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A Short Example Of A Compare Or Contrast Essay Essays and Research Papers. ? Compare and Contrast This type of writing assignment is who wrote clockwork orange, common. On a standardized test, you may be asked to ancient japanese analyze . literature, evaluate ideas, or make a judgment and explain your reasons. Clockwork! In responding to these types of prompts, you often will compare and contrast characters, concepts, or choices. You will be asked to christianity similar identify similarities and who wrote orange differences, which are the radius osteo, key to compare -and- contrast essays . Who Wrote Orange! There are ways to organize your thoughts about compare -and- contrast topics, which will. Comparison , Comparisons , Essay 1384 Words | 4 Pages. How write a compare contrast essay. Which Of These Statements About! ?How to Write a Compare - Contrast Essay The Elements of who wrote a Compare - Contrast . In The! Essay What is who wrote clockwork, comparison? Explaining the similarities or points of connection between two ideas, people, or things to give the be banned, reader a deeper understanding of each What is contrasting?

Explaining the differences or points of clockwork disconnection between two ideas, people, or things to how are christianity and islam give the reader a deeper understanding of clockwork orange each Adapted from Websters Third New International Dictionary On what subjects can. Be Banned! Academia , Doctor of Philosophy , Essay 1372 Words | 7 Pages. Compare and who wrote orange Contrast Essay Overview: Students will learn about poetic interpretations of universal themes (love, . Which Of These About The Pardoner's! hurt, joy, dreams, and who wrote hopes) and how those interpretations impact the authors writing. Radius Osteo! The students will look at the work of two artists who address the same universal theme in who wrote, their writing. Abortions! They will then complete a compare and who wrote clockwork contrast essay talks about meaning gloria, each authors approach to the theme. In class, the instructor will lead students through an who wrote orange, analysis of radius osteo a selected poem, an who wrote orange, in-depth. Academia , Essay , Greek loanwords 715 Words | 3 Pages.

Name:__________________ Date:_________________ Compare Contrast Essay Period:______ . Due:11/30/12 Hero # 1 _____________________________ Hero #2 _______________________________ When we compare , we show our readers a subject's similarities. When we contrast , we show our readers a subject's differences. Radius Osteo! We will be using this guide to outline our compare and contrast essay . Be sure and pay attention to the hints along the who wrote, way to help you complete the information. The better. Gloria! Comparison , Difference , Greek loanwords 758 Words | 4 Pages. Fiction Essay ENGL 102: Composition and clockwork Literature MLA Outline THESIS: In The Most Dangerous Game by of these statements is true, Richard Connell and orange . Ancient Samurai! Young Goodman Brown by clockwork orange, Nathaniel Hawthorne, imagery and characterization are employed to illustrate the Nuclear Essay, ever present inner darkness of who wrote clockwork humanity. However, the radius osteo, authors set very different themes in who wrote orange, how their protagonists reflect upon ancient samurai and respond to clockwork orange being faced with it.

Both men must choose whether they will reject and is true tale? confront evil or simply abide it with apathy. Who Wrote Clockwork! Allegory , Goodman , Mosses from an Old Manse 1431 Words | 5 Pages. Scott Fitzgeralds Short Stories Love, money, greed and mistakes: All hit throughout the in the 60's, tournament we play called life. Theme and clockwork orange . Characterization are fairly similar in Joyces short story, Araby, and ancient samurai Fitzgeralds short story, Winter Dreams, while point of view and setting differ throughout these short stories. I will be using two articles to clockwork support my compare and contrast essay proving Fitzgeralds Winter Dreams the better short story of the two. Ancient Japanese! Both of these short stories are based.

Essay , F. Scott Fitzgerald , Fiction 1855 Words | 5 Pages. Orange! 12, 2015 Compare and graphos mcgill Contrast with Marius During the course of orange students educational careers we come across many assignments . that require us to abortions write an essay on a specific topic in clockwork orange, which we use different writing methods and steps to develop a completed paper. Fashion In The 60's! To help students with their writings, Richard Marius, a very educated and who wrote orange well known writer has written an article titled Writing Drafts in which he describes his own writing techniques that he uses to write an Essay, essay . In this essay I will. Clockwork Orange! Article , Change , Essay 905 Words | 4 Pages. Kelly Means English 1113-350 11/8/09 Compare and graphos mcgill Contrast To compare and orange contrast . essays can be a difficult thing to do. Which Is True Tale?! One might tend to look for clockwork orange, similarities in meaning gloria, essays and choose that way. You might focus on who wrote clockwork, essays that are just blatantly obvious in how are and islam similar, their differences.

But that would be too easy. However if one might choose essays that are different and then search to clockwork find out how they are the how are and islam similar, same may prove more entertaining. I chose How to Say Nothing in 500 Words and who wrote clockwork orange Just Walk on By. Difference , Essay , Essays 1113 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and japanese samurai Contrast Essay . By: Ayne Hassan Jews suffered countless amounts of atrocities throughout the history of time. Orange! Both stories have themes in which man is meaning, evil to man, the will of the clockwork, main character to ancient japanese survive and overcome evil is present, and the ability of some people to clockwork orange still be compassionate to each other during these times of evil. Graphos Mcgill! The book Maus, and who wrote the movie The Pianist, share many thematic similarities.

Antagonist , Character , Nazi Germany 997 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jose Alexis Ortega Professor Cormier English 110 6 October 2014 Compare and Contrast : A Reading Analysis Throughout dozens of radius osteo . decades the subject of the Earths environment has been in the hands of human beings; however, society is in who wrote clockwork, the brink of finding out the Nuclear Program, true importance of living a sustainable life due to orange all the meaning gloria, allocations of whether saving our natural resources is the orange, next step for mankind. Statements About The Pardoner's Tale?! In fact, in who wrote clockwork orange, the matter of the how are and islam, following years the subject of environmental science will fall. Who Wrote Clockwork! Human , Logic , Natural environment 821 Words | 3 Pages. Abortions Should! Compare and Contrast of who wrote orange Short Stories. Which About The Pardoner's! Kathleen Smith English 112 Beckmann Paper 3 rough draft July 16, 2010 Compare and Contrast Chopin, The Story of an who wrote clockwork, Hour to . Iran's Program Essay! Robinson, Richard Cory In todays society, criminals are tried in a court system, with a jury of their peers, for crimes they are accused of who wrote clockwork committing. Nuclear! In some court cases, witnesses are called to who wrote clockwork orange give their testimony to abortions be banned as what they have seen occurred in a particular incident, after which the clockwork, jury of fashion in the twelve members recommends a ruling on who wrote orange, the case. The jury does not. Of These About The Pardoner's Tale?! A Story , Court , Edwin Arlington Robinson 845 Words | 3 Pages.

How to Write a Compare and who wrote clockwork orange Contrast Essay. Gloria! Instructions of How to clockwork Write a Compare and of name gloria Contrast Essay 1 First look at the items you are supposed to orange . compare and contrast . Do you understand them? If you are writing an how are christianity and islam similar, essay outside of class, look them up. Start with your text book but also look at orange your notes from christianity, class, and who wrote even go and in the check them out at Wikipedia. If you are taking a test, and can't look things up, pause and think over who wrote, what these things mean. The next two steps will help you remember. 2 Make a list of Iran's Nuclear Program ways the who wrote clockwork, two.

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I looked into two different vacations that a family might enjoy, comparing the difference between what it would take to who wrote prepare for, the prices for a week and what is offered with both. Graphos Mcgill! Primitive camping consists of a tent, fire ring and who wrote a picnic table. Amusement park , Florida , Magic Kingdom 1029 Words | 5 Pages. ? Compare and Contrast : Fish Cheeks and Caged Bird Rachael Becker Assignment 5 . Graphos Mcgill! Nicole Yurchak 1/30/2014 The differences between a narrative and clockwork orange a descriptive essay determine the meaning of name gloria, way in which the reader receives the story. Who Wrote Orange! The purpose of each is still very clear, to connect to the reader using story telling. In order for 60's, the reader to receive the who wrote clockwork, story as intended, the author must create a clear picture of;. Amy Tan , Bird , Finite difference 866 Words | 3 Pages. In The 60's! Mongol Compare and Contrast Essay. Mongol Compare and Contrast Essay . In the orange, 13th and 14th century in christianity, the Eurasia region, a group known as the who wrote, . Radius Osteo! Mongols where conquering many lands, and with that came great economic and who wrote clockwork political shifts.

However, with these changes came new diseases, death, and total devastation of land, especially fields. This destructive path followed with the Iran's Nuclear Program, Mongols everywhere they traveled. Clockwork! Russia suffered the worst, having large scale slaughtering and economic trouble, whilst China somewhat benefited. Japanese! Genghis Khan , Golden Horde , History of clockwork orange Mongolia 606 Words | 4 Pages. ? Compare and Contrast Essay Jin Oh Mrs. Munson Although numerous pieces of literature can be rooted from one . subject, each piece can be distinctively peculiar from one another. It is an graphos mcgill, authors personal experience, the clockwork orange, level of of name gloria understanding of clockwork orange topic and his standpoint that determine the uniqueness of abortions should his piece. The Passionate Shepherd to who wrote orange His Love and which of these the pardoner's The Nymphs Reply to who wrote the Shepherd are the meaning of name, examples of such literary works that were written by different poets, yet deal with the common subject. Alliteration , Christopher Marlowe , Literature 776 Words | 3 Pages. Compare amp; Contrast Essay Victoria Riley COMM/155 February 25, 2012 Dr. Jackie E. Smalls . Compare amp; Contrast Essay The zombie apocalypse is coming, The Walking Dead series and who wrote clockwork Resident Evil movies have played into the publics fear of turning into the living dead. Radius Osteo! Over the past 20 years the horror genre of movies and who wrote clockwork orange television has exceptionally rose in popularity. Graphos Mcgill! Movies like; Zombieland, 28 Days Later and who wrote clockwork Resident Evil have quite a following. Ancient Japanese Samurai! Television has started.

Chris Redfield , Claire Redfield , Nemesis 1147 Words | 4 Pages. interesting topic in a comparison and contrast essay . Dave Barry compares the orange, differences of how women and fashion in the 60's men . Orange! clean in his compare and ancient samurai contrast essay , Batting Clean- Up and who wrote Striking out. In Suzanne Britt's compare and radius osteo contrast essay , Neat People vs. Who Wrote! Sloppy People she compares the ancient japanese, differences of personalities between Sloppy people and clockwork neat people. Both essays compare cleanliness in one way or another however they both have differences regarding their use of ancient japanese humor, examples , and clockwork orange points made in of name gloria, their thesis. Clockwork Orange! Cleanliness , Comedy , Defence mechanism 1482 Words | 4 Pages.

Compare And Contrast Sociology Essay. ? Compare and contrast Durkheim, Weber and graphos mcgill Marx within the clockwork, structure-agency and should conflict-consensus frameworks. Who Wrote Clockwork! . Alexandra Jonsson Student number: 15010580 Tutorial timeslot: Tuesday, 9:30-10:20 Tutor: Ashleigh Sociology is based on two frameworks, namely structure-agency and of name conflict-consensus. These frameworks center around three founders of who wrote sociology, Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber. Fashion! This essay will attempt to demonstrate which author explains. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange! Capitalism , Emile Durkheim , Karl Marx 944 Words | 3 Pages. Abortions Be Banned! Compare / Contrast Essay ENG 125 Lesa Hadley August 15, 2011 The two stories that I am using for my . Who Wrote! compare / contrast essay are Story of the how are, Lost Son found in the Gospel of clockwork Luke, and gloria A Father's Story written by Andre Dubus. The last lines in who wrote orange, A Father's Story sum up both stories. Graphos Mcgill! I love her more than I love truth. Then you love in weakness, He says. Who Wrote Orange! As You love me, I say (Clugston, 2010). This is a conversation that the meaning of name, father is who wrote orange, having with God.

A parent's love for. Christianity , Family , Gospel 1162 Words | 7 Pages. Japanese Samurai! Jeleigha Ritter Compare - Contrast Essay Although both Spunk and Joe compete for clockwork orange, Lenas affection, Lena admires . Spunk due to meaning his physical appearance, wealth, and reputation among the who wrote orange, townsmen. Meaning! Though these men clearly have different backgrounds, they both have one thing in common, which is their affection for Lena. Who Wrote Orange! Both men share a love for fashion in the 60's, Lena that makes them do crazy things. Clockwork Orange! Spunk shares a love so strong with Lena that he is bold enough to walk around town with her while having the fashion, knowledge that. Courage , Love , Strong inflection 810 Words | 2 Pages. Compare and Contrast Every day there are thousands of who wrote clockwork orange compare and contrasting activities, events and radius osteo even . Who Wrote! conversations. Similar! We as humans obviously do this as obvious examples like comparing types off food, or clothes, or subliminally like acting a certain way in front of the opposite sex to clockwork be a suitable mate. The compare and contrasting can be seen in fashion 60's, animals too, not just humans.

Animals like male birds try to build nests for who wrote clockwork, female birds to radius osteo be picked as mates, and who wrote clockwork then the christianity, female birds compare the. Audience , Audience theory , Female 1024 Words | 3 Pages. raised and challenged by Joshua Iosefo's 2011 viral speech, 'Brown Brother'. 'Brown Brother' is one of clockwork three texts that will be examined, compared and . contrasted in this essay . Essay! The second text, 'Manurewa', is who wrote, a short film based on Nuclear Program, the South Auckland murder of who wrote orange Navtej Singh, a liquor shop owner. The third text is 'Fish Heads', a short story written by of name, Aparina Taylor, that focuses on a group of Maori boys who live in the city. The media is a huge culprit for the negative stereotyping that has been. Polynesia , Polynesians , Stereotype 1034 Words | 3 Pages. Academic Research Essay Compare and Contrast : Places Where People Live and who wrote clockwork orange Work . Of Name Gloria! Students Name: Teresa Ding Student ID#: SHSA23052 Teacher: La Roi Williams Due Date: 15th April 2013 Word Count: 1041 Question: Compare and Contrast attitudes toward students taking a gap year in clockwork orange, your country and in U.K.

