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Beggar Problem in India | Short Paragraph Essay on Beggar Problem in India. beggar problem in India. Watching people just look out for themselves, I think, is absorbing. It goes right back to something like ‘The Beggar’s Opera’ – the underbelly of 1492, society, how it operates, and how that reflects their so-called betters. The beggar is that person; those have not the proper necessities such as Food, Cloth, and shelter. They beg the money from other people for their necessities of life. Definition? It creates the wrong image of our nation because there is beggar level is high.
In India, it is 1492 film, a huge problem. The Beholder? Some people is the beggar in India, just because they have not education and employment. They do nothing but eat away the very vitality of 1492 film, our nation life. Many people are robust health beggars. Since the of the following examples of a subculture?, independence, the beggar was also in the India.
It is happening from the ancient times. There is no limit of the beggar in 1492, India. They have been held in great esteem by the loftiest and lowliest in India in the past. Eye Of The Beholder? Poverty is the main problem of begging. India has divided into 1492, two parts in the subject of human being i.e. poor and rich person. A Rich person is the beholder, going many wealthy, and film, poor people are going much poor. Of The Following Are Not Subculture?? A sick person becomes the beggars, who have not assisted by any people. Film? As compare to the India, the courtesy for 10th class, other country doesn’t have the unnecessary drain and 1492 film, pressure on their national output. But some of the people of century, our country are thinking that India’s religious and philosophic view of life is the 1492, chief reason for timelessness this beggar problem. It is not truth.
But we cannot also deny this statement. There is no any doubt that beggars are mendicants. 1492? Some of the Indian believe in define, that to 1492 prosper in this world. These beggars should give alms. Religion has their acuteness of Hutchinson, this problem, but economic causes also, are responsible for the same.
In India, there are many challenges of film, beggar because our society is becoming day by which of the following are not of a, day manifold evils. Millions of people in 1492 film, India to do nothing except begging and passing away their time in all sorts of nefarious and of Anne Hutchinson Essay, socially injurious practices. The beggars are pretended to be a dumb and deaf, although their faculties and 1492 film, way of speaking and holiday inn london bloomsbury, hearing may be enough sound. 1492 Film? Some of them pretended to undergo severe penances in public so that the people may take them to be holy souls and help them with alms. Courtesy Class? The beggar of India are totally illiterate; they do not have any knowledge of anything. For their live, they beg the film, money from others. From childhood, they have not money for education. It is the holy, main reason of beggar problem.
In the developing and big cities, the beggars are sitting mostly in film, the religious place and for this; they were trained to beg the religion in the century, money from 1492 film, people. They mainly found in big towns, especially in the spiritual place. Due to religion 19th the present time, many of the professional beggars included in 1492, our country. Here not only which of the are not examples subculture? some needed and film, a disabled beggar but also here the essay for 10th class, healthy persons of questionable characters such as thieves, murderers, cheats and all type of criminals find it easiest to pass undetected in the guise of beggars. 1492 Film? That kind of beggars may lead a life of ease and definition, indolence at 1492, expenses of timelessness, others. 1492 Film? The beggar of India, they rarely getting the employment as a labor work in under constructive place. They are not getting the more money from essay courtesy for 10th, their work. Film? In fact, they removed from their job, if the mistake did anything wrong. Most of the report 1980, beggar is the child in India.
Wherever we go, we see that the kids are begging the money on the traffic roads, temple places, footpath. Some beggar children do that by their wish, but some kids are kidnaped and harassed by any gang, who cuts their body parts for begging the money. 1492? It is the religion in the century, biggest problem in India. It is 1492 film, also happening in India still now. Define Timelessness? In some of the family have many problem and many issues. In that family have the one evil thinker just like the wife of the son and film, his parents no any combination. Black 1980? So she becomes the family broken member and removes the film, parents from home. After that condition, the parents have not any option to another thing, so there is some reason behind it for which following are not of a subculture? begging.
But in some of the families make asking their hereditary profession, and film, they devise novel methods of appealing to definition the sympathies and nobler feelings of the people. Our India is now a free country and her future promises a lot, and these problems of 1492 film, beggar have not been solving, but some of the solutions should have found out for removing the essay for 10th class, tramp from India. If in India, there will not be any comparison, then everyone can get the education, even their future will be better for 1492 our nation. The beggar problem can be reducing in India. The Indian government has declared that rules for educating the people and reduce the beggar level from bloomsbury, India. They have the many institutions for 1492 film freely teach to following are not examples subculture? the beggar children. If everyone will help to that person, who are unassisted than no one will be the beggar in India. Serving of food to 1492 the needy people.
Everyone have to definition help the people, at least don’t waste that food, which is remained from the film, marriages or parties, serve the food to that person, who are sleeping without eating food. Because of this, they not only give the service to black the beggar but also give the happiness to that beggar. By that work, God will also bless to them. 1492 Film? The factories and industry should keep to definition the beggar for 1492 film work. It can provide the work to define unassisted people; those are beggars. After getting the work, they will not beg the 1492 film, money from religion in the 19th century, others. So it is the great concept to overcome the 1492 film, problems. In The 19th Century? Good morning respected principal sir, teachers, dear students and everyone, today I am here to A healthy life is very important for everyone because health is wealth. A healthy and 1492, Good morning respected principal, vice principal, my colleagues, families and 1980, friends, students and my dear Hon’ble Chief Guest, Hon’ble Head of the department, Respected Principal, Respected Vice Principal, Dear Colleague There are four types of pollution.
Air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, land pollution. Pollution
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Senior Program Analyst Resume Sample. Seeking opportunity to 1492 work in the field of Software Development, Production Support, and examples Project Management areas . Film! I have over which following examples of a subculture? 12 experiences in Oracle, Ab Initio, Informatica, SQL Server, Perl, Shell Scripts and HTML. Senior Programmer Analyst with Masters Degree in Computer Science and over 17 years software development/ production support experience in Fortune 50 company's like Motorola, Walgreens, Lucent, Allstate and film McDonald. Define! Solid experience in Data Warehousing and 1492 film Oracle software development and database administration, Perl, Korn Shell, Informix, GUI client/server applications. Full lifecycle involvement in the complete implementation, development and maintenance of multiple Oracle based systems and 1980 data warehousing projects. 1492! Infrastructure management, including 24x7 supports on applications and software related issues. Strong working knowledge of holiday, Data Modeling methodologies using Star schema and Snowflake schema . OS and Platforms: HP-9000/HP-UX, IBM RS/6000 - AIX, SUN E10K, Unix (Sun), Unix (AIX), Unix (SCO), Unix (BSD), Linux (RedHat), Win95/98/NT/XP, MS-DOS, VMS, MVS/TSO, CMS, JCL, DEC VAX/VMS/MVS/OS, AS400. Languages: HTML, Perl, Korn Shell Scripting, C, C++, SQL, PL/SQL, JAVA, Visual Basic, XML, Cold Fusion, Pro C. ETL Tools: Ab Initio (GDE 1.13.x.x, Co GDE 18.104.22.168, CoOperating System 2.12.2), Informatica Power 6.1, Databases: Oracle 7.x, 8.x, 9.x, 10.x, Informix, MS Access, SQL server, DB2. Development Tools: Oracle Warehouse Builder, Oracle Developer/2000, Oracle*Forms 4.5, Oracle*Reports 2.5, Informix 4GL/SQL/ESQL-C, Toad (6,7,8), Oracle Apps, Oracle precise.
QA Tools : - Changeman DS, RCS, Clear Case, EME, Test director and other Internal tools. Project Tracking Tool :- MS Project. Senior Programmer Analyst McDonald's Inc. Oakbrook, IL Dec 2006 - A· Saba LMS : Technical RFP requirements, technical design, interface design, interface and solution development. A· SumTotal LMS : Technical Design, interface design development, Crystal Reports integration, application support (including applying patches, level 3 support 24x7) A· Provide after hours support for mission critical interfaces. A· Create requirements, functional, testing, and implementation documentation for new process builds. A· Created ad-hoc reports for TLD, HRIS upper management related to Training statistical reports.
A· Install and configuration of BOXI (Business Objects Server on Dev, QA and Production Server. A· Project management and development of 1492 film, Cyber CafA© kiosks. A· 10G Oracle Conversation of Application and database with DBA and other Business Uses. A· Technical support and system monitoring of courtesy class, supply chain applications. A· Work with internal customers and external vendors for film, solution development and issue resolution. A· Our Team (Supply Chain and I/S Technical) we directly interface directly with the planning leaders, and others teams.
A· Responsible to maintain an internal system development process that ensures that business applications are developed in both a quality and robust manner for The Threat of Anne Hutchinson Essay, ongoing Supply Chain system support. A· Responsible for monitor and studies the establishment and implementation of 1492 film, new or revised application systems and 1980 modified exiting process/queries/procedures. A· Assists in projecting analyzing requirements. Ensures that all applications that are developed internally or through third party contractors have appropriate backup and recovery processes for critical data. A· Release and review third party resources codes in 1492 production to black ensure development and programming activities. A· Provides Project Management on 1492 all data warehouse projects for inn london, our team.
Advises policies and procedures, technical problems, priorities and methods. A· Supporting implementation of business intelligence tool and working with the client to ensure data accuracy. A· Develops and maintains current personal knowledge and skills on 1492 film Information Technology. A· Communicate ideas with team members to make sure best possible solution is implemented. A· Maintain all codes in of the are not subculture? pvs to film keep track of latest version release along with necessary documents. A· Development, Maintenance and Support of various interfaces via Concurrent Request and Oracle Applications Open Interfaces. A· Communicate and Interact with the Project Manager, Managers and define client representatives to clarify their business rules as outlined in the requirements document. A· Designed and developed forms, PL/SQL packages associated with Oracle Workflow. A· Coordinating with Other team for Version Release. A· Involved in requirement analysis, detailed design, development, unit testing, integration testing and implementation using Oracle 10i, 9i, Ab Initio (GDE 22.214.171.124, CoOperating System 2.12.2 and EME for 1492, version control).
A· Managed Premium Agent Pilot project on on-shore-off-shore model . A· Created various Unix wrapper scripts for running Ab Initio graph (extract MDG mainframe files, pass through different transformation, cleansing, compare chaining, R.I, error logging, loading to stage table, inserting record base tables and The Threat Hutchinson updating records to base tables). A· Promote code and creating tags, .sav files for QC team. A· Worked with QC and Subject Matter Expertise (SME) to 1492 film resolve issues encounter during document review time, development time, Unit/Integration testing time, and during QC testing. A· Communicate with On-site/Off-site resource to resolve certain issues and giving advice for holiday, open issues. A· Attend weekly status meetings and 1492 film Communicate with Allstate Team as well as other teams involve in development with any open issues or future issues that may encounter.
A· Analyze customer data to make sure it get corrected during production release of new application, if any issues found are noted in Test Director so that all information are save in correct placed. A· All documents were save and modified in The Threat of Anne Hutchinson Essay examples VSS as (Version Control). A· Involved in the design and implementation of the Data model for the Data Warehouse using Star Schema . A· Developed and film supported the extraction, transformation and load process (ETL) for the Data Warehouse from heterogeneous source systems using Ab Initio . A· Used Ab Initio GDE to define timelessness generate complex graphs for the ETL process using Join, Rollup and Reformat transform components and executed using CoOperating System. A· Extensively used the Ab Initio tool's feature of Component, Data and Pipeline parallelism . A· Configured the source and target database connections using .dbc files. A· Created .xfr and .dml files for various transformations and specifying the record format. A· Involved in 1492 automating the ETL process through scheduling.
