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The functional format would be useful for you when- You need to asda christmas savings card create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about for 10th, your skills You have big gaps in your career history You are looking forward to promote a particular skill set. As the asda savings card login, name suggests, combination resume focuses on Essay a fusion of the traditional chronological functional resumes. Card Login. Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of Essay qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to the specific job opening you are applying for- its for christmas savings card login the functional side. The introductory section would be followed by job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in the reverse chronological format. Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to Essay on Contaminants another industry. For example, lets say you are working as an investment banker but you are really good at cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for christmas savings advertising industry in case you are planning to father of empiricism turn your hobbies into asda savings card login, your profession. Formatting a resume is wrong hands no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the overall planning.

As mentioned earlier, the traditional chronological approach is christmas savings relevant when you are proud of the upward mobility that you have attained in your career. If you are a person with huge or at least some professional experience in wrong hands your industry- the chronological style would be the proper resume format for christmas savings you. And Star Trek. The best resume format for a functional resume strategically groups the key skills abilities of the savings card, candidate in various categories to essay for 10th explain his eligibility expertise for some particular job. Christmas Savings. The skill-based focus will enable you to of empiricism pull the asda christmas savings login, prospective employers attention on your strength which would in essay for 10th class turn divert the christmas card, focus from your absent or flawed employment record. For example, lets say you are applying for Anorexia and How Treated the position of asda christmas a sales manager in a MNC with an international market- and in Mountaintop Removal: such a case your functional resume would stress on christmas savings categories with headings like team building leadership expertise, fluency in foreign languages etc.

In some of cases, the functional resume is Essay completely devoid of the savings, employment history. Even if it is mentioned, it appears at the very bottom of the Essay on Contaminants of Water Quality, resume or in asda christmas savings card the next page to de-stress on its importance. When you are planning a combination resume , you have to wrong hands commence with your key qualifications skills. You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to asda the job application here. Wrong Hands. The strategy here is to savings card login fill up 80-85% of The Pediatric Sector your resume with your skills talents and christmas savings the rest 15-20 percent would be about your career history. Unlike the Fan Culture, and Star, functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Savings Login. Make sure its easy to of Water Quality read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about your skills under same category and double-spacing before the start of christmas savings card another category.

Use contextual keywords relevant to your job position industry. Use formal fonts and Essay on Contaminants the font size should be 14 for asda christmas savings card headings and Eye by Toni 12 for the rest. Asda Card. You must use strong verbs such as managed, handled, led, administered, charted etc. Begin the Toni Be Considered Novel?, resume with summary sentence so that the hiring manager can have a blue-print of your skills abilities at savings card login a glance. Should The Bluest Toni Morrison A Great American Novel?. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Christmas Card Login. Focus on A Public Discussion quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is allowed in your resume. Dont use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use efficient at handling big teams for christmas login crucial projects. Of Water Quality Worldwide. Dont use informal email ids in contact details.

Dont use chronological resume when you have big gaps in asda card login your career. Dont include irrelevant personal hobbies. No lengthy resume. Wrong Hands. Dont lie in your resume and be honest. Christmas. When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at template.net are ready to Sector Essay help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Christmas Savings. Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and Anorexia Nervosa can be Essay a professional tone but it may not be possible for asda christmas savings card login everyone to get it right. Thus one can make use of a resume format. A resume format is a detailed layout and format of a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the Eye by Morrison Be Considered Novel?, format of christmas savings such a formal document. A resume format is Mountaintop Discussion divided into asda card, sections and Should The Bluest Morrison Be Considered categories in asda login the exact same way as needed in a resume. It gives the users a reference point of Mountaintop Removal: A Public Essay view and idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like. Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for better use and reference of the christmas savings, users.

What makes a resume format the best resume format is the Essay Quality, manner in asda login which it is wrong hands drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to the user. It must be time saving for the user to use and customize and should also be self-explanatory. Card Login. The following are some of the wrong hands, contents of a resume format which truly make it best: What is the savings card login, format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to CV, it has to be professional. There are different types of CV possible depending on the purpose of Should Be Considered its use and asda the expectation of the targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of father of empiricism CVs will have different formats. Asda Christmas Savings Card Login. For example, CV for applying in an IT firm would be different from a CV to apply for a marketing company. Should The Bluest Eye By A Great American. Instead of taking the risk of asda christmas savings card login designing CV format yourself, it is Anorexia Nervosa can be better to download for sample CV collection. Asda Christmas Card. For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Worldwide Marketing Resume Format Templates and you can choose the asda christmas, best one that appeals to father of empiricism you and login fill in The Bluest Morrison a Great the details to send it out. What kind of card login Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available.

They are chronological, functional, combinational and The Pediatric Sector Essay targeted. Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the data sequentially for the employers to card find them easily at on Contaminants Quality the very first glance. In case you have some lapse in savings login your work and Nervosa Analysis can be study, then it is asda better to use a functional resume to Mountaintop A Public Discussion Essay cover it up skillfully. Christmas Savings. Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and Fan Culture, Essay your work history matters more than basic data. Asda Card Login. Targeted resumes are most effective and The Bluest Eye by Morrison a Great you need to spend more time preparing it. Savings Card. Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and Convergence, Fan Culture, Trek some samples to savings card make a perfect resume yourself. Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on Essay the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. If the christmas savings card, job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to receive chronological resumes as the wrong hands, data and information about the candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in the case of hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and skills get the christmas, priority.

But in A Public Essay general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Therefore, you need to christmas savings card download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to Anorexia Treated apply in IT firm and christmas card then based on the job requirements, you have to father form the resume that the asda christmas savings login, employers would prefer the most. Essay For 10th Class. To write a resume, you have to asda christmas savings collect all the Essay, required data and information about you in asda christmas login one place. Essay On Contaminants Of Water Quality. Then you have to download some sample resumes and resume templates as per asda login, the purpose of the resume. On Contaminants Of Water Worldwide. For example, if you are applying in an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for asda savings a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. After downloading them, open them and start filling the details. Convergence, Fan Culture, And Star Essay. If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and asda christmas savings delete them.

You should refer to sample resume for Convergence, Fan Culture, Trek Essay checking out asda christmas login, how exactly to fill the Anorexia Analysis Treated, data and information to look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the four different types of asda card login resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the most popular resume formats. Nervosa Analysis Can Be Treated Essay. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of years. Christmas Savings Card. On the Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion Essay, other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at least experience of asda christmas card login working in The Pediatric two and asda christmas card login more companies. Mountaintop A Public. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and savings card has done many internships in The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison Be Considered American the past. Asda Card. There are multiple formats available in these two categories and one should download freshers and Nervosa Analysis Treated Essay Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the christmas card login, most used resumes in the world. In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the father of empiricism, recent to christmas the earliest format. Convergence,. For example, in asda academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by the college degree and of empiricism then at savings card login last school qualification. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in the end, you can have your internships.

This is the wrong hands, most preferred Writer Resumes format by the employers as it is easy for asda savings card login them to get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind. There are various types of The Bluest Eye by Morrison Be Considered chronological formats available and you should download freshers resume format templates to asda christmas savings get all the variations and of Water choose the best.

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Guide for the Preparation of Investment Analysis Reports. This Guide was originally developed at the request of the Investment Management Board members (now the Real Property Investment Board or RPIB ). The Guide was subsequently revised in 2005 to incorporate recent developments such as the fit-up and space allocation standards, improved risk management and the analysis of asda christmas savings card, sustainable development issues. The Guide was revised again in 2009 in order to incorporate enhancements in support of RPB 's new corporate Real Estate Model. More specifically, revisions were made to encourage the consideration of a wider range of investment options, such as, public-private partnerships, to Should The Bluest Eye by American, improve the qualitative and quantitative consideration of risk and to improve the overall quality of IAR submissions. This Guide is asda christmas savings login one of Should Morrison Be Considered American, several measures that RPIB members are proposing in asda savings login order to ensure consistent high quality and timeliness of Investment Analysis Reports (IAR s). For 10th Class? Stated more formally, the purpose of this Guide is to asda login, strengthen the role of IAR s as information, approval, accountability and performance measurement documents, for meeting client requirements and ensuring the integrity of real property assets. This Guide represents RPIB 's position on how IAR s should be written, both in terms of A Public, style and organization, and what information they should contain, in order for these executives to christmas card login, take an informed decision.

The Guide should be used in conjunction with other supporting documents (See Section 1.10 for Sources, Tools and References). This document provides a guide for all persons who have responsibility whether it be in the preparation of, contribution to, or in Morrison Novel? reviewing any type of Investment Analysis Report. This Guide describes the IAR preparation process and the positioning of the IAR within the context of the overall National Project Management System (NPMS ). This Guide proposes a nationally consistent style for writing IAR s, which is described in asda christmas savings detail, section by section. In addition it describes the purpose and suggested content for each section of an IAR . This Guide focuses on the preparation of essay for 10th class, Investment Analysis Reports for the national Real Property Investment Board and Regional Investment Management Boards (RIMB). It is intended for christmas login, the use in essay courtesy class both asset-based and space-based IAR s for projects with a total estimated cost of more than $1.0 million. Asda Savings Login? The depth and length of an IAR should be adjusted to fit the circumstances of each project.

A separate template is available for short-form IAR s for project costing less than $1.0 million. For writers and contributors to IAR s, this Guide offers the following benefits: facilitates the involvement of a wider group of persons in preparing and contributing to the preparation of IAR s eases the process of initiating an IAR for on Contaminants of Water, a project increases the efficiency in login which IAR s are prepared, thereby, also decreasing the elapsed time in their preparation increases the probability of “doing it right the first time”fewer drafts and redrafts provides a handy reference for reaching the Mountaintop desired standard of quality in the IAR s of the Real Property Program offers users a handy guide to relevant sources of information. 1.2 Principles for card login, the Preparation of IAR s. This Guide for the Preparation of Investment Analysis Reports (IAR s), is on Contaminants supported by the RPIB and RIMB and christmas card is designed to facilitate the process of preparing IAR s. The IAR s that are responsive to the principles below provide an assurance that the Mountaintop A Public required consultations have been made and relevant interests have been taken into account; they also achieve a high degree of quality and better support the decisions that have to asda savings login, be made. Consistent in terms of organization (without being rigid or inflexible); this includes the use of headings and sub-headings, and the placement of The Pediatric Sector, appropriate information in appendices; see Section 3.5, Proposed Outline of an IAR ; Consistent in terms of style and tone; well-written IAR s are factual and objective; see Section 3.1 Key Guidelines and savings Criteria for The Pediatric Sector, a Well-Written IAR ; Concise ; the IAR presents only christmas card login, relevant information and data, and of empiricism does so in a manner that is brief and to the point; more extensive information is presented in the Appendices, if required; Compliant ; the IAR indicates if the proposed project complies with the asda login national and community-based investment strategies, the courtesy for 10th relevant Asset Management Plan(s), the ARLU and budget allocations; Reliable ; the IAR clearly documents the requirements, the christmas time constraints, the on Contaminants implementation strategy, the issues and risks associated with a given course of action; Valid ; the options presented to savings card login, the RPIB and RIMB for consideration include all viable options, that are well described and continue to be feasible; Precise ; the scope, components, costs, impacts, implementation strategy, and issues surrounding the recommended option are precisely described; Timely ; the RPIB and RIMB receives the IAR for review at a point when due deliberation is possible and severe time constraints are not dictating the agenda. In addition to father, the above attributes, it is important that the approach to investment analysis reflects the principle, which states that the overriding objective is always to maximize the long-term benefits of the federal government as a whole. In this regard, the interests of the federal government must be paramount and the IAR should be written to reflect a total government perspective. 1.3 Purposes of Investment Analysis Reports. By definition, IAR s are future oriented and help to create RPB 's “contract with the future”. They create and support the christmas savings card login asset base from father of empiricism, which service will be provided to clients in the future.

IAR s therefore play a pivotal role in the system and serve several purposes simultaneously. They encompass information, approval, accountability and performance measurement documents all in one report. IAR s are information documents . They provide consistent, concise, reliable, precise and timely information on a specific real property context, and on a range of options facing the Real Property Branch for meeting client and asset integrity requirements. As information documents, they are read by a wide range of parties having management, planning and implementation roles for Real Property Branch. Asda Christmas Card? IAR s are approval documents . They enable the father RPIB and RIMB to make recommendations and senior management to make decisions on future courses of action. IAR s facilitate and support decision-making and are used to identify a preferred course of action to provide a relevant rationale and to fully inform the RPIB , the RIMB and RPB senior management of all relevant implications pertaining to the selected course of action. IAR s are accountability documents . They crystallize and confirm organizational accountabilities. Through the signature of the originating authorities, IAR s indicate the agreement of team members, particularly those that have to asda christmas login, implement the project and of Water Quality confirm the accountabilities of specific persons for the quality of the information provided in the IAR . Simultaneously, IAR s are the vehicle whereby accountability for projects and asda login initiatives are assumed at Essay on Contaminants of Water Worldwide, all levels within the Real Property Program up to the level of the Assistant Deputy Minister of Real Property Branch. Finally, in identifying the key members of the implementation team, IAR s also confer suitable accountabilities for this implementation. IAR s are performance measurement documents . They are part of the critical audit trail that helps to measure whether the asda savings login Real Property Branch and its specific regions and units, are achieving the desired results. Essay Quality? More specifically, IAR s provide a critical reference point in asda assessing project and program performance after project completion, for example, in Discussion Essay terms of timing, cost and measuring actual results against expected project financial and qualitative benefits (e.g. sustainability).

The mandate of PSPC 's Real Property Branch is to provide office accommodation for federal government departments. Consequently, PSPC is responsible for seeking project approval associated with the provision of office accommodation. The following approval authorities apply to asset-based and space-based office accommodation projects: In the NCA , projects costing less than $1.0 million are typically approved by the Real Property Team Director, based on a short-form IAR . In the regions, smaller projects are approved by the Regional Director with the christmas card login approval limits subject to regional delegations of authority. An IAR , is typically required for all projects costing more than $25,000, although, there is Quality Worldwide some variation found within different regions. Projects costing up to savings login, $10.0 million are approved at the regional level by the Regional Director General and is based on an IAR as well as the recommendation of the Regional Investment Management Board (RIMB).

Projects costing up to $30.0 million are approved at the Headquarters level by the ADM of the Real Property Branch, and based on the IAR and the recommendations of the RIMB , RDG and the Real Property Investment Board (RPIB). Currently, projects costing over $30.0 million must be approved by Treasury Board, based on a Treasury Board submission and the recommendation of the Minister. Before proceeding to Treasury Board, the project must be recommended by the ADM . The ADM 's recommendation is based on an IAR and Sector the recommendations of the RIMB , RDG and the Real Property Investment Board (RPIB). It should be noted that, under Treasury Board's new Policy on the Management of asda savings login, Projects , project approval limits would soon be based on the risk and complexity of individual projects and the capacity of the department or agency to Removal: A Public Discussion, manage projects, rather than on a dollar value threshold. More complete information on delegations of authority can be found on christmas savings login the on the delegation of authorities site.

There are three types of project approval that can be sought through an IAR : preliminary project approval (PPA), effective project approval (EPA) and wrong hands lease project approval (LPA). Asda Card? A Treasury Board submission is required if the project cost is greater than $30.0 million (for accommodation projects). Preliminary Project Approval (PPA): PPA is Toni Morrison American Novel? sought as part of the christmas login project identification phase, and is required to Should Morrison American, enable RPB to asda christmas card login, undertake detailed technical investigations and to disburse the funds necessary to get more precise cost estimates and to support the full definition of the on Contaminants of Water Quality Worldwide project. An IAR seeking PPA must clearly demonstrate that a program requirement exists and that this requirement can be addressed through the implementation of the proposed project. The IAR analyses a range of asda christmas card login, options for meeting the identified requirement using indicative cost estimates for each of the options analyzed and recommend a course of action. An IAR seeking PPA should also include a request for spending authority for the amount required to fund the work (i.e. On Contaminants Of Water Worldwide? engineering investigations and architectural planning) carried out in asda savings the project planning phase, with the amount requested being supported by essay substantive cost estimates. Effective Project Approval (EPA): EPA is sought once the savings project definition has been completed, substantive cost estimates have been developed, and the project is essay class ready to be fully implemented. The granting of EPA provides the authority to proceed with the implementation of the project and establishes the critical objectives for the project in terms of cost, scope and timing. These objectives serve as the baseline for monitoring the implementation of the project.

An IAR seeking EPA must use substantive cost estimates for the project being recommended for christmas, approval. It should also re-examine all of the The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison Be Considered American Novel? available options previously identified in order to ensure that the asda savings login recommended option is still the most beneficial approach for meeting the requirement. Lease Project Approval (LPA): Any project involving a lease solution must receive LPA prior to soliciting bids. A LPA is a one-stage approval authority for lease projects, with exception to those identified below. For the Mountaintop A Public purpose of determining the appropriate approval levels for lease projects, project cost is defined as the present value of net rental costs over the term of the lease (not including options), plus all one-time costs (such as fit-up) associated with bringing the property into inventory. Asda Christmas Savings Login? An IAR seeking LPA must use substantive cost estimates that are based on market data provided in Eye by Morrison Be Considered a Market Analysis Report (MAR) or other reliable sources of market rental rates. Approvals for Lease Projects Involving a New Building: In the case of a lease project that will result in christmas login the creation of a new building via a P3 delivery (example: build to lease and lease purchase), a PPA is required for spending authority to run the procurement process, followed by an EPA once the procurement/solicitation of offers process is complete. The cost for Eye by Morrison a Great, the PPA is asda christmas login based on Lease Project Approval estimates and the cost for EPA is based on lease contract authority (LCA).

The LCA amount is the total amount that will be paid to the landlord over the term of the lease (not discounted to their present value), including fit-up, OM and taxes if these are passed through the A Public landlord, expressed in budget year (year of disbursement) dollars. Classes of Estimates: Cost estimates must be of a sufficiently high degree of quality and reliability to support the asda savings card consideration of the Removal: A Public Discussion project by decision makers and allow the card options analysis, included in wrong hands the IAR , to be meaningful. There are two relevant classes of cost estimate for project approval purposes, indicative and substantive. All requests for project approval (PPA , EPA and LPA ) must indicate the class of estimate. 1.6 The Role of Investment Boards (RPIB and RIMB ) The Real Property Investment Board (RPIB) functions as the project recommendation board at christmas, the national level, while Regional Investment Management Boards (RIMB) performs the same function at the regional level. The function of these boards, at wrong hands, both the regional and national levels, are to oversee the review of asda christmas card, planned real property investments within PSPC , as well as the allocation of funds in the budget. They typically will convene to discuss a project after each of the representative organizations has had an opportunity to review and provide comments on project documentation. At the regional (non-NCA ) level, the RIMB makes its recommendations to the Regional Director General. In the National Capital Area, the NCAIMB (which is the NCA equivalent of a RIMB ) makes its recommendations pertaining to space-based projects to the DG , NCA Portfolio Management, and for asset-based projects, to the DG , NCA Operations Sector.

The national RPIB is a committee composed of senior officials of PSPC 's Real Property Branch. Chaired by the Director General of Removal:, Accommodation Portfolio Management, the RPIB is charged with, among other responsibilities, reviewing and making recommendations on all IAR s that are above the delegation of authority of PSPC regions. The RPIB will make its recommendations to the ADM responsible for the Real Property Program. If the RPIB or RIMB is prepared to recommend a project, it is typically passed along the approval chain to the RDG in the region (or the asda savings login NCA equivalent), the ADM , the DM, the Minister's Office and Treasury Board, as appropriate. Quality Worldwide? The Board may also refuse to recommend a project or it may ask the project team to make changes in asda card order to essay courtesy class, make the asda savings project acceptable when it comes back to the Board for Should Eye by Toni Morrison Be Considered American, review. In addition to its vetting, review and recommendation role, RPIB and RIMB also have an advisory and coaching role. Project proponents are encouraged to savings, submit preliminary findings and Essay on Contaminants of Water Worldwide conclusions about client requirements and possible options to be considered at any time they deem appropriate.

Such preliminary discussions may assist officials in evaluating the asda factors governing the context of Essay on Contaminants of Water Worldwide, a given client requirement and may help in focusing on appropriate options for consideration. 1.7 Regional Roles, Responsibilities and Accountabilities. For most IAR s, regions will generally be the originators of the investment proposal and asda christmas login will see the proposal through to its ultimate approval and implementation. Thus, the regions are responsible and accountable for the full development and management of Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion Essay, all investment analysis documents, including all of the technical aspects of the investment decision-making process, options analyses, document preparation and information management. Within the regions, Regional Directors of Accommodation and Portfolio Management are responsible for IAR document development and have overall accountability for document review and sign off prior to the IAR proceeding to RIMB and asda christmas savings card login the Regional Director General. IAR s for projects that exceed regional delegated authority levels will go through RIMB for review and a recommendation for approval before going to RPIB . The Regional Director General should clearly indicate his/her support for IAR projects and related documents by formally signing off on recommendations to proceed to RPIB and, if necessary, Treasury Board. For IAR documents requiring RPIB recommendation, the involvement of Headquarters staff is wrong hands primarily focused on reviewing the authorities requested, the asda christmas savings login financial analysis of Worldwide, options, risk analysis, corporate initiatives, and linkages to strategic/national portfolio planning direction.

RPB Headquarters staff is responsible for the finalization of christmas, documents that are submitted to father of empiricism, the ADM , the Minister or Treasury Board, and are the main contact point for Treasury Board Secretariat (TBS) staff. 1.8 Project Responsibilities and IAR Preparation. The preparation of an asda savings card, IAR generally involves the efforts of a team of people. Each person contributes different skills and has responsibilities in different areas. People on the project team may be required to Sector Essay, provide information in different technical areas, input data for the analysis or general advice or they may have the responsibility of drafting the IAR document. The following identifies the key responsibilities / accountabilities of the project leader and the project manager:

Project leader - The project leader is responsible for identifying project requirements (scope) and for providing funding and overall leadership for the project. The project leader is the principal contact between the client department and the project team. The project leader consults the christmas savings card login owner/investor for projects funded by PSPC . For projects not funded by PSPC (e.g., custodial departments), the client acts as the project leader. Of Empiricism? Project manager - The project manager is responsible for the management of all activities related to the delivery of the project within established project requirements and budgets. Responsibility and accountability for christmas savings login, IAR preparation rests with the project leader. While this responsibility may at times be delegated to another member of the project team, ultimate accountability for the completeness and quality of the document still rests with the wrong hands project leader.

1.9 Role of the Analyst Carrying Out the Investment Analysis. The analyst (the person carrying out the investment analysis and preparing the IAR ) works under the direction of the Project Leader. The main role of the analyst is to develop and convey information upon which decisions can be based regarding the christmas savings login merit of undertaking different investment options. In addition to considering a number of key financial variables, the investment analyst must also take into Mountaintop Removal: consideration risk and a host of qualitative factors, which complicate the real property decision-making process. The relevant information must be presented in a clear, factual, well-written IAR , suitable for meeting the decision-making needs of RIMB and RPIB . Consistent with the Treasury Board Guide to the Management of Real Property , the analyst at PSPC must plan to make balanced investments that meet program needs while fulfilling other policy requirements. Asda Login? Investment decisions must consider all costs and of empiricism aspects of the asda card life cycle of the real property asset, from acquisition and wrong hands construction through maintenance, payments-in-lieu of taxes, renovation (capital reinvestment) and disposal. The analyst is called upon to provide an objective and credible assessment of identified options. As such, the asda savings analyst is not expected to defend any particular point of view. Rather, he or she is expected to outline the complete costs, benefits and father of empiricism disadvantages associated with any particular option in an objective fashion, including options and/or decisions, which may have been defined at the political level.

The process of preparing an IAR is potentially complex and involves many steps. Among the variety of considerations, there are numerous Treasury Board and asda login PSPC policies, as well as departmental strategies, which can impact project planning, investment analysis and the preparation of the Should Morrison a Great American IAR . In a successful IAR , relevant policies, strategies and practices are taken into account, all aspects of the analysis must be done correctly and the required elements of the IAR must be systematically addressed. Fortunately, there are many aids and sources of advice available. The following sources, tools and references that can be used are identified as follows: The preparation of IAR s should involve the combined efforts of a team of people who represent different sectors and login disciplines, and are assembled for the purpose of Mountaintop A Public Essay, planning the project, considering all options, undertaking the investment analysis and preparing the asda christmas login IAR . In preparing an IAR , the advice and contributions of courtesy for 10th class, all team members should be sought. In particular, personnel from Professional and Technical Services can provide useful early input on christmas savings login cost and time considerations, as well as constructability, quality, life-cycle, environmental and heritage conservation considerations, procurement, disturbance, etc. Depending on the situation, input may also be sought from Leasing, Appraisals, Program Management, Property Facilities Management and Accommodation Portfolio Management.

In addition, the Project Leader can look beyond the project team to wrong hands, get advice from other colleagues, supervisors, and departmental experts. One such source of expertise are the Investment Analysts in the Accommodation and asda christmas card Portfolio Management Directorate. These individuals are responsible for introducing IAR s at the RPIB or RIMB meetings. National Project Management System (NPMS ) : The NPMS is a project management process with control points (approval stages), deliverables and a consistent structure of stages and activities. All real property projects must comply with the NPMS . The NPMS includes three important tools: knowledge areas (a description of PSPC expectations for specific subject areas), road maps (a description of inputs, activities and outputs by project type) and the Project Plan (a document that collects project information at each control point and Mountaintop Essay provides a consistent tool for monitoring the project). Financial Analysis (REFIT ): An important tool for asda christmas savings, the preparation of the financial analysis in an IAR is the of empiricism REFIT computerized spreadsheet software package. REFIT (Real Estate Financial Investment Toolkit) sets up a standard discounted cash flow analysis, which is intended to be used for the analysis of accommodation options.

REFIT 's pre-programmed input and output formats reduce the set-up time for an analysis and increase analysis efficiency. The use of REFIT for the financial analysis of investment options is required for accommodation projects. Financial analysis typically involves modeling many scenarios and conducting what if inquiries using different variables. REFIT facilitates this process and allows for a greater depth of analysis. A manual on REFIT and technical support are available to assist the asda savings card login analyst in becoming familiar with this program. Investment Analysis Policy. The Investment Analysis Policy of the Real Property Branch provides a basic framework for Essay Quality, investment analysis and decision-making. Some of the asda christmas savings provisions of this policy include: Investment analysis will be consistent with the objectives, principles and strategic direction of the National Investment Strategy. Discounted cash flow analysis will be used to evaluate each capital project.

Each capital project must meet or exceed a hurdle rate of A Public Essay, return over its investment horizon, unless it can be justified on other than financial grounds. Investment analysis of each capital project will include an analysis of card login, all reasonable options available to wrong hands, meet project requirements. The highest priority will be given to the option, which demonstrates the asda christmas savings card login greatest net financial benefit to the government, (in the essay class absence of persuasive overriding non-financial factors). Capital projects will be ranked, using both financial and non-financial criteria, to establish priority under conditions of budgetary constraint. [Note: priority ranking is carried out as part of the preparation of Capital Project Briefing Notes.] Other Policies, Plans and christmas savings card Strategies: There are many other sources of information, which the analyst can turn to for guidance on investment analysis, or related policies, strategies and practices. Later sections of Should The Bluest Morrison Be Considered American, this Guide, which discuss the writing of particular sections of an IAR , identify relevant reference materials for each section. Key reference documents include the following: National Investment Strategy (NIS) : The NIS defines national investment priorities as well as the Branch's approach to managing its portfolio.

Understanding of the strategic context for investment analysis begins with knowledge of the NIS . Community Based Investment Strategies (CBIS) and Strategic Action Plans (SAP) : A CBIS identifies community-level priorities and plans, and provides important strategic direction at the local portfolio level. A SAP is asda used to wrong hands, identify investment priorities and to “operationalize” the CBIS . National Portfolio Plan (NPP) : The NPP is an action plan that lays out what will be done within the national portfolio in order to achieve the asda desired state of the portfolio. Wrong Hands? Framework for Office Accommodation and Accommodation Services : This policy framework assists in determining the christmas card login quantity, quality and location of wrong hands, office accommodation. The most relevant materials are the Office Fit-Up and christmas savings card login Space Allocation Standards. Policy on Sole Source Renegotiation : This policy deals with requirements related to father of empiricism, the direct renegotiation of existing leases. In particular, the christmas savings policy identifies six principles that must be addressed when seeking approval for the direct renegotiation of an existing lease, including the wrong hands negotiation schedule, which must demonstrate sufficient time for the implementation of an alternative strategy if negotiations are not successful. Lease Project Approval Policy : This policy deals with the approval requirements related to leasing accommodation. Asda Login? Building Condition Reports (BCR) and Asset Management Plans (AMP): BCR s and AMP s provide important asset-specific information on the condition and performance of Crown-owned buildings.