Use specific examples and abortions should provide appropriate. Who Wrote Orange! Education , Gap year , High school 1451 Words | 5 Pages. Should Be Banned! ? Compare and Contrast Essay In the nation, there are thousands of different police departments. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange! Each department . Radius Osteo! has different crime rates. Some significantly high and orange some significantly low. In each police department, there are several things that are the same. First, each department has an area where they store weapons. How Are And Islam Similar! In most cases it is a secured room or hallway. Orange! Second, they have cells to secure prisoners brought into their station under arrest. Also, they have rooms to fashion in the conduct daily. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange! Constable , Crime , Criminology 1669 Words | 7 Pages. festivals in graphos mcgill, Panama are very traditional.

The festivals in Panama have been a part of who wrote clockwork orange their culture for ancient japanese samurai, many generations. Festivals there are very beautiful . and clockwork lively. Ancient Samurai! The celebrations are full of orange vibrant colors; none of the festivals lack color. For example , Carnival. Radius Osteo! Carnival is the second largest and clockwork most colorful festival in Program, Panama. Clockwork Orange! Each city is decorated with flowers, fireworks, and many people are dressed in exotic costumes. Fashion In The! They also have a large parade in who wrote clockwork orange, the center of the center of all of the. Bridge of the fashion, Americas , Darien scheme , Ferdinand de Lesseps 1319 Words | 4 Pages. Who Wrote! remake * Lecture - Compare / Contrast Essay * Lecture Compare / Contrast . Essay - Text Transcript of Iran's Audio * Readings Readings | * Find out more about coherence and who wrote transitions between ideas. * Introduction to abortions should Transitions and who wrote clockwork orange Connecting Words. In The! * Visit organizational chart for transitions. * Read about the nature of clockwork orange Comparative Writing. * Explore Comparison/ Contrast as a pattern of development. * See Patterns for of name, Comparison and orange Contrast . Graphos Mcgill! * Notes about. Bruce Catton , English language , Internet 467 Words | 3 Pages.

In this essay , I am going to who wrote clockwork orange compare and Program contrast three significant events in the film of 300. First, I will . Who Wrote Clockwork Orange! discuss the events leading up to of name gloria the historical battle at orange Thermopylae. Christianity! Then, I will compare the movie version battles at Thermopylae with historical accounts. Orange! Finally, I will contrast events after Thermopylae between the movie and 60's actual history. Clockwork! As I recall, when I saw the movie several months ago (it's not available for reviewing again from Blockbuster until July 31, 2007), the most significant. Iran's Essay! Battle of Salamis , Battle of orange Thermopylae , Greco-Persian Wars 861 Words | 3 Pages.

? July 4, 2014 English Comp. II Compare / Contrast . Essay There have been many sins listed in the Book of the Lord. Many people read stories without even analyzing the story for samurai, any hidden meaning, facts, or religious hints. Clockwork Orange! Out of the many sins that are mentioned, one of the most common in radius osteo, the two stories that will be discussed is Wrath. You wouldnt believe the things you can find in a story when you start breaking it down into. Envy , Greed , Lust 979 Words | 4 Pages. Clockwork! ? McDonald's And Burger King Compare And Contrast Essay Ariel Mosebar COM/155F3 August 23, 2013 Judy Rottsolk . University Of Phoenix McDonald's and graphos mcgill Burger King remain two of the most popular fast food restaurant choices for clockwork, those looking for how are christianity, food on the fly. Both of clockwork orange these establishments serve a variety of abortions should be banned hot sandwiches, fries, and clockwork orange sodas as well as offering some healthy alternatives, such as salads and fruit. However, whether they call it a Whopper or a Big Mac, the fashion in the, components make it a hamburger.

Burger King , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1090 Words | 6 Pages. Compare And Contrast Essay Final Draft. ?Jenifer Gutierrez Ms. Christina Crawford English February 03, 2014 Compare and Contrast Sandra Cisneross essay , . Only Daughter is an autobiography about being raised in a family of six brothers, and how she is who wrote clockwork, desperate for her dad to abortions should be banned accept her for whom she is, and what she has become, a writer. When he was finally finished after what seemed like hours, my father looked up and who wrote orange asked: where can we get more copies of radius osteo this for who wrote, the relatives?(114). In this quote, Cisneros dad really shows. English language , Essay , Family 1120 Words | 5 Pages. Meaning! ? Compare and clockwork Contrast Essay Tips English 101 A compare and contrast . essay is about comparing and contrasting the radius osteo, differences and similarities to make a point.

Compare = how are they alike Contrast = how they are different Clearly establish the clockwork orange, basis of the comparison and/or contrast . Sample Thesis I A comparison of the two essays Running for Iran's Nuclear Essay, President by who wrote orange, Mark Twain and meaning of name A Mock Columnist, Amok by Stephen Colbert clearly shows how presidential politics has not changed in orange, over a century. Radius Osteo! Comparison , Debut albums , Difference 413 Words | 3 Pages. Compare Contrast : The Rocking-Horse Winner/The Lottery ENGL 102_B40: Literature and orange Composition . Ancient Japanese Samurai! Spring 2011 Michaela Gates L23562144 APA Gambling, whether for who wrote clockwork, life or money, is risky and success is not guaranteed, even if you win. Two different tales both involving risk. 1. Gambling for which of these statements tale?, something valuable - One for life and the other for money 2. Characters Personalities - Paul was hopeful and who wrote orange cared deeply for and islam, his. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange! Gambling , Horse , Horse racing 781 Words | 3 Pages. Fashion! Final Essay Compare and clockwork orange Contrast COMM/155 Final Essay . Graphos Mcgill! Compare and who wrote Contrast COMM/155 Both Beyonce and samurai Jay-Z have been in who wrote clockwork, the music industry for ancient japanese samurai, well over who wrote orange, twenty years now. They both had a childhood surrounded by ancient samurai, music, which may have had an clockwork, impact on what profession they chose to work in fashion in the 60's, years later. They are both well-known artist to who wrote clockwork orange todays generation as well as others.

Some individuals may look at the two and think they have more similarities. Beyonce Knowles , Jazz , Kanye West 1208 Words | 4 Pages. EN101/A Compare and samurai Contrast Essay Spring 2013 School Life in who wrote clockwork orange, Korea and America Education system is one of the . most crucial characteristics that define one nation. Meaning Gloria! Furthermore, secondary education system is who wrote clockwork, especially valuable; since ones self-esteem starts to form during adolescence. Since my parents decided to Iran's Program move to who wrote America when I was sixteen years old, I had a unique opportunity to be educated in two different countries, which are Korea and United States in samurai, my adolescence. Moreover, this.

Adolescence , College , Education 903 Words | 3 Pages. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange! feel you. This quote comes from fashion in the 60's, one of the orange, most gifted stage and of name screen actors alive. Kevin Spacey has truly mastered the clockwork orange, art of and islam both theatre and who wrote clockwork orange film . acting, although clearly this is not an easy task. These two extremely different types of acting contrast in statements is true about, numerous ways. Who Wrote! A movie portrays any situation on a big screen and ancient japanese a wide variety of audiences.

Theatre can be described as a live performance on a stage in front of an audience and is rarely done the same way twice. Filmmaking involves a number. Acting , Actor , Broadway theatre 1565 Words | 6 Pages. Antigone Compare and who wrote orange Contrast Essay. ?Antigone Compare and Program Contrast Essay Sophocles and Jean Anouilhs versions of the who wrote clockwork orange, famous Greek tragedy; . Essay! Antigone raise some interesting themes, motifs, and who wrote clockwork topics. Nuclear Program! The most prevalent theme throughout both versions was Human law Vs. Divine law.

This helped me conclude that; in both versions of who wrote orange Antigone, characters that only adhere or favour man-made law or divine law, lead unstable lives and themselves suffer through isolation, loss, and deterioration. Both versions have a tragic hero that only. Antigone , Jean Anouilh , Law 907 Words | 4 Pages. would we be Angelica N. Marcus Community College of Denver English Composition Angelica Marcus . English 121 Essay 2- Compare / Contrast June 26, 2010 Without you, where would I be? Since the days before history was first recorded, there have been examples of meaning of name gloria people applying the benefit of their relationship with animals; the who wrote orange, dove that brought back the ancient japanese samurai, olive branch to who wrote orange inform Noah and radius osteo his family of dry land, the caveman. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 1152 Words | 4 Pages. Poe Compare and Contrast Essay Poes stories; stories both feared, and who wrote orange loved. Poe lived a very mysterious life. Of These Statements The Pardoner's Tale?! . Orange! He was known as an alcoholic, and graphos mcgill a drug addict, but who was Poe? We know that his childhood was rough, and that death took away many of his loved ones. Who Wrote Orange! He had many tragedies in his life, and fashion in the only lived to be 40.

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The essay must. Academia , Academic dishonesty , Essay 888 Words | 3 Pages. author has killed Misery off in his latest book. Annie keeps Sheldon prisoner while forcing him to write a book that brings Misery back to life. Who Wrote! . Page 1 of 5 Compare Contrast Essay A Rose for Emily by: William Faulkner Misery by: Stephen King Ive chosen to graphos mcgill compare contrast A Rose for Emily By: William Faulkner with Misery By: Stephen King, Obsessive women, broken ankles, trapped men Suspenseful endings both of these stories have a lot in clockwork, common. . 1987 in fashion in the 60's, literature , Annie Wilkes , Misery 919 Words | 6 Pages. Orange! Compare and Contrast of Slavery Essay. Meaning Of Name! century slavery, three regions of the country had slight to very different lifestyles as well as small to clockwork very common similarities. Slavery during the abortions should, 18th . century influenced how slavery went forth for who wrote clockwork orange, the next century and graphos mcgill a half. In this essay I will compare and contrast 18th century slavery in orange, the Chesapeake, Low Country (South Carolina and Georgia), and the Northern colonies. Graphos Mcgill! 1. Chesapeake Region a. Who Wrote Orange! The early years of meaning of name gloria slavery in who wrote, the Chesapeake region were lax. There were few black slaves. Africa , Atlantic slave trade , Black people 1154 Words | 4 Pages.

NAME : FATIN NAZIHAH BINTI ABDULLAH STUDENT I/D : 2014177579 . Compare and ancient samurai contrast raising children in a small town and raising children in who wrote clockwork, the city. Graphos Mcgill! Children who grow up in who wrote clockwork orange, the city are prone to which of these statements about the pardoner's gain adaptability skills at a tender age, develop acute social awareness, and have consistent coverage to culturally diverse populations and clockwork experiences. A University of Virginia research found that cities are in radius osteo, fact much safer places to who wrote clockwork live than small . Childhood , City , Developmental psychology 1445 Words | 4 Pages. Graphos Mcgill! compare and contrast eassy February 21, 2013 The difference between German shepherds and Saint Bernards The popularization . of the who wrote orange, term is said to Program have occurred in a courtroom speech by clockwork, George Graham Vest in radius osteo, Warrensburg, Missouri in who wrote, 1870 who said, The one absolutely unselfish friend that a man can have in this selfish world, the one that never deserts him and which of these statements is true the one that never proves ungrateful or treacherous is his dog. This term along time has been proven right and who wrote clockwork orange portrays the love and. Ace the graphos mcgill, Bat-Hound , American Kennel Club , Dog breed 831 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast Essay ENG121: English Composition I Instructor: There are two . types of essays , narrative and descriptive with one being more effective than the who wrote, other. Writing effective and how are similar different types of clockwork essays has become a critical part of christianity and islam similar academic success (Feng Checkett, 2014, p. 152). Certain essays can call for either descriptive or narrative writing. Clockwork Orange! Narrative writing usually refers to graphos mcgill recounting events, focusing more on orange, the events themselves rather.

Essay , I Know Why the Nuclear Essay, Caged Bird Sings , Narrative 1401 Words | 4 Pages. Kaylee Thurber Wells September 15, 2012 COM/155 Rough Draft Compare amp; Contrast Essay Colleges have so . many different options available, so narrowing it down to the right choice for you may be difficult. Orange! There are public and private schools, and within each option, there are many different things to consider; the abortions, cost of clockwork orange tuition, the location of the school, and samurai the variety of clockwork programs available. In Minnesota, there are over 200 post-secondary options; two of the should be banned, biggest schools are. Clockwork Orange! College , High school , Higher education 834 Words | 3 Pages. First World Countries Vs. Gloria! Third World Countries In order to compare and clockwork contrast two things, we must first have a definition as . to what they are. The concept of first, second and third world countries came about of these is true about the pardoner's tale?, during The Cold War.

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Cast upon as the inferiority of the how are christianity similar, human race and who wrote clockwork ruled against in Nuclear Program, all forms of life as to be given without free will and who wrote clockwork deprived of human rights. The chosen poems to be present in this essay can be connected simply from the radius osteo, titles, and who wrote the tormentous days some spent in fear of the which of these is true tale?, white men. In most works of who wrote clockwork writing you can find similarities. In the fashion in the, poems When Black People. Orange! African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 1332 Words | 2 Pages. Radius Osteo! Compare and who wrote Contrast Essay on abortions, Twilight. is who wrote clockwork, Edward Cullens adoptive sister. Bellas description in the book made me imagine Alice as much different then as the radius osteo, movie portrayed her. When Bella first . Who Wrote Clockwork! sees her she described her as being a short girl that was pixie-like, thin in in the 60's, the extreme, with small features. Clockwork Orange! Her hair was deep black, cropped short and gloria pointing in who wrote, every direction.

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From the Editors: Common method variance in international business research. JIBS receives many manuscripts that report findings from analyzing survey data based on who wrote clockwork orange same-respondent replies. Radius Osteo? This can be problematic since same-respondent studies can suffer from who wrote orange common method variance (CMV). Radius Osteo? Currently, authors who submit manuscripts to who wrote clockwork, JIBS that appear to suffer from CMV are asked to perform validity checks and resubmit their manuscripts. This letter from the Editors is of name designed to outline the current state of best practice for handling CMV in who wrote, international business research.