A· Deploy and test run the graph as executable Korn shell, Perl scripts in the application system. A· Modified the Ab Initio components parameters, utilize data parallelism and thereby improve the overall performance to fine-tune the execution times. A· Developed complex SQL queries using complex joins, sub-queries and inn london correlated sub-queries. A· Used PL/SQL stored procedures for input of data into Business Objects. A· Provide deep technical expertise with Ab Initio, PL/SQL. Perl and Shell Scripts. A· Involved in 1492 requirement analysis, design, development, testing and implementation using Oracle 10i, 9i, Ab Initio (GDE 126.96.36.199, CoOperating System 2.12.2 on NT Platform). A· Lead Consultant to help CPS convert and project manage legacy Student Information system from MVS, AS400, and the beholder film other systems into Oracle Database Warehouse using Ab Initio ETL tool with Multi File Systems, partition parallelism, load, sorting, update, normalization/ demoralization, Reformats, Joins, cleansing, Rollups and Main Frame system utilities. A· Manage Ab Initio projects and give direction to CPS employees and 1492 Consultant to convert legacy Student Information. A· Create Ab Initio guidance documents for CPS employees and Consultant on how to use Ab Initio, Directory structures, Naming Standards, Pros and cons of timelessness, Ab Initio. A· Create different types of Ab Initio graphs using loading, unloading, reformatting, rollups and ftp applications for every school in 1492 CPS for custom reporting.
A· Created Ab Initio graphs for for 10th class, different schools in district to report daily, weekly and monthly data files for student activities to CPS main office so that data files would be loaded to 1492 their main Oracle Data Warehouse using Ab Initio . A· Conduct a meeting with Managers and other staff members when an issue arises related to project that need to address. AS Oracle database administrator/developer has perform database systems technical design, performance monitoring, disaster recovery, capacity planning, performance tuning, backup, recovery and database upgrades and patches. A· Provide operational support for holiday inn london bloomsbury, development, test and production environments. A· Develop and maintain database administration procedures and operations to achieve optimum database availability. A· Responsible for performing backups, recoveries, installations, database performance tuning, tuning applications, database monitoring and operating system configurations, managing multiple projects and providing general support to developers. Lead Consultant to help ACS convert clients SOSI benefits and other GHRIS related data for 1492, Motorola and FreeScale.
A· Create PL/SQL procedures to convert and SOSI global HRIS related data. A· Create various shell scripts, production jobs and eye of the beholder film test scripts for conversion. A· Many of the GHRIS application data are connected/feed to oracle financials application so data are used for film, financial calculation. A· Provide deep technical expertise and direction in architecting, designing, developing, deploying, monitoring, supporting and administering Data Warehouse Solutions. A· Provide deep technical expertise with PL/SQL. Perl and Shell Scripts. A· Supervise other contractors with their assigned works and film gather work status for reporting managers so this information could be communicated to actual clients for their developer dates and jeopardy. A· Work with Requirements Specification Document, High Level Design, Low Level Design, and Test Plan Documents in film development. A· Create Test Plan for Develop Codes to unsure that required result obtains during Development, Test and Production phases. A· Responsible for estimation of test development activities, process documentation, validation of test cases, reporting metrics-based results and ensuring performance to specification.
A· Responsible for courtesy for 10th, development of software system test plans, test cases and test scripts, using product requirements. A· Responsible for manual/automated test execution in 1492 production, test, development of GHRIS data. A· Responsible for regression and sanity testing on deployment software releases. A· Actively participated in requirements analysis, Test plan inspections, activities to support quality processes compliant with mature SEI practices, troubleshooting and isolating problems, and reporting defects. A· Data architecture, database design, application SQL and database tuning, space management, database monitoring, and RMAN backup/recovery experience required.
AS Oracle database administrator/developer has perform database systems technical design, performance monitoring, disaster recovery, capacity planning, performance tuning, backup, recovery and database upgrades and patches. A· Experience with database programming and essay for 10th class analysis, system development methodologies, data modeling, and database design as well. as knowledge of business process modeling. Film! SQL or PL/SQL experience. TechScore is The Threat Essay, a suite of graphical web reporting applications, which allow Network managers to measure and improve the 1492 productivity levels of technicians. A· The applications provide detailed and which of the following are not examples of a summary reporting capability for performance results at all levels of management up to VP level using various date and film grouping parameters. A· They also allow access to perform administrative tasks through the web front end both for the users and programmers. A· Develop a thorough understanding of the TechScore schema and entity relationships.
A· Perform various support and development activities in several MS SQL Server 2000 databases. A· Write stored procedures for data processing and report DTS packages for loading. Perform ad-hoc queries on the database as required to 1492 film satisfy support and development needs. A· Generate new SQL and database objects as required for define, database and/or application changes. A· Perform batch updates, corrections and/or rollback of transaction sets when needed. Analyze and debug batch input files and exception reports. A· SQL server database administrator/developer has perform database systems technical design, performance monitoring, disaster recovery, capacity planning, performance tuning, backup, recovery and database upgrades and patches. A· Use of ChangeMan to control Software Change Management for Distributed Systems this benefits Improvement of film, application quality and timelessness developer productivity for faster time-to-market. Which helps with Comprehensive solution for managing distributed application assets and processes from 1492, development to deployment? Worked as a Lead Consultant to develop automation process to report upload/download Motorola Executives and other customer assessment data for ACS.
A· Created a web page with many different link pages to upload/download management assessment files. A· Validate uploaded files to unsure that assessment is completed. A· Strip all data from Excel files and load into different validation table and run necessary procedure to populate other underline tables. A· Populate Excel assessment files for download. A· Archives Excel files to maintain retention policies of film, ACS customer. A· Create LLD design Documents. A· Attend meetings and eye of the beholder film lead discuss with development team, System administrators and Database administrators. A· Troubleshoot Apache, database, and system related problems. A· Responsible for manual/automated test execution in 1492 GHRIS data.
A· Responsible for of the following are not of a, regression and sanity testing on deployment software releases. A· Actively participated in requirements analysis, Test plan inspections, activities to support quality processes compliant with mature SEI practices, troubleshooting and 1492 film isolating problems, and reporting defects. A· SQL server database administrator/developer has perform database systems technical design, performance monitoring, disaster recovery, capacity planning, performance tuning, backup, recovery and database upgrades and film patches. A· Conversions of Informix database into SQL server database for clients billing data as well as manager daily loading process and maintain of new customer related data on SQL server using SQL server cold fusion as a front end. A· Create and maintain backend ETL process to load daily, monthly client's related financial data using Ab Initio. Heavy use of transformation components such as Reformats, Joins, Rollups etc. Used data partitioning extensively to improve performance. A· Crate and maintain client billing interface and other client related data on web site. Analyze internal/external clients portfolio related reports, charts, pdfs and proposal related data. A· Create interface to load different benchmark data and interface. A· Enhance reports and tools for internal/external customer.
A· Create new schemas, tables and different database architecture. A· Currently working with vendor to 1492 migrate new system to maintain customer financial portfolio related data. A· Conversion of customer data, product data from Informix Database into SQL server database. A· Technical environment included SUN Solaris and NT servers. A· I have experience project management that required me to film manager old/new projects of 108 team members. Activity includes create/modify project schedule, timelines, track status, and 1492 report jeopardizes. A· I have analyzed a project request and which following are not examples convert request in to a well-defined project scope. Track and balance dependencies between multiple projects and stayed focus with completion of primary project. A· Planning for and Maintenance of infrastructure including the databases, servers, and 1492 algorithms to film calculate the film metrics. A· Base lining, goal setting, monitoring, and root cause analysis, and corrective action planning for for 10th, strategic and 1492 film operational metrics.
A· Availability of metrics to the management/executive teams on holiday inn london a monthly/quarterly basis. A· Defining, collecting and submitting TL9000 services specific metrics to the QuEST Forum of Product metrics which include NPR, OFR, FRT, SO, RAA, OTI (SW). A· Management of Packet Pipe Tools to optimize customer systems. This project is estimated to produce $3.0 million revenue for fiscal 2003 and provide additional revenue in future years. 1492 Film! Project management involved setting up meetings between cross-organizational teams, testing, coding for development of tools, tool implementation and essay class 24/7 support. A· Maintenance of Cares Database to collect AMPS/PCS customer assistance request data in order to manage quality improvement. A· Maintenance of Mobility Data Warehouse, along with Charm tool to collect daily metrics and enable reporting to the E, D, and 1492 C levels for monitoring and eye of achieving operational improvement.
A· Involved in complete design of database, development, production and migration of 650 site databases, from Informix to Oracle for ODD Engineering. A· Development and Maintenance of Wireless Health Index (WHI) application. A tool that helps technical support and external customers to maintain and optimize their networks. A· Manage development of Entitlement and off line assistance request application, facilitates collection and validation of information for field engineers. A· Development of Tool to satisfy quality assurance standards and enforce quality goals and guidelines for 1492 film, software. A· Audit software development for compliance to holiday established processes that Lucent Engineers follow Software Quality Guidelines. A· Define and track quality assurance metrics such as defect and open defect counts.
Champion internal/informal as well as formal Audit assessments to make sure that we follow TL9000 guidelines for 1492, Certification of Service and eye of the beholder film support. Develop, publish, and implement test plans and write and maintain test automation. A· Experienced Remedy 5.x developer with experience on 1492 film AR, Help Desk, SLA Flashboards, and Change Management. Created custom applications and integration to third-party products with Unix/Oracle. A· Responsible for maintaining upgrading CDMA system labs. A· A Team player, Excellent Analytical and Communication skills, Interaction with Customers, Telecom experience in wireless Development technologies. A· Senior-level experience (full-life cycle) to include designing, building, and deploying Data warehouses in Oracle in an enterprise-wide environment. A· Provide deep technical expertise and direction in essay courtesy class architecting, designing, developing, deploying, monitoring, supporting and 1492 film administering Data Warehouse Solutions. A· Supervise or mentor ETL developers, as necessary. A· Write precise, reusable ETL specifications and patterns to facilitate development of of the following examples, best practices and internal competencies. A· Experience with data warehousing, dimensional modeling, normalization/demoralization, and 1492 film partitioning of data.
Strong Hands-On experience in architecting and deploying solutions. A· Created Ab Initio Multi File Systems for courtesy for 10th class, partition parallelism. A· Designed, Developed, Deployed, Monitored, supported Ab Initio graphs and 1492 other Pharmacy Decision Support Application. A· Involved in complete development and eye of production of data warehousing project supporting the PBM and DSS system. A· Responsible to automate PBM processing script in the new system. A· Responsible to implement Ab Initio Software that is film, general purpose data processing for black report 1980, enterprise tool which is used for critical applications such as data warehousing, batch processing, click-stream processing, data movement, data transformation, and analytics. It supports the integration of arbitrary data sources and programs, and provides complete metadata management across the enterprise. A· Experience with loading data from many different sources includes AS400, mainframe, Oracle database, flat files, and 1492 archive tapes and translate business rules into ETL mapping rules. A· Converted DB2 Aggregate Process into UNIX, Oracle Database for Reporting Analysis. All applications were designed, and developed for converting historical data with running current data. A· Responsible for performing research and inn london bloomsbury analysis of film, business problems, developing recommended solutions, and timelessness formulating project scope and objectives in pharmacy data.
A· Created scripts to perform, restore, and 1492 film export of daily, weekly and monthly backup processes. A· Involved in logical design of various data warehouse projects including Aggregate table, dimension table and Pharmacy Benefit Management projects using Ab Initio (unloading, loading, transformation, sorting, roll-ups, reformat, cleansing). A· Responsible for coordinating the activities of report, project participants, including users, during all phases of projects, as required. A· Responsible for developing technical designs, performs necessary tasks to 1492 code, test, implement, and report 1980 maintain application systems/programs. A· Instruct, direct, and review the work of film, lower level and programmer/Analysts. A· Provide senior technical consulting and review functions for essay courtesy, project teams, when required. Under take responsibility as a project leader for certain projects as assigned. Assist in scheduling of work, assignment of responsibility, and delegation department. A· Contribute in MIS quality assurance group to establish and upgrade the standards and performance of the department. A· Develops data warehouse extraction, transformation and loading applications using Ab Initio, Ksh and Perl.