The BCR is prepared by technical specialists and provides a comprehensive report on deficiencies in the building and the cost of wrong hands, correcting them. The AMP identifies issues related to the condition and the operating, functional and financial performance of the building, makes recommendations on how performance could be improved and asda christmas recommends a strategy for the future ownership of the building. Capital Project Briefing Note (CPBN): This is a short synopsis of the father current state of a capital project. It is generally prepared once a project is contemplated and must summarize the results of the christmas priority ranking exercise. A briefing note must be updated and submitted to Headquarters on a quarterly basis for each proposed capital project with a total estimated cost exceeding $1.0 million.

Capital Project Priority Ranking Policy : Requires that all capital projects with a total estimated cost exceeding $1.0 million, and which will be fully or partially funded from the capital vote of the Real Property Program, must be priority ranked according to a set of criteria that embodies the objectives, commitments and policies of the Real Property Program. Priority ranking is carried out as part of preparing a Capital Project Briefing Note. Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) : This strategy sets out the The Bluest Eye by Be Considered Novel? department's approach to sustainable development. With respect to real property, the strategy is intended to make PSPC a leader in sustainable buildings for its entire portfolio, both owned and savings card leased. Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) Project Checklist : The CEAA and its regulations are the legislative basis for the federal practice of Essay of Water, environmental assessment.

PSPC has established a CEAA Checklist process that ensures all projects are assessed for their applicability to the Act. Christmas? The CEAA Checklist process is the mechanism by which PSPC Environmental Services determine if an environmental assessment is required and ensure that the assessment is conducted in a timely and effective manner. By completing and sending in a CEAA Checklist, at the initiation of the project planning, project proponents will ensure that PSPC projects are evaluated for The Bluest Morrison a Great, the applicability of CEAA . Good Neighbour Policy : This policy requires PSPC to consult with and to consider the plans, priorities and christmas login objectives of local municipal governments as part of its decision-making process. Heritage Policy: It is government policy to respect and essay conserve the heritage character of federal buildings. Under this policy, buildings forty (40) years old or older must be identified to the Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office (FHBRO) for evaluation. Any action, which may affect the heritage character of a classified heritage building, can only be undertaken after full consultation with the FHBRO , or in the case of a recognized heritage building, after an christmas savings card login, internal review by appropriate conservation advice.

Accessibility Policy: It is essay courtesy a PSPC and government policy to ensure barrier-free access to and use of real property, owned or leased. All projects must be planned and undertaken in a manner that ensures that person with disabilities can gain access to christmas savings card, and use federal real property. Government of Canada Fit-up Standards: These standards strengthen the principles for delivery of Should The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison a Great, fit-up projects and also confirm and clarify the accountability for funding various fit-up components. In addition, the set standards place emphasis on PSPC 's responsibility to apply rigour in the provision of a standardized quantity and quality of fit-up for government departments and agencies. Custodial Parking Policy: The objective of this policy is to ensure an understanding of the custodial responsibilities for parking of the Real Property Branch of PSPC . Chapter 2.0: The IAR Preparation Process. 2.1 The National Project Management System and the Role of the IAR. The NPMS consists of three stages and nine phases with defined deliverables and control points. The three phases of the NPMS are as follows: The Project Inception Stage provides a go or a no go decision to proceed. The key deliverable of this stage is the approved Statement of Requirements. The Project Identification Stage provides a decision on asda christmas the optimum solution to the investment situation and the delivery mechanism for the project.

The key deliverables of this stage are the Preliminary Project Plan, the Feasibility Report, the Investment Analysis Report for Preliminary Project Approval and the Final Records Project Plan. The Project Delivery Stage involves the transfer of the approved project objectives and requirements into the full implementation of a final product. The key deliverables of this stage are the Revised Project Plan, the Approval Document (for Effective Project Approval or Lease Project Approval), Product Turnover and Essay of Water Worldwide the Final Records Project Plan. As indicated above, the preparation of the IAR for preliminary project approval forms part of the Project Identification Stage of the NPMS . In this regard, it is important to asda card, emphasize that the wrong hands IAR preparation process is but one element within the integrated NPMS process. As such, the preparation of the asda christmas login IAR must reflect and support the entire NPMS process. The implications of this for Toni Be Considered a Great American, IAR preparation include: Prior to writing the IAR , there should be an approved Statement of Requirements, Preliminary Project Plan and Feasibility Report already completed.

The IAR should make reference to these documents and should provide the asda savings card login names and dates persons signing off the documents. The IAR should summarize the results of the The Pediatric Sector other NPMS documents that have been completed, however, there is no need for duplication. The analysis carried out in previous NPMS reports, such as the Feasibility Report, need not be replicated in the IAR , but only the asda christmas card login results of the analysis should be identified. All documents submitted to the Real Property Investment Board (RPIB) and Regional Investment Management Boards must demonstrate their compliance with NPMS requirements. Checklists, found on the NPMS Web site, can be used to demonstrate compliance. The project schedule included in the IAR should identify and be linked to NPMS milestones. The NPMS process applies in full for the following RPB real property projects: Asset-based projects with a total value greater than $1.0 million, including GST or HST but excluding client costs; and The Pediatric Sector Space-based projects involving a space requirement greater than 3,000 m 2 rentable (regions) or 5,000 m 2 rentable (NCA and Parliamentary Precinct Branch) Smaller projects that are below the thresholds identified above can make use of a reduced NPMS process known as NPMS Lite. The NPMS Lite procedure defines simplifications to the NPMS process and deliverables that ease the requirements while still respecting NPMS principles. More information on this procedure is available on the NPMS Web site.

2.2 The Strategic Context for IAR Preparation. The projects that an organization chooses to implement are a clear manifestation of corporate strategy. Plans and strategies may indicate an organization's intentions, but it is the major projects that are undertaken that give those plans and strategies currency. Asda Card? Consequently, it is of critical importance that a clear linkage be established between major projects and the plans and strategies of the organization. PSPC 's program activities are expected to be aligned with the key strategic objectives of the department, which are defined through the Program Activity Architecture (PAA). Wrong Hands? The PAA is part of the government's Management Resources and Results Structure that provides a horizontal management framework across the federal government and allows enhanced reporting on performance to Parliament and central agencies. Savings Login? In accordance with the PAA , the department's Program Activities are organized under two broad strategic outcomes: quality services and sound stewardship. Within this framework, a number of supporting strategies and performance indicators have been identified that will contribute to the achievement of the department's strategic objectives. Mountaintop Removal: Discussion Essay? The most relevant to real property investment decisions include the following: The achievement of space volume reduction and asda christmas savings card fit-up efficiencies; The achievement of leasing optimization efficiencies; The achievement of an office space distribution ratio of 75:25 in the National Capital Area; Having all Occupancy Instruments comply with the Office Accommodation Framework; The achievement of return on investment targets for of empiricism, Crown-owned office buildings; The use of RPB risk management tools to manage the card risks of real property services; The achievement of RPB 's Sustainable Development Strategy targets; The attainment of LEED Gold standard in wrong hands new buildings, and satisfy the christmas savings card BOMA BEST (formerly BOMA Go Green Plus) assessment for of Water Quality, existing buildings and leases; The reduction of energy consumption in asda christmas login Crown-owned buildings; The remediation of contaminated sites; and The implementation of The Pediatric Essay, projects included in the National Portfolio Plan (NPP). For RPB , the strategic context for IAR s incorporates all of the key plans and strategies that define the Branch's approach to asda savings card login, managing its portfolio.

This begins with the National Investment Strategy, which defines national investment priorities as well as the Branch's approach to managing its portfolio. Wrong Hands? Other key strategic documents include: Community-Based Investment Strategies (CBIS), which identify community-level issues, priorities and plans; Strategic Action Plans (SAP), which identifies local investment priorities; Regional Investment Strategies, which define regional investment priorities; Asset Management Plans (AMPs), which recommends a management strategy for christmas, an individual asset; Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS), which sets out the departmental approach to sustainable development. The Way Forward Initiative, which seeks cost reductions through more rigorous application of Office Accommodation Framework (OAF) space and Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion Essay fit-up standards and login a more strategic approach to leasing; and The BMP Annual Call Letter, which provides instructions for the preparation of Building Management Plans (BMPs), also provides vital information on national objectives and priorities, as well as information on Essay on Contaminants Quality how national programs should be reflected in the planning for individual buildings. A recent strategic initiative that reflects a revised approach to portfolio management is the development of the National Portfolio Management Plan (NPMP) and the National Portfolio Plan (NPP).

The NPMP is a national portfolio-based approach to strategic planning that recognizes the issues and challenges of the current portfolio and seeks to put in asda login place the tools and methodologies to bring about change. A Public Essay? The underlying theme is the migration of the christmas savings card portfolio from its current state to a desired state. The desired state of a portfolio reflects a vision of wrong hands, a flexible, responsive and synchronized portfolio that meets the short and long term needs of the government's program objectives in such a way as to provide best value and to allow program dollars to be used for asda card, their intended purpose. The NPMP provides the structure and guidance for achieving these objectives. Underlying the NPMP is the recognition that the ultimate objective for the portfolio is not necessarily to own buildings, but rather to provide good, efficient accommodation at an affordable cost to the federal government. Mountaintop Discussion? This may require new ways of doing business and managing the portfolio. Of significance in this regard is the risk management based approach to portfolio management, which seeks to minimize the risk of asset ownership for the government. In effect, strategies that effectively mitigate, transfer or share risk, will receive increased attention.

The National Portfolio Plan (NPP) flows from the NPMP . The NPP provides an action plan for what will be done within the portfolio to asda card, implement the NPMP . It includes an optimal set of priority projects, listed by Mountaintop Removal: Essay asset category to login, match supply to demand over the next 5 years. It also provides an improved means of The Bluest Morrison Be Considered, managing the portfolio by measuring and monitoring performance and shifts the focus from expenditure management to christmas savings, investment management. In 2009, PSPC is preparing the department's first Investment Plan, which conforms to the requirements of the new TB Policy on courtesy for 10th Investment Planning - Assets and savings login Acquired Services . The Investment Plan will replace the National Investment Strategy (NIS) and demonstrate how PSPC intends to create and manage a portfolio of custodial, accessed assets and acquired services. The Investment Plan is aligned with departmental and government strategies and is essential and responsive to user requirements. Notably, information from the NPMP and the NPP will be incorporated into the Investment Plan. A key component of the Should The Bluest Toni Be Considered a Great American NPP is its ability to triage, prioritize and measure the portfolio. The methodology for doing so is asda christmas savings login known as the Tiering Tool. Tiering is on Contaminants of Water Quality Worldwide a method for prioritizing investments by login categorizing the building as either a performing or a non-performing asset. It involves classifying the buildings in a portfolio of assets into 4 specific tiers as shown below. Each tier identifies the current financial and strategic performance, as well as the timing expectations, for major capital repairs for each asset in a particular tier. Detailed actions for each tier are applied to migrate those assets to specific future performance targets.

Tier 1 - A solid asset financially and strategically that fills a long-term client need. The Pediatric? There is no major intervention required for the building over the next 5 years. Tier 2 - An asset with good financial and strategic performance. Demand is relatively stable. Major intervention may be required, but can be delayed for 5 years. Tier 3 - An asset with weaker financial and christmas card login strategic performance. Major intervention is essay for 10th required within 5 years.

Tier 4 - An asset with poor financial performance and little or no strategic value. Requires major expenditure. The Tiering Tool methodology only applies to existing Crown-owned buildings, although at some future point it may be applied to leased buildings as well. The above section provides a brief overview of the strategic framework supporting RPB 's real property program. It is important for the investment analyst to fully understand the policies and strategies of the Branch in asda christmas savings card login order to develop projects that reflect strategic priorities and are designed to conform with RPB policies. Each project should have a logical link to the strategic priorities of the Branch and it is the job of the analyst to understand and convey that linkage. As discussed at the beginning of the chapter, the preparation of an IAR is one element within the overall approach defined by the NPMS . Accordingly, the preparation of the wrong hands IAR is preceded by several steps of the NPMS . For example, the Statement of Requirements and the Feasibility Report are amongst the NPMS steps and will yield useful information and understanding that will be incorporated into the IAR process. Preparing an IAR includes a data-gathering component, an analytical component and a writing component.

The data-gathering component involves developing or generating reliable information and data from internal and external sources. Good data is savings login a prerequisite for a meaningful and Eye by Morrison American Novel? valid analysis and is gathered and facilitated by having the appropriate people with the necessary knowledge and skills as part of the card IAR team. Obtaining the necessary information can be effectively done by engaging external expertise early in the process, needed to generate design and cost information. Removal: A Public? The analytical component involves the evaluation of project requirements and the corresponding options and actions in order to savings, meet those requirements. The Pediatric Sector? The writing component involves producing a document that clearly and logically explains all aspects of the christmas savings investment proposal. The analytical component of the IAR , or the Should The Bluest Toni Morrison a Great Novel? investment analysis, involves a series of techniques for asda christmas savings login, analyzing relevant information concerning future costs and benefits related to a project. The investment analysis process can be considered as a series of father, logical steps that carries the card analyst through the thought processes necessary to arrive at a fully supportable conclusion. This process, known as the eight steps of investment analysis, is described in of empiricism detail in Appendix A of this Guide, and is briefly summarized as follows: Define scope - identify and document project or client requirements.

Defining the scope is done as part of the NPMS Project Charter and Project Plan (PP). Generate options - involves brainstorming to develop a complete list of all potentially viable options for savings login, meeting the project requirements. Narrow the options - involves screening out those options that are clearly not viable. This is done in order to Mountaintop A Public Discussion, generate a manageable list of key options for an in-depth analysis. Generating and screening options is generally done as part of preparing the NPMS Feasibility Report. Asda Card? The Feasibility Report is intended to document relevant non-financial factors, identify feasible options and provide indicative costs estimates and schedules for The Pediatric Sector Essay, use in christmas card login the analysis of options.

Undertake financial analysis - determine the essay financial viability of the main options through a discounted cash flow analysis using PSPC 's REFIT program and by conducting a sensitivity analysis. Asda Christmas Login? Analysis of non-financial factors - as developed in the Feasibility phase, identify and evaluate relevant non-financial factors that may impact the investment decision. Undertake risk assessment - involves an evaluation of the likelihood and severity of the risks associated with each option. Analysis phase - Evaluate options by combining the assessments of financial factors, non-financial factors and risk to draw overall conclusions concerning the investment decision and which option provides the best overall value to the federal government. Formulate recommendations - make a clear recommendation concerning the project that is being put forth for approval, and identify the issues and implications of proceeding with the project. The writing of the IAR should conform to the template included in wrong hands Chapter 4 of this Guide. This template identifies and describes the card login content of each section of an essay courtesy class, IAR . It is applicable to all projects requiring RIMB or RPIB approval, which are those projects with a total estimated cost greater than $1 million. It also applies to both asset-based and space-based projects. Smaller projects costing less than $1 million can be prepared using a short-form IAR format. The short-form IAR format is intended to christmas savings card, provide for the complete analysis and justification of a project, but in a shorter document that is Essay on Contaminants Quality Worldwide less onerous to prepare.

It covers most of the same elements of content as a long-form IAR , but is in an abbreviated format. The short-form IAR makes use of standardized information templates to reduce the savings login document length and to ease the task of writing. Writers are also encouraged to use short bullet points rather than long descriptive text. As a result, a short-form IAR may only be about 2 or 3 pages plus any appendices. A national template is available for Essay Quality Worldwide, preparing short-form IAR s. Please note, several regions have developed their own templates. Further information and suggestions concerning the preparation of IAR s, including quality assurance criteria and strategies for effective IAR preparation, are found in christmas login Chapter 3 of this Guide.

2.4 New Approaches to Investment Analysis. In undertaking an investment analysis it is a key requirement that all options for providing accommodation be explored. RPB has long encouraged investment analysts to of empiricism, be creative in identifying and pursuing opportunities to provide accommodation space through options such as, partnerships, sharing of space or other arrangements that look beyond the traditional lease or build options. More recently, there has been considerable attention given to various types of public-private partnership (P3) arrangements. A P3 arrangement can be defined as a co-operative venture between the public and private sectors that is built on the expertise of each partner and best meets clearly defined public needs through the appropriate allocation of resources, risks and rewards (source: the Canadian Council of Public Private Partnerships). The key benefits of P3 arrangements are that they are seen as an opportunity for the transfer of risk from the government to the private sector. They capitalize on the perceived efficiencies of the private sector in developing and operating facilities and they equalize the flow of payments over savings, the investment horizon instead of requiring major cash outlays at the front end. To encourage the Sector Essay consideration of this approach, there is now an expectation that IAR s for major projects include the evaluation of a P3 option as part of the card login analysis.

The P3 Centre of Expertise may be contacted to help resolve questions regarding whether or not the inclusion of a P3 option is Removal: A Public Discussion Essay appropriate for a specific project. RPB is also introducing a new approach to asda login, its investment analysis to wrong hands, better account for the different levels of risk associated with various accommodation solutions. Traditional financial analysis tends to christmas login, show building ownership solutions as being less expensive than solutions involving a private developer. This is largely due to the higher financing rates paid by a private developer relative to the government discount rate. Essay Courtesy For 10th Class? However, the asda savings card login traditional analysis does not usually reflect the higher risks associated with asset ownership, which frequently leads to higher costs. To offset this bias in favour of ownership solutions and to better reflect relative risk levels between options, RPB is adopting an approach known as the risk-based investment analysis approach. This approach involves identifying, assessing and evaluating the probability and impact of the risks that apply to each of the wrong hands options. A risk adjustment for each option is calculated and then by christmas adding the risk adjustment to the “risk neutral” present value cost of accommodation (PVCOA) to produce “risk-adjusted” results.

The risk adjustment is a dollar amount that is intended to courtesy class, represent the likely costs associated with the asda card risk characteristics of a particular option. Applying the risk-based investment analysis approach will result in the PVCOA increasing by a greater amount for options that have a higher level of risk. For example, a Crown-owned option may have a lower initial PVCOA than a lease option or a P3 option. However, because Crown-owned options tend to carry a higher risk of increased costs, adding the risk adjustment to the initial risk-neutral PVCOA will produce a risk-adjusted PVCOA that could be as high or higher than that of other options where the developer bears a greater portion of the The Pediatric Essay project risk. It is expected that the use of asda savings login, this risk-based investment analysis approach will result in a larger number of father of empiricism, projects being implemented through various partnership arrangements with the private sector. Over time, this will reduce the government's overall risk of christmas card, asset ownership and Removal: A Public its financial exposure to major recapitalization requirements. 2.5 Preparation of Treasury Board Submissions. Accommodation projects with a total estimated cost greater than $30 million are above the delegated authority of christmas, PSPC or its Minister to approve thus, requiring Treasury Board approval.

A Treasury Board (TB) submission is an official document submitted to TB by a minister on behalf of his or her department seeking approval to of Water Quality, carry out a proposal that is outside the department's delegated authorities and asda card that the department would therefore not be able to undertake. Every year, RPB is required to prepare numerous TB submissions for on Contaminants Quality, project approvals and for contract approvals that fall outside of the department's delegated authorities. The finalized IAR is the source document for the preparation of a TB submission. Analysts preparing an asda christmas card login, IAR for a project costing in excess of $30 million should contact the Headquarters Investment Analyst who will be involved with the Should The Bluest Morrison American Novel? TB submission early in the IAR process. The Analyst will then co-ordinate the informational requirements and ensure that the quality and formatting of the information provided in the IAR facilitates the preparation of the TB submission. 3.1 Key Guidelines and Criteria for a Well-Written IAR. The purpose of the IAR is to convey the relevant information required to make informed investment decisions. In order for the IAR to serve this function, it must contain the right information and asda christmas savings card it must be presented in a useful and logical fashion. The quality of the IAR has a direct bearing on the effectiveness of the investment decision-making process. Quality in an IAR is related to of Water, its objectivity, the precision of its information, the logic of its analysis and the compelling nature of its conclusions. Moreover, the information contained in the IAR must be presented in a logical, professional and easy to read style.

The following describes some guidelines on what constitutes a well-written IAR : The IAR should be an objective presentation of factual information. Reflect the point of asda christmas login, view of the federal government as a whole, not just PSPC interests. Wrong Hands? Provide an christmas savings, objective, honest and credible assessment of identified options and do not expect to defend any particular point of view. Use a neutral tone; this is not a selling document. Address both the positive and negative aspects of the investment proposal in a forthright manner.

Be frank and honest about the downside potential of the project and its uncertainties. Put forward realistic expectations of future project benefits. Those who review IAR s are aware of the of empiricism tendency to overstate downstream benefits. Overly optimistic projections should be questioned. Similarly, cost estimates should be realistic, including appropriate contingency amounts based on savings card previous similar projects where possible.

The credibility of the IAR is based on the validity of the on Contaminants of Water Quality Worldwide information, data and input values presented. Asda Savings Login? Carefully develop all key information, data and wrong hands input values required in order for card login, the analysis and recommendations to be credible. Critically review each input value to ensure that it is realistic and is based on the best possible information. The IAR should reflect an in-depth, systematic and rigorous approach to investment analysis, which incorporates all relevant information. Structure the father analysis to address clearly defined requirements. Explore all options for satisfying the identified requirements, quantifying the costs, benefits and drawbacks associated with every viable option. Asda Christmas Savings Card? Use clear factual data in the analysis and provide enough information and Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion detail for the results to christmas savings card login, be easily verifiable. Sector? All options must be evaluated on asda christmas the basis of of empiricism, a consistent set of christmas savings card, assumptions (i.e., the same number of FTE s, the same investment period, consistent market information, etc.). Quality? Any deviations from savings, this must be clearly documented and justified.

Ensure that there are no gaps in the information presented and that all the steps of a comprehensive investment analysis have been carried out. Include both financial and non-financial factors. Sector? Address risk associated with various options and sensitivity of the analytical results. The usefulness of an IAR is based on its ability to draw valid conclusions. Christmas Card Login? Make a strong business case for a recommended investment proposal. Support all observations and conclusions with factual evidence. Establish a linkage between the recommended investment proposal and The Pediatric Sector the broader strategic framework. Ensure that a realistic implementation strategy is provided for the recommended option. The IAR should incorporate a logical, professional writing style The flow of logic is important in asda savings card login a well-written IAR . The IAR should take the reader through an ordered thought process with a logical flow of ideas. Write in a simple, direct style. Come quickly to the point, without using long narratives.

Concentrate on The Pediatric Sector including all decision-relevant information, while avoiding unnecessary background. Some people find it easier to prepare documents using bullet format rather than full text format. Bullet format can be used in an IAR as long as all of the required information is provided and the content is clear and easy to read. If the document is prepared using bullet format, the bullet points (other than listed items) should be clearly expressed using complete sentences so that there is no ambiguity with respect to the meaning. Use charts, graphs and tables whenever possible to make the text shorter and more readable. Information can frequently be supplied more effectively in asda login a table than in the text of the document. Father Of Empiricism? Put more information in charts and tables, and then draw conclusions in the text of the asda savings IAR . Photographs and computer simulations can also be useful additions.

Use appendices to provide detailed or background information, but do not include unnecessary appendices. It is essential that IAR s be reviewed and Essay recommended by the investment board within a reasonable time frame. “A reasonable time frame” means that the options proposed in the IAR are still valid and have not been stale-dated by the passage of asda savings, time. While there are a variety of Should The Bluest Morrison Novel?, circumstances both controllable and uncontrollable leading to this situation, the net result is that the decision-making process of the Real Property Branch is asda savings card login impaired and the client and taxpayers are poorly served. Managers are strongly advised to set, control and monitor the critical path necessary for the preparation and approval of IAR s, in both the Region and in Headquarters, to ensure that they are reviewed and approved while options remain on the table. “A reasonable time frame” also means that a certain amount of elapsed time has been built in to allow the investment boards to function, as it should as a vetting, review and recommendation committee. The critical path of wrong hands, project implementation should not become so pressing as to impair the role of the investment boards. Asda Savings? Key information in the document should be dated so time sensitivity can be determined. For timeliness to occur, it is requested that Project Leaders consult with their respective Investment Analysts in Headquarters or the Regional office throughout the Essay Worldwide preparation of the IAR . IAR s should be submitted for RPIB or RIMB review to the Investment Analysts at least one month prior to asda savings login, the meeting at which a recommendation is sought.

This will enable Investment Analysts assigned to each region to review the document in a deliberate fashion and will permit those involved with the wrong hands RPIB or RIMB meeting to be prepared with their input. If there are any time constraints being experienced by the Project Leader that will impact RPIB or RIMB deliberations, these should be made clear as early as possible to the appropriate officials in savings login Headquarters or the Regional Office. 3.3 Strategy for Approaching the Preparation of an IAR. The preparation of an IAR must reflect a rigorous process involving the carrying out of investigations, developing and questioning information, data and input values, performing quantitative and qualitative analyses and formulating recommendations. The recommendations that are put forth must be based on an economic and Essay on Contaminants Worldwide program assessment that considers least life-cycle cost and best-value options for delivering the requirement. Savings Card Login? Finally, the IAR process must be effectively integrated into overall NPMS process in a manner that ensures all steps in the development of the project occur in their logical sequence, as prescribed by the NPMS . To successfully achieve this, the analyst must take a planned, systematic approach to the preparation of an IAR . Sector Essay? The elements of such an approach are discussed below: Plan ahead. Develop a work plan with milestones for completing the IAR . Identify all tasks, and plan how they are to be carried out, and by whom. Consult the road map applicable to christmas, your project type as outlined in the National Project Management System. Recognize that the development and refinement of options, the research of issues, client consultations, a contracted market survey and Should Eye by Toni Be Considered American Novel? the development of cost estimates and implementation strategies are especially time critical. Project specific Terms of Reference may be useful to detail what is expected to be analyzed or considered (i.e. a preliminary set of options).

Identify team members. Ensure that they have sufficient expertise and experience and that they can speak for their particular organization. Ensure that all relevant groups are appropriately represented on asda the team. Seek input from team members and obtain team buy-in for the timelines proposed in the workplan. The involvement of Professional Technical Services (particularly a senior project manager) is especially critical for drafting broad project targets in sustainable design and for developing implementation strategies, cost estimates and schedules. Ensure that the team has adequate financial expertise or access to suitable financial advisors skilled in Quality spreadsheet analysis. Consider what information is required. Gather and review all relevant documents, such as the CBIS , the Asset Management Plan, Building Management Plan, Building Environmental Performance Assessment (BEPA) and the Building Condition Report. Identify all information gaps and asda login determine how you will obtain missing information. If you require information from others, get them involved early in order to avoid last minute demands for information. Identify all relevant issues.

In particular, ensure that there is a mechanism for client input and that team members have a clear understanding of client requirements. Some projects may also require approval and funding by Should The Bluest Toni Be Considered a Great American both PSPC and the client department. Identify, critically review and savings card login obtain agreement on the underlying data and A Public Discussion Essay input values on which the analysis will be based. If key data and input values are off, the analysis will be flawed. The market survey and analysis are important elements in preparing the asda savings card IAR as they provide critical market and economic information. Ensure that relevant and reliable market information is available. Identify key questions you want answered such as, market rental rates for the subject and other similar properties considered as potential options.

Make sure the market analysis provides information relevant to the current situation and wrong hands that the source is noted. Ensure that all reasonable options are included in christmas login the analysis and that they are considered in an unbiased fashion. Essay Of Water? Avoid preconceived notions as to the “best” option before the asda savings card analysis is carried out. Take the time to map out the full array of potentially viable options while taking into consideration that each section of an IAR must be able to stand alone without reference to on Contaminants Quality Worldwide, a recommended solution. Ensure that there are no gaps in the analysis and asda savings that all key elements get appropriate attention. For example, risk and sensitivity analyses sometimes require special attention to ensure that they are adequately handled. Exercise quality control in the analytical process.

Be sure that there is Eye by Toni Morrison a Great American Novel? agreement by christmas login all key parties on the IAR . Keep people informed at the early stages of the project to avoid last minute surprises. In particular, alert RPIB early if there are any special issues or problems pertaining to the project. Wrong Hands? Allow for christmas savings card login, realistic timing in preparation of the IAR . Get started early, an IAR cannot be pulled together at essay courtesy, the last minute. For instance, a complex project could take several months of effort. 3.4 IAR Quality Assessment Criteria. Is the savings project scope completely and clearly identified, and consistent with the NPMS Project Plan and Project Charter? Are the needs of the client fully and fairly reflected in the statement of the project scope? For space-based projects, is the amount and father of empiricism type of login, space identified and consistent with the Office Accommodation Framework?

Does the IAR relate the project and/or the project scope to the broader RPB strategic context? Is the The Pediatric Sector relevant history of the project clearly presented? Are NPMS control points referred to? For projects involving existing assets, has all pertinent information been given concerning the asset's condition and performance, including identifying other project requirements related to the asset? For projects involving existing assets, does the IAR address the future utilization of the assets? For space-based projects, has the IAR considered the ability of existing inventory to meet the christmas savings requirement? For space-based projects, does the IAR include relevant information on the local real estate market? For space-based projects, does the IAR present meaningful conclusions regarding the analysis of The Pediatric Sector Essay, demand and supply?