A large number of papers submitted to JIBS use data collected from japanese samurai a survey instrument. When self-report questionnaires are used to collect data at the same time from the same participants, common method variance (CMV) may be a concern. This concern is strongest when both the dependent and focal explanatory variables are perceptual measures derived from the same respondent ( Podsakoff Organ, 1986 ). CMV is who wrote clockwork variance that is attributable to the measurement method rather than to the constructs the measures represent ( Podsakoff, MacKenzie, Lee, Podsakoff, 2003 : 879). CMV creates a false internal consistency, that is, an apparent correlation among variables generated by meaning, their common source. For example, this could occur if a researcher asks respondents to evaluate an MNE's organizational capabilities and the firm's international performance in the same survey. Who Wrote Orange? In such cases, self-report data can create false correlations if the respondents have a propensity to provide consistent answers to survey questions that are otherwise not related. Thus, common methods can cause systematic measurement errors that either inflate or deflate the observed relationships between constructs, generating both Type I and Type II errors.

Scholarly views of CMV differ. Campbell (1982 : 692), a former editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology , provides a strongly negative assessment (italics added): If there is no evident construct validity for the questionnaire measure or no variables that are measured independently of the questionnaire , I am biased against the study and believe that it contributes very little. And Islam? On the other hand, some scholars argue that the CMV problem may be overstated ( Crampton Wagner, 1994 ; Lindell Whitney, 2001 ; Spector, 1987 ), and even an urban legend ( Spector, 2006 ). A recent exhaustive review of research on CMV in behavioral research reaches a more balanced conclusion: common method variance is often a problem and who wrote clockwork orange, researchers need to do whatever they can to control for it ( Posdsakoff et al., 2003 : 900). The specific details of the research methodology are clearly relevant in determining the likelihood and degree of how are christianity and islam, common method bias. Podsakoff et al. (2003) explore four general sources of CMV: the use of a common rater, the manner in which items are presented to respondents, the context in which items on orange a questionnaire are placed, and meaning gloria, the contextual influences (time, location and media) used to measure the constructs. 1 Some CMV sources may be more problematic than others, for example, perceptual data from single raters may be more worrisome than the manner in which items are presented in the survey instrument. A manuscript that suffers from more potential sources of CMV should, in general, be more problematic than one with fewer sources. The most worrisome example of CMV, according to the authors (2003: 885), occurs when the data for both the who wrote clockwork predictor and criterion variable are obtained from the same person in how are, the same measurement context using the same item context and similar item characteristics. The JIBS editors see CMV as a potentially serious concern for researchers using survey-based data, 2 especially where the dependent and who wrote orange, independent variables are perceptual and from the same source. Meaning Gloria? 3 JIBS editors and reviewers must therefore assess not only whether CMV exists, but also how likely it is to who wrote clockwork, generate Type I and Type II errors. Our position is to inform potential contributors that they should, prior to journal submission, deal with potential CMV biases in their research both seriously and explicitly.

HOW CAN CMV BE ADDRESSED BY RESEARCHERS? The obvious strategy is, of course, to avoid any potential CMV in which, the research design stage by using other sources of information for some of the key measures. In particular, if possible, the clockwork orange dependent variable should be constructed using information from different sources than the similar independent variables. A number of procedural remedies in designing and administering the questionnaire, from mixing the clockwork orange order of the questions to which of these about, using different scale types, can reduce the likelihood of CMV. Complicated specifications of regression models reduce the likelihood of CMV. Specifically, respondents are unlikely to be guided by a cognitive map that includes difficult-to-visualize interaction and non-linear effects. This is less likely the clockwork more complicated the model. There are several statistical remedies to Nuclear Program Essay, detect and control for any possible CMV.

A post hoc Harman one-factor analysis is often used to check whether variance in the data can be largely attributed to a single factor. Additionally, other statistical procedures can be applied to partial out common factors or to who wrote orange, control for them. Remedies 1 and 2 are ex ante approaches implemented in the research design stage. Radius Osteo? Remedy 1 is clearly the best option since, by definition, spurious correlations due to CMV cannot occur. Remedy 2 can also ex ante reduce the likelihood of the consistency motive and who wrote orange, theory-in-use biases in how are and islam, the informant responses. Remedies 3 and 4 are ex post approaches implemented after the research has been conducted. Remedy 3 implies that the likelihood of CMV can be reduced by specifying complex relationships that are unlikely to be part of the respondents cognitive maps, while remedy 4 corrects for CMV through a variety of statistical procedures. We first discuss these four basic remedies below and then offer our advice to international business scholars on how to handle the possibility of CMV in their research. REMEDIES 1 AND 2: AVOID CMV IN THE EX ANTE RESEARCH DESIGN STAGE. The best way to avoid or minimize any potential CMV bias is to collect measures for who wrote clockwork orange different constructs from different sources (remedy 1).

Ideally, the in the dependent variable(s) are collected from a different source than the independent variables are collected from. 4 For example, subsidiary-level autonomy or decision-making power of who wrote clockwork orange, a subsidiary-level manager could be measured with a local survey, whereas a subsidiary performance measure could be constructed from information provided by the multinational headquarters or from a local archival source. If it is not possible to obtain data from different sources, another possibility is to collect data at different points in time. Preferably, all this is part of the ex ante research design. A second best strategy would be to collect such additional information ex post . Another ex ante research strategy involves the way the questionnaire is designed and administered (remedy 2). Respondents should be assured of the anonymity and confidentiality of the study, that there are no right or wrong answers, and that they should answer as honestly as possible. 5 Moreover, more fact-based questionnaire items are less likely to how are, be associated with CMV. Podsakoff et al. (2003 : 888) state that these procedures should reduce people's evaluation apprehension and make them less likely to edit their responses to be more socially desirable, lenient, acquiescent and consistent with how the researcher wants them to respond. Additionally, great care must be taken to systematically examine the construction of who wrote, items so as to ensure that ambiguous, vague and unfamiliar terms are not included, and christianity, that the questionnaire as a whole and clockwork orange, the individual items are formulated as concisely as possible (see Harrison, McClaughlin, Coalter, 1996 ; Lindell Whitney, 2001 ; Podsakoff et al., 2003 ). These methods reduce problems in the comprehension stage of the response process. Fashion In The 60's? Of course, these strategies reflect standard survey practices in any case, whether or not CMV is an issue. Specifically related to CMV, Podsakoff et al. Clockwork Orange? (2003 : 888) suggest that another way to diminish method biases is to use different scale endpoints and formats for the predictor and criterion measures.

This should reduce method biases caused by commonalities in scale endpoints and Program, anchor effects. In a recently published JIBS article on the international location decision, for clockwork orange instance, Galan, Gonzalez-Benito, and of these statements about tale?, Zuniga-Vincente (2007) measured the dependent variable in two different ways so as to avoid potential CMV with independent variables that were operationalized as perception-based measures. Moreover, counterbalancing the order of questions relating to different scales and constructs makes CMV less likely, as the respondent cannot then easily combine related items to cognitively create the correlation needed to produce a CMV-biased pattern of responses ( Murray, Kotabe, Zhou, 2005 ). Who Wrote Orange? One option is to randomize the Program order of the questions using survey software. Clockwork? For instance, in a JIBS article examining the influence of parent control on conflict in international joint ventures, Barden, Steensma, and Lyles (2005) used different response anchors across measured constructs, separated measurements in time, and meaning gloria, manipulated the order of questionnaire items in such a way that CMV across dependent, independent and control variables became very unlikely. REMEDIES 3 AND 4: DEAL WITH CMV IN THE EX POST STATISTICAL ANALYSES. CMV is who wrote more likely to emerge in models that are overly simple. A third approach is therefore to specify relationships among the dependent and independent variables that are not so simple that these relationships are likely to be part of the individual raters cognitive maps. In this context, Harrison et al. (1996 : 248) refer to the cognitive miser principle. For instance, take a questionnaire in which local subordinates are asked about the effect of the of these is true about tale? frequency of their expatriate leader's communication with his or her subordinates on the subordinates stress level.

Suppose that the theory predicts that this effect is non-linearly moderated by who wrote, the subordinates locus of control trait. Including a non-linear interaction term in the model is which of these statements about the pardoner's tale? likely to reduce CMV because such a complex relationship is, in all likelihood, not part of the who wrote orange respondents theory-in-use. A problem with this approach is that interpretation of the empirical results is made more difficult by the complexity of the arguments. As a result, the remedy of overcomplexity could be worse than the disease of CMV. How Are Christianity Similar? 6 Basically, adding complexity such as mediating, moderating and/or non-linear effects makes sense only if guided by a good theory. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange? In the end, sound theory that directs design and method is, of course, the bottom line that characterizes all good research, be it survey-based or not. The fourth remedy is to radius osteo, apply ex post statistical approaches. Clockwork? Indeed, there are quite a few of them; here, we only briefly refer to some of the more popular ones since there are several other papers with more details (please refer to the references attached to this Letter). Perhaps the most common but ineffective response by authors to address CMV (other than ignoring it) is to rely on Harman's single-factor test to assert that their research is not pervasively affected by CMV. This method loads all items from of these statements is true about each of the constructs into an exploratory factor analysis to see whether one single factor does emerge or whether one general factor does account for a majority of the covariance between the measures; if not, the claim is that CMV is not a pervasive issue. However, Podsakoff et al. (2003) explain that this claim is likely to be incomplete because Harman's test is clockwork orange insensitive.

It is unlikely that a single-factor model will fit the data, and there is no useful guideline as to what would be the acceptable percentage of explained variance of Nuclear Program, a single-factor model. The JIBS team therefore believes that simply reporting seemingly reassuring outcomes from Harman's single-factor test is who wrote orange insufficient to of name gloria, prove that CMV is not a pervasive issue. Lindell and who wrote clockwork, Whitney (2001) , Podsakoff et al. (2003) and Malhotra, Kim, and Patil (2006) review several statistical methods that are more sophisticated than Harman's test, which can be used to ancient, test and possibly control for who wrote clockwork orange CMV. Different statistical remedies are available for different types of research settings and different sources of CMV. Of Name Gloria? Promising statistical remedies include a partial correlation procedure and who wrote clockwork, a direct measure of a latent common method factor.

The former method partials out the first unrotated factor from the exploratory factor analysis, and then continues to determine whether the theoretical relationships among the variables of interest do still hold. The latter method allows questionnaire items to fashion in the 60's, load on who wrote clockwork orange their theoretical constructs, as well as on a latent CMV factor, and examines the significance of Program Essay, theoretical constructs with or without the common factor method. Who Wrote Clockwork? Both methods have their own limitations, however, one of which is the assumption that the radius osteo sources of CMV can be well identified and validly measured. 7 A recommended solution is to use multiple remedies, not just one remedy, in order to assuage the various concerns about CMV. JIBS receives many manuscripts that report results from estimating models that use same-source surveys and thus may suffer from common methods problems. However, while psychology journals have worried about CMV since the early 1980s, and have implemented techniques to handle this problem since at who wrote orange least the mid-1990s, the common methods issue has been slow to be recognized, and is much less addressed, by international business scholars.

Best practices in the macro disciplines appear to have lagged behind those in the micro disciplines, probably because the fashion 60's micro areas (e.g., organizational behavior and human resource management) rely most heavily on surveys, whereas the macro areas (e.g., strategic management and organizational ecology) are more likely to who wrote clockwork orange, use archival datasets. In March 2009, we reviewed all the articles published in JIBS between 2000 and the present for evidence of potential sources of radius osteo, CMV. Orange? Of the 430 articles examined, 40% (173 articles) relied on either primary surveys and/or quantified interviews as the data source. The 173 articles were then characterized by christianity, potential sources of common methods bias. Clockwork Orange? Almost all the articles (167 articles) contained one or more sources of CMV, and most appeared to have multiple sources. Only 65 of the 167 articles (about one-third) mentioned or addressed common methods in their paper. Which Is True About? Of this group, half the articles (32) used Harman's single-factor test or something similar to clockwork, test for CMV. Fifteen articles used another approach. Only nine articles used both Harman's test and at least one other correction method to christianity and islam similar, control for CMV.

These statistics, of course, tell us only how frequently common methods appear in recently published JIBS articles, not the magnitude of the potential bias from CMV in these articles. Previous research estimating the magnitude of the effects did not include JIBS articles; see for who wrote orange example, Doty and 60's, Glick (1998) and Cote and Buckley (1987) . So, the most we can say is there may be a problem based on frequency of usage of common methods, but at present we have no estimates of the magnitude of the problem. Based on who wrote clockwork orange this short survey, it appears that common method bias has not been recognized nor addressed by most IB scholars, even in JIBS , the top journal in the field of international business. Meaning Of Name Gloria? We recognize, of course, that standards for rigor in empirical work are continually rising. What were acceptable methodological practices even five years ago can easily and rapidly become unacceptable as social science scholars better understand the limitations of their empirical techniques and orange, develop more rigorous methods for identifying and correcting for potential biases in their work. The purpose of our Letter from the Editors is is true about tale? therefore not to criticize earlier research, but rather to encourage IB scholars to implement current best practices in who wrote orange, research methods. How Are Christianity And Islam? We argue that the hurdle barrier must now be set higher in JIBS vis a vis CMV. Clockwork Orange? It is time for IB scholars to address, and reduce or offset where feasible, the use of common methods in their empirical work. We conclude that many JIBS submissions in the past, when the data came from surveys (and/or quantified interviews, for that matter), have ignored the issue of CMV. Where the japanese authors have addressed CMV, the typical response has been to report seemingly reassuring results from Harman's single-factor test. The JIBS editors believe this approach has been insufficient.

For the current editorial team, it is now standard practice to orange, return a manuscript to the author when it appears to suffer from common method bias and the issue has been ignored in the manuscript. The desk rejection letter asks the radius osteo author to perform validity checks and resolve any CMV issues before resubmitting the manuscript. Addressing CMV only after desk rejection is not the ideal strategy, of course. The first-best strategy is to who wrote clockwork, prevent potential CMV at the pardoner's the research design stage using remedy 1, that is, by collecting data from multiple sources. Ex ante , before running any analyses, the collection of key information from other sources should be planned, using where possible archival data and clockwork orange, multiple respondents. Alternatively, additional information can be collected afterwards. An example of Nuclear Program Essay, remedy 1 is Carraher, Sullivan, and Crocitto (2008) , who surveyed expatriate employees but obtained their expat performance measure from clockwork orange company records filed by the individual's supervisor rather than from the expat respondents themselves. Approaches for handling common method variance (CMV). More often than not, a perfect solution is out of reach.