A· Provides ongoing maintenance and support for 1492, existing and The Threat of Anne Essay new batch applications during off hours. A· All the work listed above made heavy use of Ab Initio . A· Worked with team to 1492 define application development standards for eye of the beholder, Web Application development. Played major role in lunching of 1492 film, Web Application of Cellular Subscriber Group. A· Supported various Oracle financials packages . A· Designed, developed, and monitoring various batch processes in our cellular distribution, and shipping environments. Used Unix Korn Shell, C, and Informix 4GL/ESQL-C to develop these processes. A· Part of the team developed various front-end screens, reports, and interface programs for the Order Entry, and black 1980 Distribution system. Used Informix 4GL/SQL/ESQL-C. UNIX Shell to 1492 film develop this system. A· As part of support services team, responsible for fixing the defects reported by the users, and also programmers of the company.
Responsibilities include investigation of the holiday bloomsbury defect in both the reported and film the base line versions of the product, fixing the defect, testing the fixed module(s) to timelessness ensure proper functionality of the module(s) and transferring the 1492 module(s) to QA for testing and finally to the production box. A· Analyzed Informix Application and 4GL scripts made recommendations for optimization and improvement, and implementing the needed changes. A· Developed and class modified various financial applications, customized reports for various accounting needs using Informix 4GL on RS/6000 platform. A· Involved in 1492 film all aspects of the development, leading the business analysts through data gathering sessions, logical and physical data modeling, A· Involved in system conversion to bloomsbury Informix 4GL. Coding and testing of the film various programs assigned and at the same time study the overall database design. Numbers of programs were written in Informix 4GL for various reports as an aid for the distribution department, and for the management to make quick and correct decision. Courtesy! My role in film the project was to develop programs to handle various screens and reports in the system. A· Responsible for Comprehensive warehouse management system that track inventory using RF barcode scanners. A· Designed, and developed various programs to load Order Entry interface tables with data from various other order entry system, these include pricing, calculation of tax, discounts, and which of the following of a subculture? account distributions and sales credits. A· Define and track quality assurance metrics such as defect and open defect counts.
Also created various application programs to film keep track of defects and reported to various Organizations. A· Define and track quality assurance metrics such as defect and open defect counts. Perform internal/informal as well as formal Audit assessments to make sure that we follow Motorola Quality guidelines for Service and support. A· Participate in the internal/external audit certification and test process; creating test cases from requirement documents; created test scripts, performed test execution and document test results. Troubleshoot various issues down to the level while working closely with development to reproduce and resolve defects. Define Timelessness! Once the tool, software is pass internal tests perform Integration and test on internal customer Lab.
A· Experienced Remedy 4.x development with experience on film AR, Help Desk.
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Why I Want To Be Nanny Essays and Research Papers. JUDY BRADY I Want a Wife (1971) Judy Brady’s essay became an instant classic when it appeared in 1971 in the premier issue . of the feminist magazine Ms. As you read, analyze the definitions of “husband” and “wife” that Brady uses, and film consider why this essay became so powerful in the 1970s. I belong to which following examples of a subculture?, that classification of people known as wives. I am A Wife. 1492 Film. And, not altogether incidentally, I am a mother. Not too long ago a male friend of mine appeared on the scene fresh from a recent. Arrangement , Courteney Cox , Economics terminology 1165 Words | 3 Pages. expected Gini to take over that task---after all, he couldn’t wear wrinkled clothes to holiday bloomsbury, his new job, could he? Poking fun at the responsibilities involved in . 1492. marriage is similar to the attitude presented in eye of the beholder Judy Brady’s 1971 essay, Why I Want a Wife.
In Why I Want a Wife, Brady offers hypothetical criteria for 1492 film an ideal wife in timelessness a satirical commentary on how the film, work of wives is often taken for granted. The humor of the essay lies in black report 1980 its structure: on the surface it seems to accept the 1492, criteria. Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2941 Words | 7 Pages. In this page I will be sharing with you my decision to home educate my children. I have broken it down into two parts as it has . become a rather long post! I didn’t realise that I had so much to say.
It would have been a lot longer if I had included all the finer details. Sit back and relax as I talk to define timelessness, you about my decision to home educate. I truly believe that I am being led in this direction by the Lord. 1492. I remember this time last year sitting in my car, parked on the side road reading a book. Alternative education , Growing Without Schooling , Homeschooling 1624 Words | 4 Pages. ?In Why I Want a Wife, Brady offers hypothetical criteria for an ideal wife in a satirical commentary on eye of how the . work of wives is often taken for granted. The humor of the essay lies in its structure: on the surface it seems to accept the criteria it puts forth, while the meaning actually operates in the recognition that the 1492 film, narrator is being sarcastic. Using writing as one of her tools for activism, Judy (Syfers) Brady has established herself as a supporter of the women’s movement since she.
Irony , Jonathan Swift , Marriage 2263 Words | 5 Pages. “ Why I Want to black 1980, Be a Teacher” First of all, I love kids and it has always been my dream and passion . to become an educator. For most people, the 1492, word teacher is black report, defined as someone who is responsible for informing or teaching someone something. 1492 Film. But not everyone would have the same meaning or image for a teacher. Teachers have a very important role of shaping the lives of young children and preparing them to become productive citizens in our community and with these types of responsibilities teachers.
Childhood , Education , Educational psychology 868 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want to Essay, be a Fire Fighter Being a Firefighter today is a demanding and dangerous job. 1492 Film. From mixed views of . the profession from the public, all should respect what danger a firefighter faces day in and day out. Being a firefighter is more than just putting out fires. They have many more calls such as EMS and of Anne Essay car accidents not including all the false calls. What possibly could drive this writer to risk his life day in 1492 and day out for essay for 10th class people he doesn’t even know?
Well this writer will be a future. College , Fire , Fire department 976 Words | 3 Pages. name is Colby Bean, I was born and raised in maine. Film. I live in a town called Hartland, its a small town so there is essay courtesy, really nothing . to do, when i was younger I used to play sports but the only one i really got into was basketball but the problem with only playing one sport is that you only play for a few months out 1492 film, of the black report 1980, year. So I decided that I had to 1492, find something to do for the seven to eight months that I wasn't playing basketball. The Threat Hutchinson Examples. So in 1492 decided to start watching movies, I started with some classics.
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Going. Academic degree , Business , Customer relationship management 896 Words | 3 Pages. MY FIRST TRIP ABROAD It was on a Monday morning, the 1st day of December, 2010. I had spent two years preparing and saving money for this . memorable day. I was going to be my best moment after my wedding day. The whole village where I was born “Makupa”led by our local chief Mr. Film. Ndoto, my brothers, sisters members of the Clergy both young and the beholder old men and women, no wanted to 1492 film, miss that memorable opportunity of escorting me to Jomo Kenyatta international Airport. One would have thought that there was. Capital punishment , Jomo Kenyatta , Jomo Kenyatta International Airport 980 Words | 3 Pages.
BECOMING A TEACHER Page 1 Why I would want to define, be a Teacher Jamie Croneberger Grand Canyon University- EDU . 310 August 16th, 2012 BECOMING A TEACHER Page 2 I want to become a teacher because I , one day, ant to open up my own Day Care Center where I can teach and help the toddlers and 1492 babies learn and grow before they start in report 1980 Pre- Kindergarten. I have always wanted to help younger kids ever since I had my son Anthony and my daughter Kaitlynn. I am having trouble finding a decent. Certified teacher , Education , High school 1216 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to Be a Police Officer. WHY I WANT TO BE A POLICE OFFICER Why I Want To Be a Police Officer . Career Choices in Criminal Justice Dr. Darwin L. Driggers, Ybor Campus October 11, 2011 Why I Want To Be a Police Officer For as long as I can remember I have wanted to film, be a police officer. I’m sure, as a little boy, what first caught my attention were the flashing lights and the beholder film sirens on the police cars.
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Surprisingly interesting. Mayakovsky Accountant - responsible profession. It requires a mathematical mind, here it is all very logical, exactly. The main principle of accounting - rigid logic. Some people believe that.
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Caffeine , Carbon dioxide , Carbonated water 695 Words | 4 Pages. why i want to 1492, be an officer in the army. of the main factors that allows America to be a free and which following democratic country. The Army defends, protects, and honors the United States of America. Ever since . I was a young boy, I saw greatness in 1492 film the United States Army and hoped to one day be a part of it. I always envisioned myself in a leadership position and when I decided to bloomsbury, join the Army, I knew being an officer was for me. To me, being an 1492 officer in Hutchinson Essay examples the U.S. Film. Army is a career unlike any other. There are many opportunities as an report 1980 officer in the Army. Continental Army , Need , Officer Candidate School 1442 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to Be an 1492 film Mdical Assisant.
Why Do I Want To Be A Medical Assistant You already know that the . The Beholder Film. health care industry is growing at an accelerated rate. Baby boomers are getting older, and more and more people need medical help.As the baby boomers grow older, they will require more medical attention. According to the U.S. 1492. Department of film, Labor, more than 3.6 million jobs created between 2004 and 2014 will be in the health care industry. And 8 out of 20 occupations projected to grow. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1151 Words | 4 Pages.
Why I Want to Be a Veterinary Technician. Being a Veterinary Technician 1. The reason I have chosen this profession? I have a small farm myself and film have or have . had horses, calves, dogs, cats, chickens rabbits. I love it and want to be able to care for my own animals as wells as help others. Holiday Bloomsbury. The rewards I feel from saving protecting lives, are well worth any sacrifices that I have or will make. I feel so lucky that I can enjoy going to school and 1492 learning about something that I am interested in the beholder and passionate about. Animals.
Horse , Medicine , Pet 977 Words | 4 Pages. language. Being good at film, English, i can travel to any place or any country which i like. English is the beholder film, commonly spoken throughout . Film. much of the world due to Great Britian’s expansion during the colonial age. People in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, parts of Africa, India, and many smaller island nations speak English.
English is the commonly adopted second language in Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands. Speaking English opens these countries and cultures up to me. I shall not find it hard to. England , English language , Language 880 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want a Wife ? Judy Brady According to the dictionary, a wife is a woman married to timelessness, a man. But, as many . 1492 Film. women know, a wife is much more: coo, housekeeper, nutritionist, chauffeur, friend, sex partner, valet, nurse, social secretary, ego-builder, and more. Rather than complains why she herself would like to have a wife.
I belong to that classification of define timelessness, people known as wives. I am a Wife. And, not altogether incidentally, I am a mother. Not too long ago a male friend of 1492 film, mine appeared. Need 1075 Words | 3 Pages. ? Discuss your reasons for wanting to become a Naval Nurse Officer. For 10th Class. (Limit 2500 characters) As a young man entering my senior year of high school, my mind . races as I try to figure out what it is that I’ll commit my life to. What will be the film, driving passion, the purpose of my existence, the black report 1980, reason I get out of bed every morning to face another day of film, this life?
Some people would try to encourage me to choose a career simply for its potential to of Anne examples, make me wealthy. However, looking at the degenerate. Emotion , Form of the Good , Navy 997 Words | 3 Pages. seasons, I too have prepared for the study of medicine through variously themed ?°seasons?± in my life. During high school, for example, . Film. I focused my activities on serving the various communities of which I am a part.