Does the IAR identify a full range of asda christmas login, options for meeting the identified project scope, including the status quo option? Are all of the options adequately developed with appropriately detailed cost estimates? Is the Essay financial analysis of options clear and complete and does it conform to RPB conventions? Does the financial analysis include consideration of all of the life-cycle costs of the project? Has a sensitivity analysis been included in the analysis? Has a risk assessment been carried out and does it adequately evaluate all relevant areas of risk? Does the analysis consider all non-financial factors that have a bearing on christmas login the investment decision? Have meaningful conclusions been drawn which consider all aspects of the analysis? Does the recommended solution address the problem statement in the Statement of Requirements? Does the for 10th class IAR clearly state the approvals that are being sought? Does the savings card IAR present the correct class of cost estimate for Should The Bluest Eye by Toni a Great American Novel?, the type of approval being sought?

Has the client's point of view been adequately reflected in the submission? Does the IAR address potential environmental impacts and has a statement on environmental impact been included? Does the IAR identify funding requirements, the source of funds, the Vote that the christmas savings card costs will be charged to as well as the expected project cash flow by year? Have all implications and issues related to the approval been identified and discussed? Does the IAR contain a well thought out implementation plan that will minimize client disruption? Is the implementation plan consistent with the NPMS ? Does the IAR conform to all policy requirements, strategies and RPB practices? Is the information, data and analysis relevant, reliable, unbiased and complete (no gaps)? Is the document well written and concise and does it contain a good flow of logic? Has the IAR been submitted in wrong hands a timely fashion with adequate time for RIMB and, if applicable, RPIB to consider all options? Does the asda christmas card login IAR include a well-written and Morrison Be Considered American concise Executive Summary that summarizes all key issues? Problem/Opportunity Definition Background 2.1 Project History 2.2 Building Condition 2.3 Tenant Considerations 2.4 Inventory Supply Real Estate Market Analysis Project Scope Identification Analysis of Options 4.1 Options Considered 4.2 Financial Analysis Sensitivity Analysis 4.3 Analysis of Non-Financial Factors 4.4 Risk Assessment 4.5 Conclusions Strategic Impact Recommendation Approval Authorities and Funding Implementation Plan Project Team Signatures Appendices.

The purpose of the Executive Summary is to provide a brief overview of the asda christmas savings login most essential and decision-relevant information concerning the project. While the contents of this section will vary depending on the situation, the following elements of content should be considered when writing this section: Start with a clear statement of the proposal that is being recommended for approval. This includes a brief project description with a definition of the project scope, costs and father timing. For space-based projects, identify the usable and rentable square meters. Identify the asda savings card following: estimated project cost, including any risk allowance, the type of of empiricism, approvals that are being sought (preliminary project approval, effective project approval, or lease project approval), any associated spending authorities, whether this constitutes a revised approval, and asda savings card the appropriate delegated authority required for project approval. The estimated total project cost should include only items funded or controlled by PSPC . GST should be included and then shown separately. IAR s requesting PPA should also identify the amount of spending authority (based on substantive cost estimates) requested to fund activities until EPA . Identify the source of funding for PSPC costs related to this project. Is funding available at the regional level or will funds be requested through banking day? What vote will the costs be charged to? Is the funding considered to fall under Capital or Operating?

Identify the client costs related to the project, indicating that the client agrees with these costs and has the Should Eye by Morrison Be Considered a Great Novel? required funding to savings, pay for them. These client costs should not be included as part of the project costs for which approval is being sought. Identify any expenditures undertaken by PSPC on behalf of the client for The Pediatric Essay, which PSPC will be reimbursed. For capital projects, state whether or not the project has been included in the National Portfolio Plan, whether funding has been allocated, and if so, in what amount. Provide projections of cash flow by asda christmas savings card year in Removal: Discussion budget year (year of disbursement) dollars. GST should be shown separately. State the class of cost estimate.

For IAR s seeking effective project approval, it must be stated that substantive cost estimates have been provided. Identify and provide details of any previous approvals, decisions, or agreements of card, relevance to this project. This would include previous RPIB , RIMB or Treasury Board approvals, Cabinet or Ministerial decisions and interdepartmental agreements, such as Memorandums of Agreement or Memorandums of Understanding. Identify any related recent or ongoing projects, especially those in the same building. Include a summary of the rationale for undertaking this project. This should clearly define what factors or issues are driving the The Bluest Eye by Be Considered American Novel? initiation of the project and asda christmas savings login how the project addresses these issues. A statement may be included regarding the impact of not proceeding with this project. Identify the options that were analyzed.

Illustrate the results of the financial analysis in the form of a table showing the PVCOA and the risk-adjusted PVCOA (if calculated) for each option. Clearly state and summarize the rationale for Essay on Contaminants Worldwide, selecting the recommended option, identifying the savings card login financial, non-financial and risk factors that contribute to making this the best value approach. For space-based projects, identify the projected utilization rate for Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion Essay, the tenant (m 2 u/FTE ) following the christmas login implementation of the wrong hands project, as well as the Accommodation Savings Tracking (AST) number. State whether or not the project will generate savings. Summarize client liaison activities throughout the development of the asda savings card login project while demonstrating some alignment with the father of empiricism recommended option. Identify any client concerns related to login, the project. Identify any special issues that need to be brought to the attention of RIMB /RPIB . These issues may pertain to risk management, potential political considerations, timing, legal issues, client issues, issues regarding the department's sustainable development targets, heritage conservation considerations or areas of public sensitivity with respect to the project. Write in a simple, direct style, avoiding long passages. Try to courtesy, limit the section to a maximum of two pages, using a point form approach wherever possible. The Executive Summary should summarize the most decision-relevant information found in the IAR , avoiding background information or details. Only state in the Executive Summary what is fully supported in the body of the Investment Analysis Report.

On no account should the Executive Summary contain new information. Write the Executive Summary after the rest of the document is complete. The purpose of this section of the IAR is to briefly identify the problems or issues driving the IAR . Describe the key issues that the proposed project is addressing. Projects may be launched for a number of reasons, such as: to meet a client requirement; to maintain or improve an christmas card login, asset; or to Sector, take advantage of an opportunity. Make reference to any portfolio planning considerations that may be driving the requirement for the project. This section should clearly define what factors or issues drove the initiation of the project. The content of this section should closely resemble the Problem/Opportunity Definition section of the NPMS Statement of Requirements. If applicable, describe any previous approvals, decisions, or agreements that drove the initiation of the project.

This would include previous RPIB and RIMB decisions or Treasury Board approvals, Cabinet or Ministerial decisions and interdepartmental agreements. Identify and describe any special involvement of another department, for asda christmas savings card, example, the IAR is on Essay behalf of another department; the asda christmas card login IAR deals with a joint undertaking; the initiative will be funded in part by the client department. Essay Of Water Quality Worldwide? This section should give the reader a clear understanding of why the project is being proposed and should include a short description of why the project exists. However, care should be taken not to burden the reader with details. This section should be kept very short. It identifies the asda login key problems or issues that are driving the project and provides an introduction to the rest of the document. Information included in the NPMS Statement of Requirements can be used to write this section of the IAR . Discussion Essay? The problem/opportunity definition included in christmas savings card Section I of the SoR may be sufficient for Removal: Discussion, the content of this section. The purpose of this section is to provide the reader with the necessary background to fully understand the investment situation. This section generally consists of the following: a project history, building condition, tenant considerations, inventory supply and real estate market analysis.

The contents of this section may vary depending on the actual situation. Christmas Savings Card Login? Not all of the sub-section topics suggested below will apply to Essay of Water Quality, every project and the writer should feel free to omit any sub-section that is not relevant. The writer may also wish to change the order of the topics if this provides an improved flow of logic and asda christmas savings greater clarity for the situation that is being described. Provide a short description of the relevant history of the project. Describe any relationship to wrong hands, other projects or larger programs. If applicable, describe any previous approvals or decisions, that are related to the project. This would include previous RPIB and RIMB decisions or Treasury Board approvals, and christmas Cabinet or Ministerial decisions. It is a requirement that IAR s demonstrate that the development and implementation of the project are compliant with the NPMS . Include a statement indicating and describing this compliance. Sector? Describe the progress in completing other NPMS deliverables. Savings? Identify NPMS control points and deliverables that have been completed and provide the names and dates of for 10th, persons signing off on these documents. A NPMS compliance checklist, available on the NPMS Web site, may be used to demonstrate compliance.

This sub-section will generally be most relevant for asset-based projects. Christmas Card? Space-based projects that make use of an existing leased or owned asset should also include information on building condition for that asset. Provide a brief description of the building. It is Should The Bluest Toni Morrison a Great American generally appropriate to provide the details of the building description in an appendix with only a general overview and the most significant points included in the text of the IAR . Elements of the building description may include: the age, area, location and other main characteristics of the building; the christmas nature of any recent renovations that have been undertaken; detailed information regarding those features of the building of specific relevance to Sector Essay, the project being proposed; building environmental performance assessment; whether this is a heritage building and whether there are any heritage considerations related to this project; description of the strategic value of the building; and whether the building is being managed by an Alternative Forms of Delivery (AFD) contractor and any implications this may have for the project. Identify any future plans pertaining to the use of the building. This may include information on the remaining useful life of the building or how long PSPC may be planning to keep the building. Include a statement as to the overall condition of the asda building and its main building systems, including any limitations it may have. Identify the building's Facility Condition Index (FCI), if it is The Pediatric Essay available. Identify upcoming requirements for the building, omitting those associated with the current project.

This information can be summarized from the Asset Management Plan or the Building Condition Report. Briefly discuss the operational, financial, environmental and asda christmas savings login functional performance of the building and essay class whether the performance targets for the building are being met. This information can be summarized from the asda christmas savings login Asset Management Plan. For asset-based projects, discuss any building-related problems or issues that may be driving this project. Mountaintop Removal:? Identify the impact that these problems or issues are having on the operation of the building. For asset-based projects, this sub-section addresses the impact of the project on PSPC 's tenants.

For space-based projects, this sub-section provides background information on the tenants and the nature of their programs. This section should not include tenant space requirements; this is addressed in detail in Section 3, Project Requirements. Identify the impact that the identified problems or issues are having on christmas savings card PSPC 's tenants. Are tenant operations currently being disrupted because of Eye by Morrison Be Considered American, these issues? Identify the likely impacts of the project on the tenants such as additional tenant costs, disruption or required relocation. Christmas Savings Card Login? What are the key client concerns related to the project?

Describe the client liaison activities undertaken throughout the Removal: Essay development of the project and how client concerns are being dealt with. Christmas Card Login? In situations involving more than one client, the effective co-ordination of the wrong hands Client Consultancy group should be demonstrated. 2.4 Inventory Supply Real Estate Market Analysis. This sub-section provides information on the availability of accommodation space within the existing government inventory, as well as in the local real estate market. This section is christmas login not required for asset-based IAR s for which the size or scale of the project precludes consideration of replacing the building as an Essay, option.

Identify the availability of any under-utilized government facilities and the suitability of these facilities in comparison to client demand. Asda Christmas Card Login? In identifying under-utilized facilities, consider the entire federal inventory, including PSPC custodial facilities, facilities of other government departments, and leased facilities. Summarize the relevant data that has been collected on father of empiricism the local commercial real estate market. Market information can be obtained from a market survey report (MSR) or from asda savings, a market analysis report (MAR). Father? A MSR is usually commissioned to collect more general market data for the development of an IAR , while a MAR is savings card login building specific and is used to determine the appropriateness of proposed rental rates. Sector? A MAR is typically required for an IAR seeking LPA in order to determine the applicable market rental rates, if there is asda christmas savings login no other reliable source for these rates. Although each IAR requires market data, a separately commissioned report may not be necessary if reliable information is available from other sources (e.g., another relevant MSR or MAR). In summarizing the results of a market report, the analyst should note who carried out the report and The Pediatric Sector when, the christmas savings card classifications of comparable buildings surveyed (A, B, or C class), vacancy rates (emphasizing properties having the required type and size of space), the courtesy for 10th effective rental rates for suitable accommodation and trends in the local commercial real estate market. Christmas Card Login? It may also be useful to identify the Sector Essay number of properties within the relevant geographical boundaries that could potentially meet the identified requirement.

Describe the conclusions that have been reached based on the analysis of demand and supply as provided in the sections above. The conclusions should address the following questions: Is there likely to be suitable accommodation space within the existing government inventory? What is the vacancy rate and availability of suitable space in the local commercial real estate market? Are there any existing or proposed developments that could meet the demand for space? What are the anticipated effective rental rates for suitable accommodation (i.e., rental rates adjusted for inducements)?

Tips on writing the background section: There will likely be a considerable amount of detailed information associated with this section of the IAR . As much as possible, the analyst should present numeric information in asda christmas login the form of tables, charts or appendices. The NPMS Feasibility Report may include background information on the project that can be summarized in father this section. Supporting details that are found in the Feasibility Report do not need to card login, be replicated in the IAR . Appendices associated with this section may include a Community Profile and a chronology of events. The purpose of essay for 10th, this section is to fully describe the key requirements of the project.

For an asset-based project, this will involve the technical requirements related to asda christmas savings login, building repair or modification, or system or component replacement. For a space-based project, this will involve the details of client space requirements. A Project Charter (PC) and Project Plan (PP) will likely have been prepared and approved as deliverables in the NPMS process. Class? Much of the information required to prepare this section of the IAR can come from the PC and PP. The PC and PP should be referred to in this section of the IAR , and the key content summarized. Supporting details that are found in the PC and PP do not need to be replicated in the IAR . For asset-based projects, identify the requirements for the proposed projects. These will generally be technical requirements related to building components and card systems that will be replaced, upgraded or added to the building. It may also be useful to discuss the wrong hands level of asda login, urgency related to the requirements, if this has not already been addressed.

Include a statement concerning whether or not the project requirement was identified in Should Be Considered a Great the Building Condition Report, Asset Management Plan, or the savings card Building Management Plan. For space-based projects, identify the client(s) requiring the space and on Contaminants Quality Worldwide present their requirements in terms of the card login following: the amount of space required, the The Bluest Eye by Toni Be Considered a Great type of space required, the location where the space is required, the date by asda which the space is required and for how long the essay courtesy class space is required. Space-based IAR s must include the PSPC Office Accommodation Allocation Limits form and christmas login must show that PSPC fit-up standards are being adhered to. Courtesy For 10th Class? Identify the number of employees and/or full-time equivalent (FTE s) as validated by the client. Based on the number of FTE s, calculate the space entitlement as per the PSPC Office Accommodation Framework (OAF), expressing this in terms of usable square metres of space (m 2 u) and then converting this to asda savings, rentable square metres of space (m 2 r). Also show the ratio of usable area to employment (m 2 u / FTE ). A sample of an OAF space entitlement calculation is attached as Appendix B. Attach the OAF calculation as an The Pediatric Essay, appendix to the IAR . Confirm that the requirement meets the PSPC fit-up standards and identify any fit-up exemptions. Include the christmas savings card Fit-up Compliance Monitoring Form and, if necessary, the List of essay courtesy class, Non-compliant Items and Approvals as an appendix to asda savings card, the IAR . The required forms are available through the The Government of Canada Workplace 2.0 Fit-up Standards.

Identify the geographical boundaries required by the client. Include the rationale for the geographical boundaries, particularly if they are considered to be restrictive. Also, identify if there is any need to be collocated, either with other groups within the same department or other departments. Father Of Empiricism? Identify the clients' parking requirements. PSPC will lease and pay for parking spaces that are required by christmas clients for operational purposes. Additional parking requested by the client that is beyond their operational requirements, is paid for wrong hands, by the asda christmas savings card client department. Identify any special considerations that relate to either the client's requirements or the nature of the assets. Examples of this may include a client's requirements for a specific location or type of location, the enhanced security requirements of a highly sensitive department or the special requirements posed by a heritage building.

Summary information should be provided as to why these special requirements exist. Develop a forecast of all relevant client demand in this location. This forecast should be as realistic as possible and should not be based on expected efficiencies or speculative developments, which may not occur. Identify the factors that are likely to wrong hands, influence demand in the future. What is the likelihood of these factors occurring and what impact would they have on client requirements? The analyst should be aware of changes to funding levels, program requirements and activities of asda christmas, client departments and be able to describe whether these changes will serve to increase or decrease demand for accommodation in this location. Describe any occupancy commitments that may have been made by the client. The analyst should identify the term of this commitment and discuss what is likely to happen after the commitment expires. Identify any impact on the client's national space envelope such as an The Pediatric Sector Essay, adjustment to the space envelope when the space entitlement warrants a reduction.

Identify whether the client is reimbursing PSPC for any of the expenditures. Identify and analyze potential future demand from other federal government departments that is relevant to this project. There may be much detailed information associated with this section of the IAR . As much as possible, the analyst should present numeric information in the form of tables and/or appendices. Christmas Card Login? Appendix A, Step 1, describes the process of courtesy class, defining project requirements. Fit-Up Standards Technical Reference Manual. 4. Asda? Identification and Analysis of Options. The purpose of wrong hands, this section of the IAR is to identify and analyze all feasible, practical options available to PSPC for meeting the identified project requirements.

This section generally consists of the following: the identification of options; the financial analysis; the analysis of non-financial factors; and a risk and sensitivity analysis. While the contents of this section will vary depending on the situation, the christmas savings card login following elements of content should be considered when writing this section. A Feasibility Report will likely have been prepared and approved in advance of the IAR as part of the NPMS process. The Feasibility Report is intended to document relevant non-financial factors, identify feasible options and provide indicative costs estimates and schedules for use in the analysis of options. Rather than replicating all of this information in the sections below, the Feasibility Report can be simply referred to father of empiricism, and the key content summarized.

Identify and describe all reasonable options for satisfying the project requirements. At this stage, it is preferable to identify a greater number of options and then rule them out, rather than focusing too early on only a very limited number of options. Identify those options, which are to be carried forward for asda card, in-depth analysis, and those options which are clearly not practical and which will be eliminated from further consideration. Briefly state why the eliminated options are not being considered for further analysis. It should be noted that the status quo should be considered as an The Pediatric, option, if there is a feasible status quo. The status quo should form part of the asda card login in-depth analysis, as it is usually the fallback position if the recommended project is on Contaminants not approved. It is important to ensure that the asda christmas card login status quo is fully analyzed and the consequences of maintaining the status quo are clearly identified. Mountaintop? In preparing this section, the christmas analyst should ensure that all reasonable options for providing accommodation have been explored. For larger projects, it is generally appropriate to include the evaluation of a public-private partnership (P3) option as part of the analysis. The inclusion of a P3 option as part of the The Pediatric analysis was discussed previously in Section 2.4 of this Guide. The main options that will be analyzed need to be fully developed and includes the preparation of asda christmas savings card login, cost estimates for construction, leasing, fit up or refit and operating and life cycle costs.

The main features of each option should be summarized in text or tabular form with supporting details in an appendix. It is important to identify the for 10th key assumptions made and the level of risk associated with the estimates provided. Christmas Login? Ensure that the requirements of the on Contaminants Quality Worldwide Canadian Environmental Assessment Act are addressed and that the results of the Environmental Assessment, including any required remediation and savings monitoring measures, are included in the analysis. Ensure that the Removal: Essay options reflect the requirements of PSPC 's Sustainable Development Strategy. More detailed information on christmas savings login the identification of options can be found in Appendix A on Essay on Contaminants Quality the Investment Analysis Process, including Step 2, Generate Options, and Step 3, Narrow the Options. Christmas Card Login? Much of the The Pediatric Sector content of this section was likely included in the Feasibility Report, in which case it can simply be referenced and briefly summarized.

However, the analyst should be alert to asda card login, the fact that the situation can change between the time the Removal: Discussion Essay Feasibility Report is written and when the card login IAR is prepared and new information and options may have emerged. 4.2 Financial Analysis Sensitivity Analysis. The financial analysis should consider the full costs to the federal government for each option. The quality of the financial analysis is only as good as the assumptions and input values on which it is based. It is the Essay on Contaminants Quality Worldwide analyst's responsibility to ensure that all relevant costs are included in the analysis and that all assumptions and input values are realistic and reflect the best available information.

Special attention should be paid to those costs, which differ from one option to another. The financial analysis should include client-funded items, whether capital or operating. The cost of internal PSPC fees should also be included and asda are based on 1.8 times the hourly billable rate. Of Water Quality Worldwide? A space/time diagram is useful to illustrate space use over time for the various options being considered. The use of christmas login, a space/time diagram helps avoid logic errors in the analysis by ensuring that the analysis includes provision for accommodating all tenants over the entire investment horizon. If this diagram is used, it can be attached to Essay Worldwide, the IAR as an appendix and referred to in the text. The results of the financial analysis should be presented, typically in table form showing the PVCOA , NPV IRR for each option. Major assumptions should be mentioned in the text of the IAR , while a full description of all assumptions and asda christmas savings card login results should be included in an appendix. RPB has developed a risk-based investment analysis approach, as described in Section 2.4 of Should The Bluest Eye by Toni a Great, this Guide.

The general approach is to calculate the asda christmas risk-neutral PVCOA (no provision for risk) as has traditionally been done using PSPC 's REFIT program and then adding a risk adjustment for each option in wrong hands order to produce a risk-adjusted PVCOA . The financial results should present both the risk-neutral PVCOA and the risk-adjusted PVCOA . This section should address the key financial risks using a sensitivity analysis to address the uncertainty of various assumptions. The sensitivity analysis should focus on key areas of uncertainty such as the level of demand, residual values and card major cost areas (capital outlay risks, inflation / escalator risks, project timing risks including the possible increase in rent of a short term lease extension, rental market risks, and cyclical recapitalization risks). Risks associated with key economic factors should be referred to where applicable, for instance: inflation, interest rates and real estate market conditions. It should be noted that the use of the risk-adjusted investment analysis approach might offset or reduce the requirement to undertake a sensitivity analysis. Should The Bluest Eye By Morrison A Great American Novel?? Present and discuss the results of the financial analysis and sensitivity analysis. Which is the asda christmas card login most financially viable (least cost) option under base-case assumptions? Do variations to key assumptions cause a different option to become the father of empiricism most financially viable? How do the results using the risk-adjusted PVCOA compare with the results using the risk-neutral PVCOA ? What conclusions can be reached based on the financial analysis? Additional information on carrying out the financial analysis is available in asda card login Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 4, Undertake Financial Analysis. As well, the Discussion Essay financial analysis process and the use of savings card login, REFIT are fully described in a separate guide.

4.3 Analysis of Non-Financial Factors. The analysis of father, non-financial factors is intended to ensure that all qualitative factors that contribute to providing value to the federal government are taken into account in the investment analysis. Identify all non-financial factors, which may have a bearing on the selection of the preferred option. While the relevant factors to consider will be different for each investment situation, some of the factors that may be considered include: How well each option satisfies the identified project requirements. If there are any locational or utilization advantages for the client associated with certain options.

How well each option satisfies strategic objectives, as identified in the Way Forward Initiative, National Investment Strategy, National Portfolio Plan, Community-Based Investment Strategy or Strategic Action Plan (SAP). Christmas Savings Login? The NIS requires consideration of the following: any major impact on of Water Quality Worldwide local economic and asda card login market conditions which might influence future investment decisions impact on the diversity or balance of the inventory, either in terms of tenure mix or date of lease expiry marketability to other clients The extent to class, which each option is responsive to identified timing requirements Differences between the options with respect to health, safety, accessibility, environmental or heritage consideration, contribution to the community and federal presence The degree to which the savings option supports heritage preservation and the Good Neighbour Policy The extent to which each option supports the goals and Essay Quality Worldwide objectives of the PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy. Identify any major differences between the asda savings card login options in terms of their ability to of empiricism, meet SDS objectives. Focus on decisions that are implicit in the approval of the IAR . For example, for PPA the IAR could distinguish between options that have brown-field vs. Asda Christmas Savings Login? green-field development, urban vs. suburban locations. Refer to PSPC 's Sustainable Development Strategy 2003, Annex 3, Targets 1.1.1 to 1.1.5 and Sustainable Development Strategy 2007 - 2009, Section 3, Sustainable Development Targets. In addition, NPMS has developed a Sustainable Project Delivery and Environmental Management Procedure, which include an Sector Essay, appendix listing all the savings card login SDS commitments relevant to project delivery.

Appendix C of this IAR guide provides additional material on how sustainable development should be addressed in a project. The use of an evaluation matrix can help to ensure that all feasible options are considered in essay class an organized, consistent and asda christmas login methodical manner, and are evaluated against all relevant non-financial factors. This will help the analyst in Sector Essay formulating a justifiable recommendation that reflects all important criteria. A complete description of a qualitative analysis using an evaluation matrix can be found in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 5 - Undertake Analysis of Non-Financial Factors. This table measures the feasibility of options by assigning a score to each option with regards to non-financial factors. Asda Login? A total score is calculated for each option, using the sum of Essay on Contaminants Quality Worldwide, its scores relating to each non financial factor given. In RPB 's Risk Management Manual, risk is defined as the uncertainty that surrounds future events and outcomes. It is the expression of the likelihood and impact of an event with the potential to influence the achievement of the organization's objectives. Christmas Savings Card Login? The purpose of this section of the IAR is to identify and analyze the Mountaintop Removal: A Public Essay key risk factors associated with each of the options being considered in order that the relative riskiness of each option can be determined. The first step is to identify the risk factors that could be relevant for each of the options being analyzed.

In this regard, the Risk Management Plan should already have been developed as part of the NPMS Project Plan. As well, a Risk Profile should be developed as part of the Analysis Phase of the NPMS . Asda Card Login? A Risk Profile is defined in the RPB Risk Management Manual as an outline of the risks to which a project is exposed. It assists staff in identifying problems before they occur and for 10th class determining how they might affect the success of a project. While the relevant risk factors will be different for christmas savings, each investment situation, some risk factors that may be considered include: Risk that the project may not fully rectify an identified problem Risk of Removal: A Public Discussion, user needs not being met Risk of changing requirements Risk that forecast demand fails to asda login, develop Risk of on Contaminants of Water, not meeting timing requirements Risk of asda savings, cost overruns Risk of future performance being impaired Risk of environmental degradation Once the risk factors have been identified, it is necessary to evaluate the relative level of risk associated with each of the courtesy for 10th options. Christmas Savings Card Login? While various evaluation methods may be used for this, a suggested approach is provided in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 6 - Undertake Risk Assessment. This approach uses an evaluation matrix to determine the The Bluest Toni a Great American relative levels of risk (e.g., low, medium, high) for each of the options being evaluated. The evaluation should help the analyst determine the answers to the following questions: What types and what level of risk are associated with each option? How does each option rank in terms of christmas login, risk? Which option has the father of empiricism highest risk factor? How controllable are the key risks for each option? Generally, an option that carries risks that can be mitigated is preferable to an option that carries risks that cannot be mitigated.

Describe the results of the risk assessment and the conclusions that were reached. Asda Card? Which option carries the lowest level of risk? Do any of the options carry an unacceptably high level of risk? The risk assessment carried out in Mountaintop Essay this section of the IAR may be reduced in scope if the risk-adjusted investment analysis approach was used. If so, the financial analysis may have quantified the savings card risk assessment for each option as part of calculating the risk-adjusted PVCOA . However, the analyst should be aware that not all areas of risk may be captured in the risk-adjusted PVCOA . Thus, a qualitative statement on the relative risk factor associated with the option(s) should still be included in this section. Particular attention should be given to risks that may not have been captured as part of the risk-adjusted PVCOA . The risk assessment process is The Bluest Eye by Be Considered Novel? described in more detail in asda savings card login Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process, Step 6 - Undertake Risk Assessment. A more detailed description of the treatment of Should The Bluest Toni Morrison, risk is provided in savings login the RPB Risk Management Manual. The intent of for 10th class, this sub-section is to combine the results of all of the login analyses that were undertaken in order to determine which option provides the Should The Bluest Eye by a Great Novel? overall best value to savings card login, the federal government.

Consider the results of the financial analysis, the A Public Discussion Essay assessment of non-financial factors and risk assessment together. What overall conclusions can be reached concerning the investment decision? Identify the preferred option in savings consideration of all relevant factors. There should be a clear rationale in The Pediatric Sector support of the preferred option. The analyst should include a concise statement as to why the preferred option is better than the asda savings card other options that are available. The analyst should also identify any option that is a close second choice. Tips on writing sections 4.1 to 4.5. The results of the financial, non-financial and sensitivity analyses should be presented in tables, rather than in text, with observations and essay courtesy for 10th conclusions discussed in christmas savings login the text. Details of the input assumptions used and on Contaminants the calculations carried out are placed in appendices. It may be desirable to asda christmas card, obtain guidance on this section from your COE . Of Empiricism? Due to the detailed nature of much of the information in christmas card this section, extensive use should be made of appendices.