If ex ante methods are not doable, the JIBS editors recommend that IB scholars use multiple ex post procedural remedies including possibly a more complex model specification, and partialing out or controlling for CMV (remedies 2, 3 and 4). What we ask for is that CMV-related methodological issues should be discussed carefully and meaning, explicitly in any manuscript submitted to JIBS that uses single-respondent data. Who Wrote? This will often imply the need to of these statements about tale?, apply a number of the who wrote clockwork remedies referred to above. While the problems with CMV were not well understood by of these statements is true, IB scholars in the past and, as a result, there were many JIBS articles published that might suffer from multiple sources of common methods bias, the standards have changed and who wrote clockwork, IB scholars must adopt current best practices. Of course, all other validity and Nuclear Essay, reliability tests should also be conducted and who wrote orange, reported in the manuscript. In singling out CMV in this Letter from the Editors we do not want to give JIBS authors the impression that they should ignore other validity and reliability tests of meaning of name gloria, their quantitative and clockwork, qualitative research methods they should not. We advance the japanese samurai field not only through theory development, but also through careful and thorough empirical work using best practices. As international business researchers, we also recognize that sometimes common methods cannot be totally avoided, for example, if the research probes into clockwork, difficult waters where data of any kind are scarce such as in severely understudied parts of the world (Africa, the Middle East), or where the research undertaken is so novel or insightful that this may be considered over standard methodological considerations. Editors and reviewers should not reject innovative manuscripts that push the boundaries of our knowledge of international business solely on the grounds of common methods.

In such situations, the gains in creativity and impact might outweigh the loss of methodological purity. Another example where CMV may be tolerated is large-scale research projects involving multiple countries where obtaining separate data sources for in the all the countries is who wrote clockwork impossible. Similar? Such large-scale projects typically deal with potential national differences in clockwork, response bias by Iran's, using within-subject standardization, mean centering the scores of individuals, or using regression approaches to control for national differences in response biases. These studies also typically link some sort of clockwork, aggregate nation scores to a separate source archival predictor or criterion. Cross-country comparative studies where the intent of the study is to treat cognitive structures and processes of in the 60's, a population as a dependent variable might well want to use same-source correlations as a good indicator of shared aspects of who wrote, cognition, with a national indicator as a separate-source predictor of these same-source correlations. Lastly, we want to make it clear to Nuclear Essay, the JIBS community that it is not our intent in orange, this Letter from the Editors to privilege IB researchers who use large, readily available datasets such as Compustat, Orbis or SDC Platinum. Rather, we want to in the 60's, encourage primary and qualitative research in clockwork orange, international business including surveys but at the same time increase awareness among IB researchers of potential CMV biases so that they can be avoided in the design stage. Except for Iran's Essay several special circumstances as illustrated above, if common method bias is a potential issue in an IB research project, the authors should address this issue as they already do for other validity issues before submitting their research to JIBS . We are looking for more careful examination from all IB researchers in proving the robustness of their results, and hope this Letter from the Editors will help raise the quality standards for who wrote clockwork orange empirical research by future IB scholars. For example, a researcher may be interested in a hypothesized relationship between constructs A and B (for example, A can be an organizational characteristic of an MNE and statements, B the firm's international performance).

If the measures of A and B are derived from information provided by a single rater within each MNE, aggregated across multiple MNEs, there may be spurious systematic correlations between these two measures. Orange? In this instance, the correlations are superficial connections imposed by using the same source rather than demonstrating actual patterns in practice. As a consequence, without any appropriate correction for CMV, estimates from questionnaires could well be spurious. Statements Is True About The Pardoner's? The estimates may not reveal any real underlying theoretical relationship, but rather the clockwork artificial cognitive maps of meaning, reality that are hidden in the respondents minds. Consequently, the reported analyses are likely to suffer from Type I and who wrote clockwork, Type II errors. CMV is by ancient japanese samurai, no means a problem only for clockwork primary researchers. Many large archival datasets, including official government statistics, are also gathered through same-source surveys and thus can also suffer from CMV and other methodological biases. Thus, researchers using archival data sources should also be aware of fashion in the, potential biases and address them in a proper manner. Many journals routinely desk reject papers with any type of sloppiness.

For good advice on this, albeit from a different discipline, see http://www.math.ucla.edu/ Method 1, however, faces a potential ethical barrier if the survey respondents were anonymous since survey data (e.g., leadership perception) must be matched with information from other sources (e.g., employee appraisal) that could compromise the respondents anonymity. We recognize that researchers who have promised anonymity must ethically provide it, even though doing so increases the difficulty of finding external corroborative sources. Note that providing anonymity, however, creates ethical dilemmas for method 1, as discussed in the previous endnote. See, for clockwork orange instance, McClelland and Judd (1993) , who point out difficulties in detecting and interpreting interactions and moderator effects. Note that a complete identification of all sources of Iran's Nuclear Essay, CMV is not necessary. For instance, partial correlation adjustment works if a variable theoretically unrelated with others, preferably the dependent variable, can be identified and who wrote clockwork, used in the adjustment ( Lindell Whitney, 2001 ; Malhotra et al., 2006 ).

This letter reflects the opinion of the JIBS editors. Meaning Gloria? We thank Wendy Boswell and Duane Ireland for who wrote orange helpful early discussions about CMV. How Are And Islam Similar? We particularly appreciate the who wrote clockwork empirical work by Li Dai (PhD student at the Department of Management at Texas AM), who browsed through many issues of JIBS in search of CMV best practices, and Les Graham (Durham Business School, UK), who provided an excellent overview of the literature. We gratefully acknowledge the excellent suggestions made by other JIBS editors and radius osteo, members of the JIBS Consulting Editors and clockwork orange, Editorial Review Board. This letter went through two rounds of single-blind review. In total, we received about 30 reports from editorial board reviewers, many of them providing multiple pages of detailed comments. Radius Osteo? We tried to accommodate as many comments as possible, within the constraints of the who wrote clockwork Letter format. Iran's Nuclear? In particular, we thank Laurence Booth, Roger Calantone, Dave Gilliland, Klaus Meyer, Mark Peterson, and Arndt Sorge for extensive comments; any remaining errors or omissions remain the responsibility of the authors.

For those interested in the underlying conceptual and technical details, please consult the articles and their bibliographies that are referenced in this Letter. Sea-Jin Chang Arjen van Witteloostuijn Lorraine Eden 1 Email author 1. Who Wrote Clockwork? Department of Management Mays Business School, 415D Wehner, TAMU 4221, Texas AM University College Station USA. Published in cooperation with. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. Over 10 million scientific documents at which statements about your fingertips.

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We use a variety of clockwork physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards to protect Personal Information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against the loss, misuse, or alteration of Personal Information under our control, and You provide Personal Information to us at Your own risk. Which Of These Is True About The Pardoner's? You should always take care with how You handle and who wrote clockwork, disclose your Personal Information and should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels. Retention and Disposal. We retain information only for as long as we have a business or tax need or as applicable laws, regulations and/or government orders allow. When we dispose of Personal Information, we use reasonable procedures designed to erase or render it unreadable (for example, shredding documents and wiping electronic media). PRIVACY POLICY UPDATES.

How We Communicate Changes to This Policy. We may update this Policy at any time to provide updates to of these statements is true about tale? or clarification of who wrote orange our practices. Radius Osteo? If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to who wrote the homepage of meaning of name gloria our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to this Policy often for the latest information and the effective date of clockwork any changes. This web site is owned and operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the Essay referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referrals total order price.

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Write down how big it was. 3) Remove unrelated and ancient japanese samurai old experience: Problem(s): Its nearly 2015 your experience from over a decade ago may not be relevant, even if its in the same industry. Meanwhile, if youre applying for a job that has no relation to your previous work experience, youve probably included totally irrelevant information. Hiring managers are looking for relevant resumes period. As a rule of who wrote orange thumb, your resume should only be 1-2 pages long. If youre including experience that is over a decade old, its likely that your resume is and islam similar, either really long, or youve been out of work and need some information to pad your resume with. Who Wrote Orange? If youre trying to switch careers, writing a resume can be tricky.

Many of the skills and radius osteo abilities you have wont be relevant for who wrote orange a different career track, and including unrelated job responsibilities will weaken your resume. You will need to get creative and find places where your knowledge, skills, and abilities overlap in a new career. Solution: Delete experiences older than a decade. Iran's Program? If you are changing careers, delete your irrelevant experience, or modify it to emphasize the transferable skills. Suggestion 1: If youve been out of work, use a combination style resume to conceal your work experience gaps while relaying your relevant experience. Suggestion 2: Read the hiring managers job description carefully, and consider whether you current skill knowledge and skill set overlaps with their requirements. Present the best spin possible on your resume even if you dont have the skills yet, you may be easily trainable because you have foundational skills (such as software skills, customer service skills, management skills, etc.) 4) Make a new version of your resume for each job: Problem: You wrapped up writing your resume and think youre finished. Actually, youve still got work to do. Your resume needs to be ultra-specific, and clockwork orange ultra-targeted. If the of name gloria, key to buying property is location, location, location, then the key to getting an who wrote, interview is Iran's Nuclear Program Essay, relevance, relevance, relevance. Crafting your resume so that it adheres as closely as possible to the hiring managers expectations is the key to getting their attention and landing an interview. Solution: Write multiple versions of your resume, each of which targets a specific company.

Suggestion 1: Find the hiring managers job description, and who wrote orange sprinkle their keywords and and islam similar phrasing into who wrote clockwork your resume. NOTE: This does not mean plagiarizing or copying what theyve written simply strategically employing important keywords to capture their attention. Suggestion 2: Draft your resume so that the skills and abilities they are calling for are towards the Iran's Nuclear Program, top of your resume, where theyll instantly be seen. Orange? 5) Add some color and a stylized font: Problem: Your black and white resume, with Times New Roman font, while acceptable, may not be putting your best foot forward. Its not a problem per-se, but a black and white resume with standard font doesnt really have a lot of meaning oomph. You could increase your chances of getting noticed by styling up your resume a little bit. But dont go overboard! Solution: Using a different font and adding a splash of color to your black and clockwork white resume can be a good way of making it pop out from your competition.

Suggestion 1: Use a binary color scheme black and another color is good enough. Use the color on your headings and keep your bullet points black. Suggestion 2: Keep it classy. Radius Osteo? Red, blue, and orange with comic sans wont get you a job, unless youre applying for a position at who wrote orange a clown college. Iran's Essay? If you follow these suggestions, your resume will be ready for 2015. Don#8217;t hesitate to apply now #8212; get in before everyone else makes their new years resolutions! Author: Mark Slack is a resume expert and career adviser consulting for the smartest resume template creator, resumegenius.com. He is an who wrote clockwork orange, avid hiker and biker, and Nuclear Essay is fluent in Mandarin. Who Wrote Orange? You can follow him at @MarkWSlack. This post is written by a guest author.

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Free Information Technology essays. Context/Background - The central problem for the Internet users is who wrote clockwork orange how to obtain accurate information for Iran's Nuclear Program Essay, a query in an efficient and fast way. And the most efficient way to who wrote orange, solve the problem nowadays is christianity and islam using the search engine, which is a software system that could search information from the Internet automatically and provide query services for the users. Aims - The first purpose of the who wrote clockwork, project is to implement a search engine, which includes a crawler, an inverted index, a graphical user interface, and a reporting facility. And the of name gloria, second purpose is to test which ranking algorithm more satisfies the needs of users in the search engine of the project. Method - The crawler would collect webpages which would be analyzed and stored in the database. According to the information in the database, an inverted index would be built to restore all the information for the efficiency of the search engine. Clockwork! And then the search engine could search the information for users in the inverted index. For the convenience of the users, a graphical user interface is used for users inputting queries and similar some ranking algorithms are used to satisfy users' needs more quickly. And a reporting facility would help users know what the most users are searching. To test the search engine, the test case of the search engine in the project would be the webpages of 'Durham University'.

When it comes to the second aim, several tests would be made to compare the clockwork, ranking algorithms to find out the most suitable algorithm. Results ' The search engine would be evaluated using the unique general method which is based on ancient the traditional famous evaluation method, and the method evaluates the search engine according to the capability, indexing method, indexing results, and user burden. Generally, the search engine is quite a good one from the value of the who wrote, factors. And the differences between PAGERANK and HITS algorithms are also analyzed that the response time of PAGERANK is less while the HITS is a query-dependence algorithm. So the user would decide the algorithm based on their queries. Conclusion ' In the project, a search engine has been made and as a platform, the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and radius osteo HITS have been compared to let the search engine get the better results. Finally, the factors of orange evaluation have been brought forward and evaluate the search engine. Keywords ' search engine, crawler, index, database, query, reporting facility, PAGERANK, HITS.

With the rapidly development of the Internet technology, more and more people would like to derive information from the Internet. There are four main characters of the information in how are christianity and islam similar, the web (Wei, 2005): hugeness, heterogeneity, dynamics, and semi-structured. What is more, the information in the web contains quantities of dynamic hyperlinks. With the features of the information in the web, the who wrote clockwork, most useful tool to search the 60's, internet is search engine. In 1994, the earliest search engine 'World Wide Web Worm' indexed about 110 thousand webpages. However, there have been 350 million documents in the Internet, and the number of documents still increased by who wrote clockwork 1 million per day (Yibing, 2011).

According to the research by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in 2014, 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation', by December in 2013, the number of of name gloria Chinese webpages has been up to 150 billion, up 22.2 percent on last year's same period. However, the Chinese webpages are just the tip of the submerged iceberg. Clockwork! As a result, people could only use the search engines to access the information they want among such a large amount of information. The report also says that by December in 2013, the number of search engine users in China has raised to 490 million, up over 38 million on last year's same period, and the increasing rate is 8.5 percent while the use rate of the christianity and islam, search engines has been to 79.3 percent. Therefore, how to who wrote orange, search the useful and valuable information from such a plenty of information has been an important issue in the field of information retrieval and data mining. B. Search Engine. In the background as shown above, the search engine has been developed and is very popular among the Internet users, and nowadays, the search engine has been one of the how are and islam similar, most effective tools when it comes to the information retrieval. A search engine is a software system which merges almost every aspect of advanced technology, such as analysis of user behavior, natural language processing, data mining, information retrieval, and robot learning. The search engine would provide query services for the users after it crawls, indexes and ranks the webpages (Shuling, 2011).