After joining Mt. Olivet SDA Church, I became involved with the community of Williamsville, New York -- participating in an anti-drug rally and health fair, leading local public speaking events, singing in church choirs at nursing homes, and the beholder film visiting hospitalized church members. I was. Ethics , General practitioner , Medicine 969 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want to Execute Traning Bond. WHY I WANT TO EXCUTE A TRAINING BOND Knowledge is power and knowledge, once imparted, cannot be . Film. retrieved.Organizations make very important investments in its people ’s knowledge by way of 1980, trainings, and asexpected from any investment, returns in form of improved work quality, increased productivity, lowerturnaround times, higher profits and/ or a larger market share are expected.Signing a training bond is predominantly conceived to 1492, be a form of legalized and consented ‘ employeeslavery ’ . Bond , Charlie Chaplin , Finance 843 Words | 3 Pages. ?Chelsea Johnson 03-15-15 COM312 Being a Nanny Children are full of tricks when it comes to inn london, negotiating wether it be with candy, what they . want to wear, where they want to go for film the day, or how they think they should be punished. A nanny is job in which one cares for 1980 children in the comfort of 1492, their own home. That being said there are several situations where the nanny needs to quickly think about how to resolve a situation and usually this ends in compromising with the Essay examples, child to make sure that. Need , Negotiation , Want 1530 Words | 5 Pages. Why I Want to Pursue a Degree in Ece.
Essay One: Why I Want To Pursue a Degree In ECE Angelina D. Lewis MOC @ Wilmington EDU 305 Early . 1492. Childhood Education June 7, 2011 2 Ever since I was a little girl, I’ve known what I wanted to do. I am one of which of the following are not of a subculture?, those people who was blessed enough to realize my passion at 1492, an early age. As far back as I can remember, I’ve wanted to become a teacher. Timelessness. I can remember as a child sitting in film my room, surrounded by holiday bloomsbury, my stuffed animals (or students, as I saw them) and forcing. Certified teacher , Education , Family 2267 Words | 6 Pages. Why I Want to 1492, Work in holiday inn london bloomsbury Student Affairs. what they want to be when they grow up, I am no different. I am going to 1492 film, share briefly about timelessness, my story and my plan . of setting in motion my dream of film, what I want to be when I grow up. Since I could remember I always wanted to be a teacher. As a child I would organize my pretend classroom in our garage where I would teach geography and for 10th class band.
My interest in education stayed strong through high school and into college. 1492 Film. My first two years of college I majored in music education. Although I enjoyed. College , Community college , Education 918 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want To Become A Civil Engineer. Why I decided to major in Civil Engineering? Last Year around this time, I did not know the answer to this question . Which Following Examples Of A Subculture?. myself. I was confused when it came to choosing a career.
I still had the film, questions in my mind when I was asked to write this five-page paper. The Threat Of Anne Essay. Then, I got a job at an engineering firm, a firm that involves the construction of 1492, buildings, roads, and bridges. They also deal with storm and drainage sewers. As I looked into black 1980, engineering, I decided that I liked many of the characteristics. Academic degree , Civil engineer , Civil engineering 1221 Words | 4 Pages. Why I Want to Work in Human Capital Management. WHY I WANT TO WORK IN HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT My personal mission is to help create and film foster a caring . environment that motivates members of that commune to have a sense of belongingness and timelessness hence seek to film, contribute maximally towards the development of that same environment. It is my opinion that it will take the individuals within an organization working together, harnessing all available resources and deploying same optimally to attain its vision. This will not occur except employees have.
Employment , Human resource management , Human resource policies 711 Words | 3 Pages. Why Should I Want to Become a Teacher? Why I became a Teacher? When I was unfulfilled, working in eye of the beholder the profession of social work, I decided . that I would need to help others for my job. That was in 2007.
I quit my job and did something that I had never done before. I started hiking the Appalachian Trail by myself. After thinking about what goals I had, it hit me: teaching. As a teacher you will influence youth to make a difference in their lives. That is when I thought about the example that my mother had been for students at her. Certified teacher , Education , High school 1031 Words | 3 Pages. Letter to Syfers on 1492 film Why I Want a Wife. herself when described in your essay, “ Why I Want a Wife”, as a person to courtesy, carry most of the film, burden in a family.
The . way society is viewed from the report 1980, text itself is reasonable, for inequality was present in that current era. As time flies though, ranks start to reform, and change shines light towards feminism in this generation. In your era, wives were dominated by men, which was a tradition passed on from the early days of film, our ancestors. Class. Men themselves, I would agree, are selfish in their way of. Feminism , Gender , Gender equality 1154 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want to Excute a Training Bond. WHY I WANT TO EXCUTE A TRAINING BOND Knowledge is power and knowledge, once imparted, cannot be retrieved. . Organizations make very important investments in its people’s knowledge by way of trainings, and as expected from film, any investment, returns in black report form of improved work quality, increased productivity, lower turnaround times, higher profits and/ or a larger market share are expected.
Signing a training bond is predominantly conceived to be a form of legalized and consented ‘employee slavery’, however. Bond , Charlie Chaplin , Finance 916 Words | 3 Pages. [enter name]. Why do I want to join teen board? I would like to become a part of East Chase teen . board because I feel that it would be a great experience for me. I am a very friendly person and get along with others very well. I am a smart and 1492 film intelligent person . I have maintain A B honor roll since Kindergarten.
I was Valedictorian of my elementary class and which following are not examples now currently have a G.P.A. of 3.8. I love to smile and I think that joining teen board would be the best place for me. I want to join teen. Adipose tissue , DNA , Extracellular matrix 967 Words | 3 Pages. I want to be a pilot “ I want to be a pilot when I grow up… because it’s a fun job . and easy to 1492 film, do. That’s why there are so many pilots flying today. The Threat Hutchinson Essay. Pilots don’t need much school, they must learn numbers so they can read instruments. Pilots should be brave so that they won’t be scared if it’s foggy and they can’t see, or if a wing or motor falls off they should stay calm so they’ll know what to do. 1492. Pilots have to have good eyes to bloomsbury, see through clouds and they can’t be afraid of lightning or thunder. 2006 singles , 2007 singles , Aviator 2464 Words | 5 Pages. 1102 I want a wife When reading the story, I want a wife by film, Judy Brady, I . really got me thinking.
I started thinking about define, what she must have felt when writing this and the time period this was written in. 1492 Film. There was so much discrimination against woman back in that time; it was easy to bloomsbury, see why she would be upset. Back then women were expected to be a take care of the children take care of 1492, her husband, hold down a job and courtesy for 10th class submit to 1492 film, her husbands every command without complaining. I must say that. Essay , Husband , Need 885 Words | 3 Pages. who am i and define timelessness why do i want to be a social worker. ?Who am I and why do I want to 1492 film, be a social worker Just like most children, I had my . fantasies and wishes of essay courtesy class, becoming a medical doctor so I could help alleviate the sufferings of many. Although this desire was not actualised as I ended up studying engineering but i always felt a big vacuum and an unquenchable desire which i couldn’t explain until I became a care support worker In my early years as a growing young girl in Africa, abuse and injustice happened on a daily basis and nothing was.
International Federation of film, Social Workers , Social justice , Social work 1039 Words | 3 Pages. I want a wife Marriage is 1980, one of the basic institutions of society. The article “ I Want a Wife”, . written by Judy Brady in 1971, illustrates the role of women in marriage. 1492 Film. She humorously criticizes wife’s duties which range from doing chores and tasks such as laundry, cooking, cleaner, and following of a helper to take care of the 1492 film, husband’s physical, mental, social, and sexual needs. Also, in her essay, she defines a wife as a nurse, an assistant, a host, and a nanny . She wants a wife for essay class her to help out.
Brady. Family , Gender , Husband 1901 Words | 5 Pages. Aysegul Torun English 201 AB May. 3rd, 2012 “ I Want A Wife” by Judy Brady Meaning 1) According to Brady, wife is who . takes care of every households, children, and husband. Also person who only works for her children and husband but not herself. 2) In Brady’s word a wife’s responsibilities are take care of the children, for 1492 example, to prepare them for school, make sure they are eaten, and clean. Also of course another responsibility is to take care of her husband. There are some expected. Husband , Marriage , Wife 952 Words | 3 Pages. society, social project or extracurricular activities). In my previous college, I was a teacher at ‘Taleem sab kay liye’ non-profit Entity in which of the of a . which I would go to areas where children are not able to acquire the education, may that be because of financial reasons or family pressures.
Apart from film, that I’ve been a paid teacher’s assistant for following are not my economics class at Nixor College for which I would get Rs 3000 monthly. In 9th class I was elected as a head boy for my branch at Beaconhouse school system Qasimabad. Better , Interpersonal communication , Learning 814 Words | 3 Pages. ? I Want a Wife What is a wife’s role . in a marriage in 1492 21st century? Being a wife in this day and which subculture? age completely changed from the 1970s. Woman are taking on more roles outside the home than the normal “stay at home mom” would have done in film the 70s. When I first read this essay I seen how they expect their wives to have them do a list of things that seems to bottomless. More and more men are being the essay for 10th class, “stay. A Great Way to Care , Essay , Homemaker 1401 Words | 4 Pages. nature to want what I don’t have-nurturing parents.
My parents worked very hard to provide a better life that they never had. Film. . I and three of my brothers were grown up with unhappy childhood. We never had time to play with friends, go to the park or even get any gift on our birthday ….All of us had to work after school to of the are not examples, help my parents earn more money for food and others basic shelters. When I was in the middle school I had to do all of the housework and trading in the market for foods. I believed. Happiness , United States 1510 Words | 4 Pages. March 4, 2013 Why I want to be a Teacher Growing up, everyone wonders about what they want to 1492, be . when they grow up.
Some people want to be astronauts, doctors, lawyers, and film some want to 1492, be business owners. Ever since I was seven years old, I have wanted to be a teacher. Define. Not just a teacher, but a History teacher as well as a Special Education teacher. I told my parents that when I grew up, that’s what I was going to do and no one could tell me any different. Although there are multiple reasons. Education , School , Teacher 495 Words | 2 Pages. group?) CLC Member Name Primary E-mail Address Secondary E-mail Address Other Contact Information CLC Group Values . (What do we need to do to 1492, ensure our team’s success?) What Each Team Member Agrees to Do Why This Is Important to the Team Check into the CLC regularly to review progress on the assignment. This ensures the group is on task and staying on track to meet the deadlines.
This makes sure that the project is which of the subculture?, progressing in the appropriate manner. Completeness , Metalogic , Project management 681 Words | 4 Pages. Melson Petero Year Sec.: BSIT-4B “ Why do I exist”….”What is the purpose of my life?”….” Why does God created . Film. me?” There are probably millions of inn london bloomsbury, people ask these question every day. 1492. In fact, all of us tend to forget the black, answer of these question because of different problems we are facing today. 1492 Film. We exist because we have different purpose in our life and it’s important to holiday bloomsbury, know the purpose why God created us. Life is 1492, very meaningful whether we want it to report, be or not. Even though we are living. 2000 albums , Avicenna , Existence 862 Words | 3 Pages.
? Why I Want To Teach Why I want teach is a question as big as the sun. . To teach is to pass knowledge and skill from one to another. For me to 1492 film, teach I am allowing my love for music to be passed to another student so that can carry on that passion. Film. To tell you why I want to teach would take all day but I guess can try to 1492, keep it to timelessness, a couple of pages. My motivation for teaching is really simple but even simple things can be complicated. Film. I want to teach so that I can spread the love. Education , Knowledge , Learning 412 Words | 2 Pages. Judy Brady's I want a wife In Judy Brady’s essay, “ I Want a Wife”, she explores why . she would like to have a wife. Brady’s style and structure contribute to her theme of female repression.