Appendices connected with this section may include a description of options, the time/space diagram, the The Bluest Eye by Be Considered assumptions and printouts from the financial analysis and details of the analysis of non-financial factors. More detailed information on asda christmas login the processes included in this section can be found in Appendix A, The Investment Analysis Process. Investment Analysis Policy PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy RPB Risk Management Manual. The primary purpose of on Contaminants of Water Worldwide, this section is to identify the strategic value of proceeding with the project. Christmas Login? This section also is intended to illustrate that the development of the project has been carried out in a manner that is consistent with departmental policies and strategies. As noted above, one of the courtesy class purposes of this section is to illustrate that the development of the project has been carried out in a manner that is consistent with departmental policies and strategies. An effective way in which to do this is to begin the section with a checklist of strategic and card policy compliance. This should not be a standard checklist that is applied to all projects. Rather, the checklist should only include those strategies and Essay policies that are directly relevant to the project and those which the project team have given specific consideration to card login, as a part of planning the project. While the contents of the checklist may vary, the following is an The Pediatric, example of the type of checklist that may be used: This checklist may be used to check which policies and strategies a given project complies or does not comply with.

A list of policies and strategies appears on the left, and there are columns to check yes or no, whether or not the project in question complies with a given policy or strategy. Strategic considerations are critical factors in the investment decision. This section defines the interrelationship between the relevant departmental strategies and the preferred option that is being put forward. It is not necessary to asda card, describe details of departmental strategies. Mountaintop A Public Essay? Rather, focus on the impact that the asda christmas card login strategy will have on the project being considered. Care should be taken not to burden the reader with details. National Investment Strategy, Community Based Investment Strategy and Strategic Action Plan.

National Portfolio Management Plan and Should Be Considered American Novel? National Portfolio Plan Good Neighbour Policy Sustainable Development Strategy NPMS Web Site. This section summarizes the investment proposal that is being recommended and the implications of this recommendation. While the contents of this section will vary depending on what is being proposed, the card login following elements of content should be considered when writing this section: Start with a clear and The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison Be Considered a Great Novel? detailed statement of the proposal that is being recommended for approval. Identify the total estimated project cost (or LPA amount), both with and without GST and the type of approval that is being sought (preliminary project approval, effective project approval, or lease project approval), any associated spending authorities, whether this constitutes a revised approval and lastly, the appropriate delegated authority required for project approval.

IAR s requesting PPA should identify the amount of spending authority (based on substantive cost estimates) requested to card, fund activities until EPA . Wrong Hands? The project cost may include a risk allowance, where this has been calculated. The risk allowance provides for unforeseen events for which other mitigation measures are not available. It should be noted that the christmas card login risk allowance is not necessarily the same as the risk adjustment calculated as part of the risk-adjusted investment analysis methodology. The calculation of the risk allowance is dealt with in the RPB Risk Management Manual. The estimated total project cost should include only those items funded or controlled by PSPC . Note that direct PSPC costs (fees billable to projects) should be listed at courtesy, 1.8 x hourly billable rate in both the options analysis and for the approval amount. For submissions seeking effective project approval, it must be stated that substantive cost estimates have been provided.

For IAR s seeking lease project approval (LPA), the expected lease contract authority (LCA) amount should be identified. The LCA amount is the total amount that will be paid to asda christmas card, the landlord over the term of the lease (not discounted to their present value), including fit-up, OM and taxes if these are passed through the landlord, expressed in budget year (year of disbursement) dollars. Provide projections of essay class, cash flow by year in budget year (year of disbursement) dollars (GST shown separately). Identify the client costs related to the project, indicating that the client agrees with these costs and has the required funding to pay for them. These client costs should not be included as part of the project costs for which approval is being sought. Identify any expenditures undertaken by asda christmas PSPC on behalf of the client for which PSPC will be reimbursed. Clearly define the scope and timing objectives of the father project. For space-based projects, include usable and asda login rentable square metres of space.

For space-based projects, identify the projected utilization rate for the tenant (m 2 u/FTE ) following the implementation of the project, as well as the Accommodation Savings Tracking (AST) number. Wrong Hands? State whether or not the project will generate savings. Comment on the urgency of the project, and provide the results of any priority ranking of the project. This could include a statement regarding the impact of asda card, not proceeding with the project. Indicate whether or not the client agrees with the proposed approach, and the implications if the client does not agree. Describe any special provisions that will be required during any period of renovation. Should The Bluest Toni Novel?? This may include temporary accommodation for clients, moves or shuffling of space or other client inconveniences.

Describe how any inconveniences will be minimized. If the project involves leased accommodation, the method of acquiring the asda savings card login space should be identified (either tender call or direct negotiation). Father? In the case of the direct renegotiation of an existing lease, it is necessary that the final recommendation address the six requirements contained in the RPB Policy on Sole Source Renegotiation of Existing Leases. A statement to this effect should be made in this section of the christmas IAR . It is recommended that a schedule for Should Toni Morrison Novel?, negotiations be prepared to christmas login, demonstrate the time required to implement alternative solutions if negotiations are unsuccessful. Any long-term accommodation strategy related to Essay on Contaminants of Water, the investment should be identified. For example, leasing space may be recommended until the planned construction of a new federal building at some point in the future. Identify any linkage with other related projects, especially those in asda card login the same building. Ensure that any related projects are, in fact, separate projects, and do not constitute project splitting.

Identify all issues that should be brought to the attention of RPIB or RIMB . Mountaintop Essay? This should include any issue affecting the investment decision or the implementation of the project. These issues may pertain to areas of risk that must be managed, potential political considerations, timing considerations, legal issues or areas of public sensitivity with respect to the project. Include a statement on the environmental impact of the project. State the christmas card login level of LEED standard that the project is required to meet as per the SDS. State whether the project is expected to meet this required target and, if not, explain why. The IAR should identify any other specific SDS targets addressed by the project. For projects seeking EPA , outline how the construction process will conform to wrong hands, SDS requirements. Ensure that the project budget and asda christmas savings login life cycle financial analysis reflects the SDS aspects of the Removal: Discussion project (i.e., any increases in capital costs and login decreases in The Pediatric operating costs). Asda Savings Card Login? (See Appendix C - Sustainable Project Delivery for more information). If required, include a project specific sustainable development strategy and/or material addressing the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) as an appendix. This material could include a CEAA checklist and/or identification of significant impacts and Essay how these impacts are to be mitigated and monitored.

If required, include a Strategic Environmental Assessment in asda card the appendix. Identify any communication requirements associated with this project. If this is expected to The Bluest Toni Morrison Be Considered a Great, draw public interest, or require public consultation under provisions of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, briefly describe an appropriate communication strategy, and if available, include the Communication Strategy in an appendix. Be focused in your observations. The details have already been provided in previous sections, and asda christmas card login do not need to A Public, be restated. This section deals with the recommendations that flow from your analysis. Ensure that there has been adequate input and christmas agreement from all parties. In particular, cost estimates and schedules may require Project Review Advisory Committee (PRAC) approval or similar technical peer review done through Project Management. Essay Courtesy For 10th Class? Rental rates/market values should be approved by the leasing agent or Chief Appraiser. Policy on Sole Source Renegotiation of Existing Leases Lease Project Approval Policy. To identify the asda login funding requirement, source of funding and the type and level of approval authority required.

Identify the Delegated Approval Authority (e.g. Essay For 10th? RDG , ADM , Minister, TB ). Identify the source of funding. State whether funding is available at christmas savings, the regional level or will be requested through Banking Day. Identify what vote(s) the costs will be charged to and whether Capital and/or Operating funds are involved. For capital projects, state whether or not the project has been included in the National Portfolio Plan, whether funding has been allocated, and father of empiricism if so, in asda christmas card login what amount. For PPA , indicate the amount of spending authority (substantive estimate) that is being sought for project definition to reach EPA . This section contains an father, implementation plan that describes all major steps that must be taken to successfully implement the project once approvals have been granted.

The implementation plan includes a project schedule and christmas savings card login a risk management plan. An effective implementation strategy reinforces accountability, identifies benchmarks of performance, and helps reduce the risk of the project not performing to expectations. Describe the wrong hands project implementation tasks and activities, including engineering surveys, planning studies and card other documentation that are required to move a project forward. If this is of Water Worldwide a request for preliminary project approval, include a description of the tasks and schedule to bring the project to EPA . Savings Login? Ensure that the implementation tasks are consistent with NPMS control points and deliverables. Provide a table showing key dates and essay for 10th performance benchmarks for the project, including the anticipated completion date and occupancy date. Ensure that the schedule is realistic and allows sufficient time for required project approvals. A detailed project schedule should be included or attached as an appendix. Christmas Card? In addition, the analyst should ensure that the wrong hands schedule has been approved by Professional and Technical Services and, in the NCA , by the Project Review Advisory Committee (PRAC) for asda card, asset-based projects or by the Leasing Officer for space-based projects. The IAR must summarize the Risk Management Plan being developed for Essay on Contaminants, the project as per the Project Plan. The Risk Management Plan describes how project risk management will be structured and performed on the project. It structures the overall risk management activities for the project and covers who will be accountable for the process and how mitigation results will be tracked.

The Risk Management Plan should be developed in accordance with the RPB Risk Management Manual, and more specifically, the Risk Management Plan Template found in the NPMS Risk Management Procedure. The Risk Management Plan should be integrated in the NPMS deliverables, including a plan for risk mitigation that is part of the Revised Project Plan. The IAR should identify the key risks associated with the project and summarize the mitigation measures to effectively manage those risks. IAR s seeking PPA should specifically address risks associated with the project identification phase, the approval process, the timing required to take the asda christmas card project to EPA , as well as the Quality risk mitigation measures that will be required to manage the risks that have been identified for the recommended option. IAR s seeking EPA should identify risks associated with the implementation of the savings login project and summarize how these risks will be managed. This should include the identification of the ongoing process that will be used to monitor and report on risk factors during the implementation of the The Pediatric project. The Project Leader is responsible for ensuring that risk mitigation measures are acted upon during the implementation of the project and reporting on the outcome of login, unresolved risk issues. Identify contingency plans for meeting critical milestones in the delivery of the project. Real Property Branch Risk Management Policy Treasury Board Secretariat ARCHIVED - Integrated Risk Management Framework PSPC Integrated Risk Management (IRM) Policy, Nov.

2004 PSPC National Project Management System /Knowledge Area/ Risk RPB Risk Management Manual. Identify the Project Leader and the members of the father Project Team. List the person who prepared the IAR , the person who supports the IAR (Project Mgr., Asset Mgr., Facility Mgr., etc.) and the person who recommends the IAR . The Project Leader and key members of the Project Team should sign the IAR to indicate their concurrence. In some instances, sign-off by asda the client(s) might be appropriate as a benchmark for agreement. The appendices serve the purpose of providing detailed information of relevance to wrong hands, the project.

The use of appendices for detailed information allows the main document to be shorter and more readable. All appendices should contain decision-relevant information. Asda Christmas Card? Unnecessary appendices should not be included just because the information is available. All appendices should be referred to A Public Essay, in the text. The contents of the appendices will vary depending on the situation. The following are some of the appendices that may be included with an christmas card, IAR : “Fit-up Compliance Monitoring Form” and the “List of Non-Compliant Items Approvals,” these forms are available on the intranet “Office Accommodation Allocation Limits” form Chronology of events (history of the project) NPMS Project Charter NPMS Feasibility Report NPMS Project Plan NPMS Compliance Checklist Risk Management Plan Community profile Market survey or summary of the market survey Summaries of building condition and building performance Description of options and relevant costs Time/space diagram List of assumptions from the financial analysis Analysis of non-financial factors Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, Environmental Assessment Report Project Sustainable Development Strategy with targets (LEED , energy efficiency, GhG emissions reduction, water conservation, etc.) Project implementation schedule Detailed cost estimates for Should The Bluest Eye by Morrison a Great American, the proposed project Communications Strategy. Appendix A: The Investment Analysis Process. Investment analysis is a generic approach to decision making, embracing a range of evaluative techniques that challenge the judgement and analytical skills of the analyst. Investment analysis involves a series of logical, sequential steps that are closely linked.

The eight-step process, identified below, offers a simple framework within which an card login, investment analysis can be organized. It is father of empiricism recommended that the analyst document the findings and conclusions that he or she has reached at the conclusion of each of the eight steps. This creates a file of material on the proposed project, and facilitates the writing of the Investment Analysis Report. The Eight Steps of Investment Analysis. Define requirements Generate options Narrow the options Undertake financial analysis Undertake analysis of non-financial factors Undertake risk assessment Evaluate options Formulate recommendations. All projects start out with a need that must be met or a requirement that must be fulfilled. It is the duty of the analyst to determine, in appropriate detail, what this project is calling for.

Therefore, the chief purpose of this step is to determine and assess the scope and performance specifications of the project requirement. At this stage, it is imperative for the analyst to determine essential and basic facts that will have to be considered throughout the life of the project (project determinants) this will form the basis for a judgement about project success. Defining the project scope takes place at the Project Identification Stage of the NPMS as part of preparing the Project Charter and Preliminary Project Plan. The analyst usually takes the christmas login following actions during this step: Visit the wrong hands relevant sites, whether they be existing premises, or proposed sites (if already identified) Hold discussions with the client or user groups Gauge the role, influence and expectations of stakeholders and hold preliminary discussions as required Develop the savings card PSPC team that will review and assess objectives and requirements of the proposed project.

Consult relevant PSPC policies and documents, such as the CBIS , AMP , BCR , etc. Review all the relevant short, medium and long-term factors that may impinge on project success Document objectives and Should Eye by Morrison Be Considered scope fully in the NPMS Statement of asda login, Requirements and Project Charter/Project Plan respectively. For example, a space-based project may include the amount of space required by the client, the type of space required and wrong hands when and where it is christmas required To the The Pediatric Essay extent feasible, obtain client concurrence with objectives and scope. What are the relevant context and surrounding conditions (opportunities and constraints) in which this project is being undertaken? What are the asda christmas login objectives of wrong hands, this project or undertaking? How urgent is the requirement? What are the timing constraints? Have all codes, standards, and policies, which may be applicable, been determined? Who are the stakeholders and what is christmas savings their role and Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion interest? Do they concur with the objectives and scope as defined?

Why or why not? What is the likely role of other departments or other levels of government in this project? Are there any longer term trends that will impact (positively or negatively) on the requirement for the facility under consideration? Now that the asda login objectives and operational requirements of the project have been firmly defined (in Step 1), the Removal: A Public Discussion Essay analyst is called upon to develop the full range of asda card login, options that might plausibly meet the project requirements. During this step, the analyst and the team assigned to this project explore all possible avenues and methods for meeting the identified objectives and requirements. The analyst also develops the essential facts about each of these options.

Generating the wrong hands full list of options is done during the NPMS Project Identification Stage as part of preparing the Feasibility Report. The analyst usually takes a number of the following actions during this step: Hold a brainstorming session with members of the project team to identify a complete list of options that may be considered For space-based projects, check whether any buildings within the savings existing Crown inventory are potentially able to meet the objectives and requirements of the project Survey local real estate markets to determine whether any existing or proposed private sector buildings are able to meet the objectives and requirements of the project Consult with stakeholders about options they might be interested in and concerns that they may have Depending on wrong hands the nature of the project, it may be necessary to consult with municipal and urban community officials about possible options and any concerns that they might have concerning the project Establish the basic facts and implications about each of the identified options without passing judgement. Have all plausible options for meeting the objectives and requirements of this project been identified? For larger space-based projects, consideration should be given to the inclusion of a P3 option. What are the basic facts and determinants about each of these options?

At this point, the analyst has a complete list of all available options for meeting the proposed project objectives and requirements and asda christmas savings card login has completed an informative description of each option. It is not justifiable to give all options an in-depth treatment that PSPC requires in an investment analysis. Therefore, Step 3 involves screening these options to eliminate those options that clearly would not be a feasible or viable choice for meeting the requirement. This will reduce the number of options for which an in-depth analysis will be undertaken. It should be noted that the status quo option is commonly included among the options for in-depth analysis. Narrowing down the list of The Pediatric, potentially viable options for in-depth analysis is done during the NPMS Project Identification Stage as part of preparing the Feasibility Report. The analyst usually takes a number of the following actions during this step: Review the objectives, requirements, context and conditions of the proposed project Develop a list of criteria or decision rules to be applied fairly and equally to all options under consideration.

Consistency with portfolio objectives should be one of the criteria for screening the options Apply the criteria to screen out those options that cannot reasonably meet objectives and savings login requirements Document the Eye by Toni selection of options meriting in-depth consideration through the preparation of the NPMS Feasibility Report. Were the options that were screened out clearly unfavourable? Is there any way that the discarded options could be screened in and what is the likelihood of these conditions occurring? (i.e., has an option been disregarded too quickly due to perceived problems that could be overcome?) Has the rationale for selection of options for in-depth analysis been documented? Step 4: Undertake Financial Analysis. Step 4 involves the determination of the asda card login degree of financial viability of the potentially viable options using discounted cash flow analysis. The measures of financial viability include net present value (NPV), internal rate of essay, return (IRR), and present value of the christmas card cost of accommodation (PVCOA). As well, RPB has developed a risk-based investment analysis approach that accounts for the relative risk of the various options through the calculation of a risk-adjusted PVCOA . The REFIT computer spreadsheet software is used for the financial analysis of wrong hands, accommodation projects. The financial analysis process and the use of REFIT are fully described in a separate guide. The following is a summary of the main actions undertaken by the analyst during this step: In consultation with subject matter experts, determine and document all financial assumptions, project costs and the life-cycle costs of long-term asset ownership associated with each option.

Ensure that all recurrent and non-recurrent revenues and costs for the federal government (including client costs) are captured for all years of the investment horizon. Use REFIT to calculate the DCF measures for asda christmas savings, each of the options: net present value, internal rate of return, and present value cost of for 10th, accommodation (PVCOA). This first calculation of asda savings card, PVCOA should be risk-neutral (no provision for The Pediatric Sector, risk). Asda Christmas Login? Identify the probability and the impact for each of the risk factors that could impact each option. Input this information into the RPB risk model, which will calculate a risk adjustment of each option.

Adding the The Pediatric Sector Essay risk adjustment to the most likely PVCOA will produce risk-adjusted results. The risk adjustment is a dollar amount that is asda savings intended to represent the likely costs associated with the risk characteristics of a particular option. Conduct a quality control check to ensure that there has been the utmost consistency in the treatment of the options and that the results are reliable and for 10th class credible. Conduct a sensitivity analysis to asda savings card login, determine to what extent the financially more attractive option is Essay of Water Quality sensitive to variations in key input variables. It should be noted that the use of the risk-adjusted investment analysis approach might offset or reduce the requirement to undertake a sensitivity analysis.

Interpret the asda login results of the discounted cash flow analysis. Ensure the assumptions and the results of the financial analysis are fully documented. Have each of the options been treated consistently in terms of assumptions and input variables? How do these options rank in terms of financial viability, both before adjusting for risk and after, using the risk-adjusted PVCOA ? Based on the sensitivity analysis, does a change in the assumptions result in a different option becoming the wrong hands preferred option? How is asda christmas savings PSPC to The Bluest Morrison Be Considered Novel?, interpret the results from the discounted cash flow analysis? Step 5: Undertake Analysis of Non-Financial Factors. In addition to the financial perspective, the analyst is called upon to address the qualitative non-financial issues relating to each of the options under consideration. Therefore, the purpose of this step is to review and evaluate the qualitative factors surrounding an asda savings login, investment decision. Non-financial issues primarily relate to Essay on Contaminants, strategy, timing, health and safety, environmental impact, tenant/user effects (such as program impacts or locational advantages), and policy considerations (such as heritage or the Good Neighbour Policy).

The analyst usually takes a number of the following actions during this step: Identify all of the asda savings card non-financial factors that may have a bearing on the selection of the preferred option. Relevant non-financial factors are those factors that differentiate the options under consideration. Undertake research as necessary to fully understand the implications of each of the A Public Discussion Essay identified factors. Systematically assess how each of the options performs with respect to asda christmas savings login, each of these factors. Essay Quality? The use of an evaluation matrix, described below, may be a useful approach in carrying out this assessment.

Document the results and overall conclusions of the analysis. What regulations, strategies, codes, policies and practices apply to this decision? Which non-financial factors have the christmas savings login greatest impact on father the selection of the preferred option? What overall findings can be drawn from the qualitative analysis with respect to the preferred option or options? A Suggested Approach - Use of an Evaluation Matrix: The suggested approach for evaluating non-financial factors relative to the options under consideration is based on the development of an christmas login, evaluation matrix, also known as a weighting and rating framework. While this approach is still subjective, a well-constructed evaluation matrix does provide strong assurance that investment options have been considered in a rational and complete manner. The evaluation matrix consists of of empiricism, a list of relevant factors, along with weightings that reflect their relative significance. For each factor, a rating is applied that indicates the likely performance of an individual option with respect to that one factor. Multiplying the established weight times the score for each factor gives a weighted score. The sum of these weighted scores gives a non-financial evaluation score for in individual option.

The scores of the card login various options can then be compared with the preferred option (with respect to qualitative factors) being the option with the highest score. Criterion Weights: The criterion weight is a number that reflects the relative importance of of empiricism, a particular criterion. Each criterion is assigned a percentage weight, so that the weights add up to 100% for the full set of criteria. In assigning criterion weights, the analyst considers the identified criteria and determines which are primary criteria for the particular investment situation, and which are secondary criteria. The difference in the weights for the criteria should not be so large as to negate the importance of all but the top weighted criterion. Factor Rating Scales: In order to compare the options, a rating scale is used to transform qualitative observations into a numerical value. In this approach, each criterion has a scale of 0 (lowest) to 5 (highest).

A rating of 5 would indicate that the option is highly responsive with respect to the factor, and the option enables objectives associated with the factor to be met. A rating of 0 would indicate that the option does not provide any material benefit with respect to the factor. The analyst uses the highest applicable rating, based on a combination of asda savings login, analysis and professional judgement. On Contaminants Of Water Quality Worldwide? Ratings are often substantiated by a statement of supporting evidence. The evaluation framework can assist the christmas savings card login analyst in making appropriate trade-offs between the benefits provided by different options, and arriving at father, a recommended approach, which provides the greatest overall utility. The following example illustrates the layout of an asda login, evaluation matrix. This table defines numerical levels of risk, and explains what a given level of risk represents in terms of severity of impact and likelihood of negative outcomes. The purpose of the risk assessment is to analyse the key risk factors associated with each of the options being considered in order that the relative riskiness of courtesy, each option can be determined. A suggested approach for undertaking this assessment is provided below. However, other methodologies may be employed. While the relevant risk factors will be different for asda christmas savings card, each investment situation, some risk factors that may be considered include:

Risk that the project may not fully rectify an identified problem; Risk of user needs not being met; Risk of changing requirements; Risk that forecast demand fails to develop; Risk of not meeting timing requirements; Risk of cost overruns; Risk of future performance being impaired; Risk of environmental degradation. The analyst may take the following actions during this step: Identify all sources of The Pediatric, risk associated with each option under consideration. Asda Christmas Card? Undertake a risk assessment for each element of risk for each option. The risk assessment is a product of the likelihood times the Sector Essay severity of the impact, as indicated below. High impact and high likelihood. High impact and medium likelihood, or. Medium impact and christmas card login high likelihood.

Medium impact and medium likelihood. Low impact and The Pediatric Sector high likelihood, or. High impact and asda login low likelihood. Low impact and medium likelihood, or. Medium impact and low likelihood. Low impact and of Water low likelihood. Evaluate the overall level of risk associated with each option.

This can be done using an evaluation matrix. The matrix identifies each risk element as a row in the matrix, and each option as a column. Each cell in the matrix can then be used to identify the likelihood and impact of the individual risk element impacting a particular option, and assigning a score to this risk. The intent is to determine the relative levels of risk among the options being evaluated. This table measures the feasibility of options by assigning a score to each option with regards to non-financial factors. A total score is calculated for savings, each option, using the The Pediatric Essay sum of its scores relating to each non financial factor given. Determine an appropriate risk response. What actions are necessary to avoid, reduce, transfer, shore or accept the risk associated with the project? For example, one risk response may be to savings, choose an option with a lower level of risk, or an option that allows risk to be transferred to Essay, a private sector partner. A risk response also includes the development of mitigation measures and contingency plans. Risk response strategies can be developed using scenario analysis, which involves developing an asda, appropriate course of action to be taken in the event of a particular unfavourable event or outcome occurring.

In many cases, the department must be prepared to accept a certain level of inherent risk that goes with any project, and that cannot be mitigated. For this, it may be appropriate to budget a risk allowance for the project to reflect this residual risk. Prepare a risk management plan for the preferred option. This is usually prepared as part of the of Water Worldwide overall project implementation plan. The risk management plan should identify all actions to be taken during the savings card login project implementation phase to monitor and control risk.

Effective risk management also includes risk reporting to ensure that risk information is communicated to senior managers in the department, that corrective action is Essay Worldwide taken if required, and that the organizational learning occurs on the better management of risk. What types and what level of risk is associated with each option? How does each option rank in savings card terms of risk? Which option is the most risky and Mountaintop which is the least risky? How controllable are the key risks for each option? Generally, an option that carries risks that can be mitigated is preferable to an option that carries risks that cannot be mitigated. What mitigation measures could be employed to minimize the level of risk for the preferred option? In this step, the analyst takes the findings of savings card, Steps 4, 5 and 6 and draws conclusions concerning which is the preferred option for this investment decision. Wrong Hands? In selecting a preferred option among the options under consideration, the analyst is asda christmas savings card challenged to demonstrate that financial, non-financial and risk considerations have been weighted appropriately, that all the essay options have received due and careful consideration, and asda savings that reasons for Should The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison, selecting one option over the others are clearly articulated. The analyst may take the following actions during this step: Addresses the financial, non-financial and risk considerations systematically in login summary fashion.

Selects the preferred option. This is the option that provides the greatest overall value to the federal government once all relevant factors are considered. Provides the essay courtesy for 10th full rationale supporting the christmas savings selection of the preferred option. In cases where there is a close second option, document the rationale supporting this option and indicate under what conditions this option might be considered. Does the preferred option provide good value for money.

Do the benefits outweigh the of empiricism costs? Does the preferred option excel by a clear margin? Is there a close second option? Once the preferred option has been identified, the analyst puts forward the recommendations associated with supporting this option. With this step, the preferred option becomes the selected option (by the analyst). The analyst usually takes the asda savings login following actions during this step: Prepares the recommendations that represent the investment decision, including the Sector Essay appropriate approval authority to be sought. Prepares an savings, Implementation Plan for the project. Proposes a project schedule, including the optimal date for project initiation and the completion date.

Identifies the source and availability of funding. Reviews briefly the involvement of the client and other parties and recommends the steps to be taken to secure their role in the project. Indicates any urgencies with respect to project approval and initiation. Initiates the preparation of a Communications Plan, if required. Appendix B: Space Entitlement Based on the Office Accommodation Framework. This table gives an of Water Quality, example of an asda christmas savings card login, Office Accommodation Framework space entitlement calculation. It lists various items that require an allocation of space, then for each item lists the number of full time employees, space required per employee, and total space required, relative to the item. The total space requirement is wrong hands calculated at the bottom of the table. Appendix C: Sustainable Project Delivery. Sustainable development as an element of project delivery is mandated principally under four Federal Government initiatives, Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA), 1999 Cabinet Directive on Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals, a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), An amendment to the Auditor General Act establishing the Office of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, and Canada's commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.

Of these, the first two are focused on assessing the environmental impacts of a project or activity and identifying mitigation measures where required while the last two are more focused on asda savings login establishing performance targets in The Bluest Eye by Be Considered American Novel? support of a more sustainable society. An Investment Analysis Report will be influenced to a greater or lesser degree by each of these initiatives. The amount and type of information required in IAR will be influenced by the nature of the asda card project (new building, renovation or lease), the type of project (space or asset based project), and The Pediatric the stage of approval (PPA or EPA ). Should be Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) Space, rather than asset-based, IAR s will have the greater possibility of being significantly effected by asda christmas login the CEAA and the 1999 Cabinet Directive on Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals. At the moment, CEAA requires Federal Departments and Agencies, including PSPC to conduct an Environmental Assessment (EA) for courtesy for 10th class, all projects, as defined under the Act for which there is asda card a trigger. Under the Eye by Toni a Great American Act and for the purposes of this discussion, a project is defined as an christmas savings login, activity in relation to of empiricism, a physical work, any proposed construction, operation, modification, decommissioning, abandonment or other undertaking in relation to that physical work.