The query services include webpages, pictures, videos, or other types of documents. It supplies an effective measure for users to search for information and navigation. Nowadays, the search engine seems to be an clockwork orange essential in how are and islam, the life of most people. If the search engine does not exist, it would be hard for who wrote, people to search the information they want in the Internet. It would be an awful thing and would lead the internet useless because everyone gets a lot of information but few is actually they want.

The basic function of a search engine is to is true the pardoner's tale?, navigate information based on who wrote orange the content of which about the pardoner's tale? websites and webpages. It crawls all kinds of resources and information, analyzes them automatically, gets the key words, and builds database using index. The users of a search engine inquire the database in the webpage, and the results would include all the webpages whose content match the query. What is more, the search results would be sorted according to the importance of webpage and matching algorithm of key words (Xuesong, 2008:3). According to who wrote orange, 'Knowledge Management' which is written by Jawadekar and Waman (2011), 'a search engine works as the following order: webpage crawling, indexing, and searching'. Meaning! First of all, automated web crawler which follows every link on the web site would retrieve and store information from the HTML markup of the webpages.

And then the search engine would analyze the contents of webpages to determine which type of information (text, picture') is included, and how to index them. All the information would be stored in the index database for the later queries. Once the who wrote, user inputs the query in the webpage of search engine, the is true the pardoner's, index helps find information matching queries in who wrote, the database as soon as possible. At the same time, it returns a list of best-matching webpages which contain the title and parts of text according to its criteria. However, nowadays, the search engine should work in a loop of crawling, indexing, and searching to update the information in the index. The data from the Nuclear Essay, report of 'The 33rd Statistics Report for who wrote clockwork orange, China Internet Developing Situation' shows that several most frequent Internet service are communication(86.2 percent), information retrieval(79.3 percent), entertainment(54.7 percent), and radius osteo commercial trade(48.9 percent).

The above data proves that the four Internet services have been the essential part of who wrote most people's lives. Which Statements Is True About The Pardoner's! And because of the specific feature of the search engine, it solves the orange, problems of how to search the valuable and useful information for the users, which is the main reason why people are interested in it, and the search engine become the necessary tool in the people's daily life. C. Ranking Algorithm. In the early age of the search engine technology development, the users pay more attention to whether the searched results are relevant to the query. As a result, the information could only be classified as relevant or not when it comes to the keywords in the query. Therefore, the searched results would combine as a disordered and Boolean relevant set of information. With the development of the search engine technology, there appear the ranking algorithms based on the content of radius osteo webpages. The algorithm would weigh the webpages by the frequency and position of the keyword of the query in the webpages. Specifically, if a keyword appears more times, the relevance between the webpage and the query would be higher; and if the position of the keyword is more important, the orange, authority of the webpage is higher. Therefore, the rank of the webpage in the result set would be higher.

Then, the ranking algorithms based on the hyperlinks analysis appear. The kind of algorithms takes the methodology of meaning of name citation analysis in the traditional information index theory, which considers the hyperlinks as the quotation of the webpage, and if the times of who wrote a webpage is cited more, the authority value would be higher; and if a webpage is quoted by an authority webpage, the authority value of the webpage would be higher, and finally the rank of the webpage would be higher. Nowadays, the christianity, famous search engines such as Google take the kind of clockwork orange algorithms. However, the algorithm only considers the importance and authority of the webpage, but not the relevance between the content of webpages and the queries. Therefore, the algorithms have been developed by adding the computation of the topic relevance and several other factors which might influence the ranking. Nowadays, the which is true tale?, ranking algorithms would exert influence on the evaluation of a search engine whether they could put the valuable and who wrote clockwork useful information at the first of the which statements the pardoner's tale?, results list, which is the core problem of the search engines for clockwork, the users. D. Purpose of Project. The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a web crawler which could get all the resources and information of the webpages, an index which could save data from the crawler, a graphic user interface which is convenient for users to input a query and return the Program Essay, result list to the users, and several ranking algorithms which rank the search results. The second purpose of the project is to compare the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS to find their advantages and disadvantages and which ranking algorithm would be more suitable for who wrote, the search engine in the project. Design a web crawler.

Build and maintain an index. Design a GUI (such that a user can pose queries). Implement a basic ranking algorithm (which ranks the search results for a given query). Implement a well-known ranking algorithm such as PAGERANK. Improve the GUI by of name allowing more complicated user queries (e.g. using Boolean opereators). Implement a reporting facility that collects all searches perfomed by any user of the tool for statistical analysis.

Design another well-known ranking algorithm such as HITS and compare it with PAGERANK. Implement a visual representation of the who wrote clockwork orange, data collected by the reporting facility. A. Development of Search Engine. According to the criterion of ranking the results, the search engine could be classified as three generations (Lina et al., 2011). The first generation search engine ranks the results according to the relevance between the webpages and gloria the queries. And the relevance is computed by weighing and scoring the keywords in the query. The kind of search engines searches the results based on the content of the webpages, generally, there are two methods.

The first one classifies the webpages in the different indexes by using the traditional library information management and the users could search the results by searching the indexes. The most representative search engine is who wrote orange Yahoo and becomes the foundation of other websites of fashion 60's search engines. The second one is based on the match between the content of webpages and the queries. It considers whether the webpages contain the keywords and the position and frequency of the keywords in a webpage to decide if the webpage is orange relevant with the query or not. The most representative and famous search engine is radius osteo AltaVista, and the relevant technology is adopted by other search engines, and clockwork orange finally developed to be the basic algorithm of the search technology.

However, the first generation search engines has the obvious drawbacks, the first method promises the relevance, but it is not automatic, as a result, it is radius osteo not convenient for the users to use the search engine. While the second one uses the keywords in the query, which could be cheated by the spam webpages. To avoid the defects, the second generation search engines are developed. Actually, the second generation search engines scores the who wrote clockwork, importance of the webpage by whether it is clicked by the users and how long the users would like to spend in the webpage or the number of the in-hyperlinks in the webpage. Since 1996, the researchers have started to ancient, use the who wrote clockwork orange, method of the hyperlinks which is originated by the method of citation analysis. Radius Osteo! The citation analysis method is to analyze the citation relationship among the literatures and mark and index the literature by quotation language. Who Wrote Clockwork! In the method, if one paper is cited by fashion in the more paper, the paper would be more valuable and important. And if one paper is cited by more important paper, the paper itself would be more important. In the same way, there is similar 'citation' relationship which is called hyperlinks among the webpages.

The signification of the hyperlink method is not only who wrote clockwork orange, just a novel ranking algorithm, but also the algorithm is fashion in the automatic, as a result, the algorithm allows users to search the big scale of the webpages, at the same time, the algorithm also considers the orange, relevance of the results and the speed of searching. What is also worth noticing is that the algorithms based on the hyperlinks have lots of benefits. However, it is not the only kind of ranking algorithms in the second generation search engines. There are still many other algorithms based on how are christianity similar the hyperlinks adding the analysis of the content of the webpages and orange some other factors to rank the results. The third generation is the intelligent search engine, the main character of which is to satisfy the specific needs of the users. In fact, the is true the pardoner's tale?, second generation has been improved in the evaluation factor of precision and recall compared with the first generation and who wrote clockwork is still the mainstream in the Internet. Iran's Nuclear Essay! However, the who wrote orange, algorithms in the second generation have not considered the query, which means that once the query includes many keywords which belong to different fields, the relevance of the results would not satisfy the users. The situation requires the users to have the search skill to of name gloria, get better results. As a result, the search engines need to understand and guess the intention of the users so as to help the users filter the results. The intelligent search engines shown above are the third generation search engine.

Nowadays, there are some search engines which are essentially different with the second search engines. For example, natural language search engine, clustering search engine, semantic search engine and so on. The kind of search engines is generically called the third generation search engine. B. Orange! Problem Domain. According to 'Search Engines Information Retrieval in how are christianity and islam similar, Practice' (W.Bruce, 2010), there are three 'big issues' in the field of information retrieval in the 1960s, and the problems have not been solved nowadays. The major core problem is relevance, which is who wrote clockwork orange a basic conception of information retrieval. If the index database compares a query with the and islam similar, information in the index simply and returns the exact match, the relevance of the results would not be good enough because different words could express the same meaning, and who wrote it is called 'vocabulary mismatch problem' in information retrieval (Furnas et al., 1987). As a result, it is necessary to distinguish the concepts of topical relevance and user relevance. The queries are in the same topic if a query and key words in the index are topical relevant. For example, weather and snow are topical relevant.

When it comes to the user relevant, the results would be based on the history records of the user. To solve the problem of how are and islam relevant, researchers bring forward many retrieval models, which are the fundament of ranking algorithm. A search engine uses ranking algorithms to yield the result list. And a good ranking algorithm could find most of the query relevant results. However, most of ranking algorithms are based on the static feature of the text rather than language structure, which means the ranking algorithms would consider more about the number of words appearing than whether the word is a noun or adjective. Some advanced algorithms consider the language structure as the second factor of ranking the webpages while the most important is still appearing rate of words. The second core problem is orange evaluation problem.

In 1960s, Cyril Cleverdon made the christianity and islam similar, evaluation method (Cyril, 1970). He used two evaluation factors'precision and clockwork recall which are even popular now. Christianity Similar! Precision is who wrote clockwork a factor which matches intuition and radius osteo it is the ratio of relevant document of all the searched documents. Recall is the who wrote clockwork orange, proportion of searched documents of the whole documents. And there is meaning gloria a hypothesis when recall is used: Given the query, all the relevant documents are available. It is obviously impossible for a large database.

However, it would be useful when it comes to who wrote orange, the smaller test collection. What is more, the clickthrough rate records the clicked documents during the process of search. It could be one of the gloria, evaluation factors because the clickthrough rate with other log data is relevant with relevance. But in who wrote clockwork orange, the project, clickthrough cannot be tested to evaluate the search engine. In The! However, the search engine company still uses relevance judgment as a supplement to determine the effectiveness of the results. The third core problem is how to pay attention to the users and their needs. After all, the evaluation is user-centered, which means the users decide whether a search engine is good or not. However, keyword queries are often poor descriptions of actual information needs. For example, 'blue' might be a color or a feeling or a type of song.

Therefore, lots of researches about interaction between users and the search engine have been done. Finally, query refinement techniques such as query expansion, query suggestion, relevance feedback refine the query and improve the ranking results. This section describes the software requirements which include software I have selected and clockwork the reason why I selected them, and then it explains the architectural design of my search engine. A. Software Requirements. The search engine is Iran's Nuclear Program developed using Eclipse running on a Windows 8 operating system. The comparison of who wrote orange several kinds of technique in platforms and and islam similar application of platforms are shown respectively as Table 1 and Table 2 (Jing, 2010: 25). As the project might run in cross-platform, considering speed, cost, and expansionism, I choose the JSP to who wrote clockwork, be my development technology. And Eclipse is convenient to which of these statements is true tale?, debug and run the who wrote, java code, so I consider it as my programming software. Of Name! And I use Tomcat (a web application server developed by the same company of JSP) to configure the web environment and publish my search engine webpage. B. System Architecture. According to who wrote, the basic procedure and the function of a simple search engine written above, I take the architecture shown as Figure 1, which is based on a similar figure that can be found in 'Development of Lucene + Nutch Search Engine' (Xuesong, 2008).

It is and islam composed by 5 main modules which are crawling of webpage information, analysis of webpage content, foundation of webpage index, sorting of webpage search result, and tools and interfaces of webpage retrieval. The main modules could finish the whole webpage search engine with other information retrieval technology. Crawling of webpage information. The software or system which collects the who wrote clockwork, webpage information is called a web crawler. Generally, a web crawler uses the hyperlink in the webpage to traversal of the whole Internet, which means the crawler could crawl from one HTML document to another HTML document by URL references. Suppose the Internet is a super large graph whose node is the webpage and directed edge is the hyperlink in the webpage. And then we could use the method of graph traversal to meaning of name, access the Internet (Gang and who wrote orange Zhendong, 2010: 11-12). Meaning! Generally, the who wrote orange, Internet graph could be traversed by two methods which are breadth-first traversal and depth-first traversal respectively. However, if the the depth-first traversal is used, the crawler might fall in the much 'depth' of the graph (most of them would be spam or useless information) or go into the 'black hole' (The black hole is the hyperlink of the page points to of these statements about tale?, itself, or the different URLs point to the same webpage) of the Internet so that it could not get out to search other webpages. While we could not use the complete breadth-first traversal because the results would be affected by initial URL the user chooses to a large extent. As a result, two methods described above are not suitable in the project.

Luckily, there is a third method to traverse the Internet which is clockwork orange called the preferential crawler (Bing, 2009: 201). The preferential crawler would allocate each webpage a value of importance at 60's, the first place. And then the method would be the same with breadth-first traversal except that the initial webpage would be the most important webpage, and the next webpage would be the second most important webpage, and so on. Now, the problem is how much each webpage values. Actually, there are many factors affecting the who wrote orange, importance of a webpage, such as popularity of hyperlink, the and islam, importance of the hyperlink, average depth of hyperlink, quality of the website, and the weight of history etc. The popularity of hyperlink depends on the number and quality of backlinks which link to the current URL. And we define it as IB(P). The importance of hyperlink is a function of who wrote clockwork string of ancient URL. For example, the URL with '.com' or 'home' would be more important than those with '.cc' or 'map'.

And we call it as IL(P). Then, we could define the importance of webpage I(P) as following (Gang and Zhendong, 2010:22): In the function, a and b are the parameters which adjust the proportion of who wrote clockwork IB(P) and Essay IL(P). And the average depth of link would be guaranteed by the breadth-first algorithm. Analysis of who wrote orange webpage content.

Generally, the webpages or the documents which are crawled by the web crawler would be analyzed at the first place for Iran's, building the clockwork orange, index later. The analysis should filter the format information and advertisement in the webpage to get the effective document content. Therefore, there are two tasks in the analysis process of webpage content: analyzing the basic information of webpage and recognizing the structure of webpage content. The aim of the tasks is the same to extract effective data from the webpages and fashion in the 60's filter the spam in the Internet. Furthermore, the clockwork orange, duplicated webpage should be deleted during analysis to avoid the same results appearing at how are, the same time.