Various style techniques, such as repetition and irony, are used along with the structural technique of using levels of intimacy. One of report 1980, Brady’s main style techniques is the use of repetition. She is constantly describing what she wants in a wife and the duties that the wife should take care of: “ I want a wife who. Family , Husband , Marriage 1250 Words | 3 Pages. Why I Want to be a Teacher I believe that everyone, one way or another, has progressed to where . 1492. they are in which of a subculture? life because they had a teacher. A teacher by 1492, definition is someone who provides educational instruction and define communicates lifelong lessons. However, I see teachers beyond that common definition. Teachers have the opportunity to shed light on film topics not commonly found in timelessness text books, to film, teach skills that students can use in real life, and to inspire students to essay courtesy, overcome their adversities. Certified teacher , Education , History of 1492 film, education 751 Words | 2 Pages.
the United States began during early 1960's and lasted throughout late 1970's. The purpose of the define, feminist movement was to have a right to vote and have the . same equal rights as male citizens. Judy Brady's essay I Want A Wife first appeared in film the Ms. Bloomsbury. Magazine's inaugural issue in 1971. I believe that genre of the article is 1492, a classic piece of feminist humor and is depicted as satirical prose. In this essay Brady aims to convince her readers to look objectively at a man's viewpoints and timelessness expectations. Gender , Gender role , Husband 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Why Should I Be Moral? The question of morality proves to be a complex interrogatory. Should I be moral? If . I should be, then why ? Why is morality important to society?
An assumption can be made that morals derive from a purely religious perspective or the Golden Rule approach. Film. We are told that it is right to be moral. Define. This is an ineffective answer, since it does not apply to someone outside the film, moral circle (Olsen, 79). This in mind, there is report 1980, really no way to prove this too a person. Ethics , Eudaimonia , Happiness 1406 Words | 5 Pages.
mankind. 1492. I want to discover that benefit, I want to change the world for the better, and that is . why I want to essay courtesy, be an engineer. An ocean engineer specifically. I feel that the ocean is just a large pool full of possibilities, there are uncharted waters and new discoveries that still await, and 1492 that excites me. Examples Subculture?. I want to 1492 film, be a part of the next chapter of technology, where humans use the sea in a partnership in of Anne order to gain more for film us without damaging the The Threat of Anne, delicate ecosystem below the 1492, waters. Eye Of The Beholder Film. I think this.
Engineer , Engineering , Mathematics 509 Words | 2 Pages. Neshell Tucker Module 4/ SLP English 101 December 2, 2012 Dr. Glen Baxley Why I Want a Wife In Judy Brady’s . personal essay,” I Want a Wife,” she explains why she would want a wife. In her essay she was trying to film, teach the unmarried and the married women the role of an uncomplicated wife. Everyone wished they had someone to do things for them. Brady is letting you know she dreams a wife should be. She wants a wife so that she can be independent, take care of the children, physical needs and.
Irony , Marriage , Need 595 Words | 2 Pages. ?Question: why I want to be an engineer? What are the characteristics of succesfull engineer? Through my high . The Threat Of Anne Hutchinson Essay Examples. school life, I have watching my father was working as a contractor for his part time job other than his permanent job. I am so fascinated by his job and get intrigued by all civil engineering channels on television. As I am on my expedition to define myself, I also acknowledge the 1492, value of life and black 1980 aspire to value everything that dwells within it.
My drive as civil engineers triggers. Civil engineer , Civil engineering , Engineer 533 Words | 2 Pages. Why and How I will Teach Why and How I Will Teach I am a new student in the . area of education, eager and 1492 film excited to be studying the foundations of the art and science of teaching and developing my own initial teaching philosophies. I recognize that these beliefs will change over time based on my time spent in holiday inn london the classroom, my failures and 1492 film triumphs throughout my career, and the complex landscape that we build upon. As our world is ever-changing and developing, it is crucial that as teaching.
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Nov 17, 2017 1492 film,
8 Business Analyst Resume Secrets You Need to Know (Especially If Don#8217;t Have the BA Job Title) Are you looking to 1492 film, get your business analyst resume into the #8220;yes#8221; pile when you apply to The Threat of Anne Hutchinson Essay examples, a business analyst job? Are you wondering how you can showcase your business analysis experience and qualifications when you#8217;ve never held the job title of business analyst? Would you like to know some honest ways to construct an effective business analyst resume that do not involve gimmicks and 1492 trickery? In this article, we#8217;ll cover the eye of the beholder, 8 secrets you need to film, know so that you hear back from more business analyst job applications. They#8217;ll help you showcase your business analyst qualifications, even if you#8217;ve never held the job title of #8220;business analyst.#8221; Before I forget, I want to be sure you know about my step-by-step BA career planning course (it’s free) that’s designed to help you, the mid-career professional, kick-start your business analysis career.
Now, onto the 8 secrets. 1 Your Business Analyst Resume Does Not Need to Catalog Your Work History. Many professionals fall into the trap of thinking they need to include a complete catalog of their work experiences and skills in their resume. The first secret you need to be #8220;in#8221; on when putting together your resume is that your resume is not a catalog, it#8217;s a sales document. Black. This means you can be selectively honest about the skills and experience you include and 1492 emphasize in your resume, and holiday inn london bloomsbury you should organize your resume so that it presents your qualifications in the best possible way.
Provided you are applying to business analyst jobs you are reasonably well qualified for, something we talk about in our business analyst job search process, the next 7 secrets will help you create a resume that sells your qualifications in a way that doesn#8217;t make you uncomfortable. 2. Create a Specific Summary So Your Resume Isn#8217;t Quickly Sent to the #8220;No#8221; Pile. Because most recruiters scan your resume instead of read it, there are a few elements of your resume that will get you the most attention. The first one of these is your objective or summary statement. While it may seem that being vague or general will open up more possibilities, the 1492 film, reality is just the opposite . Highlight your business analysis accomplishments and make it crystal clear that you are qualified for class, the types of BA jobs to 1492, which you are applying. Because many recruiters skip right past the objective on your resume, you need to make sure that other parts of The Threat of Anne Hutchinson Essay your resume draw them in too. Let#8217;s move on to those other parts.
3. Tweak Your Job Titles to Get Your Resume Read. If the recruiter skims right past your objective and accomplishments section, their eyes are going to rest on the most recent job titles you’ve held . These are typically in bold (if not, they probably should be) and stand out. Do your job titles present you as a candidate that is 1492 film qualified for define, the types of jobs to which you are applying? If your most recent job title is listed as “Network Engineer,” “Software Developer” or “Customer Support,” you are most likely to 1492 film, get calls for jobs with similar titles. Report. Instead, consider tweaking your job titles to present your recent job roles honestly and accurately. For more on being honestly creative , check out our post, How to Handle Job Titles on a Business Analyst Resume. 4. Highlight Your Most Relevant Skills and Still Be Honest. Remember how we said that your resume is a sales document? That means that you have the license to selectively highlight your most relevant skills. One way to do this is to focus on 1492, the projects where you held the which of the examples of a subculture?, most BA responsibilities this enables you to get beyond being a #8220;jack of all trades#8221; and focus on your business analysis career experiences.
And it does not mean #8220;overselling#8221; yourself it#8217;s just a matter of selectively telling the 1492 film, truth . Out of all the The Threat Essay, business analyst resumes I review, by and large this is where most professionals need to invest the most time. (By the way, you#8217;ll learn how to get your resume noticed for business analyst jobs in Building a BA Resume that Lands You Interviews a virtual, self-study course that helps you highlight your relevant business analysis experience even if you#8217;ve never held a #8220;business analyst#8221; job.) Here are some of the mistakes I see. A software developer talks about the coding language they used, not the 1492 film, business problem they analyzed and 1980 solved. Film. A customer support person details their primary responsibilities and of Anne Hutchinson Essay examples the “special project” they participated in as an SME/BA is 1492 relegated to a single bullet point that goes unnoticed. The Threat Examples. A prior manager is so “accomplishments focused” that they overshadow their abilities to roll up their sleeves and do business analysis work such as role definition, business process analysis, managing change, and obtaining buy-in across multiple departments.
5. Use Business Analysis Terminology to 1492, Demonstrate Your Capabilities. Let me let you in on another secret. As a qualified business analyst job candidate, you know more about courtesy for 10th, business analysis than the 1492, average recruiter. While you know that #8220;process flows#8221; and #8220;workflow diagrams#8221; mean the same thing, the black, person doing the first-pass review of your resume might not. This means that you#8217;ll hear back from the most opportunities if you use the right terminology to talk about your experiences in your resume. These are called transferable business analysis skills. Here#8217;s an example from 1492 film, my own resume: As a QA Engineer I coordinated multiple business groups to essay for 10th class, review a particular application before it went live to our customers.
At the time, we called this activity #8220;data testing.#8221; Later I learned the formal term was #8220;user acceptance testing.#8221; I now use #8220;user acceptance testing#8221; on film, my resume. It#8217;s accurate and honest and presents me as more qualified for certain business analysis positions. Once you have selected your most relevant skills and the right terminology for them, you#8217;ll want to craft bullet points that clearly communicate those skills and build instant credibility. Holiday Inn London Bloomsbury. And that leads us to 1492, secret #6. Bloomsbury. 6. Get Instant Credibility by Blending Accomplishments and Responsibilities in Your Bullet Points. I#8217;m often asked whether to highlight your accomplishments (what you achieved for your project or organization) or your responsibilities (what you did for 1492 film, your organization) in for 10th your work history section. In the your resume#8217;s bullet points, you want to show how you used a business analysis skill and 1492 film achieved something significant by applying that skill.
So you essentially back-up an accomplishment with a qualification, using the right terms you#8217;ve selected above. You can add to your credibility by using a variety of report 1980 concrete details to talk about your contributions. Even if you don#8217;t have access to precise project results, you can include a variety of numbers and 1492 film details that help give shape to your experiences, thereby helping your reader see what kinds of things you might be able to do for their organization. 7. Address Any Employment Gaps Clearly. Some of the resume gurus will tell you to hide an employment gap in your resume by reorganizing it in a functional resume format. In all the work I#8217;ve done with new business analysts and transitioning professionals, I#8217;ve never seen this approach work. The Threat Of Anne Examples. Assume the film, person reading your resume is holiday inn london bloomsbury a relatively intelligent human being who is 1492 not going to define timelessness, miss a gap because you#8217;ve reorganized your work history in film a confusing way. Which Following Examples Subculture?. Assume instead they will doubt your transparency (which just happens to be a key business analyst trait). Giving others the film, opportunity to make false assumptions about film, you and your work, will only get your resume into 1492 film, the #8220;no#8221; pile. Proactively address your employment gap on your resume. Tell an black 1980, honest story that shows you are ready, able, and willing to do the work of a business analyst.
8. Someone Else Cannot Write Your Resume For You. Creating a resume that clearly showcases your best business analysis qualifications is 1492 not easy work. If your written language skills are lacking, hiring a resume writer could help you craft bullet points that honestly communicate your qualifications. But keep in mind that as a business analyst you will be writing a lot of The Threat of Anne documentation, so your resume is an film, artifact that demonstrates your ability to fulfill a key business analysis competency, just like the business analyst job interview is holiday inn london bloomsbury a time to demonstrate you can ask insightful questions. A resume writer may or may not have a deep understanding of the business analysis profession. They can hone and 1492 film tweak your resume, but you need to own your business analysis qualifications and give them a significant amount of content to work with. Yes, I know it’s painful to, yet again, update your resume.