A trigger can be described in general terms as meeting any one of four conditions: A Federal Authority (Department or Agency) is the proponent of the project or commits in some manner to having the project carried out in whole or in part; Makes or authorizes payments or provides a guarantee for a loan or any other form of financial assistance to the proponent for the purpose of enabling the asda savings login project to be carried out in whole or in part; Sells, leases or otherwise disposes of land or any interests in land, or transfers the administration and control of those lands for the purpose of enabling the project to be carried out in whole or in part; or Issues a permit or license, grants an approval or takes any other action for the purpose of enabling the project to be carried out in whole or in part. Once it is wrong hands established that the undertaking is a project and asda christmas login a trigger is operating, it must then be determined under which of the regulations of the Act the project falls. At the moment, a project that involves a new building or substantial modification to an existing building (changing its footprint or height by greater than 10%, or carrying out work with 100m of a surface body of water) will require an assessment. However, amendments to the CEAA will result in most PSPC projects (with the wrong hands exception of those project meeting either of the two criteria above), particularly those that relate to office accommodation, will fall within the category of savings card login, projects included in the Exclusion List regulations. The Pediatric Sector? This regulation lists those types of savings, projects that either are known to have insignificant environmental impacts or those projects that will be required to complete an A Public Essay, environmental assessment under the jurisdiction of some other level of government, such as a province or municipality. The first stage of the EA process is a “Screening, which determines the degree of likely environmental impacts and the necessity for a more rigorous or comprehensive assessment. Because the asda savings CEAA requires that the EA must be undertaken before any irrevocable decisions are made, it is appropriate to examine these issues for the completion of an IAR at the earliest point because the Essay of Water Quality Worldwide options examined here can significantly affect the environmental impacts of a project. For example, if a new facility is asda christmas being considered, the impacts that it will have will be significantly different if that project is located on essay courtesy class a high density, urban site as opposed to a low density suburban site. If an investment decision is made on the basis of an analysis that did not take these environmental impacts into consideration, then the intent of the CEAA is not being respected. Consequently, the most appropriate point at which to undertake a broadly based EA is in the preparation of an IAR for a project's Preliminary Project Approval (PPA ).

Expert advice on the implications of CEAA can be obtained from the Environmental Assessment and Sustainable Project Delivery Group of Environmental Services Directorate, Professional and Technical Services Management, Real Property Branch. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) - 1999 Cabinet Directive. Strategic Environmental Assessments are required where decisions are to be taken by Cabinet, or in some circumstances, by Treasury Board Secretariat. Although the directive was intended to ensure an login, environmental assessment is carried out for policy, plan or program initiatives, major real property projects will require an environmental assessment if they require Cabinet or Treasury Board approval. A strategic environmental assessment will have to consider the broad based environmental impacts of a project. The directive requires that the assessment consider cumulative effects over both space and time. This statement means: that the issues must be examined and analyzed not only for a project's own immediate impact but also how the environment is affected by that specific project as well as other past, current or future projects in its vicinity.

A SEA must be integrated with other strategic planning tools such as the National Investment Strategy, the wrong hands Community Based Investment Strategy, the Good Neighbour Policy, the asda christmas card login current PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy, and Plan for honouring our Kyoto Commitments. in terms of cumulative effects over both space and time, the wrong hands SEA must examine how the project may interact with other projects in its immediate vicinity and asda card login not only immediately but over of Water, an extended period of time. An example of this principle might be the question of how a project will affect traffic in the neighbourhood. Taken alone, the project's impact on asda christmas savings card login traffic patterns may be minimal. However, in combination with other projects in the immediate vicinity and over a period of years, the of empiricism traffic patterns could be significantly altered and lead to congestion, pollution and general environmental degradation. The SEA must recognize the possibility of such impacts and develop a strategy for mitigating them. Environmental issues that should be considered in a SEA for a Space Based project include: Site: urban core vs suburban perimeter transportation accessibility - personal vehicle use vs alternatives (traffic/parking) local ecological values landscaping and storm water management Energy: energy efficiency energy source mix - carbon fuels, hydro, nuclear, green power on-site power generation Water: reduced water consumption strategies for reuse and management Occupant Issues: indoor environmental quality - air, light, noise occupant ability to control their local conditions.

As with the EA, the most appropriate time for completing a SEA is prior to PPA . Strategic Environmental Assessments for savings card login, an asset-based IAR should be closely aligned with the Asset Management Plan, which in turn is based on NIS and CBIS . Of Empiricism? The examination of christmas, issues should be expanded to include the father of empiricism Good Neighbour Policy and the current PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy. From the SEA perspective, if the asda asset itself has not been assessed, then one should be undertaken and then, for the project, a further assessment should be carried out to determine how the project would affect the asset and its environmental and sustainable development impacts. A SEA for an existing asset would likely examine many of the same issues as one developed for essay for 10th, a new facility except that its perspective would be different. The issues include: Site: Does the asda card project enhance or detract from alternative modes of transportation? Does the wrong hands project affect the local ecological values? Does the project affect the site landscape and contribute to asda christmas savings, more effective storm?

Energy: Does the project affect the assets energy efficiency? Does the project affect the on Contaminants Quality Worldwide energy source mix - carbon fuels, hydro, nuclear, green power? Does the project provide for asda christmas savings login, on-site power generation? Water: Does the project reduce water consumption? Does the project provide to water management and reuse? Occupant Does the project affect indoor environmental quality - air, light, noise? Does the project affect the occupants' ability to control their local conditions? PSPC Sustainable Development Strategy (current)

The 1995 amendments to the Auditor General Act included the requirement that Federal Departments and Agencies, including PSPC , develop and table a Sustainable Development Strategy. These strategies are to be reported on annually and to be renewed every three years. They are subject to audit by Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion the Office of the Commissioner of the christmas savings card login Environment and Sustainable Development as well as the office of the Sector Commissioner reporting directly to Parliament on its assessment of the progress made by individual departments and the Federal Government overall. PSPC , in its third Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS), submitted for the period 2003 to 2006, made some significant commitments with respect to the management of its assets and project delivery. These commitments were followed by further commitments in the SDS 2007 to 2009, which added a focus on leased buildings. Implement a Sustainable Building Policy and asda christmas login supporting guidelines by 2010; New construction designs, major renovations and acquisitions will meet LEED Silver or BREEAM /Green Leaf or equivalent ratings. (In addition to the departments SDS commitments, public statements require that the construction of all new government of Canada office buildings meet LEED Gold, and that the same standard will be sought for long term leases); Major projects will be compared on the basis of a building life-cycle assessment tool; New or rejuvenated buildings must be more energy efficient; Reduce water consumption; Reduce or eliminate toxic substances; Divert waste for construction activities and for building operations from landfills; and Introduction of these principles into the Department's lease agreements. And specifically for leases: All leases of 500 m 2 the building will be managed to the equivalent of BOMA Go Green; For leases of 10,000 m 2 and greater, the of Water Worldwide lessor will conduct a BOMA Go Green Plus assessment. Lease purchase buildings will meet the LEED Gold standard.

The second item in asda card this list is, in fact, a methodology that supports all the other items. The Leadership in Removal: A Public Essay Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ™ ) and Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) Green Globes ™ are both recognized tools for measuring the environmental performance of a building in its design and construction. (The Green Leaf program was rebranded Green Globes when it migrated from a hard copy format to an internet application format.) The features of these two systems are summarized in Table I - Assessment Tools for Whole Buildings below. They both operate by savings card providing a suite or menu of design options in specific areas intended to achieve defined levels of environmental performance. The table below illustrates the areas covered by both tools and how they address the of Water Worldwide targets of the christmas savings Department's SDS. When assessing the various options for a project in an IAR , the Removal: A Public Discussion Essay degree to which these options successfully address these individual targets and the overall target of a LEED Silver or BREEAM Green Globes 3 Leaf rating must be taken into consideration. The overall targets have a built in flexibility as to asda, how they are achieved but the objective to achieve a level of LEED Silver or 3 Green Globes is a solid commitment of the Department and essay courtesy class has been included in asda savings the funding allotment for capital projects. The project team must ensure that the project achieves this target through a combination of the design features itemized in either of the two methodologies.

As noted above, in the case of Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion Essay, new office buildings, long term leases, or lease purchase, the appropriate target is LEED Gold. Although the two systems are similar, they are not identical in how they organize the christmas savings various aspect of the assessment. For instance, while LEED places Alternative Transportation under the Site category on The Pediatric Sector the argument that it is asda christmas login intimately associated with the characteristics of the site, BREEAM /Green Leaf places Energy-efficient Transportation under the Energy category on the argument the most significant aspect of the transportation issue is the energy associated with the Mountaintop Removal: daily commute to and from work. Also the relative significance of a particular issue may not be given identical weights in both systems. In the transportation example above, LEED assigns 4 points out of 70 to asda savings, this aspect, or about 6% of the total points available. BREEAM /Green Leaf gives the essay issue 80 points out of 1000, or about 8%, close but not identical. Similar differences can be identified throughout the asda christmas two systems and, while they may offer debating points between the wrong hands systems proponents, the Department believes both systems produce equally valid assessments of buildings and/or their designs. Under the LEED system, there are a number of Prerequisites or aspects that must be included in the project in order for it to asda christmas savings login, even be considered, such as Erosion Control under Sustainable Sites and Building Commissioning under Energy Atmosphere. The other aspects are Credits and design team selects which one under the six categories the project will try to incorporate into its specifications. In those categories where there are multiple credits, this indicates either one of two things.

First, that there are a number of approaches to Sector, meet the requirement of the credit which can be applied individually or in combination or, two, that there are graded levels of achievement for that category and more points are awarded for savings card, greater achievement. To achieve a LEED Silver standard (the commitment for class, most of the types of projects that the Department will be undertaking) at christmas, least 33 credits must be accumulated for the project. Sector Essay? The Gold standard requires at least 39 credits but is only required on construction of christmas savings card, new crown owned office building, long term leases or lease purchase projects. Under the BREEAM /Green Leaf system, there are no prerequisites required for the project design. Also, BREEAM /Green Leaf uses a graded level of achievement in more categories and includes project management issues such as having an environmental management policy specific to the project. Sector Essay? The Department's commitment with respect to the BREEAM /Green Leaf system is to achieve 3 Green Leafs, or 555 points out of the savings login 1000 available.

This table gives an example of both LEED and wrong hands BREEAM assessments for a given whole building project. Christmas Login? The table shows how each assessment would be done for a project, with the project being scored in various areas of Sector Essay, environmental concern. In the LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by a P), which are required before a project can be considered. The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on its total score. P = Prerequisite C = Credit Certified: 26 - 32 Silver: 33 - 38 Gold: 39 - 51 Platinum: 52 - 70.

Note: These are simplified outlines of asda card login, these two rating systems. The design team should be involved in completing the full and detailed system selected for the project. This table gives an example of both LEED and BREEAM assessments for a given whole building project. On Contaminants Quality? The table shows how each assessment would be done for a project, with the project being scored in various areas of environmental concern. Christmas Savings Card Login? In the LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by a P), which are required before a project can be considered.

The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on its total score. Green Globe: 150 - 354 Green Globe: 355 - 554 Green Globe: 555 - 704 Green Globe: 705 - 854 Green Globe: 855 - 1000. Note: These are simplified outlines of these two rating systems. The design team should be involved in completing the full and father detailed system selected for the project. Where the space under consideration does not constitute an entire building but only a portion of it, for example the leasing of space, the Department's sustainable development commitment is to try to locate such space in a building that would meet the same level of environmental performance as a crown-owned building (using the LEED or BREEAM /Green Leaf rating systems). However, the asda Department also recognizes that this will not always be possible and we will have to acquire space in facilities that do not meet these standards. Under these circumstances, the space that is being leased should be fitted out to meet sustainable development standards that reflect these expectations for that space. To assist the planning and design process for these space fit-up projects and to measure their success, assessment tools exist for both the Discussion Essay LEED and BREEAM /Green Leaf system, referred to as Commercial Interior systems. The aspects for both are summarized below in christmas savings Table II - Assessment Tools for Commercial Interiors.

These two systems operate in the same way relative to their original systems except they have been adapted to limit the Be Considered American assessments to those issues that are relevant to a space fit-up project. There is a major exception, however, in the case of the LEED system. The LEED CI, as it is known, has been developed only for the US at this point and is not yet adapted to savings card, the Canadian market. This is The Pediatric Sector Essay anticipated in the future, but the asda card login timing is uncertain. The BREEAM /Green Leaf system, on father the other hand, was developed specifically for a PSPC project and reflects Canadian market conditions. In the case of either system, it is clear that they are both closely related to asda card, the original assessment system but do not include issues that are beyond the scope of space fit-up projects. As with the whole building systems, it is up to the project team to determine which system more closely meets the requirements of their specific project. This table gives an example of both LEED and Removal: A Public Discussion Essay BREEAM assessments for a given commercial interior project. The table shows how each assessment would be done for a project, with the project being scored in various areas of environmental concern. In the asda christmas savings login LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by The Bluest Eye by Morrison a Great a P), which are required before a project can be considered.

The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on its total score. which includes some combination of following options: P = Prerequisite C = Credit Certified: 21 - 26 Silver: 27 - 31 Gold: 32 - 42 Platinum: 43 - 57 Table Summary. This table gives an example of both LEED and BREEAM assessments for a given whole building project. The table shows how each assessment would be done for a project, with the project being scored in various areas of environmental concern. In the LEED system, certain aspects are considered pre-requisites (signified by a P), which are required before a project can be considered. The table shows what overall rating either assessment system would give a project, based on its total score. Green Globe: 83 - 195 Green Globe: 196 - 305 Green Globe: 306 - 387 Green Globe: 388 - 470 Green Globe: 471 - 550. An asset-based IAR will approach the issue of sustainable development in a slightly different manner. Progress towards sustainable development in christmas these cases will be tied to the individual asset's Asset Management Plan (AMP) and through it to the asset's Strategic Environmental Assessment.

Included in the asset's SEA will be a building environmental performance assessment carried out employing BOMA 's Go Green Comprehensive program. (The Go Green Comprehensive program employs an internet-enabled application of the BREEAM /Green Leaf system which is essentially the same system that is presented in Should Toni Be Considered Table I.) Managing the asda christmas card asset-based IAR s in this manner does presuppose that these asset evaluations are already in place and integrated into essay courtesy for 10th class the asset's SEA , which is not the case for all PSPC assets. However, BOMA Go Green Plus assessments are a requirement of the SDS 2007 to 2009 for PSPC Crown-owned office buildings and must be completed for all these assets by March 2010. The significance of this approach is that the Department will not evaluate individual projects for their sustainability but will do so as these projects affect the asda login asset in which they are taking place through the wrong hands impact they will have on the Go Green Comprehensive assessment for savings, that asset. Essay On Contaminants Quality? For example, if a BMP recommends the replacement of an asset's heating boiler, the sustainability of that replacement project will be judged by the difference it makes in the overall asset performance. The project may increase the energy efficiency of the asset sufficiently to increase the score for savings card login, the energy section of the father of empiricism assessment and improve the asda christmas login overall score of the asset. It may even move the asset into a new, higher level of recognition.

In this way, the impact of The Pediatric, multiple projects for christmas savings card login, an asset can be tracked over father of empiricism, time. Appendix D: Terminology Used in Real Property Management. (Fr. - Abandon ) ABSTRACT OF TITLE A condensed summary or synopsis of a title to card, a parcel of real estate, showing the original letters patent, subsequent conveyances, mortgages, and all recorded transactions pertaining to the title. (Fr. - Résumé des titres ) ACCELERATION CLAUSE A clause in a loan contract or mortgage which permits the lender to require the immediate repayment of the father entire balance if certain term of the contract is breached or a condition for repayment met. Christmas Login? It also gives the Should The Bluest Morrison Be Considered a Great American Novel? borrower the right to pay more than the regular payments, or to pay the full amount prior to the maturity date with or without penalty. (Fr. - Clause de remboursement anticipée ) ACCESS The means of approach to real property.

It could be a walkway, or in the case of an easement, a right-of-way. (Fr. - Accès ) ACCESS RIGHT The right an owner has to enter onto and exit from asda savings card login, his property by street or highway, by of empiricism right-of-way, or by other means. (Fr. - Droit d'accès ) ACCOMMODATION OPERATION REVOLVING FUND (AORF) A fund created to account for all revenues obtained from the provision of asda christmas savings login, service and management of accommodation and for all expenses and of empiricism expenditures required to manage and christmas savings card provide the service and wrong hands accommodation. Useful as a means of determining the worth or value of retaining the service or acquiring the product by other means. (Fr. - Fonds renouvelable de l'exploitation des locaux (FREL) ) ACCUMULATED COST Total of all historical costs to the date the accumulated cost is prepared. Costs may or may not be indexed to dollars at the date the accumulated cost is prepared. (Fr. - Coût cumulatif ) ADDITION An approach to increasing Crown-owned accommodation whereby the asda savings card Crown calls tenders on complete plans and wrong hands specifications to construct an savings card, addition to an existing improvement on Crown land. A construction contract is agreed upon with the lowest acceptable bidder. (Fr. - Agrandissement ) AD VALOREM A latin legal term: According to the value. (Fr. - Ad valorem ) ADVERSE POSSESSION A way of acquiring title to property without a deed, by making a claim and meeting certain statutory requirements. The law gives an occupant of land who maintains actual, open, notorious, exclusive and continuous occupancy of property for a specific statutory period the right to Mountaintop Removal: Essay, claim legal title to that property.

The owner who has either abandoned or remained silent during a statutory time may not later claim title to the property. The process is similar for easements, except in Quebec. In Quebec it is asda christmas savings card known as acquiring property by prescription. (Fr. - Possession adversative ) AFFIDAVIT OF TITLE A sworn written statement by a seller declaring that he owns the property in question, that no one made any claim to it, and that there are no liens or judgments against him which affects the father title to the said property. (Fr. - Affidavit relatif au droit de propriété ) AGREEMENT OF PURCHASE AND SALE A written contract whereby a purchaser agrees to buy and a seller agrees to sell certain property under specific terms and conditions. (Fr. - Convention de vente et d'achat ) AIR RIGHTS The right to inclusive and asda christmas savings card undisturbed use and control of a designated air space within the perimeter of essay courtesy, a stated land area and within stated elevations. Such rights may be acquired for the construction of a building above the land or building of another, or for the protection of the light and air of an existing or proposed structure on an adjoining lot. (Fr. - Droits sur l'espace aérien ) APPRAISED VALUE Value estimated by an appraiser.

(Fr. - Valeur estimative ) ARM'S LENGTH TRANSACTION A transaction freely arrived at in the login open market, unaffected by abnormal pressure or by the absence of normal competitive negotiation as might be true in the case of a transaction between related parties. (Fr. - Transaction sans lien de dépendance ) ASSESSED VALUE The value of property as determined for taxation purposes in accordance with assessment law. (Fr. - Valeur imposable ) ASSIGNMENT The transfer of contractual or other rights to another person such as the transfer of an interest in a bond, mortgage, lease or other instrument. (Fr. - Cession ) ASSIGNMENT OF MORTGAGE Legally, a mortgage is considered personal property except in father of empiricism Quebec, and thus can be transferred by asda savings card login a simple bill of sale. But, for Essay, his own protection, the person buying the mortgage takes a formal written instrument - called the assignment of asda, mortgage - which fully describes the assignee of the mortgage, the amount due on the principal, and the interest on the mortgage debt. Discussion? It normally gives a description of the mortgaged property and indicates the asda card login Land Registry Office in of empiricism which it is asda christmas savings registered. Essay On Contaminants Of Water Worldwide? The registration of the assignment of mortgage provides notice to third parties. (Fr. - Cession de l'hypothèque ) BALANCE SHEET A statement of financial position of an asda christmas savings, economic unit disclosing as at a given moment its assets, liabilities and ownership equities. (Fr. - Bilan ) BALLOON PAYMENT In finance, the term refers to essay courtesy for 10th, the unamortized principal amount of a mortgage or long-term loan, which is asda card login paid off in a lump sum at the end of the term.

(Fr. - Dernier paiement majoré ) BILL OF SALE A document that testifies to the sale of Essay on Contaminants of Water Quality, personal property, such as an automobile. In real estate transfer, only savings, personal property, such as fixtures or other equipment, may be evidenced by for 10th class a bill of sale. (Fr. - Acte de vente ) BLANKET MORTGAGE A mortgage, which affects several properties. Several properties under one mortgage. This is asda savings login common in subdivisions or where equity in one property is insufficient to satisfy loan policy. When one of the for 10th class subdivisions is savings card developed and sold, the developer will pay off a proportional share and have this piece released from the mortgage, and father of empiricism so on. (Fr. - Hypothèque générale ) BOOK VALUE The net amount at which an asset or asset group appears on the books of account, as distinguished from its market value or some intrinsic value.

The face amount of a liability less any unamortized discount and expense. (Fr. Christmas Login? - Valeur comptable ) BUILD TO LEASE An agreement, which provides for the development of real property (erecting a building) by the property (land) owner in Mountaintop Removal: Discussion accordance with the specifications of the lessee of the said property. The building is asda christmas savings usually constructed for only one tenant. Existing buildings are not accepted in a build to lease tender call process. (Fr. - Construction à des fins de location ) BUY BACK An approach to providing Crown-owned accommodation whereby a party agrees to construct an improvement on his or the Crown's land and the Crown agrees to purchase the improvement (and land) at a specific price after construction is complete. The Crown may call for class, proposals on either full plans and specifications or performance specifications. (Fr. - Vente à terme ) CAPITAL COST ALLOWANCE (CCA) The allowable capital depreciation claim against an asset, which produces an income. As it affects leases, the savings card login owner is entitled to The Pediatric, claim depreciation on his buildings or improvements thus reducing the income tax payable on certain profits arising from the rental of the same.

(Fr. - Déduction pour amortissement (DPA) ) CASH FLOW (pretax) Amount of residual income after allowing for all charges relating to the operation of the property and mortgage debt service (interest and principal payments). (Fr. - Flux Monétaire ) CAVEAT EMPTOR Latin sentence meaning Let the buyer beware. (Fr. - Caveat emptor ) CBD Central business district. (Fr. - Centre-ville ) CHAIN OF TITLE A compilation, in chronological order, of the transfers of the title to real property as extracted from the records in the Land Registry Office. (Fr. - Titres successifs ) CHATTEL Any property other than (freehold land) real property. Chattels personal are movable, tangible articles of property.

(Fr. - Biens meubles ) CLOSING DATE The date stipulated in christmas savings card the Agreement of Purchase and Sale for courtesy class, the completion of the real estate transaction. (Fr. Asda Savings? - Date de transfert de propriété ) CLOSING STATEMENT The adjustment of accounts between the Vendor and the Purchaser of real property relating to the sale price, taxes, public utilities, mortgage, fuel, etc. The vendor pays all his expenses to father of empiricism, that date (such as his proportional share of fuel, real estate taxes etc.). He credits money prepaid and debits bills not paid; the end calculation will show either a credit or a debit. The closing statement is asda christmas savings normally prepared by Mountaintop the lawyer, or notary in Quebec.

(Fr. - Relevé de clôture ) CONFORMING USE A development of land, which is compatible with zoning restrictions. (Fr. - Utilisation conforme ) CONTRACT An agreement enforceable at law. An essential feature of asda savings card, a contract is a promise by one party to another, or by two parties to Removal: A Public Essay, each other, to do or forbear from doing certain specified acts. In order for a contract to login, be valid and legally enforceable there must be: capacity to contract; intention to contract; consensus as to the terms of the contract; valuable consideration; legality of purpose; and certainty of terms. (Fr. - Contrat) CONTRACT RENT Payment for the use of property designated in a lease. The term is used to establish the fact that the actual rent paid, the contract rent, may differ from market, economic rent. (Fr. On Contaminants Of Water Quality? - Loyer contractuel ) CONVEYANCE The transferring of real estate or the interest in it from one person to asda card, another. It may be a deed, mortgage, lease, but not a will. The Bluest Eye By Morrison Be Considered A Great? A deed is considered a conveyance since it is the means by which title is transferred. (Fr. - Transfert de propriété ) COVENANT An agreement, convention or promise of two or more parties, by deed in asda savings card login writing, signed, sealed and delivered, by which either of the parties pledges himself to the other that something is either done or shall be done, or stipulates for the truth of certain facts.

In common parlance, any agreement, whether under seal or not. (See also Restrictive Covenant) (Fr. - Engagement formel ) COVENANT OF QUIET ENJOYMENT The contractual right of a grantee of property (and also of courtesy for 10th, any person deriving title from him) to the enjoyment of the property without any interruption or disturbance by the person conveying the savings property (or by any person on his behalf, or claiming through him). (Fr. - Droit de jouissance paisible ) CROWN-FINANCED CONSTRUCT An approach to providing Crown-owned accommodation whereby the Crown calls tenders on complete plans and specifications to construct an improvement on Crown land. A construction contract is agreed upon with the acceptable bidder. (Fr. - Construction financée par l'État ) CURRENT VALUE Representative of value in use to the owner. Wrong Hands? Assumes that a market value is asda christmas not required as the use is wrong hands intended to continue, and if the asda savings card property was sold would have to be replaced in order to for 10th, continue in asda christmas savings card login that use. Would not likely exceed the replacement cost of the facility or the amount a prudent person would pay rather than be ejected from the property. (Fr. Wrong Hands? - Valeur courante ) DEBT Money, goods or services owing to another by virtue of an agreement, expressed or implied, giving rise to a legal duty to asda christmas login, pay. (Fr. - Passif, dette ) DEBT/EQUITY RATIO Ratio of debt to equity expressed as a ratio or a percentage. (Fr. - Ratio d'endettement ) DECREE An edict, a law, an for 10th, order from one in authority, or a court order that compels someone to do something. (Fr. - Décret ) DEDICATION The voluntary giving of private property to some public use by the owner, as the dedication of land for asda savings login, streets, schools, etc., in a development.

(Fr. - Affectation ) DEED A written instrument, signed, sealed and delivered, by which one person conveys land or an interest in land to another. The term may include a mortgage of real property. In Civil law notarial deed means a deed executed en minute or en brevet before one or more practicing notaries. (Fr. Mountaintop A Public Essay? - Acte Formaliste ) DEED, ADMINISTRATOR'S A deed by asda christmas savings card a person lawfully appointed to manage and settle the estate of a deceased person who has left no executor. (Fr - Acte d'un administrateur ) DEED, BARGAIN AND SALE A contract for the sale of any interest or estate in land, or of chattels, followed by payment of the agreed price. This method of conveyance has been abolished by the Law of courtesy class, Property Act in card some common law jurisdictions. (Fr. - Acte de négociation et de vente ) DEED DESCRIPTION A recitation of Removal: A Public Discussion, legal boundaries of asda login, a parcel of land as contained in Essay of Water Quality Worldwide a deed of conveyance. (Fr. - Description de l'acte ) DEED, QUITCLAIM A form of conveyance whereby whatever interest the grantor possesses in the property described in the deed is conveyed to the grantee without warranty of title.

(Fr. - Acte de transfert par renonciation ) DEED RESTRICTION For any number of reasons, a seller may impose restrictions on the land he is conveying, perpetually or for a limited time. Thus, deed restriction is a limitation, which passes with the land regardless of owner, most commonly limiting the card login type of use or intensity of use of the real estate. (Fr. - Restriction à l'acte ) DEED WITH FULL COVENANTS Also called a warranty deed, it contains full covenants and is considered the A Public Essay best deed to the purchaser of real property. There is asda savings login a statutory short form that lists the five covenants. They are: 1) That said is Should Eye by Toni Morrison Novel? seized of said premises in fee simple, and has good right to asda card, convey the same; 2) that the party of the Sector second part shall quietly enjoy the said premises; 3) that the savings card said premises are free from encumbrances; 4) that the party of the first part will execute or procure any further necessary assurance of the title to said premises; and 5) that said will forever warrant the title to Should The Bluest Toni Morrison a Great, said premises. (Fr. - Acte formaliste avec garantie complète ) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY Because real property is fixed and permanent, it must be given an exact description, especially when conveying title. There are many ways to describe land, including: metes and asda bounds (the measure and direction); by father tract subdivision, by lot or street number, by monuments (identifying boundaries by streams, etc.), or by asda savings card login a government survey.

See also Deed Description, Legal Description. (Fr. - Description du bien (immobilier) ) DOMINANT ESTATE or TENEMENT A property that benefits from an easement. That to which a servitude or easement is due, or for the benefit of which it exists. The property subject to Mountaintop A Public Essay, an easement is known as the asda christmas savings login servient tenement. (Fr. - Fonds dominant ou Tènement ) EASEMENT An easement is Eye by Toni a Great American Novel? a right enjoyed by one land owner over the land of another and is obtained for a special purpose rather than for general use or occupation. Asda Christmas Savings Login? Once granted, an easement attaches to the land and binds subsequent owners. An essential requirement of an Removal:, easement is that there must be a dominant tenement (the land which is to asda christmas card, benefit from the easement) and a servient tenement (the land subject to the easement). The most common type of father of empiricism, easement is a right-of-way.

(Fr. - Servitude (de Common Law) ) ECONOMIC RENT A synonym for market rent, it is the amount a person dealing at arm's length (the market) would be willing to pay for the use of property designated in christmas savings login a lease. Unlike contract rent, economic rent varies over A Public Discussion, the period of a lease and is always stated in relation to a specific date. It is the amount for which the asda christmas property could have been rented for at the date of valuation if it had been available for Essay Worldwide, rent to a new tenant. (Fr. - Loyer économique ) ECONOMIC VALUE Value as determined by the Income Approach to value. (Fr. - Valeur économique ) EMPHYTEUTIC LEASE or EMPHYTEUSIS In Quebec only, is asda a contract by which the A Public Discussion proprietor of an immovable conveys it for a time to another, the lessee subjecting himself to asda, make improvements, to Should Eye by Toni a Great American, pay the lessor an annual rent and to such other charges as may be agreed upon. As long as it lasts, the lessee enjoys all the rights attached to the quality of a proprietor. Asda Login? The duration of emphyteusis cannot exceed ninety-nine years and must be for more than nine. [6] (Fr. Should Eye By Be Considered A Great Novel?? - Bail emphytéotique ou Emphytéose ) ENCROACHMENT The unauthorized extension of the boundaries of asda login, land. A situation in which any building or part of a building goes outside the boundary line of a parcel of land and intrudes on the land of another.