In the index and the query of the search engine, the unit is the basic morpheme item which could be got after analyzing the webpages or documents. And the analysis of documents usually includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words. What is more, the webpages are usually composed of HTML and JavaScript, containing large quantities of format information and accessories. The most important thing for analysis of webpage is to separate the text information with the format information to provide materials for indexing and who wrote clockwork orange ranking. Besides, some important items in the webpage should also be noticed during the analysis. For example, all the titles, link words, blackletter type, etc. The information would be marked during the analysis for higher the weight in the process of indexing and ranking.

It would be difficult and time-consuming to ancient japanese, finish all the items written above by checking the webpages character by character. In the project, I use the 'regular expression' to finish the process of analysis. The 'regular expression' could extract the valid information from webpages by matching texts with the 'regular expression pattern'. The module of the analysis part is shown as figure 2 (Xuesong, 2008:46). Natural Language Process. Actually, the 'regular expression' just eliminates the spam in the webpages but not extract the important information. For example, in each book, the words like 'a', 'of' cannot be avoided, however, in most circumstances, these words are not the focus of the search engine users.

As a result, these words could be neglected and not listed in the key words. The natural language process should also be used in the query of users. If the user inputs a sentence as a query, the search engine would give worse results compared that break the sentence down to several key words when the who wrote clockwork, natural language process is not used. So, it is fashion in the 60's very important to clockwork, let the search engine understand the natural language. The first thing I dealt with is to set a list of stop words like 'of' and 'the'. These words are neither the focus of the users, nor cannot provide any information.

The common of these words is that they appear very frequently so that if consider them as key words, much memory would be wasted and more useless results would appear. The second I have done is to neglect the tense of the ancient japanese, verbs and the plural of the nouns. It could be done by extracting the 'stem' of the words so that the tense, the plural or other forms converting would be ignored. For example, the stem word of 'universal', 'universe', 'university', and 'universities' is 'univers'. As a result, conversion of who wrote orange most words could be found and would not affect the match between the queries and the key words in the index. Foundation of webpage index.

The webpages have to be indexed for the later use. And a better designed index could increase searching speed and locate the webpage more preciously so as to decrease the cost. The function of index is to analyze the search information, extract key words from the documents, and build the index table of documents. There are many index models in the field of search engine, such as inverted document index, vector space model, probability model and so on. And it is very important because the structure and effectiveness are the keys of web information index system. As a result, it is required to be easy to implement, maintain, retrieval information quickly, and need little space. Nowadays, most search engines use the inverted index to be the index model (Manish, 2011) because the structure is proper to response the japanese samurai, key words retrieval quickly. Its structure considers the key words as index key words and clockwork orange access entrance of linked list. And the inverted index could determine the list of document directly through index keywords. To get the performance of the search engine better, the inverted index is of name usually stored in the memory.

And to reduce the pressure of the memory, the document is represented by a unique document code while all the clockwork orange, documents and their codes would be stored in the database. The basic structure of inverted index is showed below as figure 3 (Xuesong, 2008: 67). In the figure 3, the key words are the results of 'analysis of webpage content', and the documents in the inverted index are actually the code of Iran's Program Essay documents. Each item in the structure of inverted index is an index item with relevant information generated by the key words. The advantage of inverted index is who wrote orange that it changes the organization of information to in the 60's, be convenient to retrieval information while other models have to orange, search every document to find out ancient japanese, whether the key words are included or not. Sort of results. There are a lot of webpages (web spams) which include most keywords but only the keywords. Absolutely, they are not the users' needs.

To avoid the spams filling in the list of results and let the users find what they want as soon as possible, it is very important to sort the results. During the sorting process, the importance of the webpage itself would take effect. And PAGERANK and HITS algorithms could calculate the importance of webpages based on the structure of the clockwork, Web (Gang, 2011: 80). A famous and popular way to sort the results is the PAGERANK algorithm. The results yielded by meaning of name gloria the search engine are generally sorted by the importance of the webpage itself which could be measured by the connection among webpages. The PAGERANK method suppose the Internet as a democracy environment, we could measure the importance of who wrote clockwork webpage by radius osteo the link structure.

For example, when webpage A has a link to webpage B, the weight of webpage B would increase (Xuesong, 2008:235). There are two hypothesizes in the PAGERANK algorithm (Junlin, 2012: 138). One of them is that if a page is linked many times, the webpage is orange very important. Ancient Japanese! If a webpage is linked by another important webpage, the webpage is also important. In a word, the importance could be passed among webpages. Orange! The other hypothesis is that users access webpage randomly, browse the webpage with the hyperlinks, and never go back to the pardoner's, browse the previous webpage. As a result, the next webpage is more important than the previous one. However, there is a serious problem in PAGERANK that the PAGERANK is not query dependent so that each webpage would have the same value of clockwork orange PAGERANK for all queries. What is more, spam pages could link to one webpage to promote the importance of the page. Besides, the third problem in PAGERANK that only uses in-links to Nuclear Program, a page and never uses out-links.

To figure out the problems, we could use the HITS algorithm which defines the who wrote clockwork, authority that many other pages point to the webpage and the hug that the radius osteo, page has outgoing links to many other pages. Orange! The basic idea is fashion in the similar to PAGERANK that dig the useful information by links in the Internet. And HITS algorithm considers authority and hug respectively that it evaluates hug based on the evaluation of authority. Finally, a weight would be assigned to the webpage. The authority is relevant with the quality of content information so as to attract many webpages to link while the hug is who wrote relevant with the quality of hyperlink page which is provided by the pardoner's the webpage.

The higher authority webpages a webpage links, the higher its hug would be (Christopher, 2008). And the input of the HITS algorithm is known query relevant webpages, as a result, HITS algorithm usually supplies the webpages which are relevant to the query which is unlike the PAGERANK algorithm. It means that the number of webpages 'HITS' searched would be more than that of who wrote clockwork 'PAGERANK'. However, there are some disadvantages in meaning, the HITS algorithm. The first of all is that it is a query relevant algorithm which means it could not start calculating until the users input the clockwork orange, query. The second problem is that tightly-knit community effect could happen, which means if the query-relevant webpages link to other webpages which are not relevant and which of these link to each other, the HITS algorithm would give them a high rank so that users might not get the query relevant information. The third is that the structure is not stable, which means if one webpage is deleted or the who wrote orange, few links change, the sorting according to Nuclear Essay, the HITS algorithm would be great changed (Junlin, 2012: 144). Graphical User Interface.

In the section of graphical user interface (GUI), based on the famous search engine company Google, the home page would be very simple and convenient for clockwork orange, users to fashion in the, search the information that he/she wants to. And my home page would be much more simply because the orange, search engine could only search the webpage and text. The current home page is shown as figure 4: The users could input the words or the sentence they want to search in radius osteo, the left text box while they could type the number of results per page (n) they want in the right text box. And a brief introduction has been given for the users to use the search engine more easily. The next webpage would show the previous n results of all the results.

And at the same time the page would tell the user how many results in total, the titles of searched webpages, the contents which include the words that the user searches, the websites of clockwork searched webpages, the time when the webpage is crawled which is Iran's helpful for the update of the database of the whole search engine, and which page current webpage is. Users could also click the button to who wrote, select the first page, the previous page, the next page and the last page. What is radius osteo more, users could decide which method to rank the results (HITS or PAGERANK). Suppose a user wants to search the 'robot' information and let the search engine return 3 results per page. They input the word 'robot' in the lefe and who wrote '3' in the right, and then press the button 'search'. The next page would be as figure 5: We could find out from the picture above that there are six results in fashion in the 60's, total and it shows the first five webpages that include the word 'robot', which is highlighted in the current page. And at the top of the page, users could choose using the 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS' to clockwork orange, rank the pages. At the bottom of the how are christianity and islam similar, page, users could see other results in the next page by clicking 'Next'. The pattern of orange next page is almost the same as the one above. And when users click 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS', the different results and ranking methods would be shown.

What is worth noticing is the essential difference between 'PAGERANK' and 'HITS'. In the instruction of the meaning of name gloria, report, three core problems have been brought forward. And a part of the first problem and the third problem could be solved by 'analysis of webpage content' and 'natural language process'. And the main aim of the reporting facility is to provide the information of 'user-relevant' so as to solve the other part of the first problem. The reporting facility is who wrote orange responsible to record every query the user has done. When the new query is fashion in the 60's input, the orange, search engine would find the similar information of the old queries, and the results would have the characteristic of the user. The other aim of reporting facility is to let the user know what other users are searching. When the user inputs the query, the query would be stored in which statements about tale?, the database. And at the same time, the old queries could be loaded from the database to compare the who wrote clockwork, new query to find the similar information.

The database would store the key words, the times that the key words has been searched, and the last time when the key word is searched. What is more, if any user wants to see what he/she has searched before, the queries could have been visualized in the graphical user interface. According to ancient, the deliveries and typical criterion of search engine, some experiments have been done to evaluate the search engine I have made. And the test case would be the webpages of 'Durham University' which means that the who wrote clockwork, webpages the crawler crawls start with 'www.dur.ac.uk'. Fashion! The criterion and the results of the experiments would be shown. Finally, the solutions to the problems in the part of orange 'problem domain' and the benefits and deflects of the search engine would be demonstrated. Criterion of Iran's Nuclear Evaluating the Search Engine. In 1973, Lancaster and Fayen listed 6 factors to evaluate the search engines, coverage, recall ratio, precision ratio, response time, user effort, and format output (Lancaster and Fayen, 1973). Although the index has been brought forward over 40 years ago, and the target is the traditional online information retrieval system.

However, in terms of the essence of orange information retrieval system, the evaluation factors are still useful even nowadays. Later, after Heting Chu and ancient Marilyn Rosenthal analyze and compare three famous search engines (Alta Vista, Excite, and Lycos), they come up with five aspects to evaluate the search engines, respectively indexing, search power, search effect, output, and users' burden (Chu and orange Rosenthal, 1996). With the radius osteo, development of the research, the user experience is paid more and clockwork orange more attention. Belkin considers the ancient, essential issue in the information retrieval system is anomalous state of knowledge (ASK) (Belkin, 1993), which is an important part of the who wrote clockwork orange, information retrieval model. Bell considers the which the pardoner's tale?, complexity of the web based on the former research, and focus on the user experience when evaluating the search engine (Bell, 1998). Considering the standard criterion above and the concrete condition of the current mainstream search engines, I think the following criterion is reasonable to evaluate the search engine in general. Capability of the Search Engine.

The factor includes the capacity and coverage of the database of the search engine, the content and the depth of orange indexing, and christianity similar the novel rate of the clockwork orange, database. The first one would affect the 'recall' factor directly according to the statistics, which shows that the meaning, more webpages the database has, the more results might be searched. Usually, the index database is composed of URL, name of document, content, titles, sub-titles and so on. The content of the combination would affect the precision of the clockwork, search engines directly. In the meanwhile, the is true the pardoner's, organization of the webpages is a multilayered hypertext structure, and the depth of indexing means which layer the search engines index.

For example, some search engines only index the home page (the first layer) while some others index deeper layer. The other meaning of the depth is whether the search index all the webpage or just some content. For example, some search engines only index the name or the title of the HTML document while others index the whole content of the webpages. Clockwork! Generally, the more content a search engine indexes, the better the indexing effect is and radius osteo the more resources would be occupied. The novel rate includes two aspects, uniqueness and update frequency. Uniqueness of a search engine is the ratio of the unique results which other search engines do not contain in all the results the search engine returns. And nowadays, the update frequency is very important because the information in the web varies largely in clockwork, a second and is unpredictable. Radius Osteo! As a result, the search engine has to promise the ''' of the information and avoid the 'dead hyperlinks'. When it comes to my search engine, the test case is the clockwork orange, webpages of of these is true about tale? 'Durham University', the capacity of the database is limited.

However, the clockwork, content and the depth of indexing would be very comprehensive, which means that the database would save all the contents of each webpage. But, the database would never be updated because it is not an on-line version now. The aim of the test is to evaluate the performance but not the capability. The factor includes construction of indexing expression and the indexing function. In 1998, Rousseau et al. found that one of the Nuclear Program, difficulties is how to bring forward keywords and use the different command indicators when using the on-line library (Fang and Salvendy, 2000). In fact, the search engine has the same problem with the on-line library. And for the most search engines, the who wrote clockwork orange, queries the users input are the most important factor for the results. However, the queries would be different even if when the different users search the Nuclear Essay, same target. Who Wrote! To solve the problem, some search engines (such as AskJeeves) would provide some other relevant keywords to give the users more choices to get more and better results.

And some user-friendly search engine supply the toolbar and dropdown menu to help the users come up with more detailed query so as to get more satisfied results. The number and effects of indexing functions provided by the search engines would affect the indexing results seriously. And many indexing technologies used in the traditional on-line indexing system are developed to be the important technologies in the search engine field, such as Boolean index, truncation index, position index, and limited index. Iran's Program Essay! In the meanwhile, the graphic user interface has been separated as the normal index interface and who wrote orange advanced index interface according to ancient samurai, the needs of the who wrote orange, users. And almost all the search engines do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words and consider the list of stop words. In my search engine, I take the simpleness as the most important factor in how are similar, the graphic user interface. As a result, there is no toolbar and dropdown menu existing. However, it has its own stop words list and do not differentiate the who wrote orange, lowercase and uppercase of the words.

Furthermore, it supports the radius osteo, Boolean query to help users get more satisfied results. This factor is very important to orange, evaluate the search engine I have made because the search engine could be quantized to compare with other search engines. The search engine has to deal with more information, which is the significant different from on-line indexing system. If the indexing algorithms were not improved, it would take lots of time to deal with a simple search. And most of the users would not wait for the search engine when they use it to search the information. There are no standard test cases to test the average response time of the search engines.

And it is not fair to Iran's Nuclear Program, compare my search engine with the famous search engine like Google because the scale of the database is not comparative. As a result, I would give some words randomly and give a simple list of response time of the words. The experiments have been tested when the number of webpages is 998 and who wrote orange the number of the radius osteo, keywords is 185451. The detail information would be listed as table 1. From the table 1, we could see that the process of searching would take too much time for the user. There are two main reasons slowing down the speed of the search engine.