But if you aren’t getting calls for the right type of jobs, then this is holiday exactly where your job search time will be best spent. (Getting your resume right will also help you prepare for the job interviews that come for it, so that#8217;s an added bonus.) And if you’d like my help creating a resume to showcase your business analyst qualifications, check out 1492 film Building a BA Resume that Lands You Interviews. In this virtual, self-study course, you#8217;ll learn my step-by-step process to creating a resume that gets beyond tricks and gimmicks by applying tested patterns to draw out your business analyst qualifications and of Anne examples catch the attention of film potential interviewers. Are Not Of A. Stay informed about new articles and 1492 course offerings. (You'll get a free step-by-step BA career planning course too). your details are safe with us. Define. Step-By-Step BA Career Planning Course New Articles to 1492 film, Help You Succeed as a Business Analyst Information on New Course Sessions, Books, and Work Aids. ***Business Analyst Webinars (Complimentary)*** What Experience #8220;Counts#8221; as Business Analyst Experience? (5 Examples) Being a BA is eye of the beholder Not for the Faint of Heart.
How Do I Convince My Team to Adopt Better Requirements Practices? Why This Might Be Taking Longer Than You Expect. Use Cases: A Personal History (and a bit of a love affair) What To Do When a Developer Says #8220;That#8217;s Impossible#8221; No content on film, this site may be reused in any fashion without permission from film, Laura Brandenburg.
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Nov 17, 2017 1492 film,
colorado essay Neuroanatomy and Physiology of the “Brain Reward System” in Substance Abuse. How does experimental use of substances of 1492, abuse lead to drug addiction in some individuals? How do these drugs cause intoxication? Part of the answer lies in a common reinforcement pathway in film, the human brain which drugs of film, abuse stimulate, potentially leading to addiction (1,2,3,4,7).
This reinforcement pathway, which is composed of both central nervous system structures and endogenous neurotransmitters communicating between these structures, has been termed the “reward pathway”(1). The reward pathway evolved to promote activities that are essential to define, the survival of the human race as well as other mammals. One may compare the mechanism of drugs of abuse with that of viruses. Viruses and drugs of 1492, abuse are both foreign to humans. Viruses enter an animal’s cells and use the pre-existing cell “machinery” to synthesize more viruses, thus promoting their own survival. Which Following Are Not Examples Of A Subculture?? As the 1492 viruses infect more and more cells, the organism may become ill. Illicit drugs can take advantage of an organism in a similar fashion. Just as viruses take over cell function throughout the body, drugs of abuse modify cell function in these important brain structures leading to modifications in behavior. These drugs enter the human brain and use its own “machinery” (the reward pathway) to promote continued use.
Just as the cell’s survival is essay dependent on its “machinery” so is the 1492 film survival of the organism dependent on an intact brain reward pathway. Drugs of abuse, although harmful to inn london, the organism, are able to capture this “machinery “ in some individuals driving further drug use. Depending on film, our own characteristics (our inherited neurochemical make-up etc.) we may be more susceptible to The Threat of Anne Hutchinson Essay examples, the illness of drug addiction just as certain people are more susceptible to infection. Certain pathogens are ubiquitous or occur so frequently that almost all of us are exposed to them. Those who have inherited genetic immunodeficiencies fall prey to these pathogens more than the general population. Similarly, individuals who have a genetic predisposition, may be more vulnerable to addiction after exposure to the drug. As noted earlier, substances of abuse affect the brain reward pathway, which is made of neurons that release chemicals when they are stimulated. This release leads to subjective feelings of well being (1,2). This brain reward system evolved to subserve activities essential to species survival, such as sexual activity and feeding behaviors.
Activities that activate this pathway become associated with ‘feeling good’ (1,2). For example, sexual intercourse causes release of chemicals activating this pathway, and the result is a feeling of well being. Thus, the reward pathway serves to promote survival of the species by 1492, rewarding behaviors necessary for continued survival (seeking food, reproduction, shelter, drink, etc). Drugs of abuse stimulate this “brain reward” pathway in a similar fashion, and this is why substance users experience feelings of pleasure or “high” when they use them (1,2). When drugs of abuse are repeatedly used, they may “commandeer” the courtesy class brain reward system, driving compulsory drug use to the exclusion of 1492 film, other adaptive activities. Thus, “addiction” can be partially explained by the action of for 10th class, drugs of abuse on this common reward pathway, in which drug use stimulates further use and drug seeking behavior (1,2,3,4).
In the following paragraphs, the basic anatomy of the reward pathway and brain structures that interact with this pathway will be discussed. Next, the film molecular physiology of the reward pathway will be delineated. After laying the black report foundation of the anatomy and film, physiology of brain reward, the specific interactions of drugs of The Threat Hutchinson examples, abuse will be examined. Finally, with this understanding, we may examine treatments aimed at modulating this important pathway. II. The Structures of the Reward Pathway: The basic anatomy of the film reward pathway will be described below. However, it must be remembered that the anatomical structures involved have complex interrelationships, and The Threat Hutchinson, are modulated by film, other parts of the brain and other neurochemicals.
Many of the factors influencing brain reward may not be known or have not been well established. Therefore, this paper provides an overview of the most well established structures and pathways involved. Holiday? With this overview we may develop a basic understanding that anatomical structures have evolved to promote the survival of the organism and film, how drugs of abuse stimulate and “commandeer” these structures. Core Structures of the Reward System. The core structures of the brain reward pathway is located in the limbic system, a set of primitive structures in the human brain (1,2,3,7,9). Conceptually, the function of the limbic system is to essay courtesy class, monitor internal homeostasis, mediate memory, mediate learning, and experience emotion. It also drives important aspects of sexual behavior, motivation, and feeding behaviors (9).
The primary nuclei (or parts) of the limbic system include the hypothalamus, amygdala, hippocampus, septal nuclei, and anterior cingulate gyrus (9). Also important in the function of the limbic system is the limbic striatum, which includes the nucleus accumbens, ventral caudate nucleus and the putamen (9). Film? The nucleus accumbens (NA) has been implicated as an especially important structure of the brain reward pathway because drugs of abuse target it. (1,2,3,5,7). Other structures important in brain reward include the amygdala and the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Black Report 1980? (1,2,3). The majority of this paper will concentrate on the NA and the VTA. In addition to the other structures listed above, several other systems have an influence on the brain reward pathway as well.
The endocrine and the autonomic nervous systems interact via the hypothalamus, an integral part of the limbic system, and the pituitary (1). These structures modulate the 1492 film reward pathway. The hypothalamus is define timelessness involved in every aspect of endocrine, visceral, and autonomic functions, and it is able to film, influence eating, drinking, sexual activity, aversion, rage, and pleasure (1,9). Environmental stimuli may affect brain reward via this neuroendocrine axis. Electrical Stimulation of the Brain Reward Pathway. The link between the brain reward system and the hypothalamic-pituitary axis may be seen through experiments on animals where electrodes are placed into the nucleus accumbens (part of the brain’s reward system) under conditions of imposed environmental stress. Electrical self-stimulation experiments are designed in animal models such that electrodes are placed in various brain structure regions thought to be involved in brain reward (2). Essay Examples? The animal then performs an activity (i.e. presses a lever) which leads to stimulation of the electrode and the neuronal structure. Film? If the electrode is placed in a structure in the reward pathway, the resulting stimulation is pleasurable and self-stimulation is therefore encouraged. Bloomsbury? In models of addiction hungry animals will demonstrate a preference for 1492 film, self-stimulation over food and drink to which of the following are not examples of a, the point of starvation (2). This experimental paradigm shows how drugs of abuse can commandeer this system and become even more rewarding than the behaviors it evolved to subserve.
Other techniques allow the animal to press a lever and the drug is film injected into specific areas of the brain as illustrated below. If the point of injection is not within the of Anne Hutchinson brain reward pathway, reinforcement will not occur. Through these techniques, general anatomy of the brain reward system has been delineated. Experimental Self-Stimulation of the Brain Reward Pathway. Core Structures of the Reward System. As discussed before the reward pathway, located in the limbic system, is primarily made up of film, core structures that are connected by the median forebrain bundle (MFB): the nucleus accumbens (NA) , the The Threat Hutchinson examples ventral tegmental area (VTA) , the ventromedial and 1492 film, lateral nuclei of the hypothalamus, and the amygdala (1,2,3,7). The NA and essay courtesy, the VTA are the most frequently implicated structures in the literature on drug reward.
The MFB is composed of nerves that connect the septum, amygdala, the NA and the olfactory tubercle with the hypothalamus and the VTA (1,9). In other words, the MFB is like a power line of neurons connecting the structures of the reward pathway with other brain structures. Experiments demonstrate that when this “power line” is cut, animals will decrease or stop self-administration of drugs. Thus, an intact MFB appears to be necessary for 1492, the “brain reward” system to function properly. Essay Class? Below are slides that show the anatomy of neurons and the electrical activity that occurs between them. NEURON AND NEURON FUNCTION. ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY BETWEEN TWO NEURONS. Dopaminergic neurons making up the MFB or “power line” of the brain reward system run from the 1492 VTA to define, other structures involved in brain reward. The neurotransmitter they release is 1492 called dopamine. One can think of this as the holiday inn london “current”, or energy of the brain reward system (1,2,3).
2.2 Communicating Brain Structures. The central reward pathway of the brain sends information to 1492 film, and receives input from many other brain structures: the reticular activating system (RAS), the central gray around the aqueduct of Sylvius, limbic regions, and the basal ganglia and cerebellum. Located in the brain stem, the black RAS controls attention and arousal to 1492 film, various sensory inputs from our environment. Limbic regions such as the amygdala, the septum and the thalamus provide input to the reward pathway concerning motivational and emotional variables. Next, the reward pathway interacts with the basal ganglia and cerebellum to black report, modify motor activity. These interactions between the reward pathway and other regions of the brain are complex (1). The hypothalamus, control center of the autonomic nervous system, serves as a major integrative circuit between the nervous and endocrine systems (1,2).
The components of the hypothalamus monitor blood nutrients as well as endogenous compounds in order to maintain homeostasis. To promote adaptive behaviors such as obtaining food, water, and sexual activity, the pituitary signals secretion of hormones that interact with the 1492 film reward system (1,10). Thus, the hypothalamus is the timelessness command center interconnecting the film reward pathway with the body and environmental stimuli. These stimuli are analogous to a complex array of music each a melody of summation in black 1980, the form of endocrine hormones, blood temperature, blood osmolarity, blood volume, and neurotransmitters are deciphered and directed by the hypothalamus. This command center then sends out signals in the form of 1492, neurotransmitters (chemical signals) to various parts of the eye of film brain including the brain reward system. Why do recovered substance users relapse when their lives get stressful? The answer partially lies in 1492, the neurophysiology of the brain and interaction of environmental stimuli on it. Timelessness? Links between the hypthalamo-hypophyseal system and brain reward pathways have been established through experimentation. For example, the linkage between environmental and film, increased drug use is most likely mediated by the hypothalamus. Stress increases the self-administration of drugs of abuse, and co-administration of pituitary hormones alter self-administration in animal experiments. Report 1980? These experiments further support the view that environmental factors have a large influence on drug use and relapse (1,2).
III. Genetic and Biological evidence for 1492, a Common Reward Pathway. 3.1 Evolution of the Pathway. As noted earlier, the of a intrinsic purpose of an endogenous reward center is to reinforce behaviors that promote the survival of a species. When drugs of abuse (DOA) stimulate this center, drug-seeking behavior is also promoted. 3.2 Genetics and 1492, Population Studies. Why do studies show that many individuals experiment with DOA but only the beholder film some become addicted? Genetic studies in film, both animals and humans have contributed to our ability to answer this question. Genetic studies on animal, or rodent populations, generally consist of of Anne Hutchinson Essay, inbreeding or selective breeding. Mating brothers, sisters, or first cousins creates inbred strains of rodents.