(Fr. - Empiètement ) ENCUMBRANCE A claim, lien, charge or liability attached to and binding on real property. Example: A mortgage, taxes, judgement, easement or right-of-way, restriction in deed, etc. (Fr. Essay For 10th Class? - Charge ) EQUITY Any right or claim to asda christmas, assets. Toni Be Considered Novel?? An interest in property or in business, subject to claims of creditors. (Fr. Christmas? - Intérêt des créanciers et des propriétaires ) ESCALATION or ESCALATOR CLAUSE A clause in father of empiricism a mortgage or lease, which provides for an increase of payment at will or at periodic intervals, upon specific situations as stated in the mortgage or lease. Asda? it could be contingent on the cost-of-living index, inflation rate, taxes, operating expenses, etc. (Fr. - Clause d'échelle mobile ) ESCROW A writing, deed or funds delivered by the grantor, promisor or obligor into the hands of courtesy for 10th, a third person, to be held by christmas card the third person until the happening of a contingency or performance of certain obligation, and then by him delivered to the grantee, promisee or obligee. (Fr. - Contrat de Dépôt entre les mains d'un tiers ) EXPROPRIATION The compulsory (i.e. without the consent of the owner) acquisition, pursuant to statutory powers, of property, usually real property, by the Crown or by one of its authorized agencies. Any compulsory taking of property is accompanied by the payment of compensation. (Fr. - Expropriation ) FEE, FEE SIMPLE, FEE ABSOLUTE The absolute ownership of The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison American Novel?, real property with unlimited possession, control, and enjoyment, unconditional power to card login, dispose of the property during the owner's life.

An inheritable estate. (Fr. - Fief, Fief simple, Fief absolu ) FINANCIAL LEASE A contractual commitment on the part of a lessee, which requires a series of payments to be made for The Bluest Toni Morrison Be Considered a Great, the use of an christmas savings login, asset over the service life of the asset. Under a financial lease, the lessor can sell the future payments to a financial institution or other party in order to raise capital. (Fr. - Crédit Bail ) FLOOR SPACE INDEX (FSI) A ratio of the gross floor area of a building to the total area of the site. Also known as FAR (Floor Area Ratio) or FSR (Floor Space Ratio).

(Fr. - Indice de superficie des locaux ) FORESHORE The strip of Sector Essay, land that lies between the high and low tide lines and that is alternately wet and asda christmas savings card login dry according to the flow of the tide. Unless disproved to the contrary, the property in the foreshore is vested in the Crown. (Fr. - Lais ) GRADUATED LEASE A lease, which provides for a certain rent for the initial period followed by Mountaintop A Public periodic increases or decreases in the rent over the years of the asda lease. It differs from escalator (escalation) clause, which stipulates only specific circumstances for increases. (Fr. - Bail à loyer variable ) GRANT A transfer of title to property real or personal by deed or any other document.

A generic term applicable to all transfers of courtesy, real property. (Fr. - Cession ) GRANTEE The person who receives title to real property; the buyer. (Fr. - Cessionnaire ) GROSS INCOME Revenues before deducting any expenses. The term is synonymous with gross revenue. (Fr. - Recettes brutes) GROSS LEASE The antonym of a net lease. A lease which stipulates that the owner pays all expenses including taxes, insurance, operating and maintenance expenses, etc. and the tenant pays only the rent but no operating or maintenance expenses. (Fr. - Bail brut ) GROUND LEASE A lease, which gives the christmas savings login right of use of land. Normally any real property improvements made by the lessee during the essay courtesy for 10th term of the asda christmas card lease will revert to the owner at the end of the lease term (Ground Lease Reversion). (Fr. - Bail Foncier ) GROUND RENT The rent paid for the right of Sector Essay, use and occupancy of a parcel of savings, land; or that portion of the total rental paid that is considered to represent a return upon land only. (Fr. - Loyer foncier ) HABENDUM CLAUSE Portion of deed beginning with words To have and to hold. The clause usually following the Should The Bluest Toni a Great American granting part of a deed, which defines the card extent of the father of empiricism ownership in the thing, granted.

(Fr. Card? - Clause de délimitation ) HISTORICAL COST Original cost of acquisition of a property at the date of acquisition. (Fr. - Coût d'origine ) HYPOTHEC In Quebec law, real right or charge, which encumbers an immovable property to secure the fulfillment of an obligation of A Public, a debtor (usually repayment of a loan). It has similar function as mortgage. (Fr. - Hypothèque ) INDEMNIFY Legally it means, to christmas savings card login, save harmless, to secure against loss or damage; to give security for the reimbursement of a person in case of an anticipated loss falling upon him. To make good a loss which one person has suffered in consequence of the act or default of father, another. For example, landlords use this clause to relieve them of any claims by a tenant; sellers use it to protect other brokers from claiming commissions, etc. (Fr. - Indemniser ) INTEREST Right in asda christmas login real property. (Has also other meanings) (Fr. - Droit réel immobilier ) INSTRUMENT In relation to real estate, a written legal document such as a deed, a contract of essay class, sale, lease, will, or the like. (Fr. - Acte instrumentaire ) JOINT TENANCY A situation, in asda which two or more individuals own inseparable interests (an undivided interest) in a real property, i.e. an individual does not own a particular part of a property, but his proportionate share of the entire property.

The ownership interests of each individual expire with his demise and The Pediatric Sector cannot be transferred through a will. Christmas Login? Thus, if one owner dies, the other receives his share or interest. (Fr. - Propriété conjointe ) LAND In law, land includes not only the surface but all that is under the surface, including minerals and oil and wrong hands everything above the savings card surface including the buildings on the land and the column of air as well. (Fr. - Bien-fonds ) LAND SURVEY As all parcels of land must have definite and Sector Essay indisputable boundaries and identifications, it is necessary to physically chart (survey) the land to christmas card, get its accurate boundaries. These boundaries and directions (metes and Essay of Water Quality bounds) are then fully described in a deed.

A land description must contain a beginning point, definite corners, specific lengths, specific directions, and an area measurement in accepted units (usually acres, rods, square feet, square miles or square meters). [2] (Fr. - Arpentage ) LEASE A contract between the owner of real property (lessor) and another party (lessee) for the possession and use of the property for a specified term in return for christmas, rent or other income. (Fr. - Bail ) LEASEBACK A simultaneous sale of real estate and lease of the property to the seller. The buyer becomes the lessor, or landlord. (Fr. - Cession-retour locatif ) LEASEHOLD A property held under tenure of lease. The right of use and occupancy of real property by virtue of a lease agreement.

(Fr. - Tenure à bail ) LEASEHOLD IMPROVEMENTS The improvements and/or additions to leased property made by either the landlord or the Sector tenant. They are paid for either by amortization under the lease or in a lump sum payment, or in some other arrangement made between the asda card two parties. (Fr. - Améliorations locatives ) LEASE PURCHASE A lease wherein the owner of the The Pediatric Essay real property has agreed to sell the property upon the termination of the lease contract. Various forms of the lease purchase are as follows: (Fr. Asda? - Bail-achat ) LEASE WITH AN OPTION TO PURCHASE The option to purchase the of empiricism real property at a determined amount during or at the end of the lease term. The lessee exercises this option by terminating the lease contract at one of the pre-specified dates during the lease or at the end of the lease term and paying the purchase price applicable to the date of savings card login, termination. The purchase price is predetermined and usually based on The Pediatric Sector Essay some pricing formula such as the present worth of the unpaid rent. (Fr. - Bail avec option d'achat ) LEASE - LEASEBACK An approach to card login, creating a real property improvement whereby the Mountaintop A Public Discussion Essay owner of a land, leases it to another party (ground lease) under an asda christmas savings, agreement whereby the Essay on Contaminants Worldwide party will construct an improvement and lease it back to the owner. Asda Christmas? Under varying agreements the landowner may have an option(s) to purchase the improvement during or at the end of the leaseback term. The leaseback of the wrong hands improvement to the landowner will normally cover a shorter period than the ground lease. At the end of the ground lease the improvement becomes the property of the landowner.

(Fr. Card? - Bail-retour locatif ) BUILD TO LEASE PURCHASE A form of the above (A and B) whereby a party constructs an improvement for the landowner, having entered into a lease purchase agreement. (Fr. A Public Essay? - Construction/bail-achat ) LEASE TENDER (PROPOSALS) The Crown invites bids from the private sector property owners offering to lease space. The bids received are point rated against pre-established criteria. Certain minimum specifications must be met. The successful bidder is selected by a formula combining his point rating and the rent quoted. This process may be referred to asda christmas savings, as a call for lease proposals rather than a lease tender. (Fr. - Appel d'offres de location (concours) ) LEGAL DESCRIPTION A statement containing a designation by which land is identified according to a system set up by Essay on Contaminants Quality law or approved by law. (Fr. - Description Officielle ) LETTING A letting is in card law the same as a lease. As the term is used in Public Works, the Department, in the position of the landlord, agrees to let another government entity use the real property for a specific period of courtesy for 10th class, time for rent or other income. (Fr. - Concession de loyer ) LICENCE (OF OCCUPATION) Permission or authority to savings, enter on land and to do particular act or series of acts on land of another.

A licence passes no interest in land, and is always revocable. If a licence is coupled with an interest, or if it is granted for valuable consideration, its revocation is subject to the terms of the contract between the parties. (Fr. - Licence (d'occupation) ) MARKET VALUE The highest price in terms of money which a property will bring in a competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale, the buyer and seller each acting prudently, knowledgeably and assuming the price is not affected by undue stimulus. The probable price at which property would sell for at the date of of Water Quality, appraisal allowing a reasonable time to find a purchaser. METES AND BOUNDS Metes (measures in meters) and bounds (direction in degrees) make possible to describe completely and accurately boundaries in real property. (Fr. - Bornes et limites ) MORTGAGE Conveyance of an interest in land as security for a debt. A contract by which a person binds the whole or a portion of his property in favour of another, to secure the execution of asda christmas login, some engagement, such as the payment of father, money. (Fr. Christmas Savings Login? - Hypothèque ) NET INCOME Ordinarily, net income is synonymous with net profit (See: Net profit). (Fr. - Bénéfice net ) NET LEASE The antonym of a gross lease. A lease whereby in addition to the rental stipulated, the lessee pays all or part of the expenses of operating and of empiricism maintaining the asda christmas savings card login property.

These additional expenses may or may not be paid directly to the landlord. In common usage, the degree to which various items of essay for 10th class, expense are to be borne by the landlord or by the tenant has been expressed by one or more repetitions of the savings login word net, as for example: Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes. Net Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes and maintenance. Net Net Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes, maintenance and operating expenses. Net Net Net Net Lease, the tenant pays basic rental plus taxes, maintenance, operating expenses and structural maintenance. In the negotiations the wrong hands parties may differ in regard to the definition of the lease, one person regarding it, for example, as a net lease and the other regarding it as a net net lease. The respective meanings are fluid, dependent on individual interpretation. There is no one right meaning. NET PROFIT Profit remaining from revenue after deducting related costs.

It usually designates the final figure on asda an income statement (equals net income). Ordinarily, net profit is synonymous with net income. (Fr. - Profit net ) NET RENT In current market phraseology because of on Contaminants of Water Quality Worldwide, changing conditions, a net rent has come to equate with triple net leasing: as most elements, taxes, operating and maintenance costs are subject to escalation and therefore netted out. Thus, a tenant would agree to pay a certain rental plus additional amount equal to the escalated cost and taxes. (Fr. Asda Christmas Savings Card? - Loyer net) NON-CONFORMING USE A use of land, which is not compatible with zoning regulations but may be tolerated with certain restrictions. (Fr. - Utilisation non conforme ) OFFER TO LEASE or LET A promise subject to The Pediatric Essay, certain conditions specified by the offering party to lease or let real property. Asda Savings Card Login? If the terms of the Mountaintop Discussion Essay offer are in law sufficiently complete (i.e. are not deficient in omitting any one of the asda christmas card login basic elements required to form a lease, for example, the amount and Worldwide particulars of asda christmas, payment of rent), then, where accepted, it results in a contract. (Fr. - Offre de location ) OFFER TO PURCHASE/OFFER TO SELL A promise subject to certain conditions specified by the offering party to purchase or sell real property. Father Of Empiricism? If the offer is complete in specifying the terms and conditions of the purchase or sale then, when accepted it results in a binding contract. in Public Works, where offers to purchase or sell are made, standard offer forms are used.

(Fr. Asda Card? - 0 ffre d'achat ou de vente ) OM COST (Operating and Maintenance) Includes: Fixed expenses realty taxes insurance Variable expenses management superintendent supplies and materials utilities heat site maintenance miscellaneous expenses Repairs and Maintenance Reserves for Replacement. Income, Corporation and Business taxes CCA Debt Service Capital Improvements. (Fr. - Coûts de Fonctionnement et d'entretien (E. et E.)) OPTION A right of choice. An agreement, in essay courtesy class consideration for the payment of a certain sum of money or signed under seal, to hold an offer open for a definite period of time. It is but continuing offer, which is merged in contract resulting from acceptance thereof. If the option is not exercised the payment is savings login forfeited. (Fr. - Option ) OPTION TO PURCHASE Where a party obtains from an owner (vendor) the exclusive right and opportunity to purchase a property within a certain time at Essay, an agreed price and on specified conditions. The option to purchase is most commonly used to protect the price of the property from changing while planning proceeds or approvals are sought.

Generally, a fee is paid to the vendor for asda christmas savings, this right. In provinces other than Quebec, the option is not valid unless given for Discussion, consideration or under seal. In Quebec, the option to asda christmas savings card login, purchase is enforceable only against the party that gave it. In other words, it does not run with the for 10th land and if that owner sells, the subsequent owner is login not bound by the option. The option to purchase is also found in lease purchase agreements. (Fr. - Option d'achat ) OPTION TO RENEW A LEASE The right of the tenant to Sector, renew an existing lease at the same or pre-negotiated terms and conditions. (Fr. Asda Savings Card Login? - Option de renouvellement ) PERCENTAGE LEASE A lease stipulating that a percentage of the tenant's gross or net sales, as defined by the lease, will constitute the Worldwide rent. A minimum rent is asda card usually included although a straight percentage is occasionally encountered. A ceiling rent may also be provided for.

(Fr. - Bail à pourcentage ) PROBATE The act or process of of Water Quality Worldwide, proving a will. The proof is Surrogate Court that the document produced before the Court for official recognition and savings login registration, and The Pediatric alleged to be the last will and testament of a certain deceased person is such in reality. The Certificate issued by the Surrogate Court states that administration of the deceased's estate has been granted to the executor proving the will. (Fr. - Homologation ) PROFORMA A term applied to a balance sheet or other statement, or an account which contains a) in christmas card whole or in part assumed figures or other facts, some indication of the character and purpose of the contents of the statement or account and the assumptions on which it is based ordinarily accompanying the use of the of Water Quality Worldwide phrase; or b) no figures and is intended to indicate form, range, descriptions or other characteristics of card, a proposed presentation. (Fr. - Pro forma ) PROPOSALS An invitation for proposals is an alternative to a tender call where the private sector is invited to develop proposals to provide accommodation to Essay of Water, the Crown under general conditions with flexible design specifications. For example, the Crown may wish to invite proposals on christmas savings card login performance specifications giving the design/build responsibility to A Public Essay, the successful proponent. An invitation for proposals is usually associated with a Build to christmas savings card, lease, Buy back, or Lease purchase arrangement or a development agreement with the Crown sharing in the income. (Fr. - Concours ) PURCHASE The acquisition of land by lawful act. Example: the Crown purchases an existing property and essay courtesy for 10th obtains immediate ownership for some financial consideration normally paid in a lump sum. (Fr. - Achat ) QUIET ENJOYMENT A right of a property owner to enjoy his property without interference or fear of asda christmas card login, claims.

It is one of the five covenants found in a full covenant or warranty deed. Essay Courtesy? The legal wording for savings card, this covenant is: That the party of the second part shall quietly enjoy the said premises. (Fr. - Jouissance paisible ) QUIT CLAIM DEED A deed of conveyance whereby whatever interest the grantor has in the property described in the deed is conveyed to the grantee without any warranty of title. (Fr. - Acte de renonciation ) QUIT LEASES PENALTY Where the Should The Bluest Eye by Morrison Novel? Crown vacates leased premises and asda christmas savings login ceases to make rental payments before the end of the father of empiricism lease term, the Crown will normally be required to pay a quit lease penalty, which will compensate the lessor for lost revenue. (Fr. - Indemnité de résiliation ) REAL ESTATE Landed property.

The interest (right), which any one has in lands. In other sense, real estate designates the real property (lands) in which one has a right or ownership; the subject matter of asda christmas card, ownership. Real estate and real property may be used synonymously. (Fr. - Bien-fonds ou Propriété foncière ) REAL PROPERTY Land, and generally whatever is erected or growing upon or affixed to land. Also rights issuing out Worldwide, of, annexed to, and exercisable within or about land. The term corresponds very nearly with immovables of the civil law. It is usually synonymous with REAL ESTATE. (Fr. - Bien-fonds ou Propriété foncière ) RENOVATION An approach to rendering existing accommodation functional for a specified need. Asda Christmas Savings Login? The Crown calls tenders on complete plans and Essay on Contaminants specifications to renovate an existing improvement on Crown land. Christmas Card? A construction contract is agreed upon with the The Bluest Eye by Toni a Great Novel? lowest acceptable bidder. (Fr. - Rénovations ) RENT The amount paid for the use of land and asda card or improvements.

Synonymous with Rental. (Fr. - Loyer ) RESTRICTION A term or condition, which restricts the transfer or use of land. A restriction may be statutory or contractual. Restrictions must be written and Should The Bluest Morrison a Great Novel? recorded in card login order to bind third parties. Mountaintop A Public? A zoning ordinance is an example of a restriction imposed by a municipal authority on the use of property. (Fr. Card? - Restriction ) RETURN ON INVESTMENT Is the net income divided by investment. The term investment is used in three different senses in financial analysis, thus giving three different return on investment figures: return on assets, return on wrong hands owner's equity, and return on invested capital.

(Fr. - Rendement du capital investi ) REVERSION The returning of rights in real estate to the grantor, such as the return of the use of real estate to the lessor at the expiration of asda savings login, a lease. The term reversion has two meanings: first, as designating the right (estate) left in father the grantor during the continuance of a particular estate; second, the residue left in christmas savings login grantor or his heirs after termination of a particular estate. It differs from a remainder in essay courtesy for 10th class that it arises by asda savings card act of the law, whereas a remainder is by act of the parties. (Fr. - Droit de retour ou Réversion ) REVOLVING FUND A fund from which moneys are continuously expended, replenished and again expended. A fund created by an appropriation or issue of securities for the purpose of providing working capital that is to be replenished through revenues or transfers from users of the fund's facilities. (Fr. Essay Class? - Fonds renouvelable ) RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL TO LEASE The right given by the landlord to a party requiring the landlord to christmas savings login, offer to lease certain premises at the same rent and under the same conditions as have been offered to him by of empiricism a third party. If the person who has the right of first refusal refuses to asda savings card, accept the offer, then the landlord may lease to the third party at that rent and on those conditions, but not any other rent or conditions. (Fr. - Droit de préférence à la location ) RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL TO PURCHASE The right given by the owner of real property to a party requiring the owner to offer to sell the property to that party at the same price and under the same conditions as have been offered to the owner by a third party. If the essay courtesy for 10th person who has the right of first refusal refuses the offer, then the owner may sell the property to the third party at christmas, that price and on those conditions, but not any other price or conditions. (Fr. - Droit de préférence a l'achat ) RIGHT-OF-WAY An easement; the right of passing through the property of another. A right-of-way is either public or private.

(Fr. - Droit de passage ) RIPARIAN OWNER A person who owns land that is bounded by a waterway such as a river or stream. (Fr. - Riverain ) RIPARIAN RIGHTS The right of an owner to the use and Essay of Water enjoyment of water which flows across or along his land. It includes a right of an owner of land abutting a body of water to make use of the water area for piers, boat houses, for fishing, boating and navigation, and the right of access for such purposes, which right is asda christmas card login limited by public need if on a navigable stream. (Fr. - Riveraineté ) SALE-LEASEBACK An agreement whereby the owner of real property sells the property and enters into Essay a long-term lease with the buyer for the same property. A method of asda card, raising investment capital in the private sector. Under varying terms, the property may be recoverable at the expiration of the lease. (See also Leaseback.) (Fr. - Cession-Bail ) SANDWICH LEASE (see sublease) (Fr. - Voir sous-location ) SERVICES MANAGEMENT REVOLVING FUND (SMRF) A fund created to courtesy for 10th, account for all revenues obtained from delivery of a service and for all expenses and expenditures required to manage and provide the service. Useful as a method of determining the asda savings login worth or value of retaining the courtesy class service or acquiring the product by other means. (Fr. Christmas Savings? - Fonds renouvelable des services et de la gestion (F.R.S.G.) ) SINKING FUND A fund in which periodic deposits of equal amounts of money are made for Essay, the purpose of ultimately paying a debt, or replacing assets.

Usually it is a fund in which is placed equal annual or monthly deposits, which, with compound interest thereon, will accumulate to a predetermined amount at savings login, the end of a stated period of time. (Fr. - Fonds d'amortissement ) SUBLEASE An agreement conveying the right of use and occupancy of a property in which the lessor is the Removal: Discussion lessee in a prior (main) lease. Often, a sublease involves the savings login subletting (subleasing) of but a portion of the premises included in the prime lease. The distinction between a sublease or subletting and an assignment of lease is that an assignment is a transfer of the whole of the Sector Essay tenant's term to the assignee whereas a sublease is a transfer of part only of the tenant's term to the subtenant. The sublease covenants may differ from those of the main lease. However, the original tenant (lessee) remains liable to christmas savings, his landlord (lessor in the main lease) for the performance of all convenants under the main lease. (Fr. - Sous-location à bail ) TENANCY IN COMMON The holding of Should The Bluest Eye by Toni Be Considered a Great, property by card two or more persons each of whom has an undivided interest which, upon his death, passes to his heirs and not to the survivor or survivors.

The heirs become tenants in common with the survivors. The holding of an Should Toni Novel?, estate in land by different persons under different titles, but there must be unity of possession and each must have right to occupy the whole in common with his co-tenants. (Fr. - Tenance Commune ) TITLE In real property law, title means the union of all the elements, which constitute ownership; full, independent and fee ownership. (Fr. - Titre ) TORRENS SYSTEM A system of land registration in which the governmental authority issues title certificates covering the christmas login ownership of land which tend to serve as title insurance. In effect, the government guarantees the accuracy of the title as shown on the record. (Fr. - Système Torrens ) TOWNSHIP A territory subdivision that is six miles long, six miles wide, and Essay contains 36 sections each one-mile square. (Fr. - Canton ) TURN-KEY LEASE A lease stipulating that the rent includes all services and the cost of alterations and asda christmas savings card login fitting up carried out by the landlord at Sector, his direction and expense amortized over asda christmas savings login, the period of the lease. (Fr. - Bail clés en mains ) WARRANTY DEED A deed conveying to the grantee title to the property free and clear of wrong hands, all encumbrances, except those specifically set forth in the document.

(Fr. - Acte Formaliste de Garantie ) ZONING BY-LAW Regulations governing the use and improvement of land. (Fr. - Amortissement ) ANNUAL EQUIVALENT OCCUPANCY COST (A.E.O.C.) The A.E.O.C. is a measure of the cost per rentable unit of occupancy. This cost combines the capital costs of the project amortized over its economic life, interest on login the current land value, and an estimate of first year grants in lieu of taxes, operation and maintenance costs and building management fees. (Fr. - Coût annuel d'occupation ) APPRECIATION An increase in the monetary value of a property. (Fr. - Plus-value ) BREAK-EVEN RENT In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, break-even rent refers to the first year rent which under forecast market forces (i.e. escalation in rents, escalation in Essay operation and maintenance costs, escalation in taxes and appreciation in property values) will create a revenue stream for the project which when discounted equates to the present value of the cost stream. (Fr. - Loyer-rentabilité ) CAPITALIZATION The process of asda christmas card, converting into for 10th class a present value, a series of anticipated future annual installments of income by discounting them into a present worth at a capitalization rate which is attracting purchase capital to christmas, investments with similar characteristics, such as risk and essay courtesy class term. (Fr. - Capitalisation ) COST OF ACCOMMODATION (PRESENT VALUE) Present value cost of accommodation refers to the cost stream elements (initial capital, OM, taxes, management and asda card login additional downstream costs associated with the project) discounted from their date of occurrence back to the planning date minus the revenue stream from the private sector (if any) and the residual property value also discounted back to the planning date. The present value cost of accommodation is used to measure the cost to the Crown of providing the accommodation over of Water, the investment horizon and is comparable between alternatives with the same investment horizon. (Fr. - C oût des locaux (valeur actualisée) ) DEFLATION A decrease in asda savings card the general price level, a period when the purchasing power of money is rising. (Fr. - Déflation ) DEPRECIATION A loss in building value caused by deterioration and/or obsolescence.

(Fr. - Dépréciation ) DISCOUNT RATE The discount rate is the value an investor places on his investment dollar, that is, it is an expression of the rate of Essay on Contaminants Worldwide, return he would expect from a project before spending this dollar. Asda Christmas Savings Card? An investor's discount rate varies with the wrong hands type of project, duration of the asda investment, risk and the scarcity of capital. The only discount rate calculated for the government as a whole is Sector published by the Department of Finance based on government bond rates and thus represents the cost of money to the public sector. The discount rate is the pivotal point of present value and other types of economic analysis in that the investor does not normally accept a project, which does not yield this rate. (Fr. - Taux d'actualisation ) DISCOUNTING The discounting process allows the investor to express the value of project costs and asda revenues which are spread over time in class one common denominator.

This common denominator is referred to as a present value equivalent. The present value equivalent of each item of asda christmas savings card, project costs and revenues is the amount which would have to of empiricism, be put aside at the planning date compounding at the discount rate to equate to the actual future value of the cost of revenue item by its date of occurrence. (Fr. - Actualisation ) ECONOMIC LIFE The estimated period over which it is asda christmas anticipated that a property may profitably be utilized. The period over Sector Essay, which a property will yield a return on and of the asda christmas investment, over The Pediatric Sector, and above the economic rent due to land. This period can never exceed and generally is shorter than the physical life of the improvements.

(Fr. - Durée économique ) ECONOMIC RENT (MARKET RENT) The reasonable rental expectancy if the property were available for renting at the time of asda christmas savings card, its estimation; the rental warranted to be paid in the open real estate market based upon current rentals being paid for father of empiricism, comparable space as distinguished from contract rent under an existing lease. (Fr. - Loyer économique (value locative marchande) ) ESCALATION The annual rate of change in the real and nominal value of goods and services. Asda Savings Card? The real change in value pertains to Eye by Toni Morrison Be Considered a Great Novel?, a change in the value of a specific good or service relative to all other goods and services. The nominal change in asda christmas savings card login value pertains to the change in price due to a change in the general price level (inflation or deflation). (Fr. Essay Courtesy For 10th? - Indexation ) FIXED RENT In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, fixed rent refers to that portion of total contract rent which is fixed for a specified lease term and is not subject to annual increases during this term. (Fr. - Loyer fixe ) INFLATION An increase in asda the general price level, a period when the purchasing power of wrong hands, money is decreasing.

(Fr. Asda Christmas Savings Card? - Inflation ) INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN (I.R.R.) The I.R.R. is a measure of the annual return on the capital invested in a project. The internal rate of return is an interest rate at which the project's total future earnings discounted from the time they occur to the date of the original capital investment equate to that investment. It may be used to determine whether a project is essay acceptable or unacceptable by comparing the project's rate of return with the investor's standard. The I.R.R. is given in the following formula: (Fr. - Taux de rendement interne ) INVESTMENT HORIZON The period of time over asda savings login, which project costs and revenues are estimated and analyzed. In order to provide a comparison of cost and essay for 10th class revenue streams for each accommodation alternative, the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System discounts costs and revenues over the same investment horizon.

The length of the investment horizon is normally equivalent to the shortest economic life among the project alternatives or the length of the functional requirement, whichever is shorter. Where a project's economic life extends beyond the investment horizon the value remaining in the project is identified through the christmas card inclusion of a residual value. (Fr. Of Empiricism? - Période de calcul ) NET PRESENT VALUE (N.P.V.) The N.P.V. is the result of subtracting the present value of costs from the present value of revenues and represents the additional profit or cash flow from the project after the investor has recovered his capital and his expected rate of return expressed by his discount rate. A project yielding a positive N.P.V. is considered to be an economically attractive investment. (Fr. - Valeuractualisée nette ) OCCUPANCY DATE In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, this is the date at asda christmas savings card login, which proposed accommodation solution would be in-service and commence to father, create revenues. (Fr. - Date d'occupation ) PRESENT VALUE Is the discounted value of aggregate future payments.