The first one is that the orange, graphic user interface requires the part of content which include the keywords returns. If we just revise it to return just the title or just one sentence, the time would be reduced to less than 1 second. The second one affecting time is the in the, query in who wrote, the database. For supporting the fuzzy query, the query 'like' has to be used, however, it takes too much time. Radius Osteo! If the fuzzy query is not a necessary, the time accessing the database would decrease significantly. Recall and Precision. These two factors are very important in the past when the clockwork orange, information is Program Essay limited.

However, nowadays, the users pay more attention to whether the hyperlinks of the information they want appear in the first several pages. The following table shows the relationship between the retrieved webpages and clockwork orange relevance (C.J., 2010). The calculation of ancient japanese recall and precision is as follows: In the function, |.| means the number of '.'. As the equation shows, the measure of these two factors in the search engine would not be easy, especially for who wrote orange, the recall because it is Iran's Nuclear Essay even harder to get the number of 'A'. What is more, in my search engine, we could suggest that in the PAGERANK method, there is no non-relevant retrieved webpage existing because the Boolean match has been used. In a word, the value of these factors would be very high in my search engine but it is useless to compare with other search engines by who wrote clockwork orange these two factors. The format and content of output. The outputs of the results are different among search engines, however, there are almost three parts: title, summary, and URL in all the search engines, what is more, the keywords are highlighted in how are christianity similar, some search engines.

What is orange more, some search engines add introduction, type, webpage size, date, hyperlinks to detail the results. Furthermore, the radius osteo, search engine would show that how long it would take and how many results it returns. If the number of the results would be large, the who wrote clockwork, keyword is ancient not useful for searching while the number is small demonstrates that the keyword is too special. In the graphic user interface of my search engine, it would return all the basic parts above and clockwork the keywords are highlighted. What is more, it would return time and Iran's Nuclear Program Essay the number of results. In the part, three more functions are included, post-processing, assistance process, and orange information filter. Of Name! The post-processing allows the users to type more keywords to search the information in the former results. During the process of assistance, search engines usually provide the preview function or cached snapshot function. The information filtering include two aspects, one is that the who wrote orange, search engine would filter some unhealthy information for the immaturity while the other aspect is to return different results to different users according to the users' history records.

In my search engine, there are no functions such as 'search in the result', preview, and information filtering. How Are Similar! However, the reporting facility would save the users' queries so as to analyze it later. Comparison between the PAGERANK and HITS. According to the principle of the PAGERANK and HITS algorithm, it seems that they are similar which are based on the hyperlinks and use the eigenvector. However, the differences between the algorithms are obvious according to the principles and experiments.

The first one is that HITS algorithm is who wrote orange query-dependent because the authority of the HITS is the weight of the indexing theme. However, PAGERANK is a query-independent algorithm because it is how are christianity and islam independent with the clockwork, indexing theme. Is True About The Pardoner's Tale?! The PAGERANK algorithm is based on the 'reference analysis', addition with the quality of the Internet. It not only considers the who wrote clockwork, number of the which of these is true about, in-linked webpages, but also regards the clockwork, importance of the in-linked webpages. The second one is that HITS algorithm gets the initial processing data based on the text search engine, and the importance of the webpages passes from the fashion in the 60's, hub page to the authority page. What is more, in the HITS algorithm, the clockwork orange, hub and the authority improve each other. While the Iran's, PAGERANK algorithm is based on who wrote clockwork the random surfer model, which means that the importance of the webpages transfers among the authority webpages. The third one is that the response time of the HITS algorithm is more than that of the which of these statements about the pardoner's tale?, PAGERANK algorithm. Although the HITS algorithm analyzes the fewer webpages, however, it has to extract the initial results set from the search engine and expand to the basic results set, which would take lots of time. While superficially the PAGERANK algorithm deals with more webpages, but the processing runs in advance, as a result, the who wrote clockwork orange, response time seems less.

This section contains evaluations on the work carried out during the course. Of Name! The first sub-section focuses on evaluating the solutions selected and the second sub-section assesses the implementation and evaluation of the resulting systems. Evaluation of Solutions. The final aim of the project is to build a search engine and compare the who wrote, ranking algorithm PAGERANK and HITS. Similar! To realize the who wrote, aim, the Nuclear Program Essay, deliverables have been shown in the introduction part. The following part is to evaluate each part in the deliverables. The first one in the minimum objectives is to design a web crawler. The detail has been introduced and it actually works. However, there are some problems in the crawler part.

The biggest problem is that the crawler crawls the webpages so fast that sometimes it would be misunderstood as a malware. For example, when the crawler crawls the test case which is exactly the webpage in the Durham University, the firewall of the university is always triggered and stop the crawler continue crawling. The second problem is that the crawler part takes too much time because it has to run on line. Each time the crawler saves a document, it would save the hyperlinks in the document in a array. However, not all the hyperlinks could be connected, as a result, the code has to get the HTTP code from the clockwork, Internet, which would take time. Iran's Nuclear Essay! Only when the HTTP code is 200, the hyperlink could be connected, otherwise, the hyperlink could not be access. Another time-consuming part is to remove the duplicated URLs from the array when the who wrote clockwork, scale of array is how are and islam large. As a result, it is very easy to solve the problem actually. As long as let the clockwork, crawler wait for 1 or 2 seconds, the firewall would not be triggered, however, the crawler part would take more time because of the radius osteo, second problem. The second in the minimum objectives is to build and maintain an index. Here I choose the inverted index as the index model because it has been widely used in many famous search engines, even the biggest open source search engine Lucene has been using the inverted index.

And the benefits of the inverted index are obvious and have been introduced in the solution part. The third in the minimum objectives and the second in the intermediate objectives is to design a graphic user interface. The principle of the GUI part is simple and convenient to use, which just include two input boxes which user could input the query and the number of clockwork orange results per page respectively, a very simple instruction guiding users to use the japanese samurai, search engine, and several keys for users to choose the ranking algorithm they like. If I have more time, there are lots of things to do. For example, the function of 'search in the results' and who wrote clockwork cached snapshoot could be added to satisfy the users. The Boolean operators like '+','-' ,'|' could be used in the query to Program, get more accurate information the user wants. More Boolean operators could be added if the more time is given. The last one in the minimum objectives, the third one in the intermediate objectives and the first one in the advanced objectives are to implement ranking algorithms, and the basic ranking algorithm I choose is a simple one, the Boolean model added fuzzy search to return the relevant webpages. The method promises that the returned results are definitely relevant to the query, which means that the precision of the search engine would be 100 percent. However, some other models have not been tested and cannot be compared each other.

The PAGERANK algorithm and HITS algorithm I implement is the most original one, which could compare and analyze the results more easily. However, the effect of the original algorithms might not be good so that it would definitely affect the evaluation of the orange, search engine. The last one in the intermediate objectives and the last one in the advanced objectives are to build and visualize a reporting facility which stores the users' query for statistical analysis. The part works but it is not a former work of providing the users their unique results even if they search the same word. In the end, although all the given objectives were completed, the improvements could still be done to make the search engine better and to make the test data more convinced. Evaluation of Implementation. According to the 'Results' part, the search engine has been evaluated. Iran's Program! However, there are still some problems need to be solved. First of who wrote all, the test case is not good. And because of the dynamics of the Internet, many webpages could not be accessed after it has been crawled. Furthermore, the disadvantage of the crawler leads to the limited scale of the test case.

As a result, it seems that the capability of the search engine is not good. But it is not true, if more time could be given, the detail in the crawling algorithm would be improved and the scale of the test case would be larger, the speed would rise significantly. The second worth noticing is of these about the pardoner's that the indexing method, the clockwork, Boolean query could work and the quality of the gloria, returned results is high. However, the toolbar and dropdown menu would be added if I have more time. In the third part, we could see that the response time is a little intolerable, the reasons of which have been analyzed and the quantities of experiments could prove that reading and analyzing the sentence which include the key words from raw file which downloads from the webpages directly take too much time. If just one sentence or just title is who wrote clockwork returned, the time would be reduced significantly. Meaning Gloria! And it seems that the recall and precision are not good factors to clockwork orange, evaluate my search engine. However, there are no more famous factors to evaluate the search engine as the problem domain in the 'Related Work' says. The format and content in my search engine keep the same form with other famous search engines such as Google. The last part of evaluation in my search engine could not be measured because it is more like a expansion and future work of the project.

In a word, the experiments could prove that the search engine could work and be able to compare the PAGERANK and HITS algorithms clearly, which realize the basic purpose of the project. But there are lots of details that could be improved. The purpose of the project is to build a search engine and compare the fashion in the, PAGERANK and HITS ranking algorithms. The work has been separated to several sub-modules and each part has been done as deliverables, crawler, index, and graphic user interface. During the process of building the search engine, some key techniques have been breakthrough and three key problems have been tried to be solved. The crawler takes the preferential traversal to access the whole Internet. The benefit is that it not only avoids the black hole in the Internet, but also allows the most important webpages to be crawled at first. And then the documents the crawler has crawled have to be dealt with for the indexing using. The content of the webpages always contains the useless format information and advertisements. As a result, the keywords in the content have to be extracted and the spam in who wrote clockwork orange, the Internet is meaning of name gloria also filtered. The aim of the part includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and clockwork lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words.

What is more, the dictionary of fashion in the stop words is built to extract the useful key words from the content and the stems of the words are used to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. Who Wrote! In the index part, the inverted index is used rather than the normal index which would increase the searching speed significantly. And the of these statements the pardoner's, ranking algorithms I have implemented include the who wrote orange, basic Boolean algorithm, PAGERANK algorithm, and HITS algorithm. The graphic user interface is designed to be simple and how are christianity similar convenient to be used by the users. And the reporting facility saves all the queries of the users for the statistics use and would finally be used in the future. In the problem domain in the part of 'Related Work', three issues have been brought forward. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange! The first one is Iran's Essay how to define relevance, in who wrote clockwork, my search engine, the techniques of the how are similar, Boolean match, stems of the words, and natural language processing are used to solve the problem effectively. The second issue is how to evaluate the search engine. In the part of 'Results', the whole system of evaluation has been given, although it is not appropriate for evaluating my search engine, however, it is quite a good system for evaluating the common search engine because it covers almost every aspect of the who wrote orange, search engine. The last issue is how to satisfy the users.

In my search engine, the former work has been done by the reporting facility. Which Of These Is True The Pardoner's Tale?! However, the problem has not been solved in the project. But it is definitely the focus of the future work. Luo Gang and Wang Zhendong , (2010). Writing a web crawler by who wrote clockwork orange yourself, 1st Ed., Tsinghua Univeristy Press. Wang Xuesong, (2008). Development of Lecene+Nutch Search Engine, 1st Ed, Post Telecom Press. Yu Jing, (2010).

Course of JavaWeb Application Development, 1st Ed, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications Press. W.Bruce Croft, Donald Metzler, and Trevor Strohman, (2010). Search Engines Information Retrieval in Practice, 1st Ed, China Machine Press. Jawadekar, Waman, (2011). Knowledge Management: Text Cases, Tata McGraw-Hill Education. Manish Patil, Sharma V. Thankachan, Rahul Shah, Wing-Kai Hon, Jeffrey Scott Vitter and Sabrina Chandrasekaran, (2011). Inverted Indexes for Phrases and Strings. Available at: wkhon/papers/PTSHVC11.pdf (Accessed: 25 January, 2014)

Furnas, G., et al.,(1987). 'The Vocabulary Problem in Human-System Communication', Communications of the ACM, November 1987,30(11), pp. 964-971. Cyril Cleverdon, (1970) 'Evaluation Tests of which of these statements is true the pardoner's tale? Information Retrieval Systems', Journal of who wrote clockwork Documentation, Vol. 26 Iss:1, pp. 55-67.

Bing Liu, (2009). Web Data Mining, 1st Ed, Tsinghua Univeristy Press. Luo Gang, (2011). Encoding Technology in the Search Engine ' Lucene Java, 1st Ed, Publishing House of Electronics Industry. Junlin Zhang, (2012). This is the Search Engine, 2nd Ed, Publishing House of Electronics Industry. Christopher D. Manning, Prabhakar Raghavan and Hinrich Sch??tze,(2008). Meaning Of Name Gloria! Introduction to Information Retrieval.

Cambridge University Press. Wei Zhang (2005), 'Search Engine Optimization Strategy Research based on PageRank Algorithm', unpublished. Yibing Li (2011), 'Webpage Ranking Algorithm Study based on Search Engine', umpublished. China Internet Network Information Center(CNNIC)(2013). The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation. Clockwork! Available at: http://www.cnnic.net.cn/hlwfzyj/hlwxzbg/hlwtjbg/201403/t20140305_46240.htm (Accessed: 24 April 2014) Shuling Dong (2011), 'Research and Improvement of Ranking Algorithms on Search Engine', umpublished. Lina Zhang, Zhiyin Yang, Bo Yang (2011), 'Research on the Current Development Situation on fashion 60's the Third-Generation Search Engine', Sci-Tech Information Development Economy, 21(34):141-143.

Lancaster, F. W. Fayen, E. G. (1973). Information Retrieval On-Line. Los Angeles: Melville Pub. Co. Heting Chu and Marilyn Rosenthal.,(1996). 'Search Engines for the World Wide Web: A Comparative Study and Evaluation Methodology', in Proc. Of the 59th Annual Meeting of the who wrote clockwork, American Society for Information Science, pp.127-135. Belkin, IV.j.,(1993). 'Interaction with texts: information retrieval as information-seeking behavior, Information Retrieval '93'55-66. Bell, S. 'Guidelines for the development of methodologies to evaluate Internet search engines:' Please do a couple of searches and send the feedback to me''. Glasgow: Department of Information Science, University of and islam Strathelyde (MSeThesis), 1998.

X. Fang and G. Salvendy(2000). 'Keyword comparison: a user-centered feature for improving web search tools', Int.J.Human-Computer Studies, Vol.52:915-931. C.J. van RIJSBERGEN(2010). Information Retrieval. Available at: http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/Keith/pdf/Chapter7.pdf (Accessed: 28 April 2014) If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Search Engines . Clockwork Orange! Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/information-technology/search-engine.php [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and samurai no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is clockwork high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time.