After 20 generations of mating a strain is created that is, for film, all practical purposes, genetically identical (1). The next step is to look at eye of the beholder differences in response to DOA through experimentation on different rodent strains. In selective breeding, a desirable trait is chosen. For example, researchers may breed for a high response to EtOH. Rodents who have the desirable trait are then mated. After 20 generations the strain is considered genetically pure for the desired trait. Through such selective inbreeding experiments, it has been shown that a predilection for drug dependence is film highly genetically influenced. Furthermore, those genetically predisposed to abuse one class of drugs may also abuse drugs of another class. It has been demonstrated that strains predisposed to cocaine abuse are predisposed to opiate addiction as well. Human studies investigating the inn london genetics of drug abuse consist of 1492 film, either adoption or twin studies (1).
Adoption studies allow us to separate genetic and environmental factors by looking at individuals in 1980, an environment and comparing them to their genetically different adoptive parents. The individuals are then compared to their biological parents. With a large number of individuals, traits that are primarily under genetic influence and traits that are under environmental influence may be described. In twin studies, identical and fraternal twins are compared. Film? Identical twins share 100% of their genes while fraternal twins share 50% of their genes. The relative agreement of The Threat, behavioral traits to these percentages suggests the 1492 proportion of genetic and environmental influences. Which Of The Following Examples Subculture?? Some studies incorporate both adoptive and twin study paradigms to study addiction.
Through these studies scientists have shown that experimentation and initial use of drugs may be more environmentally determined by such factors as availability. However, progression on to drug dependence or addiction after exposure or “experimentation” appears to be heavily genetically influenced (1,9). IV. 1492? Molecular Physiology of the Reward Pathway. Dopamine Binding at the Neuron Level. The primary neurotransmitter of the reward pathway is dopamine (1,2,3,4). Although drugs of abuse often act through separate mechanisms and on various locations in the brain reward system, they share a final common action in that they increase dopamine levels in the brain reward system.
However, neurotransmitter systems are inextricably intertwined. Thus serotonin, endogenous opiates, as well as GABA also modulate dopamine levels in the brain reward pathway (1,2,3). In the following paragraphs the of the following are not examples major neurotransmitters involved in brain reward will be discussed. Drugs of abuse have been shown to increase dopamine neurotransmitter levels in the reward pathway (1,2,3,4). In general, drugs that are not abused have no effect on dopaminergic concentrations (1,2). Some mechanisms that may contribute to increasing dopamine levels include blockade of re-uptake and stimulation of release (1,2,3). The specific mechanisms of 1492, action of various substances of abuse in increasing dopamine levels in the brain reward pathway will be described below.
Neurotransmitter Release and Re-uptake. 4.2 Other Neurotransmitters and Brain Reward. Even though increased dopamine in the brain reward system is generally thought to be the final common pathway for the reinforcing properties of drugs, other neurotransmitters such as serotonin are involved in the modulation of both drug self-administration and dopamine levels. Serotonin may be important in essay class, modulating motivational factors, or the amount of work and individual is film willing to perform to obtain a drug (1). Serotonergic neurons project both to the NA and holiday inn london bloomsbury, VTA and appear to regulate dopamine release at the NA. However the relationship between serotonin and 1492 film, dopamine release is complex in that, serotonin has numerous receptor types and its regulation of inn london, dopamine release is at times inhibitory and at other times excitatory (1,2). Film? Thus, serotonin modulates the reward pathway through various mechanisms by interacting with different receptors throughout the brain. GABA, another neurotransmitter involved in the modulation of dopaminergic reward systems, plays a role in the mediation of effects of many drugs of abuse (1,2,3). GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter located diffusely throughout the brain. Drugs of abuse (DOA) act on the GABA receptor to hyperpolarize neurons.
When a neuron is define timelessness hyperpolarized, it is 1492 inhibited from firing. An analogy may be applying brakes to a car. Courtesy For 10th? Just as greater amounts of gas are required to cause the car to move while stepping on the brakes, greater amounts of stimuli are required to cause a neuron to fire that is hyperpolarized. When neurons fire they release neurotransmitter, and since drugs of abuse (DOA) inhibit these neurons, they release less GABA. When barbiturates, benzodiazapines or alcohol interact with the GABA receptor, they inhibit the release of 1492 film, GABA onto essay courtesy for 10th the dopaminergic neurons (1,2,3). Thus, this is like taking your foot off the 1492 brakes allowing the car to go full speed ahead. The net result is eye of the beholder disinhibition of dopaminergic neurons, making them fire more rapidly and film, releasing more dopamine in essay courtesy class, the reward system. 1492? With higher dopamine concentrations, feelings of well being or euphoria are induced. The net effects of eye of the beholder, inhibiting the diffuse GABA-ergic system are anxiety reduction, behavioral disinhibition, sedation, and euphoria.
Through GABA interacting with limbic structures many of these effects are mediated (1,2,3). Regions that mediate the sedative anxiolytic effects of the film limbic system also interact with reward systems. In conclusion, GABA-ergic neurons are diffuse throughout the essay courtesy for 10th central nervous system and they are extremely influential in their interactions with reward pathways (1,2,3). 4.2c The Endogenous Opiates. Endorphin Binding at the Synapse.
Just as the structures of the brain reward system encourage adaptive behaviors such as seeking food and sex, endogenous proteins called endorphins also motivate behaviour (1,3). The “runner’s high” is film thought to for 10th, be related to the production of such endogenous opiate compounds or endorphins. In addition, place preference (animals prefer the environment where the drug is administered to other environments) is elicited when endorphins are applied to the NA (1,2). Endogenous endorphins attach to the same receptors as exogenous opiates. Through the same mechanism, they both increase dopamine in the brain reward pathway (1,2,3). 5. Drugs of Abuse and film, the Reward Pathway. Primary Location of Action for Drugs of Abuse.
Experiments have shown that specific drugs of abuse affect receptors/neurochemical response act in different areas of the brain. Report? The nucleus accumbens (NA) is the 1492 primary place of define timelessness, action of amphetamine, cocaine, opiates, THC, phencyclidine, ketamine, and film, nicotine. Opiates, alcohol, barbiturates and benzodiazapines (2,3,4) stimulate neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Holiday? The final common action of most substances of abuse is stimulation of the brain reward pathway by increasing dopamine. The action of drugs of abuse on structures of the reward pathway at the gross anatomical level, followed by molecular actions of this system, will be discussed below. The complete discussion of the anatomical and biochemical effects of alcohol is beyond the scope of this paper.
In the following paragraphs, an overview of alcohol’s action on the reward pathway will be presented. 1492 Film? Because of alcohol’s ability to essay courtesy for 10th, pass freely through cell membranes, it affects many neurotransmitters and film, neurons throughout the brain. The focus of the discussion will be the molecular effects in Hutchinson examples, relationship to the brain reward pathway. Alcohol has been shown to excite dopaminergic neurons in 1492, the VTA as well as in the NA (1,2,3,4). In animal experiments, dopaminergic agonists (chemicals which increase dopamine) reduce alcohol consumption (1,2,3).
For example, the 1980 dopamine agonist bromocriptine increases water intake and decreases consumption of alcohol in rodents(1). Dopamine agonists, however have not successfully reduced alcohol consumption in human experiments. Neurotransmitters other than dopamine are involved in 1492 film, alcohol dependence. Studies demonstrated that serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (medications that are commonly prescribed for depression such as fluoxetine ) may decrease consumption of alcohol in both rodents and in humans (2). It is not known whether this is due to a direct or an indirect effect of serotonin on dopaminergic systems, or a combination effect. Larger scale replication studies are needed before this is understood. The effects of serotoninergic medications on drug self-administration may be due to eye of the beholder film, their effects on motivational factors, as opposed to the specific reinforcing effects of the drug by modulating the reinforcing properties of other reinforcers such as food, water, alcohol and drugs of abuse (2). Opiate Action in the Brain.
Opiates influence dopamine levels and brain reward indirectly by inhibiting GABA neurons in the VTA (1). As noted previously the VTA is an important structure in film, the reward pathway. GABA neurons inhibit dopaminergic neurons in the VTA. Thus when opiates inhibit GABA neurons, dopaminergic neurons are free to fire more often. In essence, opiates remove the “brakes” from dopaminergic neurons and allow them to fire more rapidly resulting in an increase of dopamine release (1,2). Numerous studies support opiate action in key structures of the reward pathway. For example, dopaminergic neuronal lesions of the are not of a NA or the VTA have been shown to either reduce or eliminate opiate reinforced behavior (1,3).
Opiate administration into the VTA leads to an increase in dopamine neurotransmitter release and promotes further self-administration (1). These studies further support the role of the brain reward system in film, opiate addiction. Some experiments chronic dopamine blockade is unsuccessful at altering opiate self-administration, providing evidence that non-dopamine dependent reward pathways for opiate addiction also exist. (1,3). However, most experiments demonstrate that opiates function by stimulating both the NA and the VTA, both of which are key structures in the reward pathway. However, as lesions to dopaminergic neurons do not completely eliminate self-administration of opiates in some experiments, indirect and dopamine independent mechanisms of opiate addiction and reinforcement also exist (3). Like other drugs of eye of the beholder film, abuse, stimulants increase dopamine concentrations in the brain reward pathway (1,2,3,4,7). Stimulants such as cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine and nicotine all stimulate the brain reward pathway through slightly different mechanisms and increase dopamine to 1492, different extents. Moreover, the route of administration of stimulants also influences the addictive properties of stimulants, by influencing the rate at which dopamine “spikes” in the brain. In general, intravenous and transpulmonary (smoking) delivery is more “addictive” than nasal (“snorting”) or oral administration.
Cocaine Binding at the Synapse. Cocaine, like other drugs of abuse, increases dopamine in the reward pathway. Lesions to the reward pathway or pharmacological blockade of dopamine diminish cocaine’s rewarding effects (1,2,3). Thus, dopaminergic neurons in of Anne, the reward pathway have been shown to be important in 1492, the reinforcing effects of cocaine (2). This increase of dopamine in essay for 10th class, the brain reward centers is dose dependent (the more cocaine that is taken in, the higher the dopamine concentration in these areas). In fact, cocaine addicts describe their experience like “hunger”, ”taste”, or “sex” (2). 1492 Film? These observations further illustrate how drugs of abuse stimulate structures of the brain that have evolved to promote behaviors that aid in timelessness, the survival of the species (1,2,7). Cocaine’s effects on film, the reward system are so powerful that it may override other generally gratifying reinforcers: money, safety, loved ones, morality and even survival may become less important to the abuser than obtaining and holiday inn london, using cocaine (2).
Thus, cocaine stimulates the 1492 film brain reward system more effectively than the behaviors that the reward system evolved to reinforce! Cocaine acts to increase dopamine levels by inhibiting monoamine ( dopamine , serotonin, and The Threat Essay examples, norepinephrine) re-uptake from the synaptic cleft (1,2,3,4,6,7). The primary effects of cocaine on reinforcement involve its ability to bind to the dopamine transporter and prevent re-uptake of dopamine (2). By inhibiting dopamine re-uptake, it increases dopamine in the reward system. Like cocaine, amphetamines stimulate the brain reward pathway by 1492, increasing concentrations of dopamine. Amphetamines both decrease the re-uptake of dopamine and directly increase the neuronal release of dopamine (1,2,3,4) Many experiments have shown the importance of dopamine in the rewarding effects of amphetamines. For example, dopamine agonists (substances that can substitute for dopamine by binding to the same receptors and producing the similar effects) decrease amphetamine self-administration in animals (1,3). On the holiday inn london bloomsbury other hand, dopaminergic blockade (antagonists) decreases amphetamine self-administration in rats by preventing amphetamine binding, thereby preventing its dopaminergic effects (3). Similarly, lesions to the dopaminergic neurons in the NA lead to long lasting decreases in self-administration of amphetamines (3).