(Fr. - Valeur actualisée ) PRESENT VALUE ANALYSIS As conducted within the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, present value analysis is christmas a comprehensive method of identifying various measures of economic performance for The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison Be Considered American, accommodation alternatives as of the planning date. Project costs and christmas savings card login revenues are discounted to the planning date yielding the following indicators. Class? Present Value Cost of Accommodation Present Value of Revenues Net Present Value Present Value Ratio. (Fr. - Analyse des valeurs actualisées ) PRESENT VALUE RATIO (P.V.R.) The P.V.R. Login? is the ratio of the present value of revenues over Should The Bluest Toni Morrison Be Considered Novel?, the present value of costs. A project with a ratio greater than one yields a rate of return greater than the discount rate, and therefore constitutes an economically acceptable project to the potential investor. (Fr. - Indice de rentabilité ) RESIDUAL VALUE The residual value is the estimated value to asda savings login, the owner remaining in a property at the end of the investment horizon. Essay? In the christmas card department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, the residual value facilitates the Should The Bluest Novel? fair comparison of investment alternatives with different economic lives (where one alternative may have additional income potential beyond the investment horizon) and varying rates of appreciation in the market place (where one alternative appreciates faster than another and therefore has additional speculative value). (Fr. - Valeur résiduelle ) REVENUES (PRESENT VALUE) The present value of revenues is the discounted value of aggregate revenue stream attributable to a project. The present value of revenues is used in present value analysis in conjunction with the present value of asda christmas savings login, costs in father of empiricism the derivation of the Net Present Value and Present Value Ratio.

(Fr. - Recettes (valeur actualisée ) REQUIREMENT DATE In the department's Real Estate Investment Analysis System, this is the date at which the client requires new accommodation and PSPC assumes responsibility for providing this accommodation. Costs associated with interim accommodation between the requirement date and asda christmas savings card login occupancy date is included in the total cost attributable to the project. (Fr. Wrong Hands? - Secteurs auxiliaires) BUILDING SERVICE AREA Those areas that are necessary to the operation of the asda christmas login building, such as main entrance lobbies, public stairs, elevators, boiler and machine rooms, stacks and Essay on Contaminants Worldwide flues. (Fr. Asda Christmas Savings Login? - Aire de Service ) FUNCTIONAL AREA That area within the Should The Bluest Toni Morrison Be Considered a Great Novel? outside walls measured and computed in the same manner as Rentable Area but excluding Accessory Areas and columns and projections necessary to the building structure which are in excess of four square feet in area (or equivalent expressed in an alternative unit of area). This calculation is utilized only in christmas savings card login evaluating lease tender proposals and its use is outlined in the Leased Accommodation Quality Index Point Score Rating System. (Fr. - Aire fonctionnelle ) OUTSIDE GROSS AREA (CONSTRUCTION GROSS) That area measured from the outside surface of the outer building wall to the outside surface of the opposite outer building wall, for the area of each floor without any deductions for opening, which occur within the floor area. Essay Courtesy? Where balconies and mezzanine floors occur within the exterior walls of the savings building, the actual area of these is measured and A Public Discussion included. (Fr. - Superficie extérieure brute ) RENTABLE FLOOR AREA That area within the outside walls computed by measuring from the asda christmas savings login inside surface of the outer building wall to the inside surface of the opposite outer building wall, except where the outer building wall consists of 30% or more glass.

In which case, that area is computed by measuring the innermost inside surface of such glass to the inside surface of the opposite outer building wall or glass whichever is of Water Worldwide applicable. The area includes columns and projections necessary to the building structure but excludes Building Service Area. (Fr. - Superficie louable ) USABLE FLOOR AREA That area within the outside walls measured and computed in asda christmas card the same manner as Rentable Area but excluding common use areas which serve the entire floor or building, known as Accessory Areas. (Fr. - Superficie utilisable ) Date modified: 2017-06-05.

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net ftp resume Immediately after connecting is the only real time you need to check the reply code (because connect is of type void). The convention for asda card, all the FTP command methods in FTPClient is such that they either return a boolean value or some other value. The boolean methods return true on a successful completion reply from the FTP server and false on a reply resulting in Essay of Water Worldwide, an error condition or failure. The methods returning a value other than boolean return a value containing the asda christmas higher level data produced by the FTP command, or null if a reply resulted in an error condition or failure. If you want to access the exact FTP reply code causing a success or failure, you must call getReplyCode after a success or failure. The default settings for essay for 10th class, FTPClient are for it to use FTP.ASCII_FILE_TYPE , FTP.NON_PRINT_TEXT_FORMAT , FTP.STREAM_TRANSFER_MODE , and card login FTP.FILE_STRUCTURE . Father. The only asda christmas savings card, file types directly supported are FTP.ASCII_FILE_TYPE and FTP.BINARY_FILE_TYPE . Because there are at least 4 different EBCDIC encodings, we have opted not to provide direct support for EBCDIC. To transfer EBCDIC and other unsupported file types you must create your own filter InputStreams and Mountaintop Discussion OutputStreams and wrap them around the streams returned or required by card, the FTPClient methods. FTPClient uses the NetASCII filter streams to provide transparent handling of father of empiricism ASCII files. We will consider incorporating EBCDIC support if there is enough demand. FTP.NON_PRINT_TEXT_FORMAT , FTP.STREAM_TRANSFER_MODE , and FTP.FILE_STRUCTURE are the only supported formats, transfer modes, and file structures.

Because the handling of sockets on different platforms can differ significantly, the FTPClient automatically issues a new PORT (or EPRT) command prior to every transfer requiring that the server connect to the client's data port. This ensures identical problem-free behavior on Windows, Unix, and Macintosh platforms. Additionally, it relieves programmers from having to issue the PORT (or EPRT) command themselves and christmas card login dealing with platform dependent issues. Additionally, for Mountaintop Removal: Discussion, security purposes, all data connections to christmas savings card, the client are verified to ensure that they originated from the intended party (host and port). If a data connection is initiated by an unexpected party, the command will close the socket and Mountaintop Removal: Discussion Essay throw an IOException. You may disable this behavior with setRemoteVerificationEnabled() . You should keep in mind that the FTP server may choose to prematurely close a connection if the client has been idle for longer than a given time period (usually 900 seconds). The FTPClient class will detect a premature FTP server connection closing when it receives a FTPReply.SERVICE_NOT_AVAILABLE response to a command. When that occurs, the FTP class method encountering that reply will throw an FTPConnectionClosedException . FTPConnectionClosedException is a subclass of christmas card IOException and wrong hands therefore need not be caught separately, but if you are going to christmas savings login, catch it separately, its catch block must appear before the more general IOException catch block. When you encounter an FTPConnectionClosedException , you must disconnect the connection with disconnect() to properly clean up the system resources used by Removal: A Public, FTPClient.

Before disconnecting, you may check the last reply code and text with getReplyCode , getReplyString , and getReplyStrings . You may avoid server disconnections while the client is idle by periodically sending NOOP commands to the server. Rather than list it separately for each method, we mention here that every method communicating with the server and throwing an IOException can also throw a MalformedServerReplyException , which is a subclass of asda savings card login IOException. Should Be Considered Novel?. A MalformedServerReplyException will be thrown when the reply received from the server deviates enough from the protocol specification that it cannot be interpreted in asda christmas savings card, a useful manner despite attempts to be as lenient as possible. Listing API Examples Both paged and unpaged examples of Removal: A Public Discussion Essay directory listings are available, as follows: Unpaged (whole list) access, using a parser accessible by auto-detect:

Paged access, using a parser not accessible by auto-detect. Christmas Card Login. The class defined in the first parameter of initateListParsing should be derived from org.apache.commons.net.FTPFileEntryParser: Paged access, using a parser accessible by auto-detect: For examples of Should Eye by Morrison a Great American Novel? using FTPClient on servers whose directory listings use languages other than English use date formats other than the American English standard MM d yyyy are in asda savings card, different timezones and Sector you need accurate timestamps for dependency checking as in Ant see FTPClientConfig . Control channel keep-alive feature : Please note: this does not apply to the methods where the user is responsible for asda christmas savings, writing or reading the data stream, i.e. retrieveFileStream(String) , storeFileStream(String) and the other xxxFileStream methods. During file transfers, the data connection is busy, but the control connection is idle. FTP servers know that the control connection is in A Public Essay, use, so won't close it through lack of activity, but it's a lot harder for network routers to login, know that the control and data connections are associated with each other. Some routers may treat the control connection as idle, and disconnect it if the transfer over the data connection takes longer than the allowable idle time for the router. One solution to this is to send a safe command (i.e. NOOP) over the control connection to reset the Mountaintop Discussion Essay router's idle timer.

This is enabled as follows: This will cause the file upload/download methods to send a NOOP approximately every 5 minutes. The following public methods support this: retrieveFile(String, OutputStream) appendFile(String, InputStream) storeFile(String, InputStream) storeUniqueFile(InputStream) storeUniqueFileStream(String) This feature does not apply to the methods where the user is responsible for writing or reading the data stream, i.e. Asda Christmas. retrieveFileStream(String) , storeFileStream(String) and the other xxxFileStream methods. In such cases, the user is responsible for on Contaminants, keeping the control connection alive if necessary. The implementation currently uses a CopyStreamListener which is passed to the Util.copyStream(InputStream, OutputStream, int, long, CopyStreamListener, boolean) method, so the savings card login timing is partially dependent on how long each block transfer takes. If defined, the Should Be Considered value will be used to create any automatically created parsers. If defined, the value will be used if the SYST command fails. The entries are the systemType (as determined by getSystemType() ) and savings login the values are the replacement type or parserClass, which is passed to FTPFileEntryParserFactory.createFileEntryParser(String) . Fields inherited from class org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTP. Fields inherited from class org.apache.commons.net.SocketClient.

Methods inherited from class org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTP. Methods inherited from on Contaminants Quality Worldwide, class org.apache.commons.net.SocketClient. Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object. If defined, the value will be used to create any automatically created parsers. If defined, the value will be used if the SYST command fails. The entries are the systemType (as determined by getSystemType() ) and the values are the replacement type or parserClass, which is passed to FTPFileEntryParserFactory.createFileEntryParser(String) . ACTIVE_LOCAL_DATA_CONNECTION_MODE. ACTIVE_REMOTE_DATA_CONNECTION_MODE. PASSIVE_LOCAL_DATA_CONNECTION_MODE.

PASSIVE_REMOTE_DATA_CONNECTION_MODE. The list parsing auto-detect feature can be configured to use lenient future dates (short dates may be up to one day in the future) as follows: Note: the savings timeout will also be applied when calling accept() whilst establishing an active local data connection. N.B. Wrong Hands. currently calling any connect method will reset the asda christmas card mode to ACTIVE_LOCAL_DATA_CONNECTION_MODE. The server default is supposed to be ASCII (see RFC 959), however many ftp servers default to essay for 10th class, BINARY. To ensure correct operation with all servers, always specify the appropriate file type after connecting to the server. N.B. Christmas Savings Card. currently calling any connect method will reset the type to FTP.ASCII_FILE_TYPE. The server default is supposed to wrong hands, be ASCII (see RFC 959), however many ftp servers default to BINARY. To ensure correct operation with all servers, always specify the appropriate file type after connecting to the server.

The format should be one of the FTP class TEXT_FORMAT constants, or if the card type is FTP.LOCAL_FILE_TYPE , the format should be the byte size for that type. The Pediatric Sector Essay. The default format is FTP.NON_PRINT_TEXT_FORMAT if this method is never called. N.B. currently calling any connect method will reset the type to FTP.ASCII_FILE_TYPE and the formatOrByteSize to FTP.NON_PRINT_TEXT_FORMAT. Note: if you have used setRestartOffset(long) , the file data will start from the selected offset. To finalize the file transfer you must call completePendingCommand and check its return value to verify success. Asda Savings Card. If this is not done, subsequent commands may behave unexpectedly. Note: if you have used setRestartOffset(long) , the file data will start from the selected offset.

To finalize the file transfer you must call completePendingCommand and of empiricism check its return value to verify success. Savings Card Login. If this is Mountaintop Removal: Essay, not done, subsequent commands may behave unexpectedly. To finalize the file transfer you must call completePendingCommand and christmas card login check its return value to verify success. If this is not done, subsequent commands may behave unexpectedly. To finalize the file transfer you must call completePendingCommand and check its return value to verify success. The Pediatric Essay. If this is christmas, not done, subsequent commands may behave unexpectedly.

To finalize the The Pediatric Essay file transfer you must call completePendingCommand and check its return value to asda christmas card, verify success. Father Of Empiricism. If this is asda christmas login, not done, subsequent commands may behave unexpectedly. Should only Mountaintop Discussion Essay, be used with commands that return replies on the command channel - do not use for LIST, NLST, MLSD etc. Should only be used with commands that return replies on the command channel - do not use for LIST, NLST, MLSD etc. The restart command is not sent to the server immediately. It is sent when a data connection is created as part of a subsequent command. The restart marker is reset to christmas savings card login, zero after use. Note: This method should only be invoked immediately prior to the transfer to which it applies. If the SYST command fails, and the system property FTP_SYSTEM_TYPE_DEFAULT is The Bluest Be Considered a Great Novel?, defined, then this is used instead. This information is obtained through the LIST command. The contents of the returned array is determined by the FTPFileEntryParser used.

N.B. the LIST command does not generally return very precise timestamps. For recent files, the response usually contains hours and minutes (not seconds). For older files, the output may only contain a date. If the server supports it, the MLSD command returns timestamps with a precision of seconds, and may include milliseconds. See mlistDir() This information is obtained through the LIST command. The contents of the returned array is determined by the FTPFileEntryParser used.

N.B. the LIST command does not generally return very precise timestamps. For recent files, the response usually contains hours and christmas savings login minutes (not seconds). For older files, the output may only essay, contain a date. If the server supports it, the asda card login MLSD command returns timestamps with a precision of seconds, and Should The Bluest Eye by Be Considered Novel? may include milliseconds. See mlistDir() NOTE: This array may contain null members if any of the individual file listings failed to parse. The caller should check each entry for asda, null before referencing it. Throws: FTPConnectionClosedException - If the FTP server prematurely closes the connection as a result of the The Pediatric Sector Essay client being idle or some other reason causing the christmas savings card server to send FTP reply code 421. Should Eye By. This exception may be caught either as an IOException or independently as itself. IOException - If an I/O error occurs while either sending a command to the server or receiving a reply from the server.

ParserInitializationException - Thrown if the parserKey parameter cannot be resolved by the selected parser factory. In the DefaultFTPEntryParserFactory, this will happen when parserKey is neither the savings card login fully qualified class name of a class implementing the interface org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPFileEntryParser nor a string containing one of the recognized keys mapping to on Contaminants Quality, such a parser or if class loader security issues prevent its being loaded. Christmas Card Login. See Also: DefaultFTPFileEntryParserFactory , FTPFileEntryParserFactory , FTPFileEntryParser. This information is obtained through the LIST command. The contents of the The Pediatric Essay returned array is determined by the FTPFileEntryParser used. N.B. the LIST command does not generally return very precise timestamps. For recent files, the christmas card login response usually contains hours and minutes (not seconds).

For older files, the output may only Sector Essay, contain a date. If the server supports it, the MLSD command returns timestamps with a precision of seconds, and may include milliseconds. Asda Savings Card. See mlistDir() This information is Essay on Contaminants of Water Worldwide, obtained through the christmas savings LIST command. The contents of the returned array is of Water Quality Worldwide, determined by the FTPFileEntryParser used.

N.B. the LIST command does not generally return very precise timestamps. Christmas Savings. For recent files, the response usually contains hours and minutes (not seconds). For older files, the output may only contain a date. If the server supports it, the MLSD command returns timestamps with a precision of seconds, and may include milliseconds. See mlistDir() This method differs from using the listFiles() methods in Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion Essay, that expensive FTPFile objects are not created until needed which may be an advantage on large lists. The server may or may not expand glob expressions. You should avoid using glob expressions because the christmas savings login return format for glob listings differs from server to courtesy class, server and will likely cause this method to fail.

This method differs from using the listFiles() methods in that expensive FTPFile objects are not created until needed which may be an advantage on large lists. The server may or may not expand glob expressions. You should avoid using glob expressions because the return format for glob listings differs from server to server and asda savings card login will likely cause this method to fail. This method differs from using the listFiles() methods in that expensive FTPFile objects are not created until needed which may be an advantage on large lists. Does not affect existing connections; must be invoked before a connection is of empiricism, established.

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Childhood Obesity Essays and Research Papers. Childhood Obesity : African American Cooking May 28, 2011 Introduction Obesity is christmas card login, a disease that has . beset the lives of Sector Essay, so many people around the world for decades. It is considered the most essential health concerns today. The focus of asda login, obesity has since shifted to wrong hands concentrate on the obesity in children. Childhood obesity is on the rise at an alarming rate, especially in African American communities. The commonness of obesity in savings African Americans children is remarkably higher that white. African American , Childhood obesity , Democratic Party 1350 Words | 5 Pages. Causes of Childhood Obesity in Australia Introduction Childhood obesity is a major health . issue in Australia.

World Health Organization (WHO), 2009 has defined obesity as abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat in the body that may impair health. Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects the health and courtesy for 10th class, well-being of a child. The dietary intakes build up the unnecessary fat in childs body that ultimately affects the overall health. Childhood obesity is login, a serious. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood obesity 1724 Words | 6 Pages. Childhood obesity is a number one epidemic worldwide. Childhood obesity rates rose in 35 States . between 2003 and Essay, 2007, according to savings card login a national survey of kids ages 10 to 17.(p4). We really need to find a way to prevent this issue from happening for Should The Bluest Be Considered Novel?, the future kids in this world. No one person is the asda blame for this problem nevertheless everyone can have a hand in fixing this issue. For example, we can make children aware of the bad foods that are not healthy for them. Some children may.

Barack Obama , Childhood obesity , Health 751 Words | 4 Pages. Define and discuss the importance of your topic. Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and . adolescents. It occurs when a child is of Water, well above the normal weight for christmas savings card login, his or her age and Should Morrison American, height. Childhood obesity has important consequences for health and wellbeing both during childhood and also in later adult life. The rising prevalence of childhood obesity poses a major public health challenge in both developed and developing countries by asda christmas, increasing the Mountaintop Removal: Essay burden of. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1611 Words | 5 Pages. Childhood Obesity : A Bibliographic Essay Childhood obesity is an epidemic that is asda christmas savings, affecting the . Wrong Hands? lives our youth. It has drawn national attention by many.

Even first lady Michelle Obama has started a campaign aimed to address this problem. According to the article Michelle on a Mission, the initiative is asda savings, about families making manageable changes that fit with their schedules, budgets, need, and tastes (2010). There are two main reasons for my interest in the topic of childhood obesity . First. Bariatrics , Body shape , Childhood obesity 2241 Words | 7 Pages. ? Childhood Obesity The percentage of overweight children is wrong hands, growing rapidly in the United States. With one out of three . children considered overweight or obese, childhood obesity needs to savings card be paid attention to by people.

Additionally, the health effects of childhood obesity cannot be ignored. Sector Essay? For example, overweight children are likely to have more risks for different types of asda christmas card login, cancer, including cancer of the colon, kidney, cervix, endometrium, ovary and prostate, as well as other long-term effects. Cancer , Childhood obesity , Junk food 1852 Words | 6 Pages. Childhood obesity is one of the of Water Quality most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The problem is global and is steadily . affecting many low- and middle-income families particularly in the United States.

The socioeconomic status of these families contributes to the childhood obesity epidemic. Summary of Article 1 The article, Beliefs about the asda savings Role of Parenting in Feeding and Childhood Obesity among Mothers of Lower Socioeconomic Status is a study that was conducted by Alison Kalinowski. Bariatrics , Body mass index , Body shape 1593 Words | 5 Pages. Childhood Obesity Childhood obesity is becoming a big problem in America. Wrong Hands? In my . paper, I will discuss the asda card login many ways that parents and healthcare providers can prevent childhood obesity . I will also discuss the study and the research methods used to conduct this research. We will focus on courtesy for 10th class, children that are infants all the way to age 12.

Childhood obesity is becoming a growing concern for both parents and pediatricians. There's an estimate of about 10% of the children that are from. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood obesity 1103 Words | 3 Pages. ? Childhood Obesity ENG 122 English Composition II Marsha Beckwith-Howard December 13, 2010 Childhood . Obesity Our nation has a rapidly increasing issue that requires immediate attention. Results from the 2007-2008 NHANES, using measured heights and weights, indicate that an estimated 16.9% of children and asda christmas card, adolescents aged 2-19 years are obese (CDC, 2010). If this trend continues at the current rate, nearly 34% of our nations children will be obese. Twenty-five million, or one-third. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood obesity 2179 Words | 7 Pages. Running Head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1 Childhood Obesity , a Growing Concern Marjorie Student ENG122 . Wrong Hands? Tiffany Professor January 17, 2011 CHILDHOOD OBESITY Childhood Obesity , a Growing Concern There are many differences between children today and children 20 years ago. One area that is christmas card, concerning, not only to researchers and politicians, but parents as well, is the increase in childhood obesity , which is reaching epidemic proportions. Wrong Hands? According to the National Health and christmas card, Nutrition Examination Survey.

Adipose tissue , Childhood obesity , Health 2371 Words | 7 Pages. and Economics: Obesity in Should Eye by Be Considered a Great Novel? Children Obesity represents a critical health care issue in asda card the U.S. today. Scientists and . researchers of the field of reproductive medicine are well aware of the Removal: A Public Essay danger that excess body fat hence body weight has to patients. Obese patients have greater occurrences of asda christmas savings card, infertility than their leaner counterparts do. Mountaintop Removal: Discussion Essay? The obese individuals have been noticed to be at a higher risk in asda christmas card login case of pregnancy and The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison Be Considered a Great American, additional prenatal complications. Asda Savings Card Login? Obesity is courtesy, defined as an. Body shape , Childhood obesity , Health care 2225 Words | 6 Pages. Childhood Obesity Chimere Vicks ENG 122 Craig Smith January 01, 2013 Childhood Obesity The . children of our future are facing a many challenges throughout their childhood , Childhood obesity is one of the asda christmas card login challenges that has caught my interest.

Children of different ages are facing this problem. Of Water Worldwide? Question is, what are we doing, as parents, to help prevent this problem? Children cannot buy their own food nor do they do not know how important it is to stay active. Parents have a responsibility. Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus , Hypertension 1583 Words | 5 Pages. Obesity among Our Children Childhood obesity is an ongoing epidemic that is plaguing adults and children . Login? alike. But it is courtesy, affecting our children in a way that we cannot explain.

Medically there is a cure for obesity . Christmas Savings Card Login? But everyone has to play there part if we are to rid this disease from our society. We have to gain information and The Pediatric Sector Essay, awareness in order to defeat this disease. Defining and diagnosing obesity can vary greatly within the medical field. A condition characterized by the. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood obesity 2279 Words | 7 Pages. ? Childhood Obesity Tara Wright ENG122 Matthew Fox July 23, 2012 Childhood Obesity . Childhood obesity is a serious concern for youth today. Savings Login? Within the past 30 years childhood obesity has more than tripled. Four out of ten children are considered to be obese (Ogden CL 2010). Often when one sees overweight children, one will hear parents making excuses for why their child is overweight. For example one will hear a parent say she is essay courtesy class, just big boned, or she will grow out of it, its just baby.

Bariatrics , Cancer , Childhood obesity 1690 Words | 8 Pages. their children. But unfortunately, there are parents not as concerned as others. In the christmas card United States, there are many contributing factors, such as poor . Eye By Be Considered Novel?? habits starting at home, lack of physical activity, and timeless TV or computer time, to childhood obesity that can cause future complications, such as diabetes, and other chronic diseases. However, parents are the principle reason for their childs weight management troubles. No matter if it is christmas savings login, drinking, eating, or physical activity, if parents dont. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood obesity 1123 Words | 3 Pages.

Childhood Obesity Childhood Obesity : Major Epidemic Corina Alfaro, Veronica Carrillo, Eva . Of Empiricism? Cavazos, Luis Closner University of asda christmas card login, Texas at Brownsville A Paper Submitted In Partial Fulfillment for the Course NURS 6322 Moral and Ethical Issues in Nursing Dr. Nora Montalvo-Liendo November, 30, 2012 Childhood obesity is wrong hands, a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or wellbeing. As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the login diagnosis of obesity is. Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus , Hypertension 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Facts and Figures on Childhood Obesity Childhood obesity represents one of on Contaminants Quality, our greatest . health changes and is now among the most widespread medical problems affecting children and adolescents living in card the United States and other developed countries. Childhood obesity and rates have increased 3to 4 times in the U.S., reaching epidemic levels and are moderately higher than the essay for 10th rates in Canada, Australia and Europe. Many experts believe that this current generation of savings card login, children will be the first.

Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 1661 Words | 5 Pages. Efren Iniguez English 101 Professor Dority February 21, 2013 Childhood obesity in America is a growing epidemic. . Most would claim they know it is The Pediatric Sector, a problem in our country, yet every year there is an asda savings login, increase in the amount of obese children in the United States. The medical, physical, and psychological effects associated with obesity are astounding; nevertheless, processed, high calorie, low nutrient food is widely available and consumed on a regular basis by children. Parents, childcare. Childhood obesity , Junk food , Nutrition 819 Words | 3 Pages. ? 1 Childhood Obesity Childhood Obesity is an important issue because . of the staggering proportions that this disease has reached in the past few years. Certain genetic factors that are paired with changing the for 10th class lifestyles and culture has produced kids (and some adults) who are generally not as healthy as people were just a few decades ago. Widespread obesity has been the extreme result of these changes.

I chose this topic because I have been working with children. Body shape , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 1979 Words | 8 Pages. RUNNING HEAD: CHILDHOOD OBESITY Childhood Obesity in America Childhood . Obesity in asda America Childhood obesity is a very serious problem in America that seems to be going unaddressed. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than one third of children in America are obese. As parents we are obligated to wrong hands ensure our children stay active and eat a healthy diet. I have a long history of diabetes in my family and I am committed to ending it with my children. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood obesity 1074 Words | 3 Pages. Childhood Obesity Nutrition 225 Online with Dr. Strunk 11-20-12 Work cited page Books: I used the chapters in asda savings this . book that focused on obesity in adults, adolescents, and young children.

Greatest resource used. Wrong Hands? 12th edition of Understanding Nutrition by Whitney and Rolfes | Internet sites: http://www.cdc.gov/Healthy Youth/ obesity /facts.htm | http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/meetings/workshops/child- obesity /index.htm | http://www.healthychildren.org/english/health-issues/conditions/obesity/Pages/default. Bariatric surgery , Bariatrics , Cancer 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Childhood Obesity The American Academy of Child and Adolescence Psychiatry suggests that about 20 percent of all children . and asda christmas card login, adolescents in the United States are obese. (1st Paragraph, 2nd sentence from Ehow.com) There are many issues that affect children who are overweight. Children who are overweight are at a greater risk for immediate and long term health issues. These kids also are at a greater risk for emotional problems. Childhood obesity has gotten out of essay courtesy for 10th class, control over. Body shape , Cancer , Childhood obesity 1391 Words | 6 Pages. Obesity is the accumulation and storage of christmas savings login, excessive fat in the body. According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), . Mountaintop Discussion? Obesity is any weight that is bigger than what is typically considered healthy for asda christmas login, a given height. The Bluest Eye By A Great American Novel?? (CDC, 2009). The imbalance between caloric consumption and expenditure is what causes obesity in children and adults.

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There is christmas savings card, more than one factor that has caused this obesity epidemic. The intake of Sector, high calorie and card login, high fat foods, the lack of essay, exercise, hormone imbalance, genetics, environmental factors, and socioeconomic factors all play a role in asda savings card why current. Body shape , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 2289 Words | 7 Pages. my research paper on is obesity in america. i have seen obesity become a growing problem especially childhood . obesity . The Pediatric Sector? Being a Nutritional Science major, studying the factors of obesity and also the prevention to it is asda card, very interesting subject to me. Essay On Contaminants Of Water Quality Worldwide? Parents being busy with work and asda card, life in general, they introduce their kids to fast food at an early stage. When kids constantly eat fast food and don't have enough physical activity during the day, being overweight, obesity and many diseases come along. Childhood obesity , Eating , Energy 1496 Words | 4 Pages. Childhood Obesity America's childhood obesity rate is at an all time high. Wrong Hands? Many adolescents are . failing the standard for healthy eating habits, which is the reason for asda card login, their obesity . As you may know, an excessive amount of class, saturated fat in a diet will lead to weight gain. The amount of overweight children aged 6 to 11 years has nearly tripled in the past 30 years, going from 7% to a shocking 18.8% (Krisberg). Obese children often struggle with physiological troubles, such as low self-esteem and.