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Le Fascisme en Italie entre 1919 et 1945. Au debut des annees vingts, les greves deviennent plus violentes et causent meme des deces. Who Wrote Orange. Ce sont ces evenements qui font monter le nombre dadherents des Faisceaux de Combats (maintenant nomme Le Parti National Fasciste) et qui lui permettent de gagner 32 sieges pour ses deputes (et lui) au parlement, en 1921#. Radius Osteo. Les greves continuent de plus belle, et la situation de desorde au pays profite a Mussolini, qui sattire les faveurs des electeurs frustres de la passivitee du gouvernement liberal, qui est alors au pouvoir.# Cest au mois dAout, apres avoir lance un ultimatum au gouvernement au pouvoir, que le PNF se deploie dans toute lItalie. Who Wrote. Les Fascistes envahissent les villes et partout, on which of these statements is true about the pardoner's tale? oblige les grevistes a reprendre le travail en les menacant avec des armes. Who Wrote Clockwork. LAlliance du travail lance un ordre de reprise et cest leffondrement de la resistance des ouvriers face au fascistes. Is True About Tale?. En sattaquant aux organisation de la classe ouvriere, il detruit ce quil reste de pouvoir et dautorite a letat et a son gouvernement.# Maintenant totalement a la tete de lItalie, et sans opposants, il met des mesures en place pour redresser leconomie a grand coup de campagnes de propagande nationaliste dans lesquelles il appelle au devouement des travailleurs, de grands travaux de construction a travers le pays, il stimule la consommation et adopte des politiques protectionistes. Who Wrote. Pour avoir un pays en croissance, Mussolini instaure des mesures pour encourager les italiens a avoir plus denfants.

Le mariage, ou le nombre denfants ne sont plus des affaires familiales ou personnelles, mais des affaires detat. Meaning. Les enfants sont maintenant plus des enfants de letat, que de leurs parents. Who Wrote. En 1927, cest une taxe sur le celibat quon impose. Meaning. En 1928, des exemptions fiscales aux familles de plus de dix enfants sont accordees. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange. En 1930, des mesures pour limiter lemigration sont mises en place. Meaning. On voit que letat fasciste, etend les tentacules de son pouvoir dans chaque aspect de la vie, privee ou sociale. Avec toutes les mesures entreprises par le PNF: des initiatives repondant aux principaux besoins des travailleurs et des Corporations de metiers qui soumettent au controle de l'Etat les patrons, les ouvriers et les employes, l'Italie semble avoir trouve la bonne formule pour un bon developpement dune nation moderne aux yeux de lEurope et de lAmerique. Who Wrote Orange. Mais en fait, sur le plan economique, ces mesures qui ne permettent que quelques ameliorations locales et qui profitent aux employeurs, ne profitent aucunement aux travailleurs et ouvriers, puisquils restreignent et parfois interdisent louverture de nouvelles entreprises, ce qui elimine presque toute la concurrence et provoque une hausse des prix, et donc une hausse du cout de la vie, puisque les salaires naugmententent pas.# LItalie fasciste devient plus interventionniste en 1926, mais sans nationaliser quoi que ce soit, puisque Mussolini est contre la nationalisation et lEtat implique dans leconomie: Il faut en finir avec l'Etat ferroviaire, avec l'Etat postier, avec l'Etat assureur. How Are And Islam. et Je pense que l'Etat doit renoncer a ses fonctions economiques et surtout a celles qui s'exercent par des monopoles, parce qu'en cette matiere l'Etat est incompetent. Orange. (B.

Mussolini 1922-1923) L'Etat Italien transfere au prive plusieurs de ses monopoles comme celui sur les allumettes . Of Name Gloria. Il se detache du secteur des telephones , il renonce aussi a l'execution de quelques travaux publics et il transfert l' assurance-vie a des compagnies dassureurs privees.# Pendant son existence, letat fasciste Italien singere beaucoup dans tous les secteurs economiques, mais refuse toujours la nationalisation et prefere laisser les entreprises privees gerer la production, tout en les surveillant de pres. Sans surprises, on clockwork voit aparaitre un culte du chef en italie. Nuclear Program Essay. On appelle maintenant Mussolini le Duce. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange. Son image est placardee partout, affiches, peintures et meme dans les livres pour enfants. Meaning. On le voit dans des postures qui le montrent en train de recolter le ble, etant gentil avec des enfants ou meme allant courageusement en direction dune bande de lions en cage.# Des slogans tels que: Il Duce ha sempre ragione ( Le Duce a toujours raison ) sont une autre preuve de ce culte de personnalite. Who Wrote. Des emblemes et slogans fascistes, des chansons et des monuments en beton de style neo-romains (inspires de la Rome Antique) sont partout. Which Of These Is True. Le regime mets ses grands travaux dinfrastructures au premier plan dans les journaux et autres communiques: les premieres autoroutes, des nouvelles constructions impressionantes, etc.

Il instaure meme une ere fasciste (l'An I = 1922). Politiques exterieures et durcissement du regime. Lalliance entre lAllemagne et litalie est scellee en 1936, avec lAxe Rome-Berlin.# Cest avec son rapprochement avec lAllemagne Nazie que lItalie Fasciste de Mussolini renforce laspect totalitaire de son regime. Who Wrote. En effet, la milice Fasciste, Les Chemises Noires, augmente le nombre de ses militants a 800 000 hommes en 1938.# On commence a parler de lHomme Nouveau, un surhomme devoue a la nation et a letat Italien et un heritier de la Rome Antique #(qui exerce une fascination sur Mussolini.). Of These Statements Is True Tale?. Le fascisme veut un homme actif, engage dans laction de toute son energie : il le veut viril et conscient des difficultes existantes, pret a les affronter. Orange. Il concoit la vie comme une lutte et pense quil revient a lhomme de creer une vie digne de lui, trouvant en lui meme le moyen (physique, moral, intellectuel) pour ledifier (Benito Mussolini,La Dottrina del Fascismo, 1932). Meaning. On introduit ensuite le Pas Romain dans les defiles officiels, une autre reference a la Rome Antique#. Clockwork Orange. LItalie fit aussi front commun avec lAllemagne pendant la Guerre civile dEspagne, ou ils aiderent les nationalistes espagnols menes par le general Franco avec des hommes et du materiel militaire.

Ce conflit creusa encore plus lecart entre lItalie et des pays comme la France ou lAngleterre, qui supportaient le camp adverse en Espagne, les Republicains#. And Islam Similar. Lingerence de lItalie dans le conflit Espagnol nest pas sans arrieres penses.En effet, lEspagne va aider mussolini, avec une collaboration politique en Mediterrannee occidentale ( qui est signee par le General Franco), car un des ports de mer espagnol a une position tres strategique sur le bord de la Mediteranee qui peut controler entre autres, les routes maritimes empruntees par la France pour rejoindre ses colonies dAfrique du Nord. Orange. La possession de ce port aurait aide lItalie dans ses projets de reconstitution de lEmpire romain , le grand reve de lItalie fasciste de Mussolini.# La contestation et la resistance au Fascisme. Il ny a pas que les communistes qui organisent la resistance contre le regime. Japanese Samurai. Entres autres des anarchistes et des Anarcho-syndicalistes ou le mouvement Alleanza nazionale dinspiration monarchiste-constitutionnelle, qui avait dans ses objectifs, de convaincre le Roi dItalie, Victor Emmanuel III (qui regnait toujours, mais nusait pas de ses pouvoirs par crainte du declin de la monarchie si le fascisme netait plus au pouvoir#) de rompre avec le fascisme. Who Wrote Clockwork. Son dirigeant principal, De Bosis, lache sur la ville de Rome 400 000 tracts par avion, avant detre porte disparu en mer.#

En 1935, on radius osteo tente une nouvelle forme daction. Who Wrote. En effet, les militants antifascistes on japanese constate que le programme du Parti National Fasciste de 1919 etait en contradiction avec le programme du PNF de 1935. Orange. Ils reclament donc les promesses de Mussolini ecrites en 1919 quil navait jamais realisees et qui sont, en 1935, contraire a la ligne politique de son parti. Christianity. On se souvient quavant detre le Parti National Fasciste quil etait, autoritaire et dextreme droite, le PNF avait des idees egalitaires et pronait les droits de travailleurs. Clockwork. Malheureusement, le Parti Communiste nappuie pas cette campagne et le projet ne prend pas lampleur desiree. About. La premiere fois ou toutes les organisations antifascistes sont daccord, cest pendant la guerre civile dEspagne, ou ils appuient tous les republicains espagnols. Clockwork Orange. Chaque organisation envoie des volontaires et des armes en Espagne pour se battre contre le general Franco, qui etait appuye par Mussolini et Hitler. Christianity Similar. Cest avec lassassinat des 2 principaux dirigeants des militants que le mouvement sessoufle. Who Wrote Clockwork. La majorite des autres dirigeants sexilent ailleurs en europe et meme si la resistance na que peut contribuee a la chute du fascisme italien, elle a montre au niveau internationale que toute lItalie netait pas fasciste.# Hitler envoie rapidement une division de parachutistes de la Wehrmacht liberer Mussolini# et le force a reprendre le pouvoir au nord de lItalie alors que ce dernier aurait voulu une retraite en Allemagne#. Fashion. Jusquen mai 1945, les nazis qui soutiennent le chef fasciste italien au nord de lItalie et les forces Allies saffrontent, mais les troupes Allies reussissent a prendre Rome et des militants antifascistes capturent Mussolini qui essayait de senfuir.

Il est execute le 28 avril 1945 avec sa maitresse, pres dun village nomme Dongo#. Clockwork. On ramene leurs cadavres a Milan, ou ils sont pendus par les pieds, la tete en bas, et battus par la foule.# Le pays est libere et les Nazis Allemands qui etaient encore en Italie capitulent. Of Name Gloria. En 1946, les premieres elections depuis la mort de Mussolini ont lieu en Italie. Orange. La population vote pour la creation de la premiere republique dItalie,# et depuis, elle reste une democratie. Par Pierre Milza, dans les dossiers : Sciences Humaines , Maison dedition Armand Collin (1969), 96 pages. Radius Osteo. (France)

Cest un petit livre, separe en 3 parties, le fascisme italien, la version allemande du fascisme et les ideologies reactionnaires. Who Wrote Clockwork. Seulement la premiere partie minteresse, puisque les autres ne parlent pas de mon sujet. In The. contient plusieurs citation de Mussolini et des extraits de ses discours ou du Programme du Parti national fascisme (PNF). Par Pierre Milza et Serge Berstein en collaboration avec Marianne Benteli, dans la collection Histoire , aux Editions du Seuil (1980), 412 pages. Clockwork. (Paris) Le livre est divise en quelques parties; la naissance du fascisme, du fascisme contestataire au fascisme totalitaire, letat fasciste et son evolution, Contestation et defaite du fascisme. Japanese. Chaque partie est sous divisee en evenements. Clockwork. Le livre est un peu comme une chronologie du fascisme en italie commente et expliquee. Ecrit par Enzo De Felice (traduit de litalien par Marc Baudouy), dans la collection Clefs aux Editions Seghers (1975), 299 pages. Radius Osteo. (France) Separe en 2 parties, Les interpretations du phenomene Fasciste et Le Fascisme italien et ses interpretations italiennes. Who Wrote Clockwork Orange. (Plus: contient un index qui explique les mots ou expressions moins courantes.)

Cest un dictionnaire. Radius Osteo. Il contient donc des definitions de la quasi-totalite des mots de la langue francaise. Resume: lhistoire du fascisme en Italie, avec une chronologie des evenements. LAROUSSE. Who Wrote Clockwork. (consulte le 2 decembre 2012) Fascisme (Italien) ?En ligne? Resume: La definition du fascisme, la monte, lhistoire, la dictature, la manipulation sociale etc. WIKIMEDIA FOUNDATION. In The 60's. (consulte le 2 decembre 2012) Fascisme (wikipedia) ?En ligne? Resume: Lideologie fasciste, ses origines, le regime fasciste italien.

TOUREV, Pierre. Clockwork Orange. (consulte le 8 decembre 2012) Definition: Fascisme ?En ligne? Bref resume sur le fascisme, un peu comme une longue definition. GONIK, Cy. Iran's Nuclear Program. (Historica-Dominion) (consulte le 8 decembre 2012) Fascisme ?En ligne? Infos sur le fascisme en general, a travers lhistoire. LARANE, Andre.

Herodote.net (Consulte le 8 decembre 2012) Mussolini accede au pouvoir ?En ligne? Description des evenements doctobre 1922, lorsque Mussolini a pris le pouvoir de lItalie. CERUTTI, Mauro. Orange. (consulte le 15 decembre 2012) Fascisme ?En ligne? Resume: Histoire du fascisme (principalement en suisse) et un peu en italie. LARANE, Andre.(consulte le 16 decembre 2012) LEtat Fasciste ?En ligne? Resume: entre 1922 et 1943, resume de lhistoire italie fasciste. LAROUSSE. How Are. (consulte le 16 decembre 2012) Guerre civile dEspagne ?En ligne? Resume: Resume de la guerre civile espagnole. WIKIMEDIA FOUNDATION. Who Wrote. (Consulte le 18 decembre 2012) LAntifascisme ?En ligne?

Resume: Infos sur lantifascisme + sur la resistance italienne. WIKIMEDIA FOUNDATION. Radius Osteo. (Consulte le 18 decembre 2012) Resistance en Italie pendant la seconde guerre mondiale ?En ligne? Resume: Informations sur la situation italienne pendant la 2eme guerre mondiale. GUILLEN, Pierre. Orange. (Consulte le 18 decembre 2012) Lantifascisme, facteur dintegration en France des Italiens. How Are Christianity Similar. ?En ligne? Resume: anti fascisme en france, accueil des italiens etc. CERUTTI, Mauro. Clockwork. (Consulte le 18 decembre 2012) Antifascisme ?En ligne? Resume: Lutte contre le fascisme en suisse principalement.

Philipe Faro , (Consulte le 18 decembre 2012) La chute dun chef charismatique, le cas de Mussolini, Les cahiers psychologie politique [En ligne] Resume: la fin de mussolini, politique, physique et par la foule.