These examples emphasize how drugs increase dopamine levels and stimulate the film reward pathway. When dopamine levels are prevented from rising in response to drug administration (either producing chemical or structural “lesions”), then animals stop using the essay class drug since it is 1492 film no longer “rewarding”. These elegant experiments demonstrate that the “rewarding” properties of the define timelessness drug are directly related to whether it increases dopamine or not in the reward pathway. Nicotine is thought to affect the brain reward system by increasing dopamine concentrations through interacting with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It has been shown to mimic endogenous (or the body’s natural) acetylcholine neurotransmitter. Nicotine increases dopamine efflux in the reward pathway by mimicking acetylcholine at presynaptic nicotinic receptor sites, and exciting dopaminergic neurons (2). Nicotine receptors are located throughout the brain; however, nicotine exerts its greatest effects on brain reward in the NA (1,2,3). By acting on 1492, these neurons, nicotine increases release of holiday inn london bloomsbury, dopamine in the NA (1,2,4). Film? Nicotinic antagonists, chemicals which block the actions of nicotine at its receptor, inhibit dopamine release while nicotinic agonists increase dopamine release (1,2).
Thus, nicotine leads to increased dopamine concentrations in the brain reward pathway like other drugs of eye of the beholder film, abuse. Caffeine is the psychoactive drug that is most commonly used throughout the world (11). Caffeine blocks the actions of adenosine, an 1492 film inhibitory neurotransmitter, by following are not examples subculture?, binding to its receptor and preventing post binding changes from taking place (2). Caffeine is a “competitive antagonist” of adenosine. Since the neurotransmitter adenosine is like the safety on a gun, when it is removed, neurons begin to fire. By blocking the effects of adenosine, caffeine leads increased firing of dopaminergic neurons. This is especially evident in the NA (4,5). 5.6 Treatment Implications of the Brain Reward System. Operating through different mechanisms drugs of abuse have a final common pathway by which they increase dopamine levels within the core structures of the so called “brain reward system” which includes the VTA and NA. A balance between the negative effects of the drug and film, positive feelings associated with stimulation of the brain reward system determine if an individual will enjoy and continue using the substance or not (1,2). Generally the essay positive effects or “high” of using a drug occur immediately or shortly after use, by film, the action of which of the are not subculture?, increasing dopamine.
The closer positive and negative effects are to the actual time of drug use, the 1492 more likely we are to associate these effects with the drug. Unfortunately, the negative consequences of drug use often come much later and more unpredictably compared to essay class, the immediate pairing of drug administration and reward. For example, the later potential negative consequences of chronic drinking (such as liver disease) may not be as important as the immediate rewarding positive effects of drinking. Some approaches to treatment attempt to consistently pair the negative consequences of 1492 film, drug administration with drug administration. If one is the beholder taking disulfiram (Antabuse), the action of drinking will immediately cause a negative consequence (extreme illness).
The immediate negative consequence of drinking now competes with the normally immediate positive reward of drinking to combat illness. By changing the time course of 1492, positive and negative drug effects through behavioral interventions or pharmaceutical interventions, we may be able to better treat addictions in the future. VI. Pharmacotherapy of Drug Addiction: Pharmacotherapeutic interventions have been developed to inn london bloomsbury, decrease drug use by influencing the brain reward system. The focus in the following paragraphs will be pharmacological treatment to prevent relapse of the addicted individual. General strategies for pharmacological treatment of 1492 film, drug addiction include creating aversion to the addicted drug, bringing consequences or punishment closer to the reinforcement of drug use, modification of neurotransmitters to The Threat of Anne Hutchinson examples, decrease drug intake, and long-term substitution with a less addictive and film, cross-tolerant medication (1). 6.1 Aversive Conditioning. Increasing the negative or aversive effects of a drug is eye of film one effective treatment used for alcohol addiction. Disulfiram (Antabuse), metronidazole, or calcium carbimide is used to film, create negative effects with the which following are not subculture? ingestion of alcohol (1,2).
These medications, when taken, cause the abuser to become extremely ill when they engage in drinking. Instead of experiencing the negative effects of alcohol the next day (hangover) or years later (liver disease), they experience unpleasant effects such as nausea, vomiting, and flushing in closer proximity to ingestion which opposes the normally immediate positive reward of the film drug (see above). Although these drugs have been effective for some individuals by case report, these treatments have failed to show efficacy in numerous clinical trials (1). However recent work by report 1980, Carroll et al demonstrates that Antabuse can be effective in preventing cocaine dependent individuals from 1492 film, relapsing into cocaine (12). Essay? By reducing alcohol consumption they were less likely to relapse to cocaine since alcohol may “dissolve” one’s “resolve” to stay abstinent, by lowering one’s inhibitions and impairing one’s ability to make wise choices. 6.2 Neurotransmitter Manipulation. By manipulating neurotransmitters in the reward pathway, we can potentially modify cravings for drugs of abuse.
This can be accomplished in film, two ways. First, we can give drug antagonists, or drugs that block the addicting effects of the dopamine reward system. For example, dopamine blocking agents have been shown to diminish intake of all drugs of abuse in animal studies (2). However, application in humans has been less promising. In humans, the euphoria induced by black report 1980, amphetamine administration is 1492 film attenuated by dopamine blocking agents. Thus, when the drug no longer increases dopamine levels and causes feelings of well being, the desire for the drug may diminish. Bupropion, a dopamine agonist, has been shown in nicotine addiction but has not been shown to be effective in cocaine addiction. Medications, which more directly influence neurotransmitters other than dopamine, have also shown promise in decreasing substance use.
For example opiate antagonists such as Naltrexone have also been use to down regulate the eye of film reward pathway in alcohol addiction. In addition, opiate antagonists serve to decrease the positive effects of 1492 film, opiates (2). Fluoxetine, a serotonergic agent, has been shown to decrease alcohol consumption in eye of film, nondepressed alcohol dependant adults as well (13). Both naltrexone and fluoxetine may indirectly affect dopamine in the “reward center. Thus, by film, manipulating neurotransmitter levels, we may reduce consumption of substances. 6.3 Pharmacological Substitution. By substituting one substance that stimulates the brain reward pathway with another less addictive/ less harmful substance, we may aid in relapse prevention. One example is the use of black report 1980, methadone to treat heroin addiction. Methadone does not have the euphoric effects that heroin does; however, it does adequately stimulate the brain reward system and provides a safer alternative to heroin use.
In adequate doses methadone reduces craving for heroin and thereby the 1492 film risk for relapse to heroin. Methadone, an eye of the beholder film orally administered opiate, is associated with less risk of acquiring HIV, hepatitis C, and criminal activity - all of which are highly associated with heroin dependence (2). Another example of a substitution therapy approach is that of film, nicotine replacement therapy with the patch or nicotine gum (1). This allows the individual to which of the are not of a subculture?, struggle with behavioral aspects of drug addiction and minimize the pharmacological aspects for a time being. In addition, nicotine replacement is less addictive and less harmful to overall health than obtaining nicotine through smoking. This is because when one inhales cigarette smoke, nicotine is immediately absorbed in the brain in a spiking manner, which, as discussed above, is the most addictive pattern of drug administration (2). On the other hand, the nicotine patch provides the same net dose of nicotine, but has a time release mechanism to allow for relatively constant blood levels. Thus, the gradual increase in nicotine that occurs with the 1492 nicotine patch will lead to more constant moderate levels of inn london, dopamine in the brain as opposed to the “spike and dip” pattern produced by most drugs of abuse.
This prevents dopamine from dipping to low levels, which may then prevent craving. Instead of 1492 film, quitting a substance “cold turkey”, and allowing dopamine levels to plummet, a chemical ladder that uses the brain reward system to for 10th, slowly change dopamine levels may be used to more easily descend the cliff face of addiction, attenuating the 1492 pattern of define timelessness, craving and relapse. In the last decade it has become clear that addiction, in addition to having environmental determinants, is also of the brain. Scientists have found that a common reward pathway exists in the brain. When stimulated by drugs of abuse, addiction often occurs especially in those who are genetically or otherwise neurochemically vulnerable. This pathway, located in the primitive limbic system, has evolved over time to promote behaviors that increase the 1492 survivability of organisms, such as feeding and reproductive behaviors. Drugs of abuse also stimulate structures in the reward pathway, primarily acting on essay courtesy, dopaminergic neurons in the VTA and NA. These drugs not only stimulate areas of the brain that have evolved to encourage adaptive behaviors; they stimulate these areas more effectively than the film survival behaviors themselves! Substances of abuse may “commandeer” this reward system just as viruses “commandeer” intracellular machinery during infection, driving compulsive usage of those substances resulting in behavior that we commonly call addiction. Dopamine action can be increased in several different manners; drugs may increase post-synaptic sensitivity to dopamine, increase dopamine release, or inhibit dopamine re-uptake.
Drugs of abuse may accomplish this by acting directly on film, dopaminergic neurons or indirectly through other neurons and neurotransmitters. Although these drugs interact through different mechanisms and different areas of brain reward pathways, they all converge on this common reward pathway and increase concentrations of dopamine in its structures. As the mechanism of the film reward pathway and essay, its interactions with other areas in film, the brain become clearer, new pharmacotherapies and behavioral treatments may be developed to effectively treat substance use disorders and decrease its devastating human cost. 1.Lowinson, J; Ruiz, P; Millman, R; Langrod, J. Substance Abuse: A comprehensive Textbook 3 rd Edition. Williams Wilkens 1997. 2. Niesink, R; Jaspers, R; Kornet, L; van Ree,J. Drugs of Abuse and black report, Addiction: Neurobehavioral Toxicology.
CRC Press 1999. Ritz, Mary. Reward Systems and Addictive Behavior. 1492? Chapter 5, Pg124-149. Ritz, Mary. Black Report? Molecular mechanisms of addictive substances. Chapter 6. Pg150-189. 3. Koob, G.; Nestler, E. The Neurobiology of Drug Addiction. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 1997; 9:482-497. 4. Bardo, Michael. Neurophrmacological Mechanisms of Drug Reward: Beyond Dopamine in the Nucleus Accumbens.
Clinical Reviews in Neurobiology 1998, 12(12): 37-67. 5. Dager, S; Layton, Matt; et al. Human Brain Metabolic Response to Caffeine and the Effects of Tolerance. Am J Psychiatry 156:2, Feb. 1999. 6. Childress, A; Mozley, D; et al.
Limbic Activation During Cue-Induced Cocaine Craving. Am J Psychiatry 156:1, Jan 1999: 11-18. 7. Little, K; Zhang, L; et al. Striatal Dopaminergic Abnormalities in Human Cocaine Users. Am J Psychiatry 1999; 156:238-245. 8. Solhkhah, R; Wilens, T; Pharmacotherapy of Adolescent Alcohol and Other Drug Use Disorders. Alcohol Health and Research World.
Vol. 22, No.2, 1988: 122-125. 10. Graham, A; Schultz; T. 1492 Film? Principles of Addiction Medicine. American Society of courtesy for 10th, Addiction Medicine, Inc. 1492? 1998. Koob,G Roberts, A; Neurocircuitry Targets in Reward and Dependence. Chapter 6 73-82.
11. Joseph, R. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Clinical Neuroscience: Emotion, Evolution, Cognition, Language, Memory, Brain Damage, and Abnormal Behavior. Section III. The Limbic System Williams Wilkens 1996. 12.Caroll Pharm Iv for Alchohol and Cocaine Abusing Adults. Of Anne Essay Examples? American J of Addiction 2:77-79 1993. 13.
Navarjo Ca, Sellers Em, Lawvin Mo. 1492 Film? Modulation of ethanol intake by Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors . J. Are Not Examples? Clinical Psychiatry 47: 16-22. 1986.