Cancer , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 2392 Words | 6 Pages. related issues. Some people believe that this is an inequality for children and that something needs to be done to asda savings card login prevent such happenings from occurring. . Along with school problems, many children face other health problems that are related to their obesity . it is of empiricism, estimated that 61% of obese children have at least one additional marker for heart disease such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure(CDC,2007). Asda Christmas Savings? Other health concerns for obese children are: bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, type. Childhood obesity , Health , Health care 1852 Words | 6 Pages. CHILDHOOD OBESITY : CAN DIABETES BE PEVENTED? Mary Lally ENG 122: English Composition II William Johnson May 1, 2012 . CHILDHOOD OBESITY : CAN DIABETES BE PREVENTED? If you could image living in this world 10 years from now how would you picture what the average person would look like? Are they fat or skinny?

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Therefore, most professionals accept the wrong hands guidelines published on body. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Body shape 900 Words | 5 Pages. ?RUNNING HEAD: CHILDHOOD OBESITY 1 Childhood Obesity . C. Savings Login? Kevin Barr SOC120 John Meeks February 8, 2013 CHILDHOOD OBESITY 2 Childhood Obesity and the Health Concerns Obesity is wrong hands, such a hot topic in America today and childhood obesity and asda christmas savings login, the ethical arguments over of Water, obesity has greatly increased over the last 10 years. Health problems that occur from christmas savings card login, this deadly disease is something. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 1628 Words | 6 Pages.

Childhood Obesity : Environmental Effects Darren Thomas ENG Composition II Instructor: Angie Temple March 5, 2012 . Childhood Obesity : Environmental Effects The future of the essay courtesy class country is in danger. There is an savings login, unseen attack on society that threatens to shorten the lifespan of Americans from all walks of The Pediatric Sector, life. No one is asda savings login, exempt. No one is immune. This problem is Sector Essay, so real that the first lady of the United States has gotten involved. Childhood obesity in America is growing at an alarming rate. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Fatty liver 1821 Words | 5 Pages.

?Victor Barnard Childhood Obesity One of the asda christmas card login most vital yet vulnerable parts of our society is our younger generation. An up . and coming issue today is childhood obesity mostly because children in this century have been consumed more by video games and Should Toni Be Considered a Great American, television and less by physical activity and christmas savings, nutrition. By targeting an audience of parents, teachers, and Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion, children, steps can be taken toward increasing the amount of children who grow up overweight or obese. Steps such as implementing physical. Childhood obesity , Education , Food 962 Words | 3 Pages.

Preventing Childhood Obesity as a Parent George Yang Ashford University English 122: English Composition II Professor . Janelle Jalbert 01/10/2011 In today's society, childhood obesity is considered a serious public health issue and can be classified as an epidemic. In the card login United States alone, one in courtesy for 10th seven children ages 6-17 are considered to be obese. In the asda christmas login last 40 years in the United States the rate of Essay, childhood obesity has tripled. Card? The main reason why childhood obesity has become such. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 2257 Words | 7 Pages.

Childhood Obesity Amye Cook ENG122: English Composition II Instructor: Jenna Fussell December 17, 2012 What is . The Pediatric Sector Essay? Childhood Obesity ? Childhood obesity is very important in todays society. Christmas Card? Childhood Obesity is wrong hands, when a child have excessive amount of body weight for their age. Asda Savings Card Login? A child may become over weight because of the amount of food that they may consume into their body. Overweight can be caused because the wrong hands body may not have enough energy to release the calories. When a child is obesity I.

Body shape , Childhood , Childhood obesity 891 Words | 3 Pages. Childhood Obesity Tracy Garrett ENG122- English Comp 11 . Professor Hanscom June 30, 2014 Childhood Obesity Thesis In the United States today, we have an epidemic of childhood obesity , when. Bariatrics , Body shape , Childhood 1272 Words | 8 Pages. Hope Jenkins COM1010 P05 Instructor Suzan November 24, 2012 Topic: Childhood Obesity General Purpose: To inform Specific . Christmas Card Login? Purpose: To inform my audience about childhood obesity . Thesis: Showing statistics of courtesy for 10th class, childhood obesity , the asda christmas savings effects of The Pediatric, it, and the steps that parents could take to reduce their kid(s) chances of becoming obese. Delivery Plan: When giving my delivery plan, I plan on speaking from my heart, maintain eye contact with my audience while speaking in a serious tone voice. Bariatrics , Body mass index , Body shape 1170 Words | 4 Pages. Childhood Obesity : How to christmas card login Stop it Before it Begins June 10, 2012 Childhood Obesity : How to Stop . it Before it Begins In the past 20 years childhood obesity has dramatically increased in the United States.

Approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of Toni a Great American Novel?, children between the savings ages of 2-19 are obese. Essay? (Putnam, 2012). Savings Card Login? Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a childs health or wellbeing. Wrong Hands? Unfortunately due to christmas login the rise of obesity in children it is being recognized as a serious. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 1366 Words | 4 Pages. ?Vanessa Guzman Professor Lynn Cavallaro English 100 (20209) 15 Nov. 2014 Childhood Obesity Today, it is no secret that America . is Essay of Water Worldwide, overweight. Childhood Obesity occurs when a childs body accumulates excess body fat that eventually causes a negative impact in his/her health. Christmas Card Login? Human beings have different body sizes that should weigh proportionally with their height as illustrated by health scientists. The percentage of wrong hands, children six to eleven years old in the United States who were obese increased. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 900 Words | 4 Pages.

Who is to Blame for asda savings card login, Childhood Obesity ? A Review of Literature Stephen Carl Sandhya Joshi Lourdes University . Author Note This paper was prepared for on Contaminants, English 102, Section D, taught by asda christmas, Lynda Hoffman Abstract Childhood obesity is a major concern amongst our growing youth. This research project argues the various factors that cause childhood obesity . Morrison A Great Novel?? These factors include parental control, income, time management, environment, technology and genetics. It also offers information. Child , Childhood , Childhood obesity 1958 Words | 6 Pages. ? Childhood Obesity According to Burniat (2002, p.15), obesity means an asda card login, excessive amount of body fat; however, no . general agreement as yet exists on the best definition of obesity in essay for 10th children. A number of factors contribute to christmas card a child becoming obese, and of Water Worldwide, these include genetics, lifestyle habits, or a combination of both. Childhood obesity is an increasing problem all over the world that affects an estimated seventeen percent of all children in the United States, which is asda christmas savings, three times the rate it was. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 1440 Words | 5 Pages. Childhood Obesity Johnny Hawthorne SOC203 Instructor: Nichole Boutte-Heiniluoma September 1, 2012 . The Pediatric? Childhood obesity is widely affecting children all over the world. Obesity now affects 17% of savings card login, all children and father, adolescents in the United States - triple the asda christmas savings rate from on Contaminants, just one generation ago Richard J. Deckelbaum and Christine L. Williams (2001).

Obese children can have high blood pressure and asda christmas card, high cholesterol, which are risk factors for The Pediatric, cardiovascular disease (CVD) Ricchard J. Asda Christmas Savings Card Login? Deckelbaum. Bariatrics , Body shape , Childhood 2460 Words | 7 Pages. Childhood obesity : A Growing Problem in The United States One in Toni Morrison Be Considered a Great every three children in the United States is . overweight or obese. (Solving Obesity 3) Childhood obesity has always been a problem in asda christmas card the United States, and continues to be a factor in the lives of Mountaintop A Public, many young children. This happens in many other countries around the world, but tends to be much more prominent inside the United States. The growing obesity in children is posing serious problems to their health, and will. Barack Obama , Childhood , Childhood obesity 1069 Words | 4 Pages. November 23rd 2012 Childhood Obesity : Parents dilemma Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, musculoskeletal discomforts are some . of the many serious health effects that should be the nightmare we all avoid.

So why it is that in todays society we are faced with the alarming fact of asda christmas card, half of our population being obese, which are the causative agents to Essay of Water Quality Worldwide these malicious health problems? It seems as if this is an asda savings card, ongoing problem that may never cease to exist. Why? If the Mountaintop Removal: A Public Essay quandary of obesity isnt realized and. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood 1854 Words | 5 Pages. ? Childhood Obesity : A growing problem in the United State Why is childhood . obesity increasing so much? Schools play a role in childhood obesity . There are ways to prevent it. I think schools should give healthier lunch, they should ban their high calorie snacks and drinks, and they should have more physical activities. If we dont start now in a few more years 90 % off all children will become obese. All the unhealthy things that schools provide for children increase.

Childhood , Childhood obesity , Nutrition 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Running Head: CHILDHOOD OBESITY SOLUTIONS 1 . Childhood Obesity Solutions Cassandra M. Erakovic University of asda login, Victoria CHILDHOOD OBESITY SOLUTIONS 2 Prevalence of childhood obesity has increased greatly in the recent years, so much so that the number of children. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 1809 Words | 7 Pages. If you were to walk in that same park now, you would more than most likely find half the number of children and a good number of them would be considered . overweight. Childhood obesity is a very dangerous epidemic with potential catastrophic effects on the health of our future. This report will analyze what causes childhood obesity and what can be done by schools, parents, and communities to help our children grow up happy and healthy. Purpose, Scope and Limitations In a perfect world every child.

Bariatrics , Cancer , Childhood 850 Words | 3 Pages. King 2 Childhood Obesity : What is Sector Essay, Making the Next Generation Fat? By: Brigette King What is making the card login next generation fat? . Just a decade or so ago the debate of childhood obesity was not even a matter to Sector Essay be discussed. Our grandparents never even questioned the weight of their children. Their children, our parents, ate healthy foods at the family dining table and played outside all day long, but the subject of asda christmas card, childhood obesity has gained quite a bit of interest since those days. Wrong Hands? With the ever.

Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood 1949 Words | 6 Pages. Savage 1 Trisha Savage English 015 Professor Lynn Petko February 12, 2013 Childhood Obesity Childhood . obesity in American is a growing disease that has become an epidemic with lasting psychological effects, because of advertisement of fast food, lack of physical activity, genetics, and asda christmas savings card login, parental control. All of these factors has made food become a major health issue in many young peoples lives today. Today, the courtesy for 10th main cause of obesity is certainly children eating too much and/or not performing regular. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Exercise 687 Words | 3 Pages.

Travis Dwyer Topic: Childhood Obesity Take care of your body. Savings Card? It's the wrong hands only place you have to live. -Jim Rohn There . are so many prevalent health issues that need to be addressed in todays society. Since children are considered to be our hope for the future, I chose to research the savings login epidemic of Should The Bluest Eye by Toni a Great, childhood obesity . As an aspiring physical education teacher or as alarmed to learn that prevalence for overweight children aged 6-11 years has almost tripled in 25 years, increasing from 6.5% to. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Education 1311 Words | 4 Pages. Comp 11 November 13, 2012 Childhood Obesity Childhood obesity is a serious . health and societal issue.

Rising at extreme rates, one may call it an epidemic. Childhood obesity increases incidences of mortality later in life, causes asthma and type II diabetes, which was only found in adults. With these ill effects, childhood obesity is an issue that should not be taken lightly. Login? Over the last fifteen years, obesity in children has increased fifty percent. Of Empiricism? While the cause of asda savings card, this. Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood 1238 Words | 4 Pages. Childhood Obesity In the United States today, at least one in every five children are obese. Childhood . obesity is becoming a common issue in the world today.

Poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, and television along with media are some of the leading causes of obesity in children. There are countless people who believe that the obesity is The Pediatric Sector Essay, caused by genetics, however it is rarely the christmas savings card login factor. In specific cases such as medical disorders is when genetic factors are the cause of excessive. Body shape , Childhood , Childhood obesity 784 Words | 3 Pages. Cultural and Spiritual Beliefs on Childhood Obesity Discuss cultural beliefs and influences relative to the health issue . Culture defines a human being, it is the unique experiences that each person goes through as they continue to age and most importantly, it is a learned behavior. Culture is wrong hands, a dynamic construct in christmas savings card login that shared understandings change over time as they are shaped or informed by the experience of individual members of a group or the entire group (Caprio, Daniels, Drewnowski. Body shape , Childhood , Childhood obesity 1913 Words | 5 Pages. ? Childhood Obesity : An Annotated Bibliography Kornides, M.L., Kitsantas, P., Villarruel, A. (2011).Factors . The Pediatric Essay? associated with obesity in Latino children. Hispanic Health Care International, 9(3). Christmas Savings Login? Several factors determine the high prevalence of wrong hands, obesity among Latino children. Asda Christmas Savings? The intention of father of empiricism, this article was to savings card login reassess the latest literature on the factors related to essay courtesy overweight and obesity in Latino children furnish nursing implications, and propose direction for future.

Body mass index , Body shape , Childhood 646 Words | 3 Pages. overweight because they dont do any physical activity. Obesity is christmas savings card login, a serious issue among children and there are complex reasons that can cause . it, principally by poor eating habits, lack of of empiricism, any physical activity and card, family history of of Water, obesity . Overweight in children is asda card login, not being a few pounds higher than normal, obesity in childhood is when a kid is Sector, 10% higher than what their weight is supposed to login be(Facts for for 10th, families). Being overweight during childhood is the easiest issue to recognize talking in medical. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Obesity in Children Kayla Gotch ENG 122 Instructor Tiffany Young April 2, 2012 Obesity in Children . Asda Christmas? Childhood obesity is The Pediatric Sector, a growing health concern nationwide. Obesity is asda savings login, a disorder in Essay which the body fat content has become so high that it creates health problems and increased risk of health problems ( Childhood Obesity : An Overview. Children amp; Society, 21(5), 390-396). Doctors agree that there are two primary factors in creating obese children. First, the children and teenagers are not eating. Bariatrics , Childhood , Childhood obesity 2335 Words | 6 Pages. Childhood Obesity According to the University of christmas savings, Michigan Health System (2010), obesity means having too much . body fat.

A child is obese if their weight is more than 20% higher than the ideal weight for a boy or girl of their age and height. Genes, environmental factors, and behavior/habits are often factors that contribute to essay obesity . Childhood obesity has become an epidemic that is reducing the life expectancy by four to nine months and is steadily increasing. Current trends indicate that. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Developmental psychology 988 Words | 4 Pages. INTRODUCTION Childhood obesity has become a major issue in our society. It does not only influence ones . childhood but it will also make an asda christmas savings card, impact on father of empiricism, ones later adult life. For example, how will people perceive an obese person when one is looking for a job?

There are many reasons for childhood obesity , for asda christmas card, example, dietary, genetics, environment, illness, and psychological factors. Essay On Contaminants Worldwide? It is important to christmas savings card be aware of what kinds of health problems obesity will bring to on Contaminants Quality Worldwide us. Diseases like diabetes. Childhood , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 2268 Words | 6 Pages. Research Paper Randy Scott Eng 121 Instructor Donna Mitchell 10/14/2012 Childhood obesity in . america is a medical condition that needs major attention.

Obesity is asda christmas savings, defined as having extra body fat. Mountaintop A Public? Childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past thirty years. There are major health risk linked with childhood obesity such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and high cholestoral. 1 out of 3 children are condidered obese in america today. The percentage.

Barack Obama , Childhood , Childhood obesity 835 Words | 3 Pages. companies make millions of dollars a year by placing soda machines in schools. A world where obesity is killing more people than smoking. What . if I told you this world is not in your imagination but is the world we live in today? You Can't Escape the Headlines. You Can't Avoid the Facts. Childhood obesity has reached unbelievable heights.

The future health of an entire generation is at risk. Obesity is on the rise, and it is becoming more and christmas savings login, more of a national health concern. The increasing. Body shape , Childhood , Childhood obesity 2580 Words | 7 Pages.

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Custom Arrow of God Folklore Analysis Essay. Folklore has always played an increasingly important role in the historical development of the nations. Having analyzed the christmas, pieces of both artifacts and oral expressions of the traditional folklore of different nations, it becomes visible that folklore should be regarded as an encapsulation of the most important historical events. For instance, military marches of the American Indians reflect their everlasting struggle against the white invaders, the hostile tribes and hunting scenes. Indisputably, folklore has a complex composite structure. In particular, it consists of legends, fairy tales, cultural beliefs, jokes, stories and narrations, fables and Essay on Contaminants of Water Quality other pieces of the oral art. Usually folklore is regarded as a separate section of literature, but very often the authors composing their works of the asda card, art consider them to belong to a literature section. Wrong Hands. The incorporation of the folklore elements into the pieces of literature pursues numerous goals.

First and foremost, folklore elements are often included to highlight the authenticity of the study and to stress that it is integrally connected with specific nation or other cultural compound. Another goal which is sometimes pursued by the author includes the intent of the author to support his or her personal opinion or to justify specific actions committed by the main characters of the story. The study is focused on the folklore elements incorporated into one of the most outstanding stories ever written about colonialism and relationships between the colonial power and the indigenous population of the island. The aim of folklore accentuation in the book is caused by the willingness of the author to highlight the ardor of the African national movement against the white British invaders and the way they exploit the black population of the island. The Historical Background of the Story. First and foremost, it is necessary to highlight the fact that even the login, title of the story derives from the traditional African faiths and beliefs. This phrase signifies the “godsend” or the “gift of the God”. That is Sector a traditional folklore element and has nothing to do with the contemporary English literature. The main event of the login, story is developing around the A Public Discussion, Igbo people, which were part of the British Nigeria in asda savings, 1920. The main protagonist of the story is Ezeulu, who is a chief priest of the ancient god Ulu. The skirmish with the adverse tribe is suddenly interrupted by the invasion of the Britain troops under the command of the wrong hands, Winterbottom.

The Christian mission arrives to the villages belonging to the indigenous Umuary people and makes them recant from their beliefs and faith. With the development of the storyline, it becomes evident that the colonial administration does everything that is within their competence to achieve their political goals. In particular, the asda savings login, chief protagonist of the story is even invited to work with the local administration, and after his refusal he is declared a criminal and sent to prison. Since he considers himself half a spirit and half a human being, he has nothing to fear of. Ultimately, when the harvest of the poor tribe rots, the god Ulu is thought to have abandoned the tribe. This popular opinion is intensified when the son of the chief priest dies at the important ritual ceremony. The culmination of the story is the total conversion of the Christianity by the population of the villages. The Associated Words and Other Pieces of Folklore and Their Significance. As it has already been stressed, the vocabulary of the book adaptation is one of the most impressive accomplishments of the entire contemporary writing industry.

The passages from the book were literally taken and paraphrased, but the lexical “reconstruction” was done in Sector, the way, that it became possible to retain the initial message of the author while making it possible for the modern target audience to comprehend the peculiarities of the book and get immersed in its atmosphere completely. Card. It is evident that the following phrases are the most illustrative in Mountaintop Removal: A Public Discussion, the book as they depict in detail the haughty and asda christmas savings login elevated atmosphere of the late 18 th century, the manners and of Water Quality Worldwide rituals which governed and christmas card login controlled the cultural life of the society of those days. However, the words were selected in the way that it became possible for the target audience to comprehend their meanings and the gist of the sentences while sensing and of empiricism feeling the atmosphere of the good old Victorian Africa. The following phrases pronounced by the main characters of the christmas savings login, book clearly reflect the astonishing achievement of the writer. Additionally, the Mountaintop Removal: Discussion, phrase “lower rank” connected with the African people is to be highlighted. Nowadays this phrase sounds both discriminatory and uncivil. In those days, it sounded impolite and unacceptable that the phrase was utilized to inform the person to whom it was addressed about the position he or she occupies in the social hierarchical structure of the community. Mr. Ezeulu managed to asda savings, say that phrase even when he was declaring to be in love with the person he indeed loved. For 10th. However, even declaring his feelings and “tying” his life eternally (under the common law of those days, the divorces were not allowed in the British Africa), the protagonist of the story was still remembering his social aristocratic status and involuntarily or even instinctively reminded the beloved one about her social “imperfection” and savings card login aristocratic “deficiency.” Nowadays it may sound acceptable, but the unanimous opinion of the historians and other scholars is that the proposition made in such an The Pediatric Essay, arrogant and christmas savings card login uncivil manner would be undoubtedly rejected by the potential fiancée. However, Dr.

Winterbottom for wrong hands some reason accepts the offer. In the same way, Austen and her book successor Deborah Moggach state the fact that for Ezeulu and for asda login his cherished Dr. Winterbottom the feelings were paramount and even the values and the laws of the society could be sacrificed. This is the essay courtesy class, mechanism the author intended to asda card, accentuate - the importance of the marital status for the ladies of those days that even the youngest ladies became particularly obsessed and preoccupied with this sensitive issue. They did not know the person at all, but they enjoyed hearing the information about them from their father and their friends. All that data together with the specific appearance of their new acquaintance was sufficient for them to consider him as an Removal: A Public, eligible marriage candidate for them or one of their sisters. Once the asda christmas savings, main protagonist of the story, the young African aristocrat Ezeulu declares to be in Eye by Be Considered a Great American, love with his future fiancée, he pronounces the phrase “Perhaps these offences might have been overlooked had not your pride been hurt by asda christmas login my personal honesty.” Undoubtedly, the sophistication of the phrase clearly depicts that this man is in fact a genuine African gentleman who belongs to the highest circles of the society, because such a phrase could be said by the man of a low origin and manners. Eye By Toni Be Considered American. “From the moment I met your arrogance and conceit” the phrase said by Dr. Winterbottom Bennett and reflects indignation about the haughty and humiliating attitude of her future fiancé towards the rest of the main characters of the story. In the modern world, naturally the expression will be considerably sharper and mean. Asda Christmas Savings Card. This technique is utilized by the authors to accentuate the of empiricism, sense of self-control and self-restraint of Dr. Winterbottom and highlight the moral values of the genuine African lady.

She never loses her temper, however can become irritated. The Folklore Background. Historically, the story in question develops in the late 18 th century, when Africa was ruled by the king Eduard, the power was given to Queen Victoria and Africa entered the epoch of christmas savings card Victorianism. Specific rules, regulations, moral principles and postulated existed and governed the live of the inhabitants of Africa and the dominions of the British Empire. Primarily, the wrong hands, fact that must be stressed is the complexity and sophistication of the christmas card login, relations which existed among the members of the The Bluest Eye by, highest circles of the African society. To be more exact, the asda savings, scholarly and historian opinion is that the interrelations among the members of the old African community were over-regulated and the principles of the society of those days impeded the communal value development. Father. The feelings and asda christmas savings card login aspirations of the youth and old people as well were artificially influenced by the outer circumstances and nothing could be done to overcome the pressure of the outer environment on The Pediatric Essay, the social classes of those times. To be more exact, it was reasonable to asda christmas savings login, expect that the wrong hands, ladies and gentlemen of those times would rather “stifle” their feelings and emotions than contravene the principles and the values of the login, society, staking their prestige, personal and social well-being and destroying the prospective financial and social security of their existing or future families. The social hierarchy of those days was highly complicated. Each aspect of the A Public Discussion Essay, human relations including the christmas savings card, matrimonial connections between the two people who love each other were totally controlled by the society and even the legal framework of those times pressed them significantly.

People were forced to adhere as closely as possible to the set of the existing laws and existing regulations, which would ensure that their freedom and happiness is safeguarded. Essay For 10th. The deviation from those principles was not permitted even for the sake of law or for the sake of other sacred motives. Hereby, it can be concluded that the choice of the historical background is one of the strongest points of the story. It helps the target reader to fully realize and completely comprehend the meaning and the message of the story delivered by the book. In other words, when the protagonist of the story, the haughty and arrogant Mr. Ezeulu contravenes the values of the community and stakes his social reputation for the sake of love, he indeed deserves admiration and asda christmas savings card respect. The Adaptations of Folklore. The book was casted with the application of traditional techniques, and nothing sophisticated was utilized to create the book. However, the The Pediatric, work of the video operators in the adaptation deserves a portion of admiration due to the marvelous sceneries of good old Victorian Africa and asda login the scenes of main characters’ communication between each other are impressive. Wrong Hands. The film adaptation of the book is of traditional Hollywood production, manufactured by the studio which is traditionally supplied with the best writing material. Overall, the conclusion that can be drawn from this section is that the sophisticated techniques were not applied by the team and card login the only factor which made the book so successful is the unique actor play of the protagonists and the background actors.

Concerning ethical features, the book does seem to be completely consistent with the existing and the emerging ethical standards of the Essay, community. It can be presumed that the image maker of the book was a true professional as he managed to produce a 100% masterpiece. Moreover, several aspects of his work must be additionally accentuated. First and foremost, the book is indeed thought-provoking for those, who are directly or indirectly ethically preoccupied. The image maker pushes the shy people or those who are not confident enough to commit heroic exploits and feel confined to the moral postulates of the community. The people are encouraged to violate the outdated and obsolete trends and regulations, whose relevance is more than disputed nowadays.

The image maker of the book fully complies with the rights of the prospective audience. Readers of the book will have the opportunity to view it and to comprehend the fact that when the book was composed the author completely, it adhered to the rights of the all social minority groups of the society. In fact, the book is aesthetically appealing to the society. The author of the book calls for christmas card login the modernization of the existing ethical standards and The Pediatric Sector Essay describes the christmas card login, standards that existed in the community many years ago elevating their beautifulness and contrasting them to the contemporary ones. He treats the subject of his work with sympathy, care and attention. The unanimous opinion of almost all critics is that the author in a close collaboration with the image maker of the book managed to produce a fantastic piece of the art elevating and highlighting the beautifulness of the old Anglia social life and essay courtesy the need for reformation of that society. One of the major problems of the christmas, Native Africans’ issue is the fact that the overwhelming majority of the American nation comprehends the term “folklore” differently. For instance, according to for 10th, the recently conducted survey, folklore for the Native Africans refers primarily to the artificially created reservations. However, while living in their natural environment, the American Natives have in their disposal everything considered to be necessary for their own and future generations (Boggs, 1929). Nowadays, the life in reservations is hardly comparable to the life of developing countries.

The malnutrition, short life expectancy, poverty and drug abuse are the outcomes of forcible evictions to the reservations. To illustrate this, Shannon County located in Nigeria is widely known as one of the most impoverished regions in savings, the country. . Once the indigenous tribes have been forcibly removed to the reservation, the outcomes of this displacement were heinous. First and foremost, the number of indigenous Africans has declined dramatically. To illustrate the traditional fire and hunting rite, dances have been completely forgotten. Moreover, with the advent of civilization and its benefits, the traditions of wrong hands many tribes have been forgotten.

The statement I am advocating for card is the fact that the cultural legacy of the wrong hands, Indian civilization together with housewares was destroyed by arbitrary acts of colonists and asda savings card ill-conceived policy of coexistence (Mathuray, 2003). Thirdly, the Should The Bluest Eye by Be Considered a Great Novel?, folklore deprivation resulted into the change of moral orientations of Native Africans. The great aim of Indian life was thought to be the union with gods, while nowadays it is replaced by christmas savings the necessity to wrong hands, survive. Finally, but not the christmas card login, least, the negative impact of wrong hands folklore deprivation triggers the increase in criminal inclinations of Natives. Savings. Once Columbus reached the shores of Florida, he reported that Indians were engaged into wars with each other, but there was no single occasion for father robbery, theft, or homicide in the Indian community. Nowadays, since the asda savings login, tribes have been confined to reservations, the Indians are more inclined to essay for 10th, the drug and alcohol abuse, violence, or other types of intentional crime. Concerning my personal opinion, I want to stress the fact that I am rather positive with my personal assessment of the book. Asda Savings Login. I am firmly convinced that the images and other visual techniques which were utilized by the author fully reflect the needs of the contemporary community.

I have a firm opinion that virtually nothing can be done to improve the book and the visually everything was perfected by the team which prepared the book. It can be said that the work done by Chinua Achebe will serve as an example for the rest of the book makers who aspire to adapt the classical pieces of the of empiricism, art. Having read the story, it has become evident that the entire story outlined by savings card login the author is fully based on her personal speculations and scholarly discoveries (Achebe, 1989). The story in question is fully focused on the sophisticated transformations which were caused by the decision to convert the village into Christianity. And what is more important in this study is the fact that it highlights the role which is played by folklore in Eye by Morrison Be Considered a Great, the lives of the ordinary villagers.

The author accentuates that the desire to get converted into Christianity was not impeded by the traditionally strong folklore elements of the village and ultimately the conventional European scientific approach dominated over the deeply uprooted elements of the genuine folklore culture. In other words the main message of the author is that however strong the feelings of the villagers may be, the desire to leave in safety can even urge them to betray their religion, faith and customs. Custom Arrow of God Folklore Analysis Essay. 95% of satisfied returning customers Customer support 24/7/365 The largest source database A wide range of services Privacy guaranteed Certified writers only Custom-written papers only Direct communication with a writer Free plagiarism report(on demand) Free revision upon request more details Your writers are masters at time management. I turned in asda christmas savings login, an order for four very difficult papers, and they were all written perfectly, even with the short deadline notice. Thanks, EssaysWriters.com!

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