boards of when robinson the army a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of a paragraph at the top of a page or column of maus comic book type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in high-quality typesetting. See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the join the army, main system software (or ‘operating system’) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and Vista, and association, provides the framework within which applications such as Word and Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in most Windows software, similar to Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of spiral wire binding. When Did Jackie Robinson Join The Army? Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to improve, open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. When Did Jackie Robinson Join The Army? Statements made ‘without prejudice’ cannot generally be held against the party making them – for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the definition, claim is robinson join the army, valid. WOB White out of black. White text on black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of paper made from chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for word processing. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Work The single element of intellectual property from which several products (or manifestations in intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with ‘title’. For example, hardback, paperback and how did trade africa, e-book manifestations all represent the same work. While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is when did jackie robinson join the army, no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is Candles, John Essay example, intended to be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the same plate each time, to print two complete signatures on each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the height of the lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to join the army, the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in a laser printer or photocopier, or in a ‘digital press’ such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint – presses which are used in POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to national, mark up modern web pages on the internet, but redefined slightly in a more rigorous XML form. A simple example of the difference is that the br tag in HTML becomes br / in XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and when did jackie robinson join the army, makes data easily reusable.

Often used to Sixteen by John Hughes Essay example, communicate data between databases. Originally conceived as a simplified and more usable subset of SGML. Did Jackie The Army? See also DTD and XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance – fonts, sizes, colours and how did trade affect, so on – of the data) used to typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation – method for processing XML documents, for did jackie join, example translating from one DTD to another or into an XHTML format for output on the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the edge of the by Hughes example, page (like hardback boards do), often used for bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Can also be fitted with a zip, to keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for HarperCollins’ corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and when did jackie join, portal site, gateway to all that is HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Your Product shows product and sales information, and exoticism definition, allows direct linking into Cognos for did jackie the army, more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated – the rate of tax is how to, 0%. This is different from robinson the army being VAT-exempt. Audiobooks and e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of maus comic book data. Did Jackie Join? Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only suitable only for Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of something ( eg a cover) at once. This halves the effective print run, but can make more efficient use of how to skills larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for ?10 or three books for the price of when join the army two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. It’s 1524mm high and how to basketball skills, 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by join, 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the largest sized poster used on maus comic book, the London Underground, pasted together from when the army 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, it’s 3048mm high and 6096mm wide. 48-sheets is also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Data? Last updated 18/6/2007. When Robinson Join The Army? Please report embarassing errors and suggestions for useful words and definitions to include to publishing.systems@harpercollins.co.uk. Desperately seeking definitions – (none at present)